About Elizur Butler
DR. ELIZUR AND ESTHER BUTLER
MISSIONARIES TO THE CHEROKEE INDIANS
Buried in the grave sixty feet south of this point is Esther
Post Butler. Born in Connecticut on September 15, 1795,
Post married Dr. Elizur Butler, physician and minister, in October
1820. The Butlers were sent by the American Board of Commissioners
for Foreign Missions to Brainerd and then to Creek Path, before
arriving at the Haweis Mission, near Rome, in 1826. Mrs. Butler
died in 1829 after eight years of service to the Cherokees.
Two years later Dr. Butler was arrested for residing in the
Cherokee Nation without taking an oath of allegiance to the State
of Georgia and obtaining a license from the Governor. Sentenced,
with Samuel Worcester, to four years of hard labor in the State
penitentiary at Milledgeville, he was pardoned by Governor Wilson
Lumpkin in 1833, almost a year after the United States Supreme Court
nullified the law under which the missionaries were arrested.
Upon his release, Dr. Butler returned to the Mission at Haweis,
but was forced to move the following year. In addition to attending
the Cherokees during the Removal, Dr. Butler served the missions at
Red Clay, Park Hill, and Fairfield and the Cherokee Female Seminary
prior to his death in Arkansas in 1857.
057-14 GEORGIA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 1957