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Elin Hansdotter's Geni Profile

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Elin Hansdotter

Birthplace: Stenkyrka, Tjörn, O
Death: Died in Stenkyrka, Tjörn, O
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Hans
Wife of Bamse Kristoffersson
Mother of Kristansa Bamsesdotter; Erik Bamsesson and Hans Bamsesson

Managed by: Bernt Göran Nilsson
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Elin Hansdotter

Elin's mtDNA (and all descendants along purely maternal lines) is U5a1a1. U5 is one of the older European haplogroups. Elins mtDNA (och alla ättlingar längs rent maternella linjer) är U5a1a1. U5 är en av de äldre europeiska haplogrupper. Summary of U5a1: While the precise age and geographic origin of U5a1 remains uncertain, we know that U5a1 lived during a time of more rapid population expansion because it has 14 known daughter lineages, including nine named subclades and five lineages not yet named. The greatest diversity of U5a1 seems to be in central and northern Europe (note that the five very rare unnamed U5a1* lineages have been found in Italy, Tyrol, Germany and Poland). The two dominant subclades U5a1a and U5a1b represent 76% of all U5a1 samples, while the other U5a1 subclades are found much less frequently. This suggests that U5a1a and U5a1b might have been present in populations that began to grow rapidly perhaps around the beginning of the Neolithic period. Other U5a1 subclades might represent remnants of hunter-gather populations that adopted Neolithic farming and herding practices at a later date. Some U5a1 samples, including U5a1d2b and "U5a1* Group I" have been found in central Asian (including ancient remains) and India, and these samples probably represent early migrations of U5a1 populations from Europe into central Asia. It is likely that additional very rare subclades of U5a1 still remain to be discovered, and additional testing of present day populations and ancient remains will lead to a more complete description of the history of U5a1 in Europe. Haplogroup U is estimated to have originated in the Near East or Southwest Asia around 50,000 years ago, about 15,000 years after modern humans expanded out of Africa. Haplogroup U appears to have lived during a period of rapid population growth and expansion because it has nine major surviving daughter groups, U1 through U9, which are now found among people who have ancestry throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Haplogroup U5 is estimated to be about 30,000 years old, and it is primarily found today in people with European ancestry. Both the current geographic distribution of U5 and testing of ancient human remains indicate that the ancestor of U5 probably expanded into Europe with the first modern humans some 45,000 years ago. Because there are five additional mutations (T3197C, G9477A, T13617C, C16192T and C16270T) that distinguish U5 from U, we can assume that U5 experienced a long period of very slow population growth or a population bottleneck in Europe.

A 2013 study by Fu et al. found two U5 individuals at the Dolni Vestonice burial site in the Czech Republic that has been dated to 31,155 years ago. A third person from the same burial was identified as haplogroup U8. The Dolni Vestonice samples have only two of the five mutations ( C16192T and C16270T) that are found in the present day U5 population. This indicates that the U5-(C16192T and C16270T) mtDNA sequence is ancestral to the present day U5 population that includes the additional three mutations T3197C, G9477A and T13617C.

The earliest branching of U5 is its two subclades U5a and U5b that have been dated to about 27,000 years ago by Soares et al., while Behar et al. have a younger estimate of about 22,000 years. U5a is defined by two additional mutations A14793G and C16256T, while U5b is defined by three additional mutations C150T, A7768G and T14182C.

Beginning about 25,000 years ago, the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) forced U5a and U5b into ice age refugia in southern Europe and perhaps Ukraine and the Near East. U5a has only two known subclades, U5a1 and U5a2, both estimated to be about 20,000 years old. U5b has only three known subclades, U5b1, U5b2 and U5b3, also estimated to be about 20,000 years old. However, age estimates for these subclades from Behar and from Soares vary over a range of 16,000 to 24,000 years. While there is uncertainty in the age estimates of these subclades, it seems likely that a population decline during the LGM is the cause of the lack of ancient diversity or branching in haplogroup U5. It also seems likely that U5a1, U5a2, U5b1, U5b2 and U5b3 were each present in ice age refugia in southern Europe.

As the ice began to retreat about 15,000 years ago, haplogroup U5 was among the first people to repopulate central and northern Europe. We know this because U5 is the dominant haplogroup in ancient remains of early hunter-gatherer populations in Europe, with U5 and its sister group U4 representing about 90% of the earliest Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. The 2013 Fu et al. study found haplogroup U5 in both pre-ice age Paleolithic remains and post-ice age Mesolithic remains, and they conclude: "Because the majority of late Paleolithic and Mesolithic mtDNAs analyzed to date fall on one of the branches of U5, our data provide some support for maternal genetic continuity between the pre- and post-ice age European hunter-gatherers from the time of first settlement to the onset of the Neolithic."

Also beginning around 15,000 years ago we begin to see increasing expansion and diversity in the daughters of U5a1, U5a2, U5b1, U5b2 and U5b3. Each of these has eight or more surviving subclades, and this increase in diversity is consistent with a growing population as U5 expanded from ice age refugia into central and northern Europe. However, U5 was largely replaced by early farmers and other Neolithic immigrants to Europe, and currently U5 represents only about 9% of European mtDNA. Some of the very old subclades of U5 are extremely rare today, perhaps because they represent the remnants of hunter-gatherers who were mostly replaced by Neolithic immigrants.

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Elin Hansdotter's Timeline

Stenkyrka, Tjörn, O
Age 25
Stenkyrka, Tjörn, Bohuslän, Sweden
Age 45
(O), Tjörns hd, Stenkyrka sn, Hoflanda
Age 64
Stenkyrka, Tjörn, O