Elohim Elohim, GOD of Israel
|Also Known As:||"אֱלוֹהִים", "אלהים", "Aleim", "Yahweh", "Jehovah", "YHWH", "IHVH", "JHWH", "יהוה", "Semahl", "Yeadara"|
|Death:||(Date and location unknown)|
Son of ʾĒl, Supreme God of Canaan ve Atiratu, Semitic Goddess of Fertility
|Occupation:||aka Yahweh, GOD of Judah; aka Jehovah, GOD of the Christians; poss. aka Semahl, GOD of Assyria; poss. aka Yeadara, GOD of the Qemant; `Elohim' prob. means `the Powerful Ones', with `Yahweh' (`He who is') being Elohim's monotheistic incarnation.|
|Managed by:||Noel Clark Bush|
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About Elohim, God of Israel
Elohim (אֱלוֹהִים , אלהים, sometimes transliterated as Aleim) is a Hebrew word which expresses concepts of divinity. It is apparently related to the Hebrew word ēl, though morphologically it consists of the Hebrew word Eloah (אלוה) with a plural suffix. Elohim is the third word in the Hebrew text of Genesis and occurs frequently throughout the Hebrew Bible. Its exact significance is often disputed.
In some cases (e.g. Exodus 3:4, "... Elohim called unto him out of the midst of the bush ..."), it acts as a singular noun in Hebrew grammar (see next section), and is then generally understood to denote the single God of Israel. In other cases, Elohim acts as an ordinary plural of the word Eloah (אלוה), and refers to the polytheistic notion of multiple gods (for example, Exodus 20:3, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me."). This may reflect the use of the word "Elohim" found in the late Bronze Age texts of Canaanite Ugarit, where Elohim ('lhm) denoted the entire Canaanite pantheon (the family of El אל, the patriarchal creator god). It may also refer to a Henotheistic strand of Judaism. In still other cases, the meaning is not clear from the text, but may refer to powerful beings (e.g. Genesis 6:2, "... the sons of Elohim saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them for wives... ," Exodus 4:16, "He will speak to the people for you, and it will be as if he were your mouth and as if you [Moses] were Elohim to him [Aaron]... ," Exodus 22:28, "Thou shalt not revile Elohim, or curse a ruler of your people... ," where the parallelism suggests that Elohim may refer to human rulers).