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Ela of Salisbury (FitzWilliam FitzPatrick), 3rd Countess of Salisbury

Nicknames: "Ela /(Fitzpatrick)/", "Countess Of Salisbury", "Ela of Salisbury"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Amesbury, Wiltshire, England
Death: Died in Lacock, Wiltshire, England
Place of Burial: Lacock Abbey, Lacock, Wiltshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and Eleanor / Alinor Alinor de Vitré
Wife of William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury
Mother of Ela de Longespee of Salisbury, [wife of Thomas of Warwick and Philip Basset]; Sir William Longespée; Isabel de Longespée of Salisbury; Mary Longespee; Petronella Longespee and 11 others
Sister of Gilbert Malmaines Devereux
Half sister of Julienne de Crespin, dame de Tillières and Joan Malmayns

Occupation: Abbess of Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire, Countess of Salisbury
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Ela of Salisbury (FitzWilliam FitzPatrick), 3rd Countess of Salisbury

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ela_of_Salisbury,_3rd_Countess_of_Salisbury:

Ela, 3rd Countess of Salisbury (1187- 24 August 1261), was a wealthy English heiress and the suo jure Countess of Salisbury, having succeeded to the title in 1196 upon the death of her father, William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.[1] Her husband William Longespee, an illegitimate half-brother of kings Richard I of England and John of England assumed the title of 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his marriage to Ela, which took place in 1196 when she was nine years old.

Ela became a nun after William's death, then Abbess of Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire which she had founded in 1229. Mary, Queen of Scots, English kings Edward IV and Richard III, and three of the queens consort of King Henry VIII, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Howard were among her many descendants.

Family

Ela was born in Amesbury, Wiltshire in 1187, the only child and heiress of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire and Eléonore de Vitré (c.1164- 1232/1233).[2] Her paternal grandparents were Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Ela Talvas. Her maternal grandparents were Robert III de Vitré and Emma de Dinan, daughter of Alan de Dinan and Eléonore de Penthièvre of Brittany. In 1196, she succeeded her father as 3rd Countess of Salisbury suo jure. There is a story that immediately following her father's death she was imprisoned in a castle in Normandy by one of her paternal uncles who wished to take her title and enormous wealth for himself. According to the legend, Ela was eventually rescued by William Talbot, a knight who had gone to France where he sang ballads under windows in all the castles of Normandy until he received a response from Ela.[3]

In 1198, Ela's mother married her fourth husband, Gilbert de Malesmains.

Marriage and children

In 1196, the same year she became countess and inherited her father's numerous estates, Ela married William Longespee, an illegitimate son of King Henry II of England, by his mistress Ida de Tosny, who later married Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk. Longespee became 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his wife. The Continuator of Florence recorded that their marriage had been arranged by King Richard I of England, who was William's legitimate half-brother.[1]

Together William and Ela had at least eight or possibly nine children:

William II Longespee, titular Earl of Salisbury (c.1209- 7 February 1250), married in 1216 Idoine de Camville, daughter of Richard de Camville and Eustache Basset, by whom he had four children. William was killed while on crusade at the Battle of Mansurah.

Richard Longespee, clerk and canon of Salisbury.

Stephen Longespee, Seneschal of Gascony and Justiciar of Ireland (1216- 1260), married as her second husband 1243/1244 Emmeline de Ridelsford, daughter of Walter de Ridelsford and Annora Vitré, by whom he had two daughters: Ela, wife of Sir Roger La Zouche, and Emmeline, the second wife of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly .

Nicholas Longespee, Bishop of Salisbury (died 28 May 1297)

Isabella Longespee (died before 1244), married as his first wife shortly after 16 May 1226, William de Vescy, Lord of Alnwick, by whom she had issue.

Petronilla Longespee, died unmarried

Ela Longespee (died 9 Februry 1298), married firstly Thomas de Warwick, Earl of Warwick; married secondly Sir Philip Basset

Ida Longespee, married firstly Ralph de Somery, Baron of Dudley; she married secondly William de Beauchamp, Baron of Bedford, by whom she had six children, including Maud de Beauchamp, wife of Roger de Mowbray.[4]

Ida de Longespee (she is alternatively listed as William and Ela's granddaughter: see notes below), married Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex, by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter FitzRobert, wife of William de Odyngsells.

