Lady Elizabeth Butler

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Elizabeth Butler (Preston)

Birthplace: Luxborough, Somerset, England, UK
Death: Died in Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland
Place of Burial: London, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Richard Preston, 1st Earl of Desmond and Elizabeth Preston
Wife of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde
Mother of Thomas 1 Butler Viscount Thurles; Vice-Admiral Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory; Richard Butler 1st Earl of Arran; Lady Elizabeth Butler; Lord John Butler 1st Earl of Gowran and 2 others

Occupation: Baroness Dingwall
Managed by: Jonathan Evans
Last Updated:

About Lady Elizabeth Butler

  • Elizabeth Preston, Baroness Dingwall1
  • F, #10209, b. 25 July 1615, d. 21 July 1684
  • Last Edited=8 Feb 2015
  • Elizabeth Preston, Baroness Dingwall was born on 25 July 1615.2 She was the daughter of Richard Preston, 1st Earl of Desmond and Lady Elizabeth Butler.2 She and George Feilding, 1st Earl of Desmond were engaged circa 1622.3 She married James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, son of Thomas Butler, Viscount Thurles and Elizabeth Poyntz, in September 1629.4 She died on 21 July 1684 at age 68.2
  • She succeeded to the title of 2nd Baroness Dingwall, of co. Ross [S., 1609] on 28 October 1628.1 Her married name became Butler. As a result of her marriage, Elizabeth Preston, Baroness Dingwall was styled as Countess of Ormonde on 24 February 1633. As a result of her marriage, Elizabeth Preston, Baroness Dingwall was styled as Marchioness of Ormonde on 30 August 1642. As a result of her marriage, Elizabeth Preston, Baroness Dingwall was styled as Duchess of Ormonde on 30 March 1661.
  • Children of Elizabeth Preston, Baroness Dingwall and James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde
    • Thomas Butler, Viscount Thurles b. c 1632, d. 1633
    • Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory+2 b. 8 Jul 1634, d. 30 Jul 1680
    • John Butler, 1st and last Earl of Gowran1 b. a 1639, d. 1677
    • Richard Butler, 1st and last Earl of Arran+1 b. 15 Jun 1639, d. 25 Jan 1685/86
    • Lady Elizabeth Butler+5 b. 29 Jun 1640, d. Jul 1665
    • Lady Mary Butler+ b. 1646, d. 31 Jul 1710
  • Citations
  • [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 225. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • [S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 2427. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 487.
  • [S37] BP2003. [S37]
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 182.
  • From:


Lord Dingwall

  • Lord Dingwall is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1609 for Sir Richard Preston, with remainder to his heirs whatsoever. In 1619 he was further honoured when he was made Baron Dunmore and Earl of Desmond in the Peerage of Ireland, with remainder to heirs male. On his death in 1628 the Irish titles became extinct while he was succeeded in the Scottish lordship by his daughter Elizabeth, the second Lady Dingwall. She was the wife of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde. Their eldest son Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, was summoned by writ to the English Parliament as Baron Butler, of Moore Park, in 1666. However, he predeceased his parents who were both succeeded by their grandson, the second Duke and third Lord Dingwall. He had already succeeded his father as second Baron Butler. However, the Duke was attainted in 1715 and his titles forfeited. In 1871, Francis Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper, managed to obtain a reversal of the attainder of the lordship of Dingwall and barony of Butler and became the fourth Lord Dingwall and third Baron Butler. He was the great-great-great-grandson of Henrietta Butler, Countess of Grantham (wife of Henry de Nassau d'Auverquerque, 1st Earl of Grantham), second daughter of Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory and 1st Baron Butler, whose second daughter Lady Henrietta de Nassau d'Auverquerque married William Clavering-Cowper, 2nd Earl Cowper. In 1880 he also succeeded his mother as eighth Baron Lucas of Crudwell. For later history of the lordship of Dingwall and barony of Butler, see the Baron Lucas of Crudwell.
    • Lords Dingwall
  • Richard Preston, 1st Earl of Desmond, 1st Lord Dingwall (d. 1628)
  • Elizabeth Preston, Duchess of Ormonde, 2nd Lady Dingwall (1615–1684)
  • James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, 3rd Lord Dingwall (1665–1745) (attainted 1715)
  • Heirs but for the attainder:
    • Lady Elizabeth Butler (d. 1750)
    • Charles Butler, 1st Earl of Arran (1671-1758)
    • Lady Frances Elliot (d. 1772)
    • George Nassau Clavering-Cowper, 3rd Earl Cowper (1738-1789)
    • George Augustus Clavering-Cowper, 4th Earl Cowper (1776–1799)
    • Peter Leopold Louis Francis Nassau Clavering-Cowper, 5th Earl Cowper (1778–1837)
    • George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper (1806–1856)
  • Francis Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper, 4th Lord Dingwall (1834–1905) (restored 1871)
  • For further holders see Baron Lucas of Crudwell
  • From:


