Erispoë II, duc de Bretagne

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Erispoë II de Vannes (de Bretagne), Roi de Bretagne

Nicknames: ""Prince of the Province of Brittany"", "King of /Brittany/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France
Death: Died in Talensac, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France
Cause of death: Murdered in november 857 by cousin Saloman.
Place of Burial: Redon, Brittany, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Nominoe/Nomemoe King of Brittany and Argentaël de Bretagne
Husband of Marmoëc de Poher
Father of Ridoredh Berenger Bretagne formerly Vannes; Ridorech Berenger Comte de Nantes et Vannes de Poher; Lotitia de Rennes; Conan de Rennes; De Brittany and 5 others
Brother of Royantdrec de Poher and Pastheneten de Bretagne

Occupation: Roi, des Bretons, 851, i, King Of Brittany, ruler--mudered in a church by his cousin/successor, Duke of Brittany, Duc de Bretagne, King of Brittany - see http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_194.htm
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Erispoë II de Vannes (de Bretagne), Roi de Bretagne

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erispoe

-------------------

Erispoe (French: Erispoë, Latin: Herispoius, Herispogius, or Respogius; died 2 or 12 November 857) was the Duke of Brittany[1] from 851 until his death. He was the eldest son and successor of Nominoe. He was called rex Brittonum by Regino of Prüm, but this indicates only that he received a gift of regalia and not that he was ever king by imperial grant or even in his own charters.

Immediately after his father's death, his power was challenged by his nominal suzerain, Charles the Bald, who crossed the river Vilaine with an army and was soundly defeated by Erispoe on 22 August 851 at the Battle of Jengland.

Erispoe met Charles in Angers (possibly in secret[2]) in the days following the battle and concluded a peace treaty in return for being invested with the counties of Rennes and Nantes.[3] South of the Loire, the Pays de Retz was detached from the County of Poitou and granted to him as well.[4] Charles and Erispoe also created a baptismal alliance, whereby Charles stood as godfather at the baptism of Erispoe's infant son Conan, but whether in 851 or 856 is unknown.[5] Finally, in 851 Charles gave Erispoe royal regalia (robes at least) and Erispoe in turn pledged himself to Charles with the giving of hands and an oath of fidelity.[6] Erispoe consequently overate at the banquet given in his honour.[7]

According to the Annales Bertiniani, at Louviers in February 856 Erispoe's daughter (unnamed in the sources) was betrothed to Charles's young son, Louis the Stammerer, who was granted the ducatus Cenomannicus as subking of Neustria with Le Mans as his capital.[8] With the consent of the Frankish magnates, Louis received the regnum Neustriae from Erispoe:

Karlus rex cum Respogio Brittone paciscens, filiam eius filio suo Ludoico despondet, dato illi ducatu Cenomannico usque ad viam quae a Lotitia Parisiorum Cesaredunum Turonum ducit.[9]

King Carles making peace with Erispoe of Brittany, the daughter of whom was betrothed to his son Louis, gave the duchy of Maine as far as the road from Paris to Tours as duke.

Erispoe was at peace with Charles for the whole of his reign after Jengland and he governed as a typical Carolingian regional official might, with the added dignity of a consors regni (royal consort). Erispoe's use of a royal seal has led to the false belief that he was a king (rex), but in fact he probably received the right to use such as seal from Charles, who himself used an imperial seal.[10]

Erispoe was a benefactor of the abbey of Redon, as his father had been; his power base lay in the Vannetais and southeast Brittany (even more easterly than his father).[11] In 853 the town of Nantes was plundered by the Vikings. Erispoe launched a war against them but it came to an end when they departed a few years later.[12]

He was assassinated at the altar of a church, which was then considered a place of asylum, by his cousin and successor Salomon, aided by an obscure Almarchus (Almarus).[13] He was buried at Redon. By his wife Marmohec (who predeceased him) he had at least two children, the aforementioned Conan and the girl, who eventually married Gurvand of Rennes.

[edit] See also

Dukes of Brittany family tree

[edit] Sources

Smith, Julia M. H. Province and Empire: Brittany and the Carolingians. Cambridge University Press: 1992.

[edit] Notes

^ His recorded titles include provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps, dux Brittonum, and rex tyrannicus Brittonum. The last means "tyrant [ie usurping] king of Brittany", but if Erispoe was usurping regality in Brittany at that time (857) it is not attested in other sources.

^ Ibid, 110 n92, based on Lupus of Ferrières.

^ Smith, 87.

^ Ibid.

^ Ibid, 110–111. Erispoe and Charles signed documents in 856 as compatri, "co-fathers'.

^ Ibid, 111.

^ Ibid.

^ Ibid, 102–103.

^ AB, 856, ed. Georg Waitz (Hannover: 1886), 46.

^ Ibid, 117 and n2. The authenticity of the preserved seals has been called into question.

^ Ibid, 130 and 135.