Later life

In 1225, Ela's husband William was shipwrecked off the coast of Brittany, upon returning from Gascony. He spent months recovering at a monastery on the Island of Ré in France. He died at Salisbury Castle on 7 March 1226 just several days after arriving in England. Ela held the post of Sheriff of Wiltshire for two years following her husband's death.

Three years later in 1229, Ela founded Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire as a nunnery of the Augustinian order. In 1238, she entered the abbey as a nun; she was made Abbess of Lacock in 1240, and held the post until 1257. The Book of Lacock recorded that Ela founded the monasteries at Lacock and Henton.[1] During her tenure as abbess, Ela obtained many rights for the abbey and village of Lacock.

Ela, Countess of Salisbury died on 24 August 1261 and was buried in Lacock Abbey. The incription on her tombstone, originally written in Latin, reads:

Below lie buried the bones of the venerable Ela, who gave this sacred house as a home for the nuns. She also had lived here as holy abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full of good works[5]

Her numerous descendants included English kings Edward IV and Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Sir Winston Churchill, Diana, Princess of Wales, the Dukes of Norfolk, Mary Boleyn, and queens consort Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Howard.

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Ela, Countess of Salisbury From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ela, 3rd Countess of Salisbury

  • Countess of Salisbury
  • Abbess of Lacock Abbey
  • Spouse William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury

Issue

  • William II Longespee, titular Earl of Salisbury
  • Richard Longespee
  • Stephen Longespee
  • Nicholas Longespee, Bishop of Salisbury
  • Isabella Longespee
  • Petronilla Longespee
  • Ela Longespee
  • Ida Longespee
  • Ida de Longespee

Noble family de Salisbury

Father William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury

  • Mother Eléonore de Vitré
  • Born 1187 Amesbury, Wiltshire, England
  • Died 24 August 1261 Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire

Ela, 3rd Countess of Salisbury (1187- 24 August 1261), was a wealthy English heiress and the suo jure Countess of Salisbury, having succeeded to the title in 1196 upon the death of her father, William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.[1] Her husband William Longespee, an illegitimate half-brother of kings Richard I of England and John of England assumed the title of 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his marriage to Ela, which took place in 1196 when she was nine years old.

Ela became a nun after William's death, then Abbess of Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire which she had founded in 1229. Mary, Queen of Scots, English kings Edward IV and Richard III, and three of the queens consort of King Henry VIII, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Howard were among her many descendants.

[edit] Family

Ela was born in Amesbury, Wiltshire in 1187, the only child and heiress of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire and Eléonore de Vitré (c.1164- 1232/1233).[2] Her paternal grandparents were Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Ela Talvas. Her maternal grandparents were Robert III de Vitré and Emma de Dinan, daughter of Alan de Dinan and Eléonore de Penthièvre of Brittany. In 1196, she succeeded her father as suo jure 3rd Countess of Salisbury. There is a story that immediately following her father's death she was imprisoned in a castle in Normandy by one of her paternal uncles who wished to take her title and enormous wealth for himself. According to the legend, Ela was eventually rescued by William Talbot, a knight who had gone to France where he sang ballads under windows in all the castles of Normandy until he received a response from Ela.[3]

In 1198, Ela's mother married her fourth husband, Gilbert de Malesmains.

[edit] Marriage and children

In 1196, the same year she became countess and inherited her father's numerous estates, Ela married William Longespee, an illegitimate son of King Henry II of England, by his mistress Ida de Tosny, who later married Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk. Longespee became 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his wife. The Continuator of Florence recorded that their marriage had been arranged by King Richard I of England, who was William's legitimate half-brother.[1]

Together William and Ela had at least eight or possibly nine children:

William II Longespee, titular Earl of Salisbury (c.1209- 7 February 1250), married in 1216 Idoine de Camville, daughter of Richard de Camville and Eustache Basset, by whom he had four children. William was killed while on crusade at the Battle of Mansurah.

