Enos Terry (1763 - 1826)

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Death: Died in Greenville, OH, USA
Occupation: Judge
Managed by: Thomas A. Martin
Last Updated:

About Enos Terry

After his father John Terry (1747) received some gift land in Losantiville, Ohio (now Cincinatti), Enos, his brother Robert and their father bought more land in the area.

ENOS not only had an unusual name, he had an unusual occupation. A book,

"The Trans-Appalachian Frontier," reveals that he was not a hunter or a

trapper, as many pioneer men were, but a potter. He is said to have fashioned

trenchers, dishes and bowls to trade with the hunters for meat and pelts, in

1780 at Strode's Station, near present Winchester, Ky. He was listed as

present at Strode's during the Indian attack of 1781.

In March, 1782 ENOS is listed as "AMOSS" Terry; in May, 1782 as "ENEAS"

Terry, and in November, 1782 as "ENOUS" Terry, in the Lincoln County, Ky.

militia. Also in the November was his father, JOHN, with both surnames spelled

"TERREE" on that list. (I am curious as to the type of military duty performed

by a potter not familiar with firearms -- could he have been a cook?)

    The Madison County, Ky. tax lists of 1787 show ENOS as the owner of one 

horse and two cattle. His father, JOHN, is much more affluent with three

horses and 16 cattle. The same county's 1788 tax lists say that both Terrys

had moved to Fayette County.

    My conjecture is that the families moved to a location near the Ohio 

River opposite Cincinnati in what later became Woodford County, Ky., extending

north to the river at the time it was formed.

    JOHN and son ENOS lived close enough to acquire lots in what is downtown 

Cincinnati in May, 1789. John received a gift lot from the developers and

bought two other lots. ENOS made news by paying an unheard-of 80 shillings for

a lot at Sixth and Main Streets. Even my ancestor, Robert, then a youth of 18,

bought a lot.

    Prior to the Cincinnati move, the name "ENES" Terry appears on a Kentucky 

petition in 1785, asking that two additional counties be created from Lincoln

County, the division occurring two months later.

    In Cincinnati proper, ENOS was listed with early settlers of the present 

Cumminsville community in 1790, but removed with others as the result of

Indian threats. My guess is that he came back to Cincinnati and began to buy

and sell real estate.

    In 1794, ENOS gave $2 toward a new Presbyterian church (his own parents 

were Baptists); he appraised the oxen and wagon of a man killed by Indians.

Since 1790, ENOS had filed for forfeitures of land in sections whose owners had

not provided for settlement; he received forfeitures in several cases, and

either sold the land or absented himself for another location. On one

occasion, he bought a 100-acre tract and sold it at a profit five weeks later.

    By 1803, ENOS was listed among organizing members of the South Bend 

Baptist Church formed west of Cincinnati. He had acquired in 1799 the 106-

acres originally forfeited to his father, JOHN, in that community.

    ENOS apparently left Cincinnati for Montgomery County, Ohio and by 1808 

or 1809, had settled in Darke County, where he afterward became an associate

judge of Common Pleas Court. The "History of Darke County" says that ENOS and

Billy Wilson connived to win designation of their settlement, called

                                  3

Greenville, as the county seat in 1810, but the Ohio Legislature reversed the

selection and re-established the county seat at the old military fort site.

    As a judge, ENOS once inflicted unusual punishment on a man convicted of 

stealing a watch from a Fort Greenville soldier. ENOS gave him the choice of

40 lashes, OR divesting his clothes and climbing a thorny locust tree at Enos'

home. The outcome has not been recorded.

    In Darke County, Enos operated a mill near Greenville which the troops 

from the fort dismantled due to Indian dangers. He also operated a tavern.

    There is no identification of his first wife, mother of his sons: Nathan, 

administrator of ENOS' estate, and John. His second wife was Elizabeth (Hole)

Craig, widow of John Craig, of Montgomery County, and the mother of eleven

children. They were married in 1816.

    ENOS died May 1, 1826 at Greenville, Ohio. Because his parents gave him 

an unusual name and because he was a colorful character, I owe much of my

success in researching Terrys to him.

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Enos Terry's Timeline

1763
May 1, 1763
1791
September 1, 1791
Age 28
1806
1806
Age 42
Hamilton, OH, USA

Name: Enos Terry
State: OH
County: Hamilton County
Township: No Township Listed
Year: 1806
Record Type: Tax list
Page: 029
Database: OH Early Census Index

1808
1808
Age 44
Hamilton, OH, USA

Name: Enos Terry
State: OH
County: Hamilton County
Township: Miscellaneous Townships
Year: 1808
Record Type: Tax list
Page: 031
Database: OH Early Census Index

1826
May 2, 1826
Age 63
Greenville, OH, USA
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