Samuel Luther (1636 - 1716) MP

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Birthplace: Taunton, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
Death: Died in Swansea, Bristol County, Province of Massachusetts, (Present USA)
Managed by: David Prins
Last Updated:

About Samuel Luther

Samuel, with Thomas Willett purchased (1661) Rehoboth North Purchase. On sale of this, bought (1667) Mattapoisett-Swansea. He was selectman; Representative in General Court, 1677-78-79; Elder of 1st Bapt. Church, 1685, succeeding Elder John Myles; Pastor 31 years.

_____

Samuel's father John Luther, of Gloucester, Massachusetts, was killed by the Delaware Indians in 1645, while on a trading expedition in Delaware Bay with all his party.

Samuel, age 10 at the time, was with his father, but escaped death through clemency of captors. He returned to Boston. (All narrated at length by Winthrop, Vol. II, pages 236-237.)

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From the Find A Grave page on the Elder Rev. Samuel Luther:

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9565981

Birth: 1636 - Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts, USA

Death: Dec. 20, 1716 - Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts, USA

Samuel was the son of Capt. John Luther and Elizabeth Turner. He is listed as being born in Yocumtown, RI. The name was later changed to Taunton.

He was 'of Rehoboth in 1662' and later joined in the settlement of Attleboro. It has been said that he bought a stone house which had been built by Governor Benton of Newport, on land at Mattapoisett purchased in turn from the Indians in 1644, which house was garrisoned at the beginning of King Philip's War.

He sold out his interests in 1667 to join in the settlement of Swansea.

In spite of the fact that he did not have a formal education, as few did in those days, he proved himself a man of such character and leadership ability that he was ordained Elder of the Swansea Baptist Church to succeed the distinguished Elder John Myles. He became known after that as Reverand Captain Samuel Luther, according to "the Swansea Stage: A Local History" page 66.

He also had a bit of fame as a boy because of his alleged experience with the indians in Swedish America. His father was even murdered aboard ship by Indians, using hatchets, that were their for the purpose of trading (1646).

Samuel married Mary Abell on Oct. 25, 1662, in Rehoboth. They had 11 children:

  • 1. Samuel, Jr.,
  • 2. Theophilus,
  • 3. Mary,
  • 4. Joshua,
  • 5. Elizabeth,
  • 6. Experience,
  • 7. Mehitable (Mehetable),
  • 8. Ebenezer,
  • 9. Martha,
  • 10. Susanna and
  • 11. Joanna.

He was pastor of the First Baptist Church for 30 years in "Swanzea", Massachusetts. He is buried with his wife.

Family links:

Parents:

  • John Luther (1610 - 1645)

Children:

  • Joshua Luther (____ - 1747)*
  • Samuel Luther (1663 - 1714)*
  • Mary Luther Easterbrook (1668 - 1741)*
  • Ebenezer Luther (1678 - 1754)*
  • Martha Luther Cole (1681 - 1765)*

Spouse:

  • Mary Abell Luther (1642 - ____)

Inscription:

"Here lyeth ye body of Elder Samuel Luther aged about 80 years & Died December ye 20th 1716"


Burial: Kickemuit Cemetery, Warren, Bristol County, Rhode Island, USA


Created by: Sue Williams

  • Record added: Oct 08, 2004
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 9565981

---

Could not verify that an early name of Taunton was Yocumtown. The only early name identified was Cohannet, which is taken from the Native name for the area:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taunton,_Massachusetts

Taunton was founded by settlers from England and officially incorporated as a town on September 3, 1639. Most of the town's settlers were originally from Taunton in Somerset, England, which led early settlers to name the settlement after that town. At the time of Taunton's incorporation, they explained their choice of name as being, in honour and love to our dear native country... and owning it a great mercy of God to bring us to this place, and settling of us, on lands of our own bought with our money in peace, in the midst of the heathen, for a possession for ourselves and for our posterity after us.[citation needed] Prior to 1640, the Taunton area was called Cohannet.

The British founders of Taunton took possession of the land from the native Wampanoag people. The Taunton area was the site of battles (on its soil or in the surrounding area) during various conflicts, including King Philip's War and the American Revolution.