Richard Longespee, clerk and canon of Salisbury.

Stephen Longespee, Seneschal of Gascony and Justiciar of Ireland (1216- 1260), married as her second husband 1243/1244 Emmeline de Ridelsford, daughter of Walter de Ridelsford and Annora Vitré, by whom he had two daughters: Ela, wife of Sir Roger La Zouche, and Emmeline, the second wife of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly .

Nicholas Longespee, Bishop of Salisbury (died 28 May 1297)

Isabella Longespee (died before 1244), married as his first wife shortly after 16 May 1226, William de Vescy, Lord of Alnwick, by whom she had issue.

Petronilla Longespee, died unmarried

Ela Longespee (died 9 Februry 1298), married firstly Thomas de Warwick, Earl of Warwick; married secondly Sir Philip Basset

Ida Longespee, married firstly Ralph de Somery, Baron of Dudley; she married secondly William de Beauchamp, Baron of Bedford, by whom she had six children, including Maud de Beauchamp, wife of Roger de Mowbray.[4]

Ida de Longespee (she is alternatively listed as William and Ela's granddaughter: see notes below), married Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex, by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter FitzRobert, wife of William de Odyngsells.

Lacock Abbey which was founded in 1229 by Ela, Countess of Salisbury[edit] Later life

In 1225, Ela's husband William was shipwrecked off the coast of Brittany, upon returning from Gascony. He spent months recovering at a monastery on the Island of Ré in France. He died at Salisbury Castle on 7 March 1226 just several days after arriving in England. Ela held the post of Sheriff of Wiltshire for two years following her husband's death.

Three years later in 1229, Ela founded Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire as a nunnery of the Augustinian order. In 1238, she entered the abbey as a nun; she was made Abbess of Lacock in 1240, and held the post until 1257. The Book of Lacock recorded that Ela founded the monasteries at Lacock and Henton.[1] During her tenure as abbess, Ela obtained many rights for the abbey and village of Lacock.

Ela, Countess of Salisbury died on 24 August 1261 and was buried in Lacock Abbey. The incription on her tombstone, originally written in Latin, reads:

Below lie buried the bones of the venerable Ela, who gave this sacred house as a home for the nuns. She also had lived here as holy abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full of good works[5]

Her numerous descendants included English kings Edward IV and Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Sir Winston Churchill, Diana, Princess of Wales, the Dukes of Norfolk, Mary Boleyn, and queens consort Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Howard.

[edit] References

^ a b c Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, England, Earls of Salisbury 1196-1310 (Longespee)

^ The Earls of Salisbury are sometimes mistakenly assigned the surname "d’Evreux", but it is spurious, arising from confusion over the nickname of a fictitious ancestor, Walter le Ewrus (Walter the Fortunate). The family of the Earls of Salisbury never used the name "d’Evreux", they do not descend from the Norman Counts of Evreux, nor do the later Devereux derive from them. See Cokayne, George (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. XI. Gloucester England: A. Sutton. p. 373, note (b). ISBN 0904387828.

^ Thomas B. Costain, The Conquering Family, pp.291-92, published by Doubleday and Company, Inc., New York, 1949.

^ This Ida is sometimes confused with another Ida Longespee, who married Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex, by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter FitzRobert, wife of William de Odyngsells. This latter Ida Longespee has been given different parents by different genealogists; G. Andrews Moriarty suggested the two Idas were sisters; Gerald Paget suggests the Ida who married Walter FitzRobert may have been the daughter of William Longespee II, Earl of Salisbury, by his wife, Idoine de Camville.

