Edward Clive (1754 - 1839)

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Birthplace: London, England
Death: Died in London, England
Managed by: Peter Herbert
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About Edward Clive

Wikipedia Biographical Summary

Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis (7 March 1754 – 16 May 1839), known as the Lord Clive between 1774 and 1804, was a British politician.

Powis was the eldest son of Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive ("Clive of India") and Margaret, daughter of Edmund Maskelyne. He was born at Queen's Square, Bloomsbury, London, and was educated at Eton College and Christ Church College, Oxford.

Political career

Edward Clive succeeded his father as Baron Clive of Plassey co Clare in 1774. However, as this was an Irish peerage, it did not entitle him to a seat in the British House of Lords (although it did entitle him to a seat in the Irish House of Lords). The same year he was instead elected to the House of Commons for Ludlow, a seat he held until 1794. He was a member of Board of Agriculture in 1793.

Although almost certainly this was a belated act of contrition by the Crown for the lack of recognition to his father, he was on 13 August 1794 created Baron Clive, of Walcot in the County of Shropshire, in the Peerage of Great Britain, and consequently took his seat in the House of Lords.

He had a distinguished career in India where he was Governor of Madras from 1798 to 1803, returning home to the thanks of both Houses of Parliament.

On 14 May 1804 he was further created: Baron Powis of Powis Castle co Montgomery; Baron Herbert of Chirbury co Salop; Viscount Clive of Ludlow co Salop; and Earl of Powis co Montgomery, a revival of the title which had become extinct on the death of his brother-in-law, George Herbert, 2nd Earl of Powis, in 1801.

Edward Clive also served as Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire from 1775 to 1798 and from 1804 to 1839 and as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire from 1804 to 1830. He was Recorder of the boroughs of Shrewsbury in 1775, and Ludlow in 1801. He also held commission in the British Army as a full Colonel in 1779.

Family

Before his elevation to the Earldom of Powis, he married Lady Henrietta, daughter of Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Powis, in 1784. Their children were:

  • Lady Henrietta Antonia Williams-Wynn (d. 1835), wife of Sir Watkins Williams-Wynn, 5th Baronet
  • Edward Herbert (1785–1848), 2nd Earl of Powis
  • Lady Charlotte Florentia Percy (1787–1866), wife of Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland, and governess of the future Queen Victoria
  • Robert Henry Clive (1798–1854), a politician

Lord Powis lived at Walcot Hall, an estate purchased by his father from the Walcot family in 1764.

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 1 June 2013, 18:51 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Clive,_1st_Earl_of_Powis&oldid=557868212> [accessed 29 August 2013]

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Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis's Timeline

1754
March 7, 1754
London, England
1784
May 7, 1784
Age 30
London, England
1785
March 22, 1785
Age 31
1786
1786
Age 31
1787
September 12, 1787
Age 33
1789
January 15, 1789
Age 34
1839
May 16, 1839
Age 85
London, England
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