Emma Morgenstern (Pragan) (1879 - c.1944)

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Place of Burial: Wien 9, Liechtensteinstrasse 4/6
Birthplace: Großjedlersdorf, Vienna, Austria
Death: Died in Oswiecim, Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland
Cause of death: Holocaust
Managed by: Pip de P. James
Last Updated:

About Emma Morgenstern (Pragan)

Basic birth data from IKG-Wien Archives courtesy of www.genteam.at

69698 1880 143 1 Floridsdorf Pragan Emma Jakob/Pragan Johanna

Information on marriage (also featuring parents) courtesy of the following:


http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I234821&tree=JewsEurope

Emma MORGENSTERn, née PRAGAN

Born Abt 1879 Gender Female _UID 32D5CAAE52884DC7878A37077F57952C53F0 Died Yes, date unknown Notes SOURCE - LDS 2442343 Item 5, COMMENTS - groom Budapest / bride Zedlersdorf; OTHER SURNAMES - ; OTHER TOWNS - Budapest / Zedlersdorf Person ID I234821 Knowles Collection. Europe

Last Modified 15 Jul 2013

Father Jakab Pragan

Mother Johanna Pragan

Family ID F130980 Group Sheet

Family Samuel Morgenstern, b. Abt 1875, d. Yes, date unknown Married 28 Aug 1904 Pozsony, Pozsony, Hungary Last Modified 9 Mar 2013 Family ID F130976 Group Sheet

Sources [S965] Jewish (neologick?a) records of births, marriages, and deaths for Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia; formerly Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovensko, Czechoslovakia; and Pozsony, Pozsony, Hungary, Transcribed my Marelynn Zipser, (Salt lake City, Utah; Genealogical Society of Utah 2009).

Details of Deportation but not of actual death cf. www.doew.at

Vorname: Emma Nachname: Morgenstern Geburtstag: 10.02.1879 Geburtsort: Wien Wohnort: Wien 9, Liechtensteinstrasse 4/6

Deportation: Wien/Litzmannstadt Deportationsdatum: 28.10.1941

Nicht überlebt

Quelle: Shoah-Opfer

Further details about the circumstances of Emma's death included, e.g., in the following article:

cf. Jews in Vienna - two examples - The Jahoda family - Mr & Mrs Morgenstern http://www.porges.net/JewsInVienna/6TwoExamples.html

Hitler's Vienna A dictator's apprencticeship by Brigitte Hamann

MR. AND MRS. MORGENSTERN

" ... The Morgensterns were among 25,000 Jews deported to Litzmannstadt from Berlin, Vienna, Prague, Frankfurt, Cologne, Hamburg, Dusseldorf, and Luxembourg. Five thousand Gypsies from Burgenland were also relocated there; they were shortly sent to Auschwitz. The Western Jews, who spoke Polish and Yiddish, stayed in the ghetto, where they lived uneasily with the unfamiliar Eastern Jews; there was often conflict between the two groups, which, of course, was intended. These internal quarrels among ghetto inhabitants, fanned by their painfully cramped situation, constant hunger, and physical exhaustion through excruciatingly hard work, was meant to rob them of their human dignity. Especially the lack of hygiene proved to be a highly effective means of "corroborating" the old anti-Semitic prejudice about the "filthy Jews." One of the survivors from Lodz, Leon Zelman, has reported details: "The latrines were constantly plugged. People pulled carts loaded with excrement through the streets, passing wagons filled with corpses to which horses had not been put either, but half-starved Jews. Pulling excrement carts. .. equaled a death sentence, because the human draft animals invariably caught infections by breathing in the fecal vapors. ...In the summer , swarms of mosquitoes came down on the ghetto, spreading epidemics."110

We do not know what happened to the Morgensterns there. Samuel Morgenstern died of exhaustion in the ghetto of Litzmannstadt in August 1943. He was sixty-eight years old. He was buried in the ghetto cemetery. As an eyewitness, Emma's brother-in-law Wilhelm Abeles, a former glazier in Vienna, was to report later on, his wife was with him until the end.

In August 1943, when the Russian army was advancing, the ghetto was vacated. The remaining 65,000 people, weakened by hunger and diseases, were deported to Auschwitz. Among them was Abeles, but he survived. Before he was deported, he saw Emma Morgenstern in Litzmannstadt for the last time. There are no other surviving witnesses.

Emma Morgenstern must have been deported to Auschwitz by August 1944, for on August 30 only a "cleaning-up commando" of six hundred men and a few people in hiding remained in the ghetto. Most new arrivals-above all, old women unable to work-were immediately sent to the gas chamber .

As a Vienna court would later determine, Emma Morgenstern could not have lived through the end of the war in 1945. In approval of her brother's application, retired Major Max Pragan, she was declared dead in December 1946..."



      
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Emma Morgenstern's Timeline

1879
February 10, 1879
Großjedlersdorf, Vienna, Austria
1904
August 28, 1904
Age 25
Bratislava, Slovakia

Source: son Robert's birth record.

1911
February 6, 1911
Age 31
Vienna, Austria
1944
1944
Age 64
Oswiecim, Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland