Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey

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Elizabeth Howard (Tilney), Countess of Surrey

Also Known As: "Elizabeth Tylney", "The Countess of Surrey"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ashwellthorpe Manor, Norfolk, England
Death: Died in Thetford, Norfolk, England
Place of Burial: Aldgate, London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Sir Frederick Tylney and Elizabeth Cheney, Lady Say
Wife of Sir Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk; Humphrey Bourchier, Sir and Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
Mother of Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire; John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners; Margaret Bryan, Lady Bryan; Anne Bourchier; Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk and 8 others
Sister of William Tilney; Alice Tilney; Hugh Tilney and Fredrick Tilney, Jr., Sir
Half sister of Sir William Say; Lady Anne Wentworth; Mary Calthorpe; Katherine Bassingbourne; Thomas Saye and 1 other

Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey

Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey

Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey (before 1445 – 4 April 1497) was an English heiress and lady-in-waiting to two queens. She became the first wife of Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey.

She served as a lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, and later as Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen's daughter, Elizabeth of York, consort of King Henry VII of England. She stood as joint godmother to Princess Margaret Tudor at her baptism.

She was the mother of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. Through her daughter Elizabeth she was the maternal grandmother of Anne Boleyn, and through another son, Edmund, the paternal grandmother of Catherine Howard, both queens consort of King Henry VIII. Elizabeth's great-granddaughter was Queen Elizabeth I of England.

Elizabeth was commemorated as the "Countess of Surrey" in John Skelton's poem, The Garlande of Laurell, following his visit to the Howard residence of Sheriff Hutton Castle.

Elizabeth Tilney was born at Ashwellthorpe Hall sometime before 1445, the only child of Sir Frederick Tilney, of Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, and Boston, Lincolnshire, and Elizabeth Cheney (1422–1473) of Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire. Sir Frederick Tilney died before 1447, and before 1449 Elizabeth's mother married as her second husband Sir John Say of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, Speaker of the House of Commons, by whom she had three sons, Sir William, Sir Thomas and Leonard, and four daughters, Anne (wife of Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead, Suffolk), Elizabeth (wife of Thomas Sampson), Katherine (wife of Thomas Bassingbourne), and Mary (wife of Sir Philip Calthorpe).[1] A fifth daughter died as a young child. Henry VIII's third queen consort, Jane Seymour, was the granddaughter of Henry Wentworth and Anne Say,[2] and thus a second cousin to Henry VIII's second and fifth queens consort, Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard.[3]

Elizabeth's paternal grandparents were Sir Philip Tilney and Isabel Thorpe, and her maternal grandparents were Sir Laurence Cheney of Fen Ditton and Elizabeth Cockayne, widow of Sir Philip Butler. Elizabeth Cockayne was the daughter of Sir John Cockayne, Chief Baron of the Exchequer and Ida de Grey. Ida was a daughter of Welsh Marcher Lord Reginald Grey, 2nd Baron Grey de Ruthyn and Eleanor Le Strange of Blackmere.[4] Through her mother, Ida was a direct descendant of Welsh Prince Gruffydd II ap Madog, Lord of Dinas Bran and his wife Emma de Audley.

Elizabeth was co-heiress to the manors of Fisherwick and Shelfield in Walsall, Staffordshire by right of her descent from Roger Hillary, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (d.1356).[5]

Elizabeth married her first husband, Sir Humphrey Bourchier, the son and heir of John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners, and his wife Margery, in about 1466. The marriage produced a son, John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners and two daughters. Following her marriage, Elizabeth went to court where she served as lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth Woodville, whose train she had carried at the latter's coronation in May 1465 at Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth accompanied the Queen and her children into sanctuary at Westminster Abbey when King Edward IV had been ousted from the throne, and was present at the birth of the future King Edward V. She remained with the Queen until Edward IV was restored to power.

Sir Humphrey was killed at the Battle of Barnet on 14 April 1471 fighting on the Yorkist side.[6] On 30 April 1472 Elizabeth married Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey,[7] a marriage arranged by the King.[8] In 1475, Elizabeth inherited her father's property of Ashwellthorpe Manor.[9] Her second husband was a close friend and companion of Richard, Duke of Gloucester who was crowned king in 1483. Elizabeth was one of Queen Anne Neville's attendants at Richard's coronation, while her husband bore the Sword of State.[10] On 22 August 1485 Thomas's father John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk was killed at the Battle of Bosworth while fighting for Richard III; like his son, John was also one of King Richard's dearest friends.[11] Thomas Howard was wounded at Bosworth and imprisoned in the Tower for several years, and the dukedom of Norfolk was forfeited. Elizabeth was fortunate that Thomas' attainder stipulated that she would not lose her own inheritance. On 3 October 1485, she wrote to John Paston, who was married to her cousin. The letter, which she had written from the Isle of Sheppey, mentioned how she had wished to send her children to Thorpe, pointing out that Paston had pledged to send her horses as a means of transporting them there. She continued to complain that Lord FitzWalter, an adherent of the new king Henry VII, had dismissed all of her servants; however, because of the stipulations in her husband's attainder, FitzWalter was unable to appropriate her manor of Askwell.[12] In December 1485 she was living in London, near St Katharine's by the Tower, which placed her in the vicinity of her incarcerated husband.[13]

After Thomas was released from prison and his earldom and estates were restored to him, he entered the service of Henry VII. In November 1487, Thomas and Elizabeth attended the coronation of Henry's consort Elizabeth of York, who appointed Elizabeth a Lady of the Bedchamber. Elizabeth was further honoured by being asked to stand as joint godmother to the Princess Margaret Tudor at her baptism in late 1489.

Her second marriage produced nine children, including Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Elizabeth Howard, mother of Queen Anne Boleyn, and Lord Edmund Howard, father of Queen Katherine Howard.

Elizabeth Tilney died on 4 April 1497 and was buried in the nun's choir of the Convent of the Minoresses outside Aldgate.[14] In her will, she left money to be distributed to the poor of Whitechapel and Hackney.[15] By licence dated 8 November 1497 Thomas Howard married as his second wife her cousin, Agnes Tilney, by whom he had six more children.[16]

Elizabeth's granddaughters included not only Queen Katherine Howard and Queen Anne Boleyn, but also three of Henry VIII's mistresses, Elizabeth Carew, Mary Boleyn and, allegedly, Mary Howard, Duchess of Richmond.[17] During the reign of Henry VIII the Howards, led by Elizabeth's eldest son, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, became the premier family of England.

Elizabeth Tilney has been identified as the "Countess of Surrey" commemorated in John Skelton's The Garlande of Laurell, written by the poet laureate while he was a guest of the Howards in 1495 at Sheriff Hutton Castle. Three of Elizabeth's daughters, Anne, Elizabeth and Muriel are also addressed in the poem, which celebrates the occasion when Elizabeth, her daughters, and gentlewomen of her household placed a garland of laurel worked in silks, gold and pearls upon Skelton's head as a sign of homage to the poet.[18]

Elizabeth's likeness is depicted in a stained glass window at Holy Trinity Church, Long Melford, Suffolk. She is shown facing Elizabeth Talbot, Duchess of Norfolk, and both figures are surmounted by the Mowbray family's coat of arms.

A highly romanticized fictional account of Elizabeth Tilney's life was written by Juliet Dymoke in The Sun in Splendour which depicts Elizabeth, known as "Bess", at the court of King Edward IV.

