Emese Álmos anyja - Mother of Álmos of the Magyars (a Hungary), Princess (800 - 820) MP

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Birthplace: Dentumogeria, Central Asia
Death: Died
Occupation: Álmos anyja (Mother of Álmos), Med all säkerhet en mytisk person (namnet betyder "lilla mamma").
Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Emese Álmos anyja - Mother of Álmos of the Magyars (a Hungary), Princess

Emese (mitológia) [szerkesztés]

Ez az utolsó megtekintett változat (összes); elfogadva: 2009. július 6.

A Wikipédiából, a szabad enciklopédiából.

Emese a magyar mitológia szerint az Árpád-házi uralkodócsalád ősanyja. Eredeti jelentése: anyácska. A szó nyelvünk legősibb (uráli) rétegéből származik.

Emese, aki a turulmadártól esett teherbe, Ögyek (Ügek) vezér felesége, Álmos vezér anyja.

Szövegváltozatok [szerkesztés]

Emeséről Anonymus is szól híres művében, a Gesta Hungarorumban. Ő 819-re teszi Emese férjhezmenetelét. A gestában Mágóg király nemzetségéből származtatja az általa Ügyek vezérnek nevezett kérőt, aki Őnedbelia (Eunedubélia) vezér lányát, Emesét veszi el feleségül. Anonymus szerint az álomban mindkét mitologikus történet előfordul: a méhből eredő folyó éppúgy, mint a turultól való teherbe esés. Ő azonban az Álmos név eredetére utalva megjegyzi: az almus szó latinul szentet jelent (szent latinul sanctus), és a szent királyokra való álombéli utalás révén lett a gyermek neve Álmos.

A magyar fejedelmek származási vonala a következő Anonymus szerint:

Nimród— Hunor – Etele – Ügyek (felesége Emese) – Előd – Álmos – Árpád

A fennmaradt szövegváltozatok közül Anonymusé a bővebb, harmadik fejezete eredeti nyelven:

„Anno dominice incarnationis DCCCXVIIII »Ügek« sikut supra diximus – longo post tempore de genere »Magog« regis – erat quidam nobilissimus dux Scitiae. Qui duxit sebe uxorem »in Dentumoger« filiam Eune du beli anni ducis – nomine »Emesu«. De qua genuit filium, qui agnominatus est: »Almus«. – Sed ab eventu divino est nominatus: Almus, quia matris eius – pregnanti per sompnium apparuit divina visio, in forma asturis que quasi veninens eam gravidavit.”

Ugyanez magyarul így szól:

„Álmos az első vezér. Az Úr megtestesülésének nyolcszáztizenkilencedik esztendejében Ügyek, amint fentebb mondottuk, nagyon sok idő múltán Mágóg király nemzetségéből való igen nemes vezére volt Szkítiának, aki feleségül vette Dentü-Mogyerban Őnedbelia vezérnek Emes nevű leányát. Ettől fia született, aki az Álmos nevet kapta. Azonban isteni csodás eset következtében nevezték el Álmosnak, mert teherben levő anyjának álmában isteni látomás jelent meg turulmadár képében, és mintegy reá szállva teherbe ejtette őt. Egyszersmind úgy tetszett neki, hogy méhéből forrás fakad, és ágyékából dicső királyok származnak, ámde nem a saját földjükön sokasodnak el. Mivel tehát az alvás közben feltűnő képet magyar nyelven álomnak mondják, azért hívták őt szintén Álmosnak. Vagy azért hívták Álmosnak – ami latinul annyi, mint szent –, mivel az ő ivadékából szent királyok és vezérek voltak születendők. De erről ne többet!” [1]

A Képes Krónikában fennmaradt változat rövidebb:

„Eleud filius Vgeg ex filia Eunodbilia in Scytia genuit filium, qui nominatur Almus ab eventu, quia mater eius in sompno innotuerat avis quasi in forma austuris veniens, dum esset gravida, et quod de utero eius egrederentur torrens ac in terra non sua multiplicaretur. Ideoque factum fuit, quod de lumbis eius gloriosi reges propagarentur. Quia vero sompnium in lingua nostra dicitur alm, et illius ortus per sompnium fuit prenosticatus, ideo ipse vocatus est Almus qui fuit Eleud, qui fuit Vgeg, qui fuit Ed, qui fuit Chaba, qui fuit Ethele […]”

Magyarul:

„Eleud, Ugek fia Szkítiában Eunodbilia leánytól egy fiút nemzett, kit Álmosnak neveztek el arról az eseményről, hogy anyjának álomban úgy tűnt, egy madár, héja formájában jőve, őt teherbe ejtette, és hogy méhéből egy sebes patak indult meg, de nem a saját földjén sokasodott meg. Ezért történt, hogy ágyékából dicső királyok származnak. Mivel pedig a sompniumot nyelvünkön alm-nak mondják, és hogy maga a születés álom által volt előre bejelentve, ezért hívták őt magát Álmosnak, ki volt Eleud, ki volt Ugek, ki volt Ed, ki volt Csaba, ki volt Etele […] fia.” [2]

