About Esyllt verch Cynan
Came from the realm of Powys.
The book, 'Kings & Queens of Great Britain'
The book, The Oxford History of the British Monarchy' -------------------- Queen of Wales -------------------- The view that Ethyllt was Merfyn's mother and Nest his wife is held by Davies and many others, including David E. Thornton and Lloyd, who notes the consistency of the genealogies in Jesus College MS 20 and Harleian MS 3859 against the contrary account that Nest was the mother and Ethyllt the wife.
The earliest writers of the history of Wales, from Dr David Powell in 1584 to Jane Williams in 1869, adopted the view of ABT that Nest was the mother of Merfyn Frych. Although she is wholly absent from the Harleian Ms 3859 pedigrees, that manuscript did name the mother of Merfyn Frych as "Etthil merch Cinnan".
Around the final half of the 14th century, a group of pedigrees were set down in Jesus College Ms 20. This is the earliest appearance of a "Nest ferch Cadell m. Brochuael m. Elisse" and she is made the mother of Rhodri Mawr (thus the wife of Merfyn Frych). A number of years later, about 1400, the manuscripts now called Achau Brenhinoedd a Thywysogion Cymru (often abbreviated as ABT) set down the pedigrees of the dynastic kings and princes of Wales. Here, "Nest ferch Gadell ap Brochwal ap Elisse" is cited as the mother of Merfyn Frych (thus the wife of Gwriad ap Elidyr). One might reasonably assume the objective of those medieval genealogists was to introduce a Powys heiress through whom the kingdom of Powys had been inherited by Gwynedd's Merfyn Frych or Rhodri Mawr, and it didn't really matter which.
The genealogies themselves are contained in a number of medieval manuscripts, the most important of which are detailed below.
A: The Harleian genealogies
Which are the earliest surviving document preserved in a single manuscript Harleian MS 3859, bound together with what is known as the 'A' version of the Annales Cambriae. The manuscript itself dates from around 1100, but as the genealogies begin with Owain ap Hywel Dda it is generally presumed that they were originally compiled during his reign (that is between 950 and 987) but are obviously based on oral recollections of a much older date.
B: The Jesus College genealogies
These are contained in the Jesus College MS 20, folios 33r to 41r and draws on the same body of material, but also contains some variations and additions which suggests that it was not directly derived from the Harleian MS. However, the Jesus College manuscript is dated to the late fourteenth century but was probably compiled in the thirteenth century. It is therefore of a much later date than the Harleian genealogies and is therefore considered to be less reliable.
The birthdate of Esyllt verch Cynan is often given as "c. 770", even when she is shown as mother of Merfyn, born "c. 764", as seen below. There is no documentation for either date.
Esyllt verch Cynan
Esyllt was born about 0770 in Caer Seiont, Carnarvonshire, Wales.1 Esyllt's father was Cynan (Dindaethwy) ap Rhodri and her mother was <Unknown>. Her paternal grandparents were Rhodri (Molwynog) ap Idwal and <Unknown>. She was an only child.
Gwriad ap Elidir
Gwriad was born about 0738 in Wales.1
Merfyn (The Freckled) Frych ap Gwriad
Merfyn, known as The Freckled, was born in 0764 in Wales.2 He died as a war casualty at the age of 80 in 0844 in Battle of Cyfeil, Ketell, Wales.2
Cadrod ap Gwriad
Cadrod was born about 0768.3
Esyllt ferch Cynan Dindaethwy1,2,3,4
b. circa 770
Father Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri Molwynog, Brenin Gwynedd1,5,2,3 b. circa 720?, d. 816
Mother Matilda of Flint1 b. circa 720
Esyllt ferch Cynan Dindaethwy married Gwriad ab Elidyr, Brenin Ynys Manau, son of Elidyr ap Sandde, Brenin Ynys Manau and Celemion verch Tudwal o Ynys Manau, before 764.2 Esyllt ferch Cynan Dindaethwy was born circa 770 at Caer Seiont, Caernarvonshire, Wales.6 She was the daughter of Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri Molwynog, Brenin Gwynedd and Matilda of Flint.1,5,2,3
Gwriad ab Elidyr, Brenin Ynys Manau b. circa 750, d. 825
Brenin Gwynedd Merfyn Frych ap Gwriad o ne Rheged+ b. c 764, d. 8446,3
[S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
[S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Cunedda Wledig, 86.
[S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.
[S492] Genealogies from Harleian MS. 3859, manuscript, probably between 954 and 988 unknown repository, 1: "Etthil merch Cinnan".
[S272] Francis Jones, Jones, F., pg. 12, Chart I, Dynasty of Cunedda (Line of Gwynedd).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Merfyn was not a member of the traditional dynasty of Gwynedd, the direct male line of Maelgwn Gwynedd, and his succession marked the start of a new dynasty. His claim was apparently based on the fact that his mother, Esyllt, was the daughter of Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri and the niece of Hywel ap Rhodri.
-------------------- ID: I102149
Name: Essylt ferch Cynan
Prefix: Queen Of Gwynedd
Birth: Bet 750 and 770 CE in Caer Seiont, Carnarvonshire, Wales
Death: Y 1
Change Date: 13 Jan 2009 at 01:51
Note: Alias: Ethil /of Gwynedd/
Father: Cynan Dindaethwy Ap Rhodri b: 745 CE
Marriage 1 GWRIAD AP ELIDYR af Man b: Between 738 and 750 CE
Change Date: 13 Jan 2009
Merfyn The Freckled Ap Gwriad b: Bet 765 and 784 CE in , , Wales
Abbrev: Sutton Folk Family Tree 3175463.ged
Title: Sutton Folk Family Tree
Sutton Folk Family Tree 3175463.ged
Author: Folk, Linda Sutton
Name: Esyllt Verch Cynan Of Gwynedd 1
Birth: ABT 770 in Caer Seiont, Carnarvonshire, Wales 1
Death: Deceased 1
Queen of Gynedd[JohnFaye (8 Jun 05).FTW]
Queen of Gynedd
Father: Cynan 'Dindaethwy' Ap Rhodri King Of Gwynedd b: ABT 745
Marriage 1 Gwriad Ap Elidir Of Man King Of Gwynedd b: ABT 738
Merfyn Ap Geriad "Freckled" King Of Gwynedd b: ABT 784
Title: JohnFaye (8 Jun 05).FTW
Text: Date of Import: 27 Jun 2005
Esyllt verch Cynan's Timeline
Ceredigion, , Wales
Caer Seiont, Ceredigion, Wales
Caer Seiont, Caernarvonshire, Wales
November 11, 1913
December