By Sir Humphrey Bourchier:

  • John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners (1467–1533), married Katherine (d. 12 March 1536), the daughter of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, by whom he had a son, Thomas, and three daughters, Joan, Margaret and Mary; by a mistress allegedly named Elizabeth Bacon he had three illegitimate sons, Sir James, Humphrey and George, and one daughter, Ursula (wife of Sir William Sherington)[19]
  • Margaret Bourchier (1468–1552), Lady Governess to Princess Mary and Princess Elizabeth; married firstly, by agreement dated 11 November 1478, John Sandys, son and heir apparent of William Sandys of the Vyne, by whom she had no issue; secondly, Sir Thomas Bryan, by whom she had three children, including Sir Francis Bryan.[20]
  • Anne Bourchier (1470- 29 September 1530), married Thomas Fiennes, 8th Baron Dacre,[21] by whom she had three children.

By Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk:

  • Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk[22]
  • Sir Edward Howard[23]
  • Lord Edmund Howard, father of Henry VIII's fifth Queen, Katherine Howard[24]
  • Sir John Howard[25]
  • Lord Henry Howard[26]
  • Lord Charles Howard[27]
  • Lord Henry Howard (the younger)[28]
  • Lord Richard Howard[29]
  • Lady Elizabeth Howard, married Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and was mother of Queen Anne Boleyn, and grandmother of Queen Elizabeth[30]
  • Muriel Howard (d.1512), married firstly John Grey, 2nd Viscount Lisle (d.1504), and secondly Sir Thomas Knyvet[31]
  • daughter (died young)[32]

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Tilney,_Countess_of_Surrey

______________

  • Elizabeth Tilney1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14
  • F, #15420, b. circa 1445, d. 4 April 1497
  • Father Frederick Tilney, Esq.15,2,3,4,5,16,7,8,9,10,11,12,17,14 b. c 1420, d. b 11 Nov 1446
  • Mother Elizabeth Cheney15,2,3,4,16,8,10,17 b. c 1422, d. 25 Sep 1473
  • Elizabeth Tilney was born circa 1445 at of Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, England. A settlement for the marriage Elizabeth Tilney and Sir Humphrey Bourchier was made on 11 April 1451; They had 1 son (Sir John, 2nd Lord Berners) and 2 daughters (Anne, wife of Sir Thomas Fiennes, 8th Lord Dacre; & Margaret, wife of John Sandys, of Sir Thomas Bryan, & of David Zouche).15,2,3,6,8,10,13 Elizabeth Tilney left a will on 28 February 1472.3,8,10 She married Sir Thomas Howard, Earl Marshal of England, 2nd Duke Norfolk, Sheriff of Norfolk & Suffolk, Lord High Treasurer, son of Sir John Howard, Lord Howard, Duke of Norfolk, Sheriff of Norfolk, Suffolk, & Oxfordshire, Earl Marshal of England and Katherine Moleyns, on 30 April 1472; They had 8 sons (Sir Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Surrey; Sir Edward; Sir Edmund; Sir John; Henry; Charles; Henry; & Richard) and 2 daughters (Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire & Ormond; & Muriel, wife of John Grey, Viscount Lisle, & of Sir Thomas Knyvet).15,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14 Elizabeth Tilney wrote a codicil on 8 May 1472.3,8,10 She died on 4 April 1497 at of Stoke Nayland, Suffolk, England.15,2,3,4,8,10
  • Family 1 Sir Humphrey Bourchier b. c 1444, d. 14 Apr 1471
  • Children
    • Anne Bourchier+18,15 d. a 29 Sep 1530
    • Margaret Bourchier+19,3,8 b. c 1465
    • Sir John Bourchier, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 2nd Lord Berners, Deputy of Calais+19,3,8 b. c 1467, d. 19 Mar 1533
  • Family 2 Sir Thomas Howard, Earl Marshal of England, 2nd Duke Norfolk, Sheriff of Norfolk & Suffolk, Lord High Treasurer b. 1443, d. 21 May 1524
  • Children
    • Sir Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Surrey+4,7,10,14 b. 1473, d. 25 Aug 1554
    • Sir Edward Howard, Lord High Admiral of the Fleet20,4,9,10,11 b. c 1476, d. 25 Apr 1513
    • Sir Edmund Howard, Earl Marshal of England+21,4,5,10,12 b. c 1478, d. 19 Mar 1539
    • Elizabeth Howard+22,2,4,10 b. c 1480, d. 3 Apr 1538
    • Muriel Howard+2 b. c 1482, d. 14 Dec 1512
    • Sir John Howard b. c 1484
  • Citations
  • [S4168] Unknown author, Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, 4th Ed., by F. L. Weis, p. 70; Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists, p. 27; Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 1858.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 236-237.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 284-285.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 414-415.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 108.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 131.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 416-417.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 484-485.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 309.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 335-336.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 37-38.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 45-46.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 72.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 465.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 141.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 129-130.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 70-71.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 10.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 141-142.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 110-111.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 236-238.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 180.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p513.htm#i15420