Forrás:

http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emese_(mitol%C3%B3gia)

•ID: I82079

•Name: Emese

•Given Name: Emese

•Suffix: Princess of Hungary

•Sex: F

•_UID: CFBA90B4E6D2A34FA9C0DCA454A33C0FA271

•Change Date: 26 Jun 2005

•Birth: 800

•Death: 850

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I82079

--------------------

Emese is a feminine Hungarian name that is possibly derived from the Finno-Ugric name eme which means "mother". According to the legend, she was the mother of High Prince Álmos.The legends say that Emese had seen a divine dream of a Turul bird that flew over her and got her with child; she saw her womb as the source of many great kings, but they would multiply in foreign lands". This is given as the explanation for the name Álmos (ie, "The Dreamt One").

According to Gesta Hungarorum, Emese is the daughter of Leader Önedbelia of Dentümoger, and her husband Ügyek is from the family of Magog.

--------------------

Emese is a feminine Hungarian name. The name originates from an ancient Finno-Ugric word eme, meaning mother; it is a commonly-used girls' name in Hungary today. In Hungarian historical mythology, Emese, daughter of Prince Önedbelia of Dentümoger, was the mother of High Prince Álmos and thus the ancestress of the Árpád dynasty, the dynasty which founded the Hungarian Kingdom. Due to a lack of reliable source material, it is difficult to separate the legends concerning Emese from her actual role as a historical person.

Emese in legend

Emese's Dream, the legend concerning the conception of Prince Álmos, is one of the earliest known tales from Hungarian history. The legend can be tentatively dated to around 860-870, and with certainty to between 820 and 997 (the birth of Álmos and the acceptance of Christianity).

In the legend, Emese, the wife of Chief Ögyek (Ügek), was impregnated by a turul bird. The turul appeared to her in a dream and told her that from her womb a great river would begin, and flow out over strange lands. According to dream interpreters, this meant that she would give birth to a son who would lead his people out of their home in Levedia, and that her descendants would be glorious kings. Emese's son was named Álmos; his name derives from the Hungarian word álom, meaning dream, thus "Álmos" can be interpreted as "the Dreamt One".

The legend has several variants, namely regarding whether Emese was impregnated by the turul bird or whether she was already pregnant at the time of her dream[1], and whether the bird appeared to her literally or in a dream while she was asleep. Some variations of the legend may have been introduced in the 19th century during the reemergence of Hungarian nationalism at that time.

Emese in written sources

Emese is mentioned in two historical works: the Gesta Hungarorum and the Chronicon Pictum. Neither are contemporary sources, as both were written several centuries after her death (the Gesta around 1200 and the Chronicon Pictum in the 14th century). Both works freely intermingle actual historical events with legend and chivalric tales, so it is impossible to know if Emese is mentioned as legend or as an actual historical personage.

In the Gesta Hungarorum ("The Deeds of the Hungarians"), the author Anonymous writes the following;

In English:

   In the year of the Lord 819 Ügek, noble Lord of Scythia descending from the great house of Magog, took in marriage the daughter of Eunedubelia of Dentumoger, Emesu. From her a son was born and given the name Almus. The child was given this divine name for when his mother was pregnant with him there appeared to her a in a dream a bird, and instantly it seemed to her that from her womb a spring began and from her loins spread a great line of kings but they did not propagate in their own lands.

Emese's story is also mentioned in the Chronicon Pictum, in a somewhat shorter version;

In English:

   Eleud, the son of Ugek by the daughter of Eunodbilia in Scythia had a son, who was named Almus because in a dream of his mother there appeared a bird in the shape of a hawk who impregnated her, and from her womb a fast-flowing stream began to flow, but it was in foreign lands that it grew and propagated. So it happened that from her loins a great line of kings was born.

--------------------

Emese's Dream, the legend concerning the conception of Prince Álmos, is one of the earliest known tales from Hungarian history. The legend can be tentatively dated to around 860-870, and with certainty to between 820 and 997 (the birth of Álmos and the acceptance of Christianity).

In the legend, Emese, the wife of Chief Ögyek (Ügek), was impregnated by a turul bird. The turul appeared to her in a dream and told her that from her womb a great river would begin, and flow out over strange lands. According to dream interpreters, this meant that she would give birth to a son who would lead his people out of their home in Levedia, and that her descendants would be glorious kings. Emese's son was named Álmos; his name derives from the Hungarian word álom, meaning dream, thus "Álmos" can be interpreted as "the Dreamt One".

The legend has several variants, namely regarding whether Emese was impregnated by the turul bird or whether she was already pregnant at the time of her dream, and whether the bird appeared to her literally or in a dream while she was asleep. Some variations of the legend may have been introduced in the 19th century during the reemergence of Hungarian nationalism at that time.

--------------------

Emese is a feminine Hungarian name. The name originates from an ancient Finno-Ugric word eme, meaning mother; it is a commonly-used girls' name in Hungary today. In Hungarian historical mythology, Emese was the mother of High Prince Álmos and thus the ancestress of the Árpád dynasty, the dynasty which founded the Hungarian Kingdom. Due to a lack of reliable source material, it is difficult to separate the legends concerning Emese from her actual role as a historical person.