  • James FitzThomas Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, 12th Earl of Ormond, 5th Earl of Ossory, 1st Marquess of Ormond, 1st Earl of Brecknock KG, PC (19 October 1610 – 21 July 1688) was an Anglo-Irish statesman and soldier, known as Earl of Ormond from 1634 to 1642 and Marquess of Ormonde from 1642 to 1661. Following the failure of the senior line of the Butler family, he was the second of the Kilcash branch to inherit the earldom. ... etc.
  • With his wife, born Elizabeth Preston, he had at least 7 children, of whom three of his sons and two daughters survived into adulthood.
    • Thomas Butler (1632 – 1632)
    • Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory (1634 – 1680)[22]
    • James Butler (1636 – 1645)
    • Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran (1639 – 1686)
    • Elizabeth Butler (29 June 1640- July 1665), married Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield
    • John Butler, 1st Earl of Gowran (1643 – 1677)
    • Mary Butler (1646 – 1710) married William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire
  • The eldest of these, Thomas, Earl of Ossory (1634 – 1680) predeceased him, his eldest son (that is to say James Butler's grandchild) succeeded as 2nd Duke of Ormonde (1665 – 1745). The other two sons, Richard, created earl of Arran, and John, created earl of Gowran, both died without male issue, and the male descent of the 1st Duke becoming extinct in the person of Charles, 3rd Duke of Ormonde, the earldom subsequently reverted to the cadet descendants of Walter, 11th earl of Ormonde.
  • Lineage of the Butlers can be traced back to James Butler born in 1331 in Knocktopher Castle, Arklow, Wicklow, Ireland. This James Butler was the son of Eleanor Bohun who was the daughter of Elizabeth Plantagenet or also called Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (born 1282 in Rhuddlan Castle, Wales). Elizabeth Plantagenet was the daughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile. King Edward I can trace lineage to notable monarchs such as Henry II, Eleanor of Aquitaine, William the Conqueror and, of course, Charlemagne, King of the Franks.
  • From:,_1st_Duke_of_Ormonde


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 08
  • Butler, James (1610-1688) by Osmund Airy
  • BUTLER, JAMES, twelfth Earl and first Duke of Ormonde (1610–1688), was the eldest son of Thomas, Viscount Thurles, and Elizabeth Poyntz, and grandson of Walter Butler of Kilcash, eleventh Earl of Ormonde in 1614 [q. v.] He was born on 19 Oct. 1610 at Clerkenwell. His pedigree reaches back to Theobald Butler [q. v.], hereditary butler of Ireland. His earliest infancy was spent at Hatfield under the care of a carpenter's wife, during his parents' absence, but in 1613 they sent for him to Ireland. In 1619 his father was drowned at sea, and his mother then took him back to England and placed him at school under a Roman catholic tutor at Finchley. On his father's death he became, by some legal subtlety, a royal ward, although holding no lands in chief of the crown. The king, anxious to bring up the head of so powerful a family as a protestant, placed him at Lambeth under the tutelage of Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, where, however, he appears to have received a very meagre education, and where, the whole estate of his family being in sequestration, he was in great want of money, 40l. a year being all that was allowed him. His grandfather [see Butler, Walter] was released from the Fleet prison in 1625, and the youth, who was termed by courtesy Lord Thurles, went to reside with him in Drury Lane. Here he continued for two years in the enjoyment of town life, and in constant attendance on the court. Upon the occasion of the Duke of Buckingham's projected expedition to Rochelle he went to Portsmouth in the hope of being allowed to volunteer for service, but the duke refused permission on finding that he had not secured his grandfather's consent. Six months later he fell in love with his cousin, Elizabeth Preston, the sole daughter and heir of Richard, earl of Besmond, and Elizabeth Butler, the daughter of his grandfather's brother, Earl Thomas. She was herself a ward of the crown, or rather of the Earl of Holland, upon whom Charles I had bestowed the wardsnip. A marriage between them appeared a convenient way of putting an end to the lawsuits between the families, and of uniting the Ormonde and Desmond estates. The opportune deaths of the Duke of Buckingham, who had warmly espoused the cause of the Desmond family, and of the Earl of Desmond, the lad's guardian since 1624, removed the chief obstacles to this step; while Lord Holland's approval was purchased for 15,000l. Charles gave his consent by letters patent of 8 Sept. 1629, and the marriage took place at Christmas of the same year. The following year Lord Thurles spent with his wife at his uncle's, Sir Robert Poyntz, at Acton in Gloucestershire, where he studied Latin for the first time, and at the end of 1630 they went to live with his grandfather, Earl Walter, at Carrick, until his death in 1632, when James succeeded to the earldom of Ormonde and Ossory. In 1631 he made a journey to England, travelling through Scotland, .... etc.
  • .... In 1688 he was taken for change of air to Kingston Hall in Dorsetshire, where in March he had a violent attack of fever from which he recovered with difficulty. On 22 June he was seized with ague, and on Saturday, 21 July, the anniversary of his wife's death four years before, died quietly of decay, not having, as he rejoiced to know, 'outlived his intellectuals.' He was buried in Westminster Abbey on the night of Saturday, 4 Aug. He had eight sons and two daughters, of whom only the two daughters Elizabeth, married to Philip Stanhope, the earl of Chesterfield, and Mary, married to Lord Cavendish, the first duke of Devonshire survived him. His grandson, James Butler (1665-1745) [q. v.], son of Thomas Butler, earl of Ossory [q. v.], his second child, succeeded him in the title.
  • .... etc.
  • From:,_James_(1610-1688)_(DNB00)
  • to