_______________

  • Elizabeth Tylney1
  • F, #102982, b. 1447, d. 4 April 1497
  • Last Edited=5 May 2015
  • Elizabeth Tylney was born in 1447. She was the daughter of Sir Frederick Tylney and Elizabeth Cheney.1 She married, firstly, Sir Humphrey Bourchier, son of Sir John Bourchier, 1st Lord Berners and Marjorie Berners.1 She married, secondly, Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, son of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk and Catherine de Moleyns, on 30 April 1472.1 She died on 4 April 1497.
  • Her married name became Bourchier.1 She was also known as Elizabeth Tilney. From 30 April 1472, her married name became Howard.1 As a result of her marriage, Elizabeth Tylney was styled as Duchess of Norfolk.3
  • Children of Elizabeth Tylney and Sir Humphrey Bourchier
    • Anne Bourchier+4
    • Margaret Bourchier3 d. 1551/52
    • John Bourchier, 2nd Lord Berners+5 b. c 1467, d. 19 Mar 1532/33
  • Children of Elizabeth Tylney and Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
    • Lord Edmund Howard+ b. bt 1472 - 1497, d. 19 Mar 1539
    • Lady Elizabeth Howard+ b. bt 1472 - 1497, d. 3 Apr 1538
    • Lady Marcella Howard+ b. bt 1472 - 1497, d. 14 Dec 1512
    • Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk+ b. 1473, d. 25 Aug 1554
    • Admiral Sir Edward Howard6 b. c 1477, d. 25 Apr 1513
  • Citations
  • [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 153. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 363.
  • [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 356. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 154.
  • [S37] BP2003. [S37]
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10299.htm#i102982

