Eliza Peters (Wilcox) (1805 - 1888)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Pucklechurch/Alveston/Olveston Gloucestershire
Death: Died in Llanthy Rhytherch,Monmouthshire
Managed by: Bonnie Aliviado
Last Updated:

About Eliza Peters (Wilcox)

At the age of 24, Thomas, who was described as a grocer from the Parish

of Bitton, was granted a licence on 25th. May, 1829 to marry Eliza

Wilcox, a spinster, who at that time lived in the Parish of Alveston.

The marriage took place a week later at the Alveston Parish Church on

1st. June, 1829 in the presence of other members of the Wilcox family.

The service had been conducted by the Curate, Rev. Caddell Holder.

Although three members of the Wilcox family attended as Witnesses, no

members of the Peters family signed the Parish Register as Witnesses.

(It should be recorded here that the publication 'A Gold Digger's

Diaries' states on page 17 that the marriage took place at the Wesleyan

Church in Olveston. Could it be that Thomas and Eliza celebrated their

marriage at two different services on the same day?)

Their first child, Walter Thomas, was born during the following year at

Kingswood, near Bristol, on 3rd. March, 1830. It was here in Kingswood

that Thomas worked for the Budgett family at what had become the centre

of the Budgett Wholesale Grocery empire. It is said that, at one time,

Samuel Budgett employed about 200 people alone for the warehouses at

Kingswood, principally as clerks, wagoners and warehousemen. Further

information about the Budgett family and their wholesale grocery

business at Kingswood is kept with the family records.

An enquiry was made of the Wesley Centre at the Kingswood School, Bath

(formerly of Kingswood, nr. Bristol) concerning any possible connections

between Thomas Williams Peters' family (who lived, worked and worshipped

at Kingswood for a few years) and the School. The Archivist, in his

response dated 2nd. March, 2000, advised that there is no reference to

any boy named Peters having attended the School in its time at

Kingswood, Bristol. Amongst the family records is a photograph of the

Methodist Church at Kingswood, Bristol taken by the compiler of the

family history in 1987. Although we have no evidence as yet that Thomas

worshipped at that Church, it is possible, given his strong connections

with the Methodist movement, that he and his family may have attended

services there.

The next child to arrive was Elisabeth Wilcox Peters who was born at

Olveston, near Thornbury in Gloucestershire on 9th. March, 1831.

Elisabeth was baptized at Alveston Church on 6th. April, 1831 by Rev.

Holder, who had performed Thomas and Eliza's marriage ceremony at the

same church almost two years earlier. It may be worth noting here that

the small area known as Lower Hazel, where it is believed Thomas and

Eliza were living at the time, was on the boundary of the separate

Parishes of Olveston and Alveston. The similarity in the spelling of

these two adjoining parishes can give the impression to those who do not

know the area, that spelling mistakes may have been made in some of the

records!

Edwin Francis Peters, their third child, was also born at Olveston (9th.

August, 1833) and was baptized at the same church as his elder sister

Elisabeth on 8th. September, 1833 by Rev. F. T. D'arville. It is

tempting to assume from this that Thomas had ceased his employment with

Budgett's at some time between March, 1830 and March, 1831 and had moved

to Olveston to follow another career, perhaps in farming. However, we

can tell from the records that, at the time of Edwin's birth, Thomas's

occupation was still that of a grocer. It may be that Thomas was a

travelling salesman for the Budgett wholesale business and was based in

the Olveston area.

The next two children born to Thomas and Eliza were William Isaiah (6th.

January, 1835) and George Henry (9th. May, 1838), both of whom were born

at Olveston. However, no record of their baptisms has yet been traced.

There exists, amongst the family records, a copy of a Notice (and hymn

sheet) concerning the forthcoming Anniversary Sermons (one in the

morning and the other in the evening) to be preached by Rev. D. Hateley

at the Wesleyan Sunday School, Olveston on Sunday, 29th. November,

1835. A note at the foot of the hymn sheet reads - 'Subscriptions will

be thankfully received by Messrs. Peters and Freem.' - a reference, of

course, to Thomas. (Note: The original Notice is in the possession of

Stuart Morris in Australia)

In 1838, Thomas and his growing family had now moved from Olveston to

Llantilio Pertholy in Monmouthshire, just to the east of Abergavenny, to

occupy and run a farm known as 'Ty Du' (meaning Black House). The farm,

which had a total acreage of over 160 acres, was occupied by Thomas as a

tenant, paying at least £50 per annum in rental. The freehold of the

farm was owned by a Mrs. Ellis. Soon after their move to Ty Du, Thomas

and Eliza had yet two more children, namely Ann (14th. April, 1840) and

Robert Sargeant (4th. May, 1841). It is said that Ann was baptized at

'Uncle Tyler's Farm'. Robert was baptized at Abergavenny Methodist

Church on 30th. May, 1841 by Rev. William Baker.

