Eleuteria Florentino (deceased)

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About Eleuteria Florentino

Stanislao Reyes' mother was Eleuteria Florentino-Reyes, sister of Leona Florentino, the poetess and mother of Isabelo de los Reyes. Eleuteria was aided in the resistance movement by her daughter Salome Reyes, sister of Estanislao; Lucia del Rosario-Calvo, the wife of Juan Calvo; Conching Calvo, Lucia's daughter; and Carmen de los Reyes, a sister of Isabelo de los Reyes. The home of Eleuteria, more popularly known as Capitana Teriang, was the nerve center of the resistance movement, where food, medicines, uniforms and blankets were distributed to guerillas. It was also the clearing house of information regarding the movement of American troops. Stories are told of the brave Capitana, unmindful of the presence of the US Cavalry on the boundary of Vigan and Bantay, proceeded to Lemerig near Asilang where Gen. Tinio and her son, Major Estanislao Reyes, were encamped, to inform them that the Americans were in hot pursuit. Tinio and Reyes were able to elude their captors, thanks to the Capitana's daring. Capitana Teriang and her companions were later arrested on February 18, 1901 and sent to Fort Santiago. The following month, her son Estanislao, surrendered to the Americans. Eleuteria and her sister Leona Florentino married two brothers, Luis and Elias Reyes respectively. Eleuteria and Luis had seven children. The resistance movement did not 86 Ilocos Sur: An Illustrated History Ilocos Sur: An Illustrated History Ilocos Sur in the Wars Against Spain and the United States 87 only unite families for a patriotic cause but divided them as well. Eleuteria's brother-in-law, Mena Crisologo, sided with the Americans as he tried to recruit adherents to the US-installed Federal Party. Crisologo came from humble beginnings but was a bright student. He married into the wealthy Florentino family and prospered in the trading of indigo. He occupied the house of Isabelo de los Reyes in Tondo when the latter was deported to Spain by the Spaniards. To prove his sympathy for the Americans, Crisologo presented to the new rulers copies of Isabelo de los Reyes' newspaper Filipinas ante Europa which he claimed was given to him by Eleuteria. As a prize for his loyalty, Crisologo was appointed governor of Ilocos Sur by Governor General W.H. Taft. An appeal addressed by Abaya to his fellow Ilocanos as he assumed the leadership of Ilocos Sur Guerilla Unit One in February 1900 apparently was not enough to make his provincemates remain true to the cause. In his appeal Abaya said: 5 "Let us fight then, from those mountains, with neither hesitation or rashness, and without predicting the outcome by considering the imbalance of resources but rather the beauty and sacredness of the ideal which we are pursuing against the oppressive imperialist designs of North America, who, concerned only with her wicked desire to dominate and degrade us unjustly ­ we with whom we once joined hands to defeat the Spanish army in these islands ­ would now impose her sovereignty on us by the brute force of her cannons, a sovereignty as evil as it is ridiculous." On November 30, 1900, the Ameri5 Ibid, p.159. cans in Santa Maria were surprised to find 1,173 bolo men surrender to their forces. The following month, the number swelled to 2,180. The February birthday celebration of the first American president, George Washington, in 88 Ilocos Sur: An Illustrated History The "Tandang Sora" of Ilocos Sur, Eleuteria Reyes, assists wounded revolutionaries.