Emese in legend

Emese's Dream, the legend concerning the conception of Prince Álmos, is one of the earliest known tales from Hungarian history. The legend can be tentatively dated to around 860-870, and with certainty to between 820 and 997 (the birth of Álmos and the acceptance of Christianity).

In the legend, Emese, the wife of Chief Ögyek (Ügek), was impregnated by a turul bird. The turul appeared to her in a dream and told her that from her womb a great river would begin, and flow out over strange lands. According to dream interpreters, this meant that she would give birth to a son who would lead his people out of their home in Levedia, and that her descendants would be glorious kings. Emese's son was named Álmos; his name derives from the Hungarian word álom, meaning dream, thus "Álmos" can be interpreted as "the Dreamt One".

The legend has several variants, namely regarding whether Emese was impregnated by the turul bird or whether she was already pregnant at the time of her dream[1], and whether the bird appeared to her literally or in a dream while she was asleep. Some variations of the legend may have been introduced in the 19th century during the reemergence of Hungarian nationalism at that time[2].

Emese in written sources

Emese is mentioned in two historical works: the Gesta Hungarorum and the Chronicon Pictum. Neither are contemporary sources, as both were written several centuries after her death (the Gesta around 1200 and the Chronicon Pictum in the 14th century). Both works freely intermingle actual historical events with legend and chivalric tales, so it is impossible to know if Emese is mentioned as legend or as an actual historical personage.

In the Gesta Hungarorum ("The Deeds of the Hungarians"), the author Anonymous writes the following;

In the original Latin:

Latin Wikisource has original text related to this article: 

Gesta Hungarorum

Anno dominice incarnationis, D. CCC. XVII II, vgek, sicut supra diximus, longo post tempore de genere magog regis erat quidam nobilissimus dux scithie, qui duxit sibi uxorem in dentumoger filiam eunedubeliani ducis, nomine emesu. De qua genuit filium, qui agnominatus est almus. Sed ab euentu diuino est nominatus almus, quia matri eius pregnanti per sompnium apparuit diuina uisio in forma asturis, que quasi ueniens eam grauidauit. Et innotuit ei quod de utero eius egrederetur torrens, et de lumbis eius reges gloriosi propagarentur, sed non in sua multiplicarentur terra.

And in English:

In the year of the Lord 819 Ügek, noble Lord of Scythia descending from the great house of Magog, took in marriage the daughter of Eunedubelia of Dentumoger, Emesu. From her a son was born and given the name Almus. The child was given this divine name for when his mother was pregnant with him there appeared to her a in a dream a bird, and instantly it seemed to her that from her womb a spring began and from her loins spread a great line of kings but they did not propagate in their own lands.

Emese's story is also mentioned in the Chronicon Pictum, in a somewhat shorter version;

In the original Latin:

Eleud filius Vgeg ex filia Eunodbilia in Scytia genuit filium, qui nominatur Almus ab eventu, quia mater eius in sompno innotuerat avis quasi in forma austuris veniens, dum esset gravida, et quod de utero eius egrederentur torrens ac in terra non sua multiplicaretur. Ideoque factum fuit, quod de lumbis eius gloriosi reges propagarentur. Quia vero sompnium in lingua nostra dicitur alm, et illius ortus per sompnium fuit prenosticatus, ideo ipse vocatus est Almus qui fuit Eleud, qui fuit Vgeg, qui fuit Ed, qui fuit Chaba, qui fuit Ethele […]

And in English:

Eleud, the son of Ugek by the daughter of Eunodbilia in Scythia had a son, who was named Almus because in a dream of his mother there appeared a bird in the shape of a hawk who impregnated her, and from her womb a fast-flowing stream began to flow, but it was in foreign lands that it grew and propagated. So it happened that from her loins a great line of kings was born.

[edit] Sources

^ Gyula Kristó, editor. Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon. (9-14. század) (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1994. Pp. 39.

^ "Feminism, the Murderer of Mothers" by Eva V. Huseby-Darvas, in Women out of place: the gender of agency and the race of nationality. Brackett F. Williams, (editor) New York: Routeledge, 1996. Pp.161-185.

--------------------

Emese is a feminine Hungarian name that is possibly derived from the Finno-Ugric name eme which means "mother". According to the legend, she was the mother of High Prince Álmos.The legends say that Emese had seen a divine dream of a Turul bird that flew over her and got her with child; she saw her womb as the source of many great kings, but they would multiply in foreign lands". This is given as the explanation for the name Álmos (ie, "The Dreamt One").

According to Gesta Hungarorum, Emese is the daughter of Leader Önedbelia of Dentümoger, and her husband Ügyek is from the family of Magog.

---------------------------------

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mgholler/Caden/a42.htm#i547459339

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Emese, Princess of Magyars, Álmos anyja - Mother of Álmos's Timeline

800
800
Dentumogeria, Central Asia
819
819
Age 19
820
820
Age 20
Etelköz, Ost Europa
820
Age 20