^ Ibid, 199.

^ Ibid, 103. -------------------- Erispoe From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Erispoe (French: Erispoë, Latin: Herispoius, Herispogius, or Respogius; died 2 or 12 November 857) was Duke of Brittany from 851. After the death of his father Nominoe, he led a successful military campaign against the Franks, culminating in his victory at the Battle of Jengland. He is subsequently referred to as "King of Brittany", but this indicates only that he received a gift of regalia and not that he was ever king by imperial grant or even in his own charters.

War with the Franks

Erispoe was involved in his father's campaigns to take control of the Frankish counties of Rennes and Nantes. In alliance with Lambert II of Nantes, Erispoe took command of the Breton army while his father was ill. Lambert had been displaced as ruler of Nantes by Charles the Bald, king of West Francia, who had installed Renaud d'Herbauges in his place. Ambushed by Count Renaud, Erispoe and Lambert were badly defeated at the Battle of Messac. However, they quickly rallied their troops and took the complacent Franks by surprise shortly later at the Battle of Blain in 843, inflicting a serious defeat resulting in the death of Count Renaud. Having gained control of Nantes and Rennes, Nominoe raided into Frankish territory, defeating the Franks at the Battle of Ballon in 845. A truce followed, but after Charles regained control of Nantes, Nominoe and Erispoe renewed their offensive in 849. While on campaign, Nominoe died suddenly. Erispoe was proclaimed leader, but immediately after his father's death, his power was challenged Charles the Bald, still his nominal suzerain. Charles crossed the river Vilaine with an army. In a decisive battle Erispoe defeated Charles on 22 August 851 at the Battle of Jengland. [edit]Treaty of Angers

Erispoe met Charles in Angers (possibly in secret[1]) in the days following the battle and concluded a peace treaty in return for being invested with the counties of Rennes and Nantes.[2] South of the Loire, the Pays de Retz was detached from the County of Poitou and granted to him as well.[3] Charles and Erispoe also created a baptismal alliance, whereby Charles stood as godfather at the baptism of Erispoe's infant son Conan, but whether in 851 or 856 is unknown.[4] Finally, in 851 Charles gave Erispoe royal regalia (robes at least) and Erispoe in turn pledged himself to Charles with the giving of hands and an oath of fidelity.[5] Erispoe subsequently overate at the banquet given in his honour.[6] According to the Annales Bertiniani, at Louviers in February 856 Erispoe's daughter (unnamed in the sources) was betrothed to Charles's young son, Louis the Stammerer, who was granted the ducatus Cenomannicus as subking of Neustria with Le Mans as his capital.[7] With the consent of the Frankish magnates, Louis received the regnum Neustriae from Erispoe: Karlus rex cum Respogio Brittone paciscens, filiam eius filio suo Ludoico despondet, dato illi ducatu Cenomannico usque ad viam quae a Lotitia Parisiorum Cesaredunum Turonum ducit.[8] King Charles, making peace with Erispoe of Brittany, the daughter of whom was betrothed to his son Louis, gave the duchy of Maine as far as the road from Paris to Tours as duke. Erispoe was at peace with Charles for the whole of his reign after Jengland and he governed as a typical Carolingian regional official might, with the added dignity of a consors regni (royal consort). Erispoe's use of a royal seal has led to the false belief that he was a king (rex), but in fact he probably received the right to use such a seal from Charles, who himself used an imperial seal.[9] [edit]Later life

Erispoe was a benefactor of the abbey of Redon, as his father had been; his power base lay in the Vannetais and southeast Brittany (even more easterly than his father).[10] In 853 the town of Nantes was plundered by the Vikings. Erispoe launched a war against them but it came to an end when they departed a few years later.[11] In November 857 he was assassinated at the altar of a church, which was then considered a place of asylum, by his cousin and successor Salomon, aided by an obscure Almarchus (Almarus).[12] He was buried at Redon. By his wife Marmohec (who predeceased him) he had at least two children, the aforementioned Conan and a girl, who eventually married Gurvand of Rennes. [edit]Titles

Erispoe's recorded titles include provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps, dux Brittonum, and rex tyrannicus Brittonum. The last means "tyrant [ie usurping] king of Brittany", but if Erispoe was usurping regality in Brittany at that time (857) it is not attested in other sources. It may imply continued Frankish resentment of the title.[13] He is called rex Brittonum by Regino of Prüm.

-------------------- Erispoe (French: Erispoë, Latin: Herispoius, Herispogius, or Respogius; died 2 or 12 November 857) was Duke of Brittany from 851. After the death of his father Nominoe, he led a successful military campaign against the Franks, culminating in his victory at the Battle of Jengland. He is subsequently referred to as "King of Brittany", but this indicates only that he received a gift of regalia and not that he was ever king by imperial grant or even in his own charters.