_________________________

  • Lady Elizabeth Tilney Howard
  • Birth: 1446 Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, England
  • Death: Apr. 4, 1497 Thetford, Norfolk, England
  • Lady Elizabeth Tilney Bourgchier Howard
  • Countess of Surrey, Lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen's daughter, Elizabeth of York, joint godmother to Princess Margaret Tudor.
  • Daughter of Sir Frederick Tilney, of Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, and Boston, Lincolnshire, and Elizabeth Cheney of Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire. Granddaughter of Sir Philip Tilney and Isabel Thorpe, Lawrence Cheyne, Esq., High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Elizabeth Cokayne.
  • Wife of Sir Humphrey Bourgchier, son of sir John Bourgchier and Margery Berners. They were married by settlement dated 11 April 1451 and had one son and two daughters:
    • Sir John, Lord Berners
    • Anne, wife of Sir Thomas Fiennes, Lord Dacre
    • Margaret, wife of Sir Thomas Bryan
  • Sir Humphrey was killed at the Battle of Barnet on 14 April 1471, fighting on the Yorkist side.
  • Secondly, Elizabeth became the wife of Sir Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, son of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, by his first wife, Katherine, the daughter of William Moleyns. They were married 30 April 1472, as arranged by King Edward IV. Sir Thomas was the also son of Elizabeth's son's guardian after the death of his father. They had at least nine children including:
    • John
    • Sir William, Lord of Effingham
    • Sir Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
    • Edmund, father of Queen Katherine Howard
    • Anne, wife of John de Vere, Earl of Oxford
    • Dorothy, wife of Edward Bridgwater
    • Elizabeth, wife of Sir Henry Radcliffe, Earl of Sussex, mother of Anne Boleyn
    • Katherine, wife of Rhys ap Griffith and Henry Daubeney
  • Elizabeth was born at Ashwellthorpe Hall before 1445, an only child. Her father died before 1449, and her mother remarried to Sir John Say of Boxbbourne Speaker of the House of Commons, and had three sons and four more daughters. Elizabeth became a cousin to King Henry VIII's wives, Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard. Elizabeth was also the co-heiress to the manors of Fisherwick and Sheffield in Walsall, Staffordshire by right of her ancestry to Sir Roger Hilary, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
  • During her marriage to Sir Humphrey, she became a lady in waiting, and carried the train of Queen Elizabeth at her coronation at Westminster Abbey in May of 1465, accompanied the Queen into sanctuary when the King was forced from the throne, and was present at the birth of future King Edward V.
  • When Sir Thomas was wounded at the Battle of Bosworth and imprisoned in the Tower, his dukedom of Norfolk was forfeited, but Elizabeth was able to keep her own rights. There are letters from Elizabeth to John Paston written from the Isle of Sheppey, with complaints of claims on her rights and trouble with an interring aides to King Henry VII. In December of 1485 she was living in London and closed to her still imprisoned husband.
  • Finally, in Nov 1487, her husband was released, his earldon and estates restored, and he entered the service of King Henry VII. Both Thomas and ELizabeth attended the coronation of Elizabeth of York, who requested Elizabeth as her Lady of the Chamber.
  • Elizabeth died 04 April 1497 and was buried in the nun's choir of the Convent of the Minoresses of Aldgate. Her will left instructions to distribute her money to the poor of Whitechapel and Hackney. Sir Thomas Howard would receive licence to marry her cousin, Agnes Tilney, who had six more children.
  • Family links:
  • Parents:
  • Frederick Tylney (1420 - 1447)
  • Elizabeth Cheyne Say (1424 - 1473)
  • Spouses:
  • Humphrey Bourchier (1435 - 1471)
  • Thomas Howard (1443 - 1524)
  • Children:
    • Katherine Howard (____ - 1554)*
    • John Bourchier (1469 - 1533)*
    • Thomas Howard (1473 - 1554)*
    • Edmund Howard (1478 - 1539)*
    • Elizabeth Howard Boleyn (1480 - 1538)*
    • Muriel Howard Knyvet (1485 - 1511)*
  • Sibling:
  • Elizabeth Tilney Howard (1446 - 1497)
  • William Say (1452 - 1529)**
  • *Calculated relationship
  • **Half-sibling
  • Burial: Minoresses Convent, Aldgate, City of London, Greater London, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 107757460
  • From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=107757460

_______________

  • Humphrey BOURCHIER (Sir Knight)
  • Born: 1440 / 1444, Halstead, Essex, England
  • Died: 14 Apr 1471, Battle of Barnet, Hertfordshire, England
  • Buried: Westminster Abbey
  • Father: John BOURCHIER (1° B. Berners)
  • Mother: Margery (Margaret) BERNERS (B. Berners)
  • Married: Elizabeth TILNEY (C. Surrey) (d. 4 Apr 1497) (dau. of Sir Frederick Tilney of Ashwellthorpe and Elizabeth Cheney - m.2 Thomas Howard, 2° E. Norfolk)
  • Children:
    • 1. Margaret BOURCHIER
    • 2. John BOURCHIER (2° B. Berners)
    • 3. Anne BOURCHIER (B. Dacre of the South)
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BOURCHIER1.htm#Humphrey BOURCHIER (Sir Knight)1

