Eirik II Magnusson, konge av Norge

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Eirik II Magnusson, konge av Norge

Also Known As: "The Priest Hater", "Eric the Priesthater", "Eirik Prestehater", "Erik Prästhatare", "Eirik Magnusson", "Priest Hater"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tonsberg, Oslofjord, Vestfold, Norway
Death: Died in Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Place of Burial: Old cathedral of Bergen, Norway
Immediate Family:

Son of Kong Magnus 6 Lagabøter and Ingeborg Eriksdatter af Danmark, Dronning av Norge
Husband of Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway and Isobail Queen of Norway, dronning av Norge
Father of Margaret 'Jomfruen av Norge' Eriksdatter and Ingeborg of King Eric Eriksdotter
Brother of Olav Magnusson af Norge, Prins; Magnus Magnusson af Norge, Prinz; Håkon V Magnusson; Kristina Magnusdatter and nn Magnusdatter, Prinsesse av Norge

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Eirik II Magnusson, konge av Norge

Eirik II Magnusson (født 1268, død 15. juli 1299) var konge av Norge i perioden 1280-1299.

Eirik var eldste sønn av Magnus Lagabøte. Et fall fra hesteryggen påførte ham muligens en hjerneskade og siden han bare var et barn da han ble utropt til konge, ble riket ledet av et formynderstyre, som besto av rikets baroner og hans mor Ingeborg.

http://www.snl.no/.nbl_biografi/Eirik_2_Magnusson/utdypning

http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eirik_II_Magnusson

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_II_of_Norway

http://www.dokpro.uio.no/umk/myntherr/em.html

Formynderstyret kom i en hard strid med den mektige erkebiskop Jon Raude for å få minsket kirkens stadig voksende makt over nasjonens verdslige områder (kirkens særrettigheter). Eirik hadde selv ingen part i konflikten, men fikk likevel knyttet til seg det nedsettende tilnavnet «prestehater».

Som myndig ble Eirik selv en del av den norske utenrikspolitikken hvor det norske monarkiet forsøkte å knytte dynastiske bånd, først og fremst til Skottland hvor Norge lenge hadde hatt interesser. Han ble først gift med Margaret av Skottland, datter av kong Alexander III av Skottland. De fikk datteren Margrete, som ble dronning av Skottland i 1286, bare tre år gammel. Etter datterens død fire år senere var Eirik en av de tretten som hevdet arverett til den skotske tronen. Hans kone døde i barselseng i 1283, og han giftet seg senere med Isobel Bruce, søster av Robert Bruce, den senere store skotske kongen.

Eirik førte en uheldig krig mot Danmark og hansaforbundet i det nordlige Tyskland som endte med at han måtte gi store innrømmelser til de tyske hansaene.

Kongeætten hadde brukt en oppreist løve som slektsvåpen. I 1280 eller noe seinere utstyrte Eirik Magnusson løven med øksa. Mens øksa var et nasjonalt symbol gikk løven tilbake til Eiriks stridbare forgjenger, Magnus Berrføtt. Fellessymbolet av øks og løve kalles i dag for Riksvåpenet og brukes som det overordnede visuelle symbol for den norske stat.

Ettersom Eirik døde sønneløs, ble han etterfulgt av sin bror, hertug Håkon.

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Konge av Norge 1280 - 1299.

Eirik ble kronet i Bergen i 1280, 12 år gammel. Formynderstyre av baroner og hirdembetsmenn fram til kongen ble myndig, visstnok i 1282.

En følge av den store politiske betydningen de kongelige dynastiene nå hadde fått, var de tidlige giftermålene. Sønn til Magnus Lagabøte, den stakkars vanføre Eirik som ble kalt Prestehater, ble alt 12 år gammel i 1281 formælet med den 20 år gamle skotske kongsdatteren Margrete. Sine dynastiske plikter løste den meget unge og svake Eirik ellers ulike bedre enn man hadde rett til å vente. Alt først på året 1283, da Eirik var knapt 15 år, fødte hans dronning en datter. Dronning Margrete døde dette året, og Eirik giftet seg i 1293 igjen med den 15-årige lsabella, datter av den skotske tronarvingen Robert Bruce.26

26 Cappelen's Norges Historie, Bind 3, side 454; Bind 15, side 173.

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Eirik Magnusson (1268 – 15 July 1299) was the king of Norway from 1280 until 1299.

He was the eldest surviving son of king Magnus the Lawmender of Norway, and his wife Ingeborg Eriksdatter, daughter of king Eric IV of Denmark. Through his mother (who was daughter of Jutta of Saxony, herself a descendant of Ulvhild of Norway, duchess of Saxony), Eric descended from king St Olav, Olav II of Norway, being the first after Magnus the Good of that saint's descendants to ascend that throne (i.e, the descendants of St.Olav returned to kingship of Norway).

