Edvard Totleben

public profile

Is your surname Totleben?

Research the Totleben family

Edvard Totleben's Geni Profile

Records for Edvard Totleben

407 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Edvard Frans Totleben

Russian: Эдуард Иванович Тотлебен
Also Known As: "Eduard Frans Graf Totleben"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Jelgava, Jelgavas pilsēta, Jelgavas pilsēta, Latvia
Death: Died in Bad Soden, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Johann Heinrich Totleben and Anna Sibylla Totleben
Husband of Elise Viktorine Totleben
Father of Ольга Эдуардовна Волькенау; Николай Эдуардович Тотлебен; Elisabeth Henr. Kath. Thekla Van der Vliet; Мария Эдуардовна Вротновская; Евгения Эдуардовна Бенингсгаузен-Будберг and 3 others
Brother of Gustav Adolf Totleben

Occupation: генерал, знаменитый военный инженер
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Edvard Totleben

-------------------------------------------------------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduard_Totleben

Eduard Ivanovich Totleben (Russian: Эдуа́рд Ива́нович Тотле́бен, sometimes transliterated as Todleben) (20 May 1818 – 1 July 1884) was a Baltic German military engineer and Imperial Russian Army general. He was in charge of fortification and sapping work during a number of important Russian military campaigns.

Early life

Totleben was born at Mitau in Courland (now Jelgava, Latvia). His parents were of German descent, belonging to the merchant class, and he himself was intended for commerce, but a strong instinct led him to seek a career as a military engineer. He entered the school of engineers at Saint Petersburg, now Military engineering-technical university (Russian: Военный Инженерно-Технический университет).

Military career

Early military career

Totleben joined the Imperial Russian Army in 1836. He saw active service as captain of engineers in the campaigns against Imam Shamil in the Caucasus, beginning in 1848 for two years.

Crimean War

At the outbreak of war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in 1853, he took part in the siege of Silistria, and after the siege was raised was transferred to the Crimea. Sevastopol, while strongly fortified toward the sea, was almost unprotected on the land side. Totleben, though still a junior field officer, became the animating genius of the defense. On his advice the fleet was sunk, in order to block the mouth of the harbour, and the deficiency of fortifications on the land side was made good before the allies could take advantage of it. The construction of earthworks and redoubts was carried out in extreme haste and much of the artillery from the warships was transferred to them. It was in the ceaseless improvisation of the defensive works and offensive counterworks to meet every changing phase of the enemy's attack that Totleben's peculiar strength and originality showed itself. He never commanded a large army in the open field, nor was he the creator of a great permanent system of defence like Vauban. But he may justly be called the originator of the idea that a fortress should be considered not a walled town but an entrenched position, intimately connected with the offensive and defensive capacities of an army and as susceptible of alteration as the formation of troops in battle or manoeuvre.

Until 20 June 1855, Totleben conducted operations for the defense at Sevastopol in person; he was then wounded in the foot and was not present at the operations which immediately preceded the fall of the fortress. In the course of the siege he had risen from the rank of lieutenant-colonel to that of lieutenant-general, and had also been made aide-de-camp to the tsar. When he recovered he was employed in strengthening the fortifications at the mouth of the Dnieper, and also those of Kronstadt. In 1864 he suggested further improvements of the Brest Fortress that were implemented between then and 1868. In 1856 he visited England, where his merits were honoured.

On 24 March 1854, the Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky wrote him a letter asking for his help in returning to European Russia - the writer had been sentenced to four years of banishment in Siberia. (Totleben's brother Adolf had been Dostoyevsky's classmate at the school of military engineering in Saint Petersburg.)

Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78

In 1860 Totleben was appointed assistant to Grand Duke Nicholas, and he subsequently became head of the department of engineers with the full rank of general. He was given no command when another war against the Ottoman Empire began in 1877. It was not until after the early reverses before Plevna that the hero of Sevastopol was called to the front. Totleben saw that it would be necessary to draw engineering works round Osman Pasha, and cut him off from communication with the other Turkish commanders. In due time Plevna fell. Totleben then undertook the siege of the Bulgarian fortresses. After the conclusion of preliminaries of peace, he was placed in command of the whole Russian army.

Later life

After the war Totleben was assigned to be Governor General of Bessarabia and Novorossiya. He also became a hereditary Count.

In 1880 Totleben held the post of Governor General of Vilna, and after much suffering he died at Bad Soden near Frankfurt am Main. He is buried in Sevastopol.

The village of Totleben in Pordim municipality, Pleven Province, is named after Eduard Totleben, in honour of his decisive role in the Siege of Plevna of 1877.

Об {profile::pre} (Русский)

Жена ЭЛИЗА ВИКТОРИНА урожд. бар. фон ГАУФ 1833-1907. Дети: - АЛЕКСАНДР ЛЮДВИГ ВОЛЬДЕМАР 1853-1859, - МАТИЛЬДА МАРИЯ 1857-1935, муж РУДОЛЬФ КОНТАНТИНОВИЧ УНГЕРН-ШТЕРНБЕРГ, - ОЛЬГА 1858-1899, муж ИВАН ВАСИЛЬЕВИЧ ВОЛЬКЕНАУ, - МАРИЯ (МАРИЯ ЭЛИЗАБЕТ) 1859-1905, муж КОНСТАНТИН ВЯЧЕСЛАВОВИЧ ВРОТНОВСКИЙ, - АЛЕКСАНДРИНА АВГУСТА ЕВГЕНИЯ, 1860-1954, была замужем за АЛЕКСАНДРОМ АНДРЕЕВИЧЕМ БУДБЕРГОМ, - ЭДУАРД АЛЕКСАНДР 1863-1864, - РОЗА АЛЕКСАНДРА ИДА 1865-1872, - МАРИЯ ВЕРА 1867-1868, - АЛЕКСАНДРА АВГУСТА 1868-1945, девица, - СОФИЯ ВИКТОРИНА ОЛЬГА 1870-1931, муж РОМАН КАРЛОВИЧ МАЙДЕЛЬ, - ЭЛИЗАБЕТ ГЕНРИЕТТА КАТАРИНА ТЕКЛА 1872-1957, муж ВАСИЛИЙ ЯКОВЛЕВИЧ ФАН ДЕР ФЛИТ, - НИКОЛАЙ (НИКОЛАУС ГЕОРГ ЭДУАРД) 1874-1945, - ЕЛЕНА МАТИЛЬДА 1876-1922, муж КОНСТАНТИН НИКОЛАЕВИЧ ЛИТКЕ 1873-1915.

view all 11

Edvard Totleben's Timeline

1818
May 8, 1818
Jelgava, Jelgavas pilsēta, Jelgavas pilsēta, Latvia
1852
February 23, 1852
Age 33
Sankt Petersburg
1857
January 8, 1857
Age 38
Vevey, Riviera-Pays-d'Enhaut, Vaud, Switzerland
1858
April 10, 1858
Age 39
1859
1859
Age 40
1860
1860
Age 41
1870
1870
Age 51
1872
April 3, 1872
Age 53
1874
February 11, 1874
Age 55
Sankt Petersburg
1876
1876
Age 57