Thomas was included in the Register of Electors for Llantilio Pertholy

from 1843 to 1846. During this period, Charlotte was born at 'Ty Du' on

9th. August, 1845. She was baptized at the Abergavenny Methodist Church

on 11th. September, 1845 by Rev. Thomas Sheers. Initial research into

the family history suggested that Charlotte may not have survived

childhood, as her name was not listed with the other members of the

family in the 1851 Census return for 'Coed Morgan Farm' (which was later

to become the family home). However, the diaries of Edwin 'Ned' Peters,

one of Charlotte's older brothers, clearly contain a number of

references to Charlotte, who later went to Australia to join those who

had emigrated before her. During the course of further research, it was

eventually discovered that on the night of 30th/31st. March, 1851

(Census night), young Charlotte was, in fact, staying with her Aunt

Elizabeth Olive (a widow) and her family at their farm at Lower Hazel,

Olveston! This must have been a time of much upheaval in family life at

'Coed Morgan' being only a few months after the death of her father

Thomas and at a stage where Walter and Ned must have been having serious

thoughts about their forthcoming emigation. It is believed that Aunt

Elizabeth referred to above was the sister of Eliza (nee Wilcox).

On 5th. July, 1971, John Stanley Peters (father of the compiler of the

family history) visited the farm at 'Ty Dy' whilst on holiday in the

West Country and his account of the events of that day appear with the

family records. The compiler of the family history, John William

Peters, was later to visit 'Ty Dy' in company with two of his Australian

cousins, Evelyn Pascoe (nee Peters), grand-daughter of Robert Sargeant

Peters, and her daughter Judy, whilst they were on holiday in the U.K.

By 1847, Thomas and his family had left 'Ty Dy' and had moved to another

farm, namely 'Coed Morgan' (or 'Court Morgan') at Llanarth,

Monmouthshire. It is said that, originally, the word 'Court' meant a

cattle-yard or sheepyard, but that in the course of time, such a yard

served as the nucleus of a farm. The change of environment must have

had its effect, for on 14th. February of that year, Thomas and Eliza

had yet another child, Jane. However, this was to be their last

child. Jane was baptized on 6th. May, 1847 at the Abergavenny Methodist

Church by Rev. Thomas Sheers.

Thomas's name then appeared in the Register of Electors for the Parish

of Llanarth from 1847 until 1850, and also in the Monmouthshire Poll

Book for 1847 (copy held at the Society of Genealogists) in respect of

both Llanarth and Llanthewy Rytherch.

The following extract from page 19 of Chapter 1 of Edwin Peters' 'A Gold

Digger's Diaries' which gives a brief insight into life at 'Coed Morgan

Farm':-

'At Court Morgan the children enjoyed a comfortable home where loving

care prevailed; Ned (Edwin) has referred to the love and respect they

all had for their mother and father. Thomas, a man of high Christian

principles, held daily prayers before the family altar and ensured that

the children attended Sunday School and divine

service..............Domestic happiness and harmony at Court Morgan were

completely upset on 9 August, 1850 when, as a result of an accident on

the farm, Thomas died suddenly. Whilst it is not clear whether Walter

and Ned had left home before this to work on a farm in Wales or if

dislike of their father's factor, Jim Phillips who now managed Court

Morgan, caused their departure, Ned certainly objected to the degree of

influence that Phillips gained over his mother and was shockingly

distressed when in May 1853 he learnt of her marriage.......

'she has broken all religious services held in the Chapel at Court

Morgan which father wished so much to be continued. To a drunken

profligate man which neither regarded God nor his own welfare. It has

caused a large family to be turned on the world. God has set his back

to Court Morgan; the veil is drawn and curse is left behind'. (Note:

The last paragraph was written by Ned after he had arrived in Adelaide,

before he had reached the age of 18.)

Thomas was buried in Llanarth Churchyard on 12th. August, 1850.

According to a note on page 79 of 'A Gold Digger's Diaries', Ned recalls

that 'The text of Father's Funeral Sermon was taken from the 17th Psalm,

15th verse. By Rev. Thomas Price, Llanarth, Monmouthshire.' The actual

cause of death was shown on Thomas's death certificate as 'Dysentery not

certified'. The Monmouthshire Merlin newspaper carried the following

Notice on page 3 of their edition published on 17th. August, 1850:-

'On the 9th instant, Mr. Thomas Williams Peters of Court Morgan Farm,

Llanarth, aged 45, leaving a widow and nine children to morn their loss'.