---------

From Kathy Emanuel's page on Samuel Luther:

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/e/m/a/Kathy-Emanuel/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0362.html

Samuel LUTHER (son of John LUTHER and Elizabeth POOLE) was born 1636 in Bristol, Taunton, MA, and died December 20, 1716 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts. He married Mary ABEL L on October 25, 1662 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass, daughter of Robert ABELL and Joanne (ABELL).

Notes for Samuel LUTHER:

  • 1636 in Yokumtown, Taunton, Bristol, Massachussets
  • Note: Now Rhode Island
  • Death: 20 DEC 1716 in Kickemuit, Swansea, Bristol, Rhode Island
  • Burial: 1716 Kickemuit, Taunton, Warren, Rhode Island

Note: In 1645, Samuel was taken captive by Indians for about five weeks, after they raided his father's trading vessel in Delaware Bay, on the Maryland side. The Indians killed his father, three crewmen and sunk the boat. On 27 February 1662, he was granted permission by the Town of Rehoboth, "to be a sojourner to buy ore hire." This was unusual, as most people were required to buy land to live and do business in those towns. He soon after bought land in the Swansea area. He served as Selectman in 1671 and almost a dozen more year.Samuel served in King Philip's War. He was honored by Swansea the year following the War with the position of Deputy to the General court in Plymouth. In 1680, he was referred to as Sergeant Samuel Luther. On 31 October 1682, he was commissioned as Captain of the militia.In 1683, Rev. John Miles, pastor of the Baptist Church in Swansea, MA., died. In 1685, Samuel was ordained and succeeded Rev. Miles as pastor. That was the first Baptist Church in Massachusetts and the fourth Baptist Church in America. He continued to serve as pastor till he died in 1716 at age 80. (Maxwell & Fitch)

Accompanied father on voyage to Delaware River; was kidnappedand ransomed and returned to his mother in Boston; Ilston Papersstate "a man of character and talents; was ordained here anddischarged with exemplary fidelity the duties of his office formore than 30 years"Minister by 1662 of Swansea Baptist ordained 1685 r-sojouner inRehoboth in 1661; in Swansea by 1667; asked on Oct. 19, 1672 forland of fathers's-denied as brother lives on it; 2nd rankresident and lived in #8 on map in book on Swansea; In 1686 got2 lots in Sheep Pasture a-selectman in Swansea before 1675. In 1675 Samuel was 39, Mary Abell was 33; Samuel 12; Theophilus10; Joshua 3; Mary 7; Elizabeth 2; Experience 3mo; family 2ndrank.

Samuel LUTHER

  • Given Name: Rev. Samuel
  • Surname: Luther
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1636 in Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts 1
  • Death: 20 Dec 1716 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts 1

Note:

  • REFN: 1391
  • [a10562.ged]

See text in book about the founding of Swansea, Massachusetts. Rev. Luther was one of nine freemen residents in Swansea as of 29, May, 1670.

Father: Captain John LUTHER b: 1595 in Stanford Rivers, Essex, England

Mother: Elizabeth TURNER b: 1615 in England

Marriage 1 Mabel Mary ABELL b: 11 Apr 1642 in Weymouth, Norfolk, Massachusetts

  • Married: 25 Oct 1662 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Massachusetts 1

Children

  • Martha LUTHER b: 9 Dec 1681 in Swansea, Massachusetts

SAMUEL WAS A

  • SWANSEA PROPRIETOR IN 1667;
  • VILLAGE OFFICER;
  • MINISTER OF THE FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH IN MASSACHUSEETTS FOR 33 YEARS;
  • OFFICER IN KING PHILIP'S WAR.

Samuel Luther

  • Given Name: Samuel
  • Surname: Luther
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1636 in Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts
  • Death: 20 Dec 1716 in Swansea, , Massachusetts
  • Burial: Kickemuit Cem, Warren, Rhode Island 1
  • Change Date: 23 Aug 2001 at 20:12

Note:

The Luther Family in America goes on to describe Samuel Luther, the elder son of Captain John, was born according to an unvariable tradition at Yocumtown. No locality of this designation is known in Colonial history. The settlements were so few in 1636 and so well marked that this designation must be regarded as fictitious. However, one recent correspondent claims to have found evidence that this was one of the early Indian names of Taunton.