________________

  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 28
  • Howard, Thomas I (1443-1524) by Mandell Creighton
  • HOWARD, THOMAS I, Earl of Surrey and second Duke of Norfolk of the Howard house (1443–1524), warrior and statesman, was only son of Sir John Howard, afterwards first duke of Norfolk [q.v.], by his wife Catharine, daughter of William, lord Moleyns. He was born in 1443, was educated at the school at Thetford, and began a long career of service at court as henchman to Edward IV. He took part in the war which broke out in 1469 between the king and the Earl of Warwick, and when, in 1470, Edward was driven to flee to Holland, Howard took sanctuary at Colchester. On Edward's return in 1471, Howard joined him and fought by his side in the battle of Barnet. On 30 April 1472 he married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir Frederick Tilney, and widow of Humphrey, lord Berners. Soon afterwards he went as a volunteer to the camp of Charles, duke of Burgundy, who was threatening war against Louis XI of France. He did not see much service, and after the truce of Senlis came back to England, where he was made esquire of the body to Edward IV in 1473. In June 1475 he led six men-at-arms and two hundred archers to join the king's army in France; but Edward soon made peace with Louis XI, and led his forces home without a battle. Howard then took up his abode at his wife's house of Ashwellthorpe Hall, Norfolk, where he lived the life of a country gentleman, and in 1476 was made sheriff of the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, On 18 Jan. 1478 he was knighted by Edward IV at the marriage between the king's second son, the young Duke of York (then created also Duke of Norfolk), and Lady Anne Mowbray, only child of John, duke of Norfolk. Anne Mowbray died in 1483, before the consummation of her marriage, and the direct line of the Mowbrays became extinct, whereupon Howard's father, as next of kin, was created Duke of Norfolk, and his son Earl of Surrey. In the same year Surrey was made knight of the Garter, was sworn of the privy council, and was appointed lord steward of the household.
  • .... etc.
  • .... In spite of his great age Norfolk still continued at court, and was present at the reception of Charles V in May 1522. In December, however, he resigned the office of treasurer, but was present at parliament in April 1523. After that he retired to his castle of Framlingham, where he died on 21 May 1524, and was buried at Thetford Priory, of which he was patron (Martin, History of Thetford, p. 122). A tomb was raised over him, which at the dissolution of the monasteries was removed to the church of Framlingham. It is said that his body finally remained in the Howard Chapel at Lambeth, where his second wife was also buried (see 'The Howards of Effingham,' by G. Leveson Gower, in Surrey Arch. Coll. ix. 397).
  • The career of Howard is an excellent example of the process by which the Tudor kings converted the old nobility into dignified officials, and reduced them into entire dependence on the crown. Howard accepted the position, worked hard, abandoned all scruples, and gathered every possible reward. Polydore Vergil praises him as 'vir prudentia, gravitate et constantia præditus.' By his first wife, Elizabeth Tilney, he had eight sons [see Howard, Thomas II, and Howard, Sir Edward (1477 ?-1513)], of whom five died young, and three daughters; by his second wife, Agnes, daughter of Sir Philip Tilney, he had three sons, including William Howard, first lord Howard of Effingham [q. v.], and four daughters. By the marriages of this numerous offspring the Howard family was connected with most of the chief families of England, and secured a lasting position.
  • [An interesting biography of Howard was written on a tablet placed above his tomb at Thetford; it has been preserved in Weever's Funerall Monuments, pp. 834-40. This has been amplified by Dugdale's Baronage, ii. 67-71. Blomefield's History of Norfolk, i. 451-5; Hawes and Loder's History of Framlingham, pp. 66-75; Cartwright and Dallaway's History of the Western Division of Sussex, ii. 194-8; Collins's Peerage, pp. 40, &c.; Doyle's Official Baronage, ii. 289-91; Howard's Memorials of the Howards. These are supplemented by Hall's Chronicle; Polydore Vergil's Historia Anglicana; Herbert's Reign of Henry VIII; Brewer's Letters and Papers, and Reign of Henry VIII; Bergenroth's Spanish Calendar; Brown's Venetian Calendar, and Despatches of Giustinian; Sanford and Townsend's Great Governing Families of England, ii. 315-23.]
  • From: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Howard,_Thomas_I_(1443-1524)_(DNB00)