Eirik married princess Margaret of Scotland in 1281. Margaret died two years later in labour, giving birth to Margaret, Maid of Norway, who became queen of Scotland in 1286.

He later married Isabel Bruce, sister of King Robert I of Scotland.

Eirik received the nickname "Priesthater" from his less than successful relations with the church. In spite of this he is normally counted a weak and inoffensive man who was mostly guided by his councillors.

Probably because of his claim on his maternal heritage he supported the Danish outlaws like Stig Andersen Hvide after the murder of King Erik V and ravaged the Danish coasts for some years.

As Eirik died without sons, he was succeeded by his brother , Haakon V of Norway. He was buried in the old cathedral of Bergen, which was demolished in 1531. Its site is marked by a memorial, in present-day Bergenhus Fortress.

Eirik's daughter Ingeborg married Valdemar Magnusson of Sweden.

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--------------------

Erik Magnusson (no. Eirik Magnusson), kallad Erik Prästhatare, 1268-99, norsk kung, son till Magnus Lagaböter och den danska kungadottern Ingeborg. Vid faderns död 1280 var E. omyndig, och hans förmyndarregering, ledd av E:s moder och dominerad av stormän, råkade i öppen strid med kyrkan genom att inskränka dess privilegier. Härav fick kungen sitt vedernamn, trots att han personligen var utan skuld till konflikten. Förmyndarna gjorde vidare ett misslyckat försök att begränsa hanseaternas rättigheter i Norge. E:s egen utrikespolitik präglades främst av en långvarig konflikt med Danmark, där han som dotterson till den 1250 mördade Erik Plogpenning hade arvsanspråk mot kungaättens regerande gren. E. stödde därför efter mordet på Erik Klipping 1286 de danska stormän som dömdes fredlösa för detta. E:s två giftermål med skotska prinsessor var uttryck för Norges antihanseatiska, västliga orientering under hans tid.

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Eric II of Norway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eirik Magnusson (1268 – 15 July 1299) was the king of Norway from 1280 until 1299.

He was the eldest surviving son of king Magnus the Lawmender of Norway, and his wife Ingeborg Eriksdatter, daughter of king Eric IV of Denmark. Through his mother (who was daughter of Jutta of Saxony, herself a descendant of Ulvhild of Norway, duchess of Saxony), Eric descended from king St Olav, Olav II of Norway, being the first after Magnus the Good of that saint's descendants to ascend that throne (i.e, the descendants of St.Olav returned to kingship of Norway).

Eirik married princess Margaret of Scotland in 1281. Margaret died two years later in labour, giving birth to Margaret, Maid of Norway, who became queen of Scotland in 1286.

He later married Isabel Bruce, sister of King Robert I of Scotland.

Eirik received the nickname "Priesthater" from his less than successful relations with the church. In spite of this he is normally counted a weak and inoffensive man who was mostly guided by his councillors.

Probably because of his claim on his maternal heritage he supported the Danish outlaws like Stig Andersen Hvide after the murder of King Erik V and ravaged the Danish coasts for some years.

As Eirik died without sons, he was succeeded by his brother , Haakon V of Norway. He was buried in the old cathedral of Bergen, which was demolished in 1531. Its site is marked by a memorial, in present-day Bergenhus Fortress.

Eirik's daughter Ingeborg married Valdemar Magnusson of Sweden.

--------------------

Eric II of Norway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eirik Magnusson (1268 – 15 July 1299) was the king of Norway from 1280 until 1299.

He was the eldest surviving son of king Magnus the Lawmender of Norway, and his wife Ingeborg Eriksdatter, daughter of king Eric IV of Denmark. Through his mother (who was daughter of Jutta of Saxony, herself a descendant of Ulvhild of Norway, duchess of Saxony), Eric descended from king St Olav, Olav II of Norway, being the first after Magnus the Good of that saint's descendants to ascend that throne (i.e, the descendants of St.Olav returned to kingship of Norway).

Eirik married princess Margaret of Scotland in 1281. Margaret died two years later in labour, giving birth to Margaret, Maid of Norway, who became queen of Scotland in 1286.

He later married Isabel Bruce, sister of King Robert I of Scotland.

Eirik received the nickname "Priesthater" from his less than successful relations with the church. In spite of this he is normally counted a weak and inoffensive man who was mostly guided by his councillors.

Probably because of his claim on his maternal heritage he supported the Danish outlaws like Stig Andersen Hvide after the murder of King Erik V and ravaged the Danish coasts for some years.