The text talks about his youthful voyage and capture by the Delaware Indians, of his subsequent ransom and return. (Unfortunately this part of the story was told in that part of the book I did not copy.) It continues saying we may believe that the qualities of initiative, endurance, and purpose which marked his later years may well have stood him in good stead in this tragic boyhood experience.

Elder Samuel's real career begins with the permission granted him by the Town of Rehoboth, "27th of ye 12 mo., 1661 (Feb. 27, 1662 new style) to be a sojourner to buy ore hire." Behind this grant lies a tale characteristic of the political temper of the Colony of Plymouth. The migrants had forsaken England for political, economic, and religious freedom, but they in turn quickly imposed fettering conditions on other would-be citizens. The situation is succinctly set forth in Weeden's Economics and Social History, viz: "The Bay expelled Roger Williams, the Hutchinsons, and others because they would not conform, and the spirit of this action manifested itself in many town. Lancaster in 1653 voted not to receive into the plantation "any excommunicant or notoriously erring agt the Doctrine & Discipline of chhs. of this commonwealth." This was the method adapted to New England circumstances and the political conditions of citizenship. The economic checks of the franchise were equally severe. They dreaded the approach of a stranger who could not be settled and taxed immediately. To prevent irresponsible persons from getting a foothold in the community, and a share in the common goods without giving an equivalent was the chief care of their lives. Statutes by the hundreds and penalties by the thousands might be cited to show this excessive municipal activity. The General Court in 1637 forbade the town allowing strangers to settle without the permission of the Council or of two magistrates."

It was a fundamental principle of English law that the inhabitants of a municipality were responsible for the and support of each other, "each for all and all for each." Whether they knew it, or not they were shaping their legislation upon Plato's Republic, he having ordained for that ideal society population, but should keep itself pure, and consist only of such as persevered in their own laws. Perhaps by the time Rehoboth granted this permission "to buy ore hire," something of the edge of the prohibition had worn off, for Samuel Luther at once takes his place as an active and prominent citizen of the town.

The migration to the "roomy place," (Rehoboth is Biblical for roominess), was probably coincident with another venture in life, his marriage to Mary Abel who had come to Rehoboth in 1645, two years earlier, founding the town. The marriages of both Samuel and Hezekiah occurred in the same year, 1662; Samuels in Rehoboth and Hezekiah's in Dorchester, he remained in Dorchester (Milton) where his sons John and Nathaniel were born, the one in 1663, the other in 1665.

Soon, however, he joins his older brother, probably after the death of his young wife Elizabeth, and for the remainder of their years the two brothers live and labor side by side, first in Rehoboth and after 1667 when the town was set off, in Swansea. There Elder Samuel sustained every office of honor and trust the town could bestow, as Mr. Tusten says in his memorial sermon of 1845.

We shall need to follow him step by step along this highway whereon we shall find the several stages definitely marked. It takes us through stormy scenes of religious controversy, through the tragic days of King Philip's War, the first stroke of which fell upon the very edifice in which he was worshiping, to his own participation in that sanguinary struggle, and on to peaceful and prosperous times in which many sons and daughters, physical and spiritual, rose up to call him blessed.

Facing as it did just across the river, Slate Rock, from which the Indians proclaimed their message of cheer to the outcasts of Massachusetts Bay, Roger Williams and his band of exiles, it was inevitable that some echoes of religious independence and freedom, set up in that plantation of Providence should be heard within the confines of Rehoboth, whose very name was an augury of hospitality. And so while Parson Newman was busy in his study in the preparation of that monumental three-volume work, "A Concordance of the Bible," the foxes were breaking down the fences in his ecclesiastical preserve.