______________________

  • Plantagenet ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families By Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham
  • http://books.google.com/books?id=p_yzpuWi4sgC&pg=PA207&lpg=PA207&dq=Elizabeth+Rempston&source=bl&ots=RRsK6JU8d5&sig=XIJGPAWsUksF1rq7Srf8C5nh1bU&hl=en&ei=ZFSwTc_TA4b4sAOfm_HvCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CE0Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=Elizabeth%20Rempston&f=false
  • Pg. 206
  • 10. IDA GREY, married before 1394 JOHN COKAYNE, of Berwardecote, Brunaldeston, and Hatton, Derbyshire, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Justice of the Common Pleas, Recorder of London, Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster (Northern parts), 2nd son of John Cokayne, Knt., of Ashbourne Derbyshire, by his wife Cecily. They has four sons, Reginald, Henry, John, and Thomas (clerk), and two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret (wife of Edmund Odingsells, Knt.). he was named one of the executors of the 1397 will of John of Gaunt, Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster. They received a papal indult to choose a confessor in 1405. In 1409 he has license to hunt in Sutton and Potton, Bedfordshire. In 1417 he purchased the manor of Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire from Edward Boteler, Knt. His wife, Ida, died 1 Jun 1426. JOHN COKAYNE died testate (P.C.C. 12 Luffenam) 22 May 1429, and was buried at Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire.
  • 11. ELIZABETH COKAYNE, married (1st) PHILIP LE BOTELER (or BUTLER), Knt., of Watton Woodhall and Sele (in St. Andrew Hertford), Hertfordshire, and Bromham, Bedfordshire, son and heir of Philip le Boteler, Knt., of Watton Woodhall, Herfordshire, by his wife, Elizabeth. He was born in 1388. They had two sons, Edward and Philip, Gent. He was heir in 1412 to his cousin, Edward le Boteler, Knt., by which he inherited the manors of Pulverbatch, Shropshire, Norbury, Staffordshire, Higham-Gobion, Bedfordshire, etc. SIR PHILIP LE BOTELER died 5 Nov. 1420 and was buried at Watton, Herfordshire. She married (2nd) by license dated 13 Dec. 1421 LAURENCE CHEYNE (or CHENEY), Esq., of Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire, Irchester, Northamptonshire, etc., Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, Knight of the Shire for Cambridgeshire, Escheator of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, 2nd but eldest surviving son of William Cheyne, Knt., of Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire, by Katherine, daughter and heiress of Laurence de Pabenham, Knt. He was born about 1396 (aged 40 in 1436). They had one son, John, Knt., and two daughters, Elizabeth and mary (wife of John Allington). She was living in 1422. LAURENCE CHEYNE, Esq., died testate 31 Dec. 1461, and was buried at Barnwell Priory.
  • Child of Elizabeth Cokayne, by Philip le Boteler, Knt.:
    • i. PHILIP BOTELER, Gent., of Watton Woodhall, Herfordshire, married ISABEL WILLOUGHBY [see LOVETT 7].
  • Chilldren of Elizabeth Cokayne, by Laurence Cheyne, Esq.:
    • i. JOHN CHEYNE, Knt. [see next].
