Edward John Routh, FRS
|Death:||Died in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom|
Son of Commissary-General Sir Randolph Isham Routh K.C.B. and Marie-Louise Routh
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About Edward John Routh, FRS
Edward John Routh FRS (20 January 1831 – 7 June 1907), was an English mathematician, noted as the outstanding coach of students preparing for the Mathematical Tripos examination of the University of Cambridge in its heyday in the middle of the nineteenth century. He also did much to systematise the mathematical theory of mechanics and created several ideas critical to the development of modern control systems theory.
Routh was born of an English father and a French-Canadian mother in Quebec, at that time the British colony of Lower Canada.
His parents were Sir Randolph Isham Routh (1782–1858) and his second wife, Marie Louise Taschereau (1810–1891). Randolph was a commissariat officer who had served at the Battle of Waterloo, and Marie Louise was the daughter of judge Jean-Thomas Taschereau and the sister of judge Jean-Thomas and cardinal Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau.
His father's family could trace its history back to the Norman conquest when it acquired land at Routh near Beverley, Yorkshire. His mother's family, the Taschereau family, was well-established in Quebec, tracing their ancestry back to the early days of the French colony.
Astronomer Royal George Biddell Airy sought to entice Routh to work at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Though Airy did not succeed, at Greenwich Routh met Airy's eldest daughter Hilda (1840-1916) whom he married in 1864. The couple had five sons and a daughter. Routh was a "kindly man and a good conversationalist with friends, but with strangers he was shy and reserved."
- Fellow of the Royal Society, (1872)
- Adams Prize, (1877).