Edward Avery McIlhenny

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Edward Avery McIlhenny

Birthplace: Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA
Death: Died in Avery Island, Iberia, Louisiana, United States
Place of Burial: Avery Island, Iberia, Louisiana, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Edmund McIlhenny and Mary Eliza McIlhenny
Husband of Mary Given Matthews and Mary McIlhenny
Father of Pauline "Polly" Sill McIlhenny; Rosemary Osborn; Pauline Simmons and Leila Brown
Brother of Sara Avery McIhenny; Dudley Avery McIlhenny; Edmund McIlhenny, Jr.; John Avery McIlhenny; Mary Avery McIlhenny and 2 others

Managed by: Private User
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About Edward Avery McIlhenny

When his brother John left to enlist in the Spanish-American War in 1898, he assumed the presidency of the company that manufactures Tabasco Sauce and served in that position for 51 years. He changed the name of the firm from "E. McIlhenny's Son" to "McIlhenny Company"

From Wikipedia:

Edward Avery "Ned" McIlhenny (1872 – 1949), son of Tabasco brand pepper sauce inventor Edmund McIlhenny, was a Louisiana businessman, explorer, and conservationist.

Born in 1872 on Avery Island, Louisiana, McIlhenny was educated by private tutors before attending Dr. Holbrook's Military School in Sing Sing (now Ossining), New York. McIlhenny enrolled at Lehigh University, but dropped out to join Frederick Cook's 1894 arctic expedition as an ornithologist. In 1897 he financed his own arctic expedition to Point Barrow, Alaska, where he helped to save over a hundred stranded whaling fleet sailors (including Japanese adventurer and entrepreneur Jujiro Wada).



   * 1 As businessman
   * 2 As conservationist
   * 3 Death and legacy
   * 4 Related articles
   * 5 Sources

[edit] As businessman

A Tabasco brand pepper sauce advertisement from circa 1905, during Edward Avery McIlhenny's tenure as president of McIlhenny Company.

A Tabasco brand pepper sauce advertisement from circa 1905, during Edward Avery McIlhenny's tenure as president of McIlhenny Company.

On his return to Louisiana, McIlhenny assumed control of McIlhenny Company, overseeing Tabasco sauce production as president of the organization until his death fifty-one years later. During his tenture, McIlhenny expanded, modernized, and standardized sauce production, as well as experimented with new ways of promoting the world-famous product, such as advertising on radio.

McIlhenny also introduced the now ubiquitous modern screw-top Tabasco sauce bottle, which replaced the original cork-top Tabasco sauce bottle that had been used from 1868 to 1927; he also redesigned the iconic Tabasco diamond logo trademark, largely creating the version known today.

[edit] As conservationist

McIlhenny founded the Bird City wildfowl refuge on Avery Island around 1895, which helped to save the snowy egret from extinction. Enrolling the help of Charles Willis Ward, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Sage Foundation, McIlhenny was instrumental in securing nearly 175,000 acres (710 km²) of south Louisiana coastal marshland as wildfowl refuges. He banded over 285,000 birds during his lifetime and ran a game farm on Avery Island that experimented with breeding new animal varieties. He helped to introduce the nutria to Louisiana, although — contrary to popular belief — he did not import the creatures to Louisiana, nor was he the first Louisianian to set them loose in the wild on purpose.

McIlhenny used his 250-acre (1.0 km²) personal estate, known as Jungle Gardens, to propagate azaleas, irises, camellias, bamboo, and other plant species. He wrote numerous academic articles, mainly about birds, oversaw the publication in English of two European botanical treatises, and edited Charles L. Jordan's unfinished manuscript The Wild Turkey and Its Hunting (a book often mistakenly attributed to McIlhenny). He also wrote books about alligators, egrets, and African-American gospel music, including:

A Buddha temple in Avery Island's Jungle Gardens, the former personal estate of Edward Avery McIlhenny.

A Buddha temple in Avery Island's Jungle Gardens, the former personal estate of Edward Avery McIlhenny.

   * Befo' De War Spirituals (1933).
   * Bird City (1934).
   * The Alligator's Life History (1935).
   * The Autobiography of an Egret (1940).

[edit] Death and legacy

McIlhenny died in 1949, three years after suffering a debilitating stroke; he is buried on Avery Island. Today, Jungle Gardens and Bird City continue to serve as havens for bird and plant species; they are also popular tourist destinations. Furthermore, the nearly 175,000 acres (710 km²) of coastal marshland he helped to set aside as wildfowl refuges continue to exist as state wildlife areas. The E. A. McIlhenny Natural History Collection at Louisiana State University is named in his honor.

[edit] Related articles

   * Edmund McIlhenny
   * John Avery McIlhenny
   * Walter S. McIlhenny
   * Tabasco sauce

[edit] Sources

   * Shane K. Bernard, "M'sieu Ned's Rat? Reconsidering the Origin of Nutria in Louisiana: The E. A. McIlhenny Collection, Avery Island, Louisiana," Louisiana History, 43 (Summer 2002), 281-93.
   * Shane K. Bernard, Tabasco: An Illustrated History (Avery Island, La.: McIlhenny Company, 2007).
   * John Bockstoce, The Arctic Whaling Disaster of 1897 (New York, N.Y.: Explorers Club, 1978).
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Edward Avery McIlhenny's Timeline

March 29, 1872
Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA
July 22, 1902
Age 30
August 8, 1949
Age 77
Avery Island, Iberia, Louisiana, United States
Age 76
Avery Island, Iberia, Louisiana, United States