    • ii. ELIZABETH CHEYNE, died 25 Sept. 1473; married (1st) FREDERICK TILNEY, Knt., of Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, Boston, Lincolnshire, Horham and Wotton's (in Stadbroke), Suffolk, etc., son and heir of Philip Tilney, Gent., of Boston, Lilncolnshire (descendant of Geoffrey Plantagenet), by Isabel, daughter and heiress of Edmund Thorpe, 5th Lord Thorpe [see ROCHFORD 12 for his ancestry]. They had one daughter, Elizabeth. SIR FREDERICK TILNEY died before 1447, and was buried at Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, She married (2nd) before 1449 (as his 1st wife) JOHN SAY, Knt., of Baas (in Broxbourne), Little Berkhampstead, and Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, and Lawford, Essex, King's Serjeant, Coroner of the Marshalsea, Yeoman of the Chamber & Crown, Keeper of Westminster Palace, Squire of the Body, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Privy Councillor, Under Treasurer of England, Keeper of the Great Wardrobe, Knight of the Shire for Cambridgeshire and for Hertfordshire, Speaker of the House of Commons. They had three sons, William Knt., Thomas, Knt., and Leonard, and four daughters, Anne, Elizabeth (wife of Thomas Sampson), Katherine (wife of Thomas Bassingbourne), and Mary (wife of Philip Calthorpe, Knt.). he married (2nd) before 9 Oct. 1474 AGNES DANVERS, widow successively of Thomas Baldington (died 22 August 1435), John Fray, Knt., Chief Baron of Exchequer (died shortly before 3 July 1461), and John Wenlock, Knt., K.G., Lord Wenlock (died 4 May 1471), daughter of John Danvers, Knt., of Ipswell, Oxfordshire, by Alice, daughter and heiress of William Verney, They had no issue. SIR JOHN SAY died testate (P.C.C. 35 Wattys) 12 April 1478, and was buried with his 1st wife Elizabeth at Broxbourne, Hertfordshire. His widow Agnes left a will dated 11 June 1478, and proved 16 July 1478. She was buried near ner 2nd husband in St. Bartholemew the Less, Smithfield.
  • Pg. 207
  • Child of Elizabeth Cheyne, by Frederick Tilney, Knt.:
    • a. ELIZABETH TILNEY, married (1st) HUMPHREY BOURGCHIER, Knt. [see BOURCHIER 11' (2nd THOMAS HOWARD, K.B., K.G., Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal of England [see CORNWALL 12]
  • Child of Elizabeth Cheyne, by John Say, Knt.:
    • a. ANNE SAY, married HENRY WENTWORTH, Knt., K.B., of Nettlestead, Suffolk [see HARLESTON 13].
  • 12. JOHN CHEYNE, Knt., of Fen Ditton and Deuney, Cambridgeshire, and Irchester, Northamptonshire, King's Serjeant, Knight of the Shire for Cambridgeshire, Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, lawyer, son and heir, born about 1424 (aged 38 in 1462). He was admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1446. He married before 1449 ELIZABETH REMPSTON, 1st daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Rempston, Knt., of Beckering and Tuxford, Nottinghamshire, by Alice, daughter and heiress of Thomas Beckering, of Beckering (in Holton), Lincolnshire. She was born about 1418 (aged 40 in 1458). They had two sons, Thomas, Knt., and William, and four daughters, Mary (wife of John Allington), Elizabeth, Katherine (wife of Henry Barley), and Anne (wife of John Appleyard). SIR JOHN CHEYNE died 13 or 14 July 1489, leaving will dated 13 July 1488, proved 21 July 1489, requesting burial at Barnwell Priory.
  • .... etc.

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Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey's Timeline

1446
1446
Ashwellthorpe Manor, Norfolk, England
1466
1466
Age 20
Bouchier,Devon,England
1467
1467
Age 21
Bourchier,Devonshire,England
1468
June 1, 1468
Age 22
Benningborough, Yorkshire, England
1470
1470
Age 24
Benningborough, Yorkshire, England
1472
1472
Age 26
1472
Age 26
1473
1473
Age 27
Kenninghall, Norfolk, England
1476
1476
Age 30
Norfolk, England
1478
1478
Age 32
Tisbury, Wiltshire, England