Among the planters were Obadiah Homes, Edward Smith, Joseph Torrey, and others who back in Salem, had embraced the doctrine of Roger Williams and church under the very eaves of the church of the standing order (Congregational). Mr. Newman pronounced sentences of authority, the Baptist schism was for the time suppressed. The story in its entirety is much longer than this, and includes persecutions, whippings, and banishment. But the seed thus sown to the dividing of the town and the setting off of Swansea, and to a pastorate in the church thus formed more than three decades by Elder Samuel Luther, a trusted and successful leader.

Savage said SAMUEL, Rehoboth 1662, was sec. Baptist minister at Swansey, ordained 22 July 1685, died 1717. He had Experience, born 3 Mar. 1675. That town of Rehoboth sent many in the mad expedition of Phips against Quebec, 1690, of which one was SAMUEL, perhaps son of the preacher Progeny in that quarter is very much diffused. Benedict, Hist. I. 426.

History of Swansea, page 173 continues with:

Through Samuel and Hezekiah Luther, sons of Capt. John, have descended the Luthers of the territory to which we have alluded. Of these Samuel was born in 1638, probably in Boston or vicinity. He is referred to as of Rehoboth, Feb. 27, 1661. On Oct. 19, 1672, he made a claim or demand for his father's purchase in Taunton. In the year 1685 Samuel Luther succeeded Rev. John Miles as Elder of the Baptist Church in Swansea, Mr. Miles having died in 1683. Mr. Luther is referred to as Rev. Capt. Samuel Luther. He continued in charge of the Swansea Church for thirty-two years. He died Dec. 20, 1716, and was buried in the Kickemuit Cemetery, in what is now Warren, R. I., where also rests the remains of his brother Hezekiah, who died July 28, 1723, aged eighty-three years. The children of Elder Samuel Luther, according to Rehoboth town records, were: Samuel, Theophilus, and Mary; and in the father's will are mentioned also; Joshua, Ebenezer, Susannah, Mehitabel, and Martha.

Death date listed in "Vital Records of Swansea, Massachusetts to 1850" page 226 as "Elder Samuel Luther Departed This Life December the 20:1716 being about 80 years of age".

(Remember that Warren was formed from Swansea when the area was transferred from MA to RI in 1746.)

"From the two sons of Captain John, Samuel & Hezekiah, are descended all the Luthers of this area, nineteen of whom are recorded as having served in the Revolutionary War. Samuel lived in Rehoboth for a time and later joined in the settlement of Attleboro. He sold out his interests in 1667 to join in the settlement of Swansea. In spite of the fact that he had bo formal education, as few did in those days, he proved himself a man of such caracter and leadership ability that he was ordained Elder of the Swansea Baptist Church to succeed the distinguished Elder John Myles. He became known after that as Reverand Captain Samuel Luther." p.66 The Swansea Stage: A Local History

Although he may have had some fame as a boy because of his alleged experience with the indians in Swedish America, he was well known as a Captain and as an Elder, and, for a time, Pastor of the Baptist Church in Swansea, to which he was admitted 21 Feb 1666/7. It has been said he bought a stone house which had been built by Governor Benton of Newport, on land at Mattapoisett purchased in turn from the Indians in 1644, which house was garrisoned at the beginning of King Philip's War.

Luther Family Assoc. lists these as the children of Samuel Luther and Mary Abel: Samuel 1663

  • 1. Theophilus 1665
  • 2. Mary 1668
  • 3. Joshua 1670
  • 4. Elizabeth died y
  • 5. Experience died y
  • 6. Mehitable 1676
  • 7. Ebenezer 1678
  • 8. Martha 1681
  • 9. Susannah 1683
  • 10. Joannah 1685

Father: John Luther

Mother: Elizabeth

Marriage 1 Mary Abell b: 1642 in Weymouth, , Massachusetts

  • Married: 25 Oct 1662 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts
  • Change Date: 28 Jul 2001

