Edward Hand, Major General-Ret., Doctor (1744 - 1802)

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Birthplace: Clyduff, Kings (currently Offaly), Ireland
Death: Died in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA
Cause of death: Cholera
Managed by: Christopher Lee Empey
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Edward Hand, Major General-Ret., Doctor

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Hand

Edward Hand (31 December 1744 – 3 September 1802) was an Irish-born soldier, physician, and politician who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, rising to the rank of general, and later was a member of several Pennsylvania governmental bodies.


Early life and career


Hand was born in Clyduff, King's County (now County Offaly), Ireland, on 31 December 1744, and was baptised in Shinrone. His father was John Hand. Among his immediate neighbours were the Kearney family, ancestors of U.S. President Barack Obama. He was a descendant of either the families of Mag Fhlaithimh (of south Ulaidh and Mide) or Ó Flaithimhín (of the Síol Muireadaigh) who, through mistranslation (Flaithimh/Flaithimhín into Láimhín; laimh = hand), became Lavin or Hand.


Hand earned a medical certificate from Trinity College, Dublin. In 1767, Hand enlisted as a Surgeon's Mate in the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot. On 20 May 1767, he sailed with the regiment from Cobh, Cork, Ireland, arriving at Philadelphia on 11 July 1767. In 1772, he was commissioned an ensign. He marched with the regiment to Fort Pitt, on the forks of the Ohio River, returning to Philadelphia in 1774, where he resigned his commission.


In 1774, Hand moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he practiced medicine. On 13 March 1775, he married Catherine Ewing (born 25 March 1751 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). Lancaster was the region of some of the earliest Irish and Scots-Irish settlements in Pennsylvania; as a people, they were well known for their anti-English and revolutionary convictions. Hand was active in forming the Lancaster County Associators, a colonial militia.


Hand was a 32nd degree Freemason; belonging to the Montgomery Military Lodge number 14.


American Revolution


He entered the Continental Army as a lieutenant colonel in the Pennsylvania Line. He crossed the Delaware River with George Washington. He was promoted to colonel and commanded the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. He was later promoted to brigadier general and served as the commander of Fort Pitt fighting British loyalist and their Indian allies. He was recalled, after over 2 years at Fort Pitt, to serve as a brigade commander in Major General La Fayette's division.


After a few months, he was appointed Adjutant General of the Continental Army and served during the siege of Yorktown in that capacity. In recognition of his long and distinguished service, he was, in September 1783, promoted by brevet to major general. He resigned from the Army in November 1783.


After the Revolution


Hand returned to Lancaster and resumed the practice of medicine. A Federalist, Hand was active in civil affairs, holding posts that included:

Chief Burgess of Lancaster
Presidential elector
Delegate to the convention for the 1790 Pennsylvania Constitution
Member of the Congress of the Confederation, 1784–1785
Member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, 1785–1786

Beginning in 1785, he owned and operated Rock Ford plantation, a 177-acre (0.72 km2) farm on the banks of the Conestoga River, one mile (1.6 km) south of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The Georgian brick mansion remains today; the farm is a historic site open to the public. Hand died from cholera at Rock Ford. He is buried in St. James's Episcopal Cemetery in Lancaster.

Full Military History

Officer History  
 
 Date   Rank   Unit   Military Action   Position   Status 
 Apr 1775 - Mar 1776   Lieutenant Colonel   2nd Continental Regiment    Boston / Cambridge Campaign        
 
 25 Jun 1775   Lieutenant Colonel   Pennsylvania Battalion of Riflemen             
 
 18 Aug 1775   Lieutenant Colonel   2nd Continental Regiment             
 
 27 Aug 1775   Lieutenant Colonel   2nd Continental Regiment    Ploughed Hill, Mass        
 
 9 Nov 1775   Lieutenant Colonel   2nd Continental Regiment    Lechmere's Point, Mass        
 
 1 Jan 1776   Lieutenant Colonel   1st Continental Regiment             
 
 7 Mar 1776   Colonel   1st Continental Regiment         Commander     
 
 1 Jul 1776   Colonel   1st Pennsylvania Regiment         Commander    
 
 27 Aug 1776   Colonel   1st Pennsylvania Regiment    Long Island    Commander    
 
 29-30 Aug 1776   Colonel   1st Pennsylvania Regiment    Covering Force, Long Island Retreat    Commander    
 
 3 Jan 1777   Colonel   1st Pennsylvania Regiment    Princeton    Commander    
 
 1 Apr 1777   Brigadier General   Continental Army             
 
 1 Jun 1777- Aug 1778   Brigadier General   Continental Army    Fort Pitt 1777, Garrison Duty        
 
 Jul 1778 - Nov 1779   Brigadier General   3rd Pennsylvania Brigade    New York / PA Frontier, 78-79 Campaign        
 
 8 Nov 1778   Brigadier General   3rd Pennsylvania Brigade             
 
 Jul - Oct 1779   Brigadier General   3rd Pennsylvania Brigade    Sullivan's-Clinton Indian Campaign        
 
 29 Aug 1779   Brigadier General   3rd Pennsylvania Brigade    Newtown, NY / Sullivan (II)        
 
 Aug 1780   Brigadier General   Light Infantry Brigade         Commander     
 
 Dec 1780 - Jun 1781   Brigadier General   Continental Army    Morristown Encampment, 1780    Adjutant General    
 
 Dec 1780 - Jun 1781   Brigadier General   Light Infantry Brigade    Morristown Encampment, 1780    Commander    
 
 Jan 1781   Brigadier General   Continental Army         Adjutant General    
 
 15 May 1781 - 14 Dec 1782   Brigadier General   Continental Army    Southern Campaign    Adjutant General    
 
 30 Sep 1781   Major General   Continental Army         Adjutant General    
 
 6-17 Oct 1781   Major General   Continental Army    Yorktown    Adjutant General    
 
 Nov 1781 - Nov 1783   Major General   Continental Army    Fishkill Encampment, 1781-1783    Adjutant General    
 
 3 Nov 1783   Major General   Continental Army         Adjutant General   Retired 
 

 
 Post-War Offices Held  
 
 Date From   Date To   Office Name   Notes 
 1 November 1784   4 November 1785   Congressman, Trenton, NJ / New York City, NY   United States in Congress Assembled (aka Congress of the Confederation); 6th Session  
 
 11 October 1785   22 October 1786   Representative, Pennsylvania General Assembly, Lancaster County, PA    
 
 1789   1789   Burgess, Lancaster County, PA    
 
 January 1789   4 February 1789   Elector, Philadelphia, PA    
 
 27 November 1789   2 September 1790   Delegate, Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention, Lancaster County, PA    
 
 1791   1801   Inspector of Revenue, Department of Pennsylvania    

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Edward Hand, Major General-Ret., Doctor's Timeline

1744
December 31, 1744
Clyduff, Kings (currently Offaly), Ireland
1755
March 13, 1755
Age 10
1775
December 3, 1775
Age 30
1776
1776
Age 31
1777
November 26, 1777
Age 32
1779
December 14, 1779
Age 34
1782
March 2, 1782
Age 37
1786
May 4, 1786
Age 41
1789
May 14, 1789
Age 44
1792
June 19, 1792
Age 47