Ester Kremer (Kraines of Smorgon) (c.1927 - 2010)

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Birthplace: Smorgon'
Death: Died in Petah Tikva, Israel
Managed by: Eilat אילת גורדין Gordin Levitan לויתן
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Ester Kremer (Kraines of Smorgon)

the first page of the interview with Ester....

While I was repairing the computer, getting ready to type

Ester- So,…what should I tell you About?

I- Any information that you see as essential to your life story

Ester- I was born in the small town of Smorgon, Poland. Today Smorgon

is part of Belarus.

I- What year?

Moshe Kremer ( Esters' husband who sits next to her) he wants to help

and says; 1929

Ester- (with determination) - Let me speak! I was born in 1927. I had

two sisters. One sister was born in 1924 ( Chana) . The oldest sister

( Mania) was born in 1921.

I studied in the Hebrew school 'Tarbut". My parents ( father; David)

were in commerce. They owned a store.

I was 13 when the war started. I just finished sixth grade. It was at

the start of summer vacation.

The war started on June 22, 1941. It is a date that would be

remembered for an entire lifetime.

We remember it and can not escape that memory…. And then, after two or

three days the Germans already entered….

I- What did you know before the Germans entered? Did you know anything?

Ester- we did not believe that there is any substance. ..There was

information in the Polish papers…

At that point of time we were on the other side of the border of

Poland ( the Soviet side)..The Germans entered (western) Poland

already in 1939 almost two years earlier…and….We read in the papers

about Germany and Poland and they told about killings of the Jews,

but we certainly did not believe it.

How could we believe that such an enlighten nation would do such things…

Moshe- No, no ..In no way did we believe it.

Ester- My father during a time was a prisoner of war under Germany it

was during the first World war.. he knew the German people well. He

even spoke their language well. We did not speak of any such things in

regard to the Germans. And for this even when the Germans entered, how

should I say it? Many greeted them with care and well wishes…because

people did not know what is really going on…what this nation was

really capable of doing.. No one believed the rumors.. And they,

immediately from the first day started to eradicate the Jews, as soon

as they arrived.

I- What do you know that they did? How did they eradicate the Jews

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Ester Kremer's Timeline

December, 1927
December 3, 2010
Age 83
Petah Tikva, Israel
December 5, 2010
Age 83
Sgula, Israel