^ History of Chitterne: Ela, Countess of Salibury, retrieved on 22 May 2009

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ela,_Countess_of_Salisbury"

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http://www.mathematical.com/fitzpatrickela1191.html

  • Ela Fitzpatrick Countess of Salisbury
  • born about 1191 Amesbury, Wiltshire, England
  • died 24 August 1261 Lacock, Wiltshire, England
  • buried Lacock Abbey, Lacock, Wiltshire, England
  • father:*William Fitzpatrick of Salisbury
  • born about 1154 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
  • died 17 April 1196

mother: *Eanor(Alianore) de Vitre

  • born about 1158 Brittany, Normandy, Fance
  • died 1232

married about 1184

siblings: nknown

spouse: *William "Longespee" Prince of England

  • born about 1173 England
  • died 7 March 1225/26 England
  • buried Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
  • married 1198 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England

children:

  • *William Longespee born about 1212 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England died 7 February 1249/50 Al-Mansura On The Nile, Egypt buried Acre, Palestine
  • Ela Longespee born 1217 Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England died 1297 England buried Oseney Abbey, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
  • Richard Longespee Canon of Salisbury born about 1214 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
  • died Lacock, Wiltshire, England
  • *Stephen Longespee born about 1216 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England died 1260 Sutton, Northamptonshire, England buried Lacock, Wiltshire, England
  • Nicholas Longespee born about 1218 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England died 1297 England buried Ladies Chapel Cathedral, England
  • Isabel Longespee born about 1208 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England died 1248
  • Ida (Idonea) Longespee born about 1222 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England died 1269/70
  • Ela Longespee Countess of Warwick born about 1220 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England died February 1297
  • Lora Longespee born about 1224 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
  • Petronella Longespee born 1209 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England

biographical and/or anecdotal:

notes or source:

LDS

William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Family

By his wife Ela, countess of Salisbury, he had four sons and four daughters [6]:

William II Longespée (1212?-1250), who was sometimes called Earl of Salisbury but was never formally given the title, for reasons that remain unclear;

Richard, a canon of Salisbury;

Stephen (d. 1260), who was seneschal of Gascony;

Nicholas (d. 1297), bishop of Salisbury

Isabella, who married William de Vesey

Ella, married William d'Odingsels

Ela Longespée, who first married Thomas de Beaumont, 6th Earl of Warwick, and then married Philip Basset

Ida, who first married Ralph de Somery, and then William de Beauchamp

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Source: The book, 'Historic House of Britain'

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Her daughter Ela married Thomas de Newburgh (d. 1242), descendant of Henry de Newburgh elsewhere in our tree.

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Ela was 70 years old when she died.

Also see "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p398.htm#i6895 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm )

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Ela Fitz patrick was the daughter of William of Salisbury,Fitz Patrick and Eleanor de Vitre.

She was the wife of William Longspree,the illigetent son of King henry 2nd, and his mistress Ida.

William and Ela had four sons and six daughters.

1225 William Longspree died.

1229 Ela Longspree , his wid, founded Lacock Abby .co. Wilts.

c 1232/3 she was co=heiress of her mother Eleanor de vetre,inheriting an interest in the manor of Cowlinge Suffolk.

1238  She became a nun at Locock

1238 She took the Vail.

1240 - 1257 she served as Abbess there.

1250 She gave her son William Longspree Knight permission to go on a crusade. The night before he died she had a vision of him standing in full armor joyously being admitted to heaven by angels.he died fighting at Mansourah on the Nile in Egypt fighting Saracens.

1261 She died Aug. 24,1261.

She was buried at Larock Abby.

Ref.

Plantagenet Ancestry ete

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Ela later became Abbess of Lacock in Wiltshire [Britain's Royal Families, p. 63].

view all 33

Ela of Salisbury's Timeline

1117
1117
Of, Wycombe, Buckinghmashire, England
1191
1191
Amesbury, Wiltshire, England
1196
1196
Age 5
Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
1207
December 8, 1207
Age 16
Salisbury, Wiltshire, , England
1208
1208
Age 17
Of, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
1209
1209
Age 18
Salisbury, Wiltshire, , England
1209
Age 18
Of,Salisbury,Wiltshire,England
1212
1212
Age 21
1214
1214
Age 23
Salisbury, Wiltshire, , England
1216
1216
Age 25
Salisbury, Wiltshire, England