  • James BUTLER (1° D. Ormonde)
  • Born: 10 Oct 1610, Clerkenwell, Middlesex, England
  • Died: 21 Jul 1688, Kingston Hall, Kingston Lacy, Dorset, England
  • Notes: Knight of the Garter. When a small boy whipping his top at the feet of Black Tom, the old earl, though blind with age, foretold a great future for him. Then, with his father drowned and his grandfather in prison, James was made a royal ward and, unlike his parents or brothers or sisters, was educated a Protestant. Honours were heaped upon him. At 23, when he succeeded his grandfather Black Tom as Earl, he was made a Councillor for New England; one of the first and by no means the last mention of America in Butler family history. In 1652 he was created Marquess of Ormonde and the patent spelt Ormonde with an "e" which has been retained almost invariably since then. A great Cavalier, he has been likened to Montrose, and Walter Scott wrote in a balad of "Erin's high Ormonde and Scotland's Montrose". He refused the Garter, fought Cromwell, shared the privations of exile with Charles II and then, after the Restoration, was created both an English and Irish Duke, accepted the Garter, held peerages in England, Ireland and Scotland and was Privy Councillor of all three countries. Further, he had the unusual, if not unique, distinction of sitting in the English House of Lords with his three sons, the eldest of whom was also a Knight of the Garter. He was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Chancellor of Dublin, as well as Oxford University. He oprocured the incorporation of a College of Physicians in Dublin and founded the Royal Hospital at Kilmainham, inspired by Louis XIV's Invalides in Paris and in turn the inspiration of the Royal Hospital at Chelsea. In family affairs, the Great Duke resolved the difficulties which had beset his grandfather by marrying "the best of wives that ever lived" in the person of Elizabeth Preston, the granddaughter and heir general of Black Tom. No longer were the family's heir-male and heir-general at variance. Married united them in harmonious accord.
  • Of Ormonde's 8 legitimate sons, three survived to be showered with peerages but the other five died in infancy, the youngest at the age of six months when flung by a servant into the arms of death from a carriage as its horses were bolting, near Dublin, by Phoenix Hill. The appointment of the Duke of Ormonde as Lord Lieutenant in 1662 turned out to be the biggest stimulus to expansion and Dlublin burst through its medieval wall. Ormond actively encouraged development of the Trinity College/Grafton Street, an area which had previously been known as 'near Dublin'.
  • Father: Thomas BUTLER (2° V. Thurles)
  • Mother: Elizabeth POYNTZ (V. Thurles)
  • Married: Elizabeth PRESTON (B. Dingwall) (b. 25 Jul 1615) (dau. of Richard Preston, 1° B. Dingwall, and Elizabeth Butler) Dec 1629
  • Children:
    • 1. Mary BUTLER (C. Devonshire)
    • 2. Thomas BUTLER
    • 3. Thomas 'the gallant Ossory' BUTLER (2° D. Ormonde)
  • From: BUTLER (1° D. Ormonde)


Other References


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Lady Elizabeth Butler's Timeline

July 25, 1615
Luxborough, Somerset, England, UK
September 1629
Age 14
His cousin 7 children
Age 16
July 8, 1634
Age 18
Kilkenny, Ireland
Age 20
June 15, 1639
Age 23
June 29, 1640
Age 24
Age 27
Age 30
Kilkenny Castle, Tipperary, Ireland
July 21, 1684
Age 68
Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland