Elizabeth Russell (Nurse) (c.1665 - 1734) MP

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Birthplace: Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
Death: Died in North Reading, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
Managed by: Peter Alan Dutton, Jr.
Last Updated:
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Elizabeth Russell's Timeline

1665
January 2, 1665
Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony

As with most people from this period, Elizabeth's' actual date of birth to father Francis and mother Rebecca Nurse is unrecorded. Her actual birth likely took place within one or two months of her recorded baptismal date of January 9, 1664/1665. The infant had three older brothers (a young man named John - age 19, an older boy named Samuel, and a toddler named Francis - age 3), and three older sisters (a young woman named Rebecca - age 17, an older girl named Sarah - age 13, and a young girl named Mary - age 5).

January 2, 1665
Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony

As with most people from this period, the actual date of birth of Elizabeth Nurse (future Elizabeth Russell) to father Francis and mother Rebecca is unrecorded. Her actual birth likely took place one or two months before this date.

(A note on English "double dates" - the old English calendar before 1752 used to change year on March 25. The first date indicated the English year, which differed between January 1 and March 24 from what the rest of the world followed. As what appeared to be some sort of compromise, English officials would double date their documents, and the rest of English society followed. Because the computer date system inflexibly changes years only on January 1, in order to maintain a proper chronology, the second date should be used.)

1666
1666
Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony

As with most people from this period, Benjamin's actual date of birth to father Francis and mother Rebecca Nurse is unrecorded. His actual birth likely took place within one or two months of his recorded baptismal date of January 26, 1665/1666. The infant had three older brothers (a young man named John - age 20, a young man named Samuel - age 16, and a young boy named Francis - age 4) and four older sisters (a young woman named Rebecca - age 18, an older girl named Sarah - age 14, a young girl named Mary - age 6, and an infant named Elizabeth - age 13 months).

1672
March 1672
Age 7
Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, (Present USA)

According to the Familypedia page on Rebecca Towne:
http://familypedia.wikia.com/wiki/Rebecca_Towne_(1621-1692)

In 1672, Francis served as Salem's Constable. Together the couple had eight children, four daughters and four sons. Rebecca Nurse frequently attended church and her family was well respected in Salem Village. It was later written that she had "acquired a reputation for exemplary piety that was virtually unchallenged in the community," making her one of the first "unlikely" witches to be accused.
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According to information on the Nurse Family by S.J. Walker:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~walkersj/Nurse.htm

March 1672; With Bartholomew Gedney and Samuel Gardner appointed by the Town of Salem to "inquire what land there was about the Farms, that it might be improved to pay Mr. Higginson's debts" (Salem's minister).

It might have been at this time that he found Orchard Farm to purchase (lease) from the absentee landlord, Mr. Allen of Boston.
(Currents of Malice - McMillen)
-----------------------
Francis Nurse also served on his second Grand Jury sometime this year.

1676
August 12, 1676
Age 11
(Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)

With the execution of "King Phillip of the Wampanoag" (also known as Chief Metacomet or Pometacom), the bloody King Phillip's War comes to an end. The war had taken the lives of 3,000 warriors and 600 colonists (this amounted to 15 percent of the native population and 1.5 percent of the English population), and involved at least half of the 90 existing English settlements.

The war had been the result of growing tensions over land - having run out of trade goods, the Wampanoag began trading land for tools and weapons. The first casualty of the war was John Sassamon, "The Praying Indian," an early Harvard College graduate who had betrayed King Phillip's plans to carry out a massive surprise attack on several English settlements; he was found under the ice of Assawompet Pond in January 1675. His warning to Plymouth Colony, before his death, was not taken seriously, but after one of three Pokanoket tribesmen confesses on the gallows to King Phillip's involvement in Sassamon's death, the Puritans prepare for war with the Wampanoag.

The timeline of the war:

1675, June 8: Execution of the accused murderers of John Sassamon.
June 20-25: Pokanoket attack and destroy Swansea in Plymouth Colony.
June 28: Combined Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth military expedition march against the Wampanoag town at present Bristol, Rhode Island.
July 8: Wampanoag attacks at Middleborough and Dartmouth.
July 14: Wampanoag attack at Mendon.
August 2: Wampanoag attack at Brookfield.
August 9: Wampanoag attack at Lancaster.
September 9: After a week of Wampanoag attacks on Deerfield, Hadley, and Northfield, the New England Confederation declares war on the tribe. An expedition is sent to collect crops from the fields before winter.
September 18: Wampanoag ambush the Puritan expedition at the Battle of Bloody Brook, near Hadley, routing the English.
October 5, Wampanoag attack Springfield.
October 16, Wampanoag attack Hatfield.
November 2, Plymouth Colony sends militia against the Narragansett, who had sheltered many Wampanoag women and children.
December 16, the Plymouth expedition finds the Narragansett fortress at present South Kingstown, starting the Great Swamp Fight, which burns most of the tribe's winter stores.

1675/76 January: King Phillip attempts to ally with the Mohawk, but being traditional enemies with the Wampanoag, instead carry out raids on undefended isolated Wampanoag and Narragansett communities. The French in Quebec likewise refuse to side with King Phillip.
March 12, after a winter of more than 20 Wampanoag attacks, a combined Narragansett and Wampanoag assault is carried out against Plymouth Plantation. Several other settlements are attacked in a follow-up to this greatest advance by the tribes on the English.
March 29, the abandoned Rhode Island capital of Providence is burned to the ground, as is a portion of Springfield while its militia was chasing away a second war party.
April, Chief Canonchet of the Narragansett is killed in battle.
May 18, William Turner attacks the fishing camp at present Turner Falls, but is killed while withdrawing from the attack.
June 12, the Wampanoag are defeated at Hadley. Later, a large war party is routed at Marlborough.
July, massive Wampanoag desertions and surrenders occur. King Phillip flees to Assowamset Swamp below Providence. Colonists form raiding parties to hunt for him. A party of native scouts led by Captain Benjamin Church and Captain Josiah Standish find the Wampanoag chief, and tribesman John Alderman shoots him dead.
August 12, the body of King Phillips is beheaded, then drawn and quartered. The head is kept on display at Plymouth Colony for the next 20 years.

As a result of the war, many farmers in Massachusetts Bay Colony suffered economic losses, perhaps discouraging further development of remote settlements for a few years. The timing of the war may have had an effect on the timing of the Nurse family's decision to purchase their homestead in Salem Village. Edmund Andros, Governor of New York and head of the New England Confederation, concluded a peace treaty with the surviving tribes on April 12, 1678, eight months later (he would be knighted during the trip to England that followed this event).

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Philip's_War

1678
October 25, 1678
Age 13
Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony

William Russell married youngest daughter Elizabeth Nurse in the First Church of the Town of Salem. Apparently she married at quite a young age.

1680
October 22, 1680
Age 15
Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
1682
1682
Age 16
Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
1686
1686
Age 20
Salem, Essex County, Dominion of New England (Present Massachusetts)
1688
March 7, 1688
Age 23
Reading, Middlesex County, Dominion of New England (Present Massachusetts)