Erispoe's recorded titles include provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps, dux Brittonum, and rex tyrannicus Brittonum. The last means "tyrant [ie usurping] king of Brittany", but if Erispoe was usurping regality in Brittany at that time (857) it is not attested in other sources. It may imply continued Frankish resentment of the title.[1] He is called rex Brittonum by Regino of Prüm.

[edit] War with the Franks Erispoe was involved in his father's campaigns to take control of the Frankish counties of Rennes and Nantes. In alliance with Lambert II of Nantes, Erispoe took command of the Breton army while his father was ill. Lambert had been displaced as ruler of Nantes by Charles the Bald, king of West Francia, who had installed Renaud d'Herbauges in his place. Ambushed by Count Renaud, Erispoe and Lambert were badly defeated at the initial engagement at Messac. However, they quickly rallied their troops and took the complacent Franks by surprise shortly later at the Battle of Blain in 843, inflicting a serious defeat resulting in the death of Count Renaud.

Having gained control of Nantes and Rennes, Nominoe raided into Frankish territory, defeating the Franks at the Battle of Ballon in 845. A truce followed, but after Charles regained control of Nantes, Nominoe and Erispoe renewed their offensive in 849. While on campaign, Nominoe died suddenly. Erispoe was proclaimed leader, but immediately after his father's death, his power was challenged by Charles the Bald, still his nominal suzerain. Charles crossed the river Vilaine with an army. Erispoe defeated Charles in the decisive Battle of Jengland on 22 August 851.

[edit] Treaty of Angers Erispoe met Charles in Angers (possibly in secret[2]) in the days following the battle and concluded a peace treaty in return for being invested with the counties of Rennes and Nantes.[3] South of the Loire, the Pays de Retz was detached from the County of Poitou and granted to him as well.[3] Charles and Erispoe also created a baptismal alliance, whereby Charles stood as godfather at the baptism of Erispoe's infant son Conan, but whether in 851 or 856 is unknown.[4] Finally, in 851 Charles gave Erispoe royal regalia (robes at least) and Erispoe in turn pledged himself to Charles with the giving of hands and an oath of fidelity.[5] Erispoe subsequently overate at the banquet given in his honour.[5]

According to the Annales Bertiniani, at Louviers in February 856 Erispoe's daughter (unnamed in the sources) was betrothed to Charles's young son, Louis the Stammerer, who was granted the ducatus Cenomannicus as subking of Neustria with Le Mans as his capital.[6] With the consent of the Frankish magnates, Louis received the regnum Neustriae from Erispoe:

Karlus rex cum Respogio Brittone paciscens, filiam eius filio suo Ludoico despondet, dato illi ducatu Cenomannico usque ad viam quae a Lotitia Parisiorum Cesaredunum Turonum ducit.[7] King Charles, making peace with Erispoe of Brittany, the daughter of whom was betrothed to his son Louis, gave the duchy of Maine as far as the road from Paris to Tours as duke.

Erispoe was at peace with Charles for the whole of his reign after Jengland and he governed as a typical Carolingian regional official might, with the added dignity of a consors regni (royal consort). Erispoe's use of a royal seal has led to the false belief that he was a king (rex), but in fact he probably received the right to use such a seal from Charles, who himself used an imperial seal.[8]

[edit] Later life Erispoe was a benefactor of the abbey of Redon, as his father had been; his power base lay in the Vannetais and southeast Brittany (even more easterly than his father).[9] In 853 the town of Nantes was plundered by the Vikings. Erispoe launched a war against them but it came to an end when they departed a few years later.[10]

In November 857 he was assassinated at the altar of a church, which was then considered a place of asylum, by his cousin and successor Salomon, aided by an obscure Almarchus (Almarus).[11] He was buried at Redon. By his wife Marmohec (who predeceased him) he had at least two children, the aforementioned Conan and a girl, who eventually married Gurvand of Rennes.

-------------------- He died due to murder / assassination, Murdered By Cousin Saloman. -------------------- Count Erispoe I de Poher et Browerec King of Brittany [Parents] was born about 760 in Bretagne, France. He died in 812. He was married about 784.

He had the following children:

     		M 	i 	Count Rivallon III de Poher
     		M 	ii 	Nominoe de Bretagne King of Brittany

-------------------- http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p309.htm#i14689 -------------------- Kings and dukes of Brittany family tree

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This is a family tree of the Dukes of Brittany from the 9th century, to the annexation of Brittany by France in 1532.

See also: Brittany - List of family trees

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Erispoë II, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

794
794
Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France
810
810
Age 16
Rennes, Duchy de Bretagne (now Brittany, France)
825
825
Age 31
Brittany,,,France
829
829
Age 35
845
845
Age 51
Brittany, France
851
851
Age 57
851
Age 57
King of Brittany
851
Age 57
held court in the chateau of Chateiller, built by Judicael of Domnonia in 610
857
November 12, 857
Age 63
Talensac, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France
November 857
Age 63
Redon, Brittany, France