As Eirik died without sons, he was succeeded by his brother , Haakon V of Norway. He was buried in the old cathedral of Bergen, which was demolished in 1531. Its site is marked by a memorial, in present-day Bergenhus Fortress.

Eirik's daughter Ingeborg married Valdemar Magnusson of Sweden.

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Son of Magnus 'Lawmender' Haakonsson, King of Norway. Buriel ~ Old cathedral which was demolished in 1531. Site is marked by a memorial, in present-day Bergenhus Fortress.

Sources

The book, 'The Oxford History of the British Monarch'

The book, 'Scotland, A Concise History'

The book, Scotland's Story' -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_II_of_Norway -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_II_of_Norway

Eirik Magnusson (Old Norse: Eiríkr Magnússon) (1268 – 15 July 1299) was the King of Norway from 1273/80 until 1299.

He was the eldest surviving son of King Magnus the Lawmender of Norway, and his wife Ingeborg Eriksdatter, daughter of King Eric IV of Denmark. Eric descended from St. Olav, King Olav II of Norway, being the first after Magnus the Good of that saint's descendants to ascend that throne (i.e, the descendants of St. Olav returned to kingship of Norway). He became junior king in 1273 and started ruling alone after 1280.

Eirik married princess Margaret of Scotland, daughter of King Alexander III of Scotland in 1281. Margaret died two years later in labour, giving birth to Margaret, Maid of Norway, who became queen of Scotland in 1286 until her death in 1290. Her death sparked off the disputed succession which led to the Wars of Scottish Independence.[1]

Eirik later married Isabel Bruce, sister of King Robert I of Scotland. Their marriage did not produce a surviving male heir, though it did produce a daughter, Ingeborg Eriksdottir of Norway, who married Valdemar Magnusson of Sweden, Duke of Finland, in 1312. Ingeborg Eriksdotter was styled Duchess of Öland. [2]

Reign


Eirik received the nickname "Priest Hater" from his unsuccessful relations with the church. In spite of this he is normally counted a weak and inoffensive man who was mostly guided by his councillors. Probably because of his claim on his maternal heritage he supported the Danish outlaw Stig Andersen Hvide, who ravaged the Danish coasts for some years after the regicide of King Erik V.

As Eirik died without sons, he was succeeded by his brother, Haakon V of Norway. He was buried in the old cathedral of Bergen, which was demolished in 1531. Its site is marked by a memorial, in present-day Bergenhus Fortress.

-------------------- Eirik var Norges konge fra 1280, til sin død i 1299.

Historisk blir han kalt Eirik II av Norge. -------------------- Erik Magnusson (även kallad Erik Prästhatare), född 1268, död 15 juli 1299, var kung av Norge från 9 maj 1280 till sin död. Erik var äldste son till Magnus Lagaböter och Ingeborg Eriksdotter av Danmark. Efter faderns död den 9 maj 1280 blev han kung, och under hans minderårighet förde hans moder tillsammans med stormännen regeringen och uppträdde med stor kraft mot kyrkan. Den långvariga och med stor bitterhet förda striden slutade med att kyrkan fick avstå en del av den makt, som den förvärvat genom överenskommelsen i Tønsberg 1277. Det var denna strid som gav upphovet till Eriks tillnamn "Prästhatare", även om han själv inte hade någon andel i den, och senare då han övertagit regeringen, visade mycken eftergivenhet mot kyrkan. Han var en svag regent, och lät sig till stora delar styras av modern och sin broder, Håkon. Dessa förmådde honom 1287 att ingå ett förbund med Erik Klippings mördare. Ett långvarigt krig utbröt därefter med Danmark, under vilket norrmännen vann flera framgångar genom sin djärva kaparverksamhet. 1297 ingicks ett tillfälligt stillestånd. Erik var gift med prinsessan Margareta av Skottland, dotter till Alexander III av Skottland och fick dottern med samma namn Margareta av Skottland, som 1289 blev drottning av Skottland, men avled redan på överfärden 1290. Han var sedan gift med Isabel Bruce och fick med henne Ingeborg Eriksdotter av Norge. Han försökte genom detta giftermål göra anspråk på den skotska kronan, men hade genom att motarbetas av Edvard I av England föga framgång. Han avled barnlös 1299.

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Eirik II Magnusson, konge av Norge's Timeline

1268
1268
Tonsberg, Oslofjord, Vestfold, Norway
1282
1282
Age 14
Bergen, Bergen, Norway
1283
April 9, 1283
Age 15
Norway
1293
September 25, 1293
Age 25
Norway
1297
1297
Age 29
Norway - dtr of Eric II
1299
July 15, 1299
Age 31
Bergen, Bergen, Norway
1932
September 20, 1932
Age 31
1933
May 10, 1933
Age 31
????
????
Old cathedral of Bergen, Norway