Thomas had previously made a Will on 15th June that same year, in the

presence of Edmund Wilcox, Robert Tyler, and Robert Peters. Thomas

bequethed his entire estate to his wife Eliza and after probate, his

effects had been valued at £455.

Although Eliza was shown as occupying 'Coed Morgan' at the time of the

1851 Census, there is no record of her occupation of the farm at the

time of the Census in 1861.

A few notes on a visit which the compiler of the family history made to

'Coed Morgan' on 31st. May, 1972, can be found amongst the family records.

More About THOMAS WILLIAMS PETERS:

Cause of Death: Accident at family farm

Children of THOMAS PETERS and ELIZA WILCOX are:

i. WALTER THOMAS PETERS, b. 03 Mar 1830; d. 22 Apr 1902, Australia; m. ELIZA HALL, 21 Mar 1871; d.08 Aug 1933. Moved to: Abt. 1851, Australia - gold Rush of 1851

ii. ELISABETH WILCOX PETERS, b. 09 Mar 1831; d. 04 Aug 1908; m. HENRY HARSE, 15 Jan 1857; b. 07 Jun 1837; d. 07 Jan 1923.

iii. EDWIN FRANCIS PETERS, b. 09 Aug 1833; d. 31 Jan 1909, Australia; m. ELIZA MARY HARSE, 10 Oct 1861; b. 15 Nov 1841; d. 23 Dec 1892.

More About EDWIN FRANCIS PETERS: Moved to: Abt. 1851, Australia - gold Rush of 1851

iv. WILLIAM ISAIAH PETERS, b. 06 Jan 1835; d. 27 Sep 1906; m. (1) SARAH JANE YOUNG, 06 Nov 1861; b. Abt. 1845; d. 1879; m. (2) CATHERINE DOW, 1884; b. Abt. 1850; d. 07 Mar 1913.

v. GEORGE HENRY PETERS, b. 09 May 1838; d. 11 Jul 1889; m. AMELIA KITHER, 02 Sep 1862; d. 22 Aug 1927.

vi. ANN PETERS, b. 14 Apr 1840; d. 26 May 1881; m. HENRY CHARLES BRISTOL, 10 Oct 1860; b. 20 Feb 1833; d. 24 Jun 1911.

vii. ROBERT SARGEANT PETERS, b. 04 May 1841; d. 10 Jun 1896; m. MARY JANE FALDER, 28 Nov 1867; b. 10 Feb 1845; d. 18 Oct 1899.

viii. CHARLOTTE PETERS, b. 09 Aug 1845; d. 17 Jan 1933; m. (1) EDWARD ROSMAN, 01 Sep 1861; d. 11 Apr 1894; m. (2) JAMES PEARCE, Aft. 1895.

ix. JANE PETERS, b. 14 Feb 1847; d. 1893; m. JAMES CHRISTOPHER, 20 Feb 1871; b. 07 Apr 1830; d. 28 Sep 1909.

view all 14

Eliza Peters's Timeline

1805
1805
Pucklechurch/Alveston/Olveston Gloucestershire
1829
June 1, 1829
Age 24
Gloucestershire, Alveston Parish Church

At the age of 24, Thomas, who was described as a grocer from the Parish
of Bitton, was granted a licence on 25th. May, 1829 to marry Eliza
Wilcox, a spinster, who at that time lived in the Parish of Alveston.
The marriage took place a week later at the Alveston Parish Church on
1st. June, 1829 in the presence of other members of the Wilcox family.
The service had been conducted by the Curate, Rev. Caddell Holder.
Although three members of the Wilcox family attended as Witnesses, no
members of the Peters family signed the Parish Register as Witnesses.
(It should be recorded here that the publication 'A Gold Digger's
Diaries' states on page 17 that the marriage took place at the Wesleyan
Church in Olveston. Could it be that Thomas and Eliza celebrated their
marriage at two different services on the same day?)

1830
March 3, 1830
Age 25
Kingswood, Gloucestershire, England
1831
March 9, 1831
Age 26
Olveston, Gloucestershire - by Rev. Holder, England
1838
May 9, 1838
Age 33
Olveston, Gloucestershire, England
1840
April 14, 1840
Age 35
1841
May 4, 1841
Age 36
LLantillo, Pertholey, at "Twy Dwy", Monmouthshire, Wales
1845
August 9, 1845
Age 40
Ty Du Llandillio Pertholy, Monmouthshire, Wales