Children

  • 1. Samuel Luther b: 25 Oct 1663 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Massachusetts
  • 2. Nathaniel Luther b: Abt 1664 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts
  • 3. Theophilus Luther b: 1665 in , New London, Connecticut
  • 4. Mary Luther b: 20 Jul 1668 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Massachusetts
  • 5. Joshua Luther b: 25 Nov 1670 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts
  • 6. Elizabeth Luther b: 2 Feb 1672 in Swansea, New London, Bristol, Rhode Island
  • 7. Mehitable Luther b: 26 Aug 1676 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.
  • 8. Ebenezer Luther b: 27 Dec 1678 in Swansea, New London, Bristol, Rhode Island
  • 9. Martha Luther b: 1681 in , New London, Connecticut
  • 10. Jonah Luther b: Abt 1681 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts
  • 11. Susannah Luther b: 1683 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts
  • 12. Joanah Luther b: 1683-1689 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts

Sources:

  • Abbrev: Savage
  • Title: A GENEALOGICAL DICTIONARY of THE FIRST SETTLERS OF NEW ENGLAND, SHOWING THREE GENERATIONS OF THOSE WHO CAME BEFORE MAY, 1692, ON THE BASIS OF FARMER'S REGISTER.
  • Author: James Savage

More About Samuel LUTHER:

  • Burial: Unknown, Kickemuit Cemetery, Bristol, RI.
  • Record Change: April 30, 2004

More About Samuel LUTHER and Mary ABEL L:

  • Marriage: October 25, 1662, Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass.

-------------------- Samuel was the son of Capt. John Luther and Elizabeth Turner. He is listed as being born in Yocumtown, RI. The name was later changed to Taunton. He was 'of Rehoboth in 1662' and later joined in the settlement of Attleboro. It has been said that he bought a stone house which had been built by Governor Benton of Newport, on land at Mattapoisett purchased in turn from the Indians in 1644, which house was garrisoned at the beginning of King Philip's War. He sold out his interests in 1667 to join in the settlement of Swansea. In spite of the fact that he did not have a formal education, as few did in those days, he proved himself a man of such character and leadership ability that he was ordained Elder of the Swansea Baptist Church to succeed the distinguished Elder John Myles. He became known after that as Reverand Captain Samuel Luther, according to "the Swansea Stage: A Local History" page 66. He also had a bit of fame as a boy because of his alleged experience with the indians in Swedish America. His father was even murdered aboard ship by Indians, using hatchets, that were their for the purpose of trading (1646). Samuel married Mary Abell on Oct. 25, 1662, in Rehoboth. They had 11 children: Samuel, Jr., Theophilus (our ancestor), Mary, Joshua, Elizabeth, Experience, Mehitable (Mehetable), Ebenezer, Martha, Susanna and Joanna. He was pastor of the First Baptist Church for 30 years in "Swanzea", Massachusetts. He is buried with his wife.

Parents:
 John Luther (1610 - 1645)

Spouse:
 Mary Abell Luther (1642 - ____)

Children:
 Joshua Luther (____ - 1747)*
 Samuel Luther (1663 - 1714)*
 Theophilus Luther (1665 - 1728)*
 Mary Luther Easterbrook (1668 - 1741)*
 Mehitable Luther Cole (1676 - 1764)*
 Ebenezer Luther (1678 - 1754)*
 Martha Luther Cole (1681 - 1765)*

Inscription:

"Here lyeth ye body of Elder Samuel Luther aged about 80 years & Died December ye 20th 1716"


Burial: Kickemuit Cemetery Warren Bristol County Rhode Island, USA

view all 24

Elder Rev. Samuel Luther's Timeline

1636
1636
Taunton, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1662
October 25, 1662
Age 26
Rehoboth, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts, (Present USA)
1663
October 25, 1663
Age 27
Swansea, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1665
October 9, 1665
Age 29
Rehoboth, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1668
July 20, 1668
Age 32
Rehoboth, (Present Bristol County), Massachusetts Bay Colony, (Present USA)
1670
November 25, 1670
Age 34
Swansea, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1671
February 2, 1671
Age 35
Swansea, (Present Bristol County), Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
November 25, 1671
Age 35
Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States
1673
March 3, 1673
Age 37
Swansea, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1676
August 26, 1676
Age 40
Swansea, (Present Bristol County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)