Elżbieta Grabowska

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Elżbieta Grabowska (Szydłowska h. Lubicz)

Birthplace: Płock, Płock County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
Death: Died in Warszawa
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Teodor Szydłowski h. Lubicz and Teresa Szydłowska
Wife of Jan Jerzy Grabowski h. Oksza and Stanisław II August Poniatowski, King of Poland
Mother of Aleksandra Krasicka; Kazimierz Grabowski h. Oksza; Michał Grabowski h. Oksza; Izabela Sobolewska; Michał Grabowski and 2 others
Sister of Józefa Kicka; Ewa Sobolewska and Elżbieta Szydłowski h. Lubicz
Half sister of August Szydłowski h. Lubicz and Marianna Szymanowska

Managed by: Andrzej Hennel
Last Updated:

About Elżbieta Grabowska


Elżbieta Szydłowska, married surname Grabowska, (b. 1748 – d. 1 June 1810) was a member of the Polish gentry, a mistress and a morganatic wife of the last elective King of Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski.


Elżbieta Szydłowska was a daughter of Teodor Szydłowski, voivode of Płock, a Polish nobleman, and his wife, Teresa Witkowska. In 1768 she married a Polish noble, General Jan Jerzy Grabowski (died 1789). Some of the children of this marriage are thought to have actually been children of the last Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth king, Stanisław August Poniatowski.

In 1789, she became a widow and entered into a secret, morganatic marriage with the King, remaining known at court as his maîtresse-en-titre. She was thought to have exercised some influence on the king during his reign perceived as negative, which made her unpopular.

In 1795, king Stanisław abdicated following the third one of the three Partitions of Poland, and lived in Grodno under Russian watch until, in 1796, Paul I of Russia invited him to Saint Petersburg. Elżbieta, with her two sons, Stanisław and Michał, took the king to Saint Petersburg to care for him there, and she lived with him until his sudden death in 1798. Afterwards, she returned to Warsaw, then under Prussia's rule following the Partitions, where she became a patroness of the Tableau vivant there. She died in Warsaw on 1 June 1810, survived by four of her children.

She had three sons and two daughters with the king, and their second son, Michał Grabowski, distinguished himself in combat, eventually becaming a general in the army of the Duchy of Warsaw.


Her children were:




Aleksandra (13 April 1771 – 12 May 1789), who married Franciszek Salezy Krasicki in 1787

Izabela Grabowska (1776–1858), who married Walenty Faustyn Sobolewski in 1795


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Elżbieta Grabowska's Timeline

Płock, Płock County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
April 13, 1771
Age 23
Age 25
Age 25
Age 27
Age 28
October 28, 1780
Age 32
Warszawa, Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
Age 36
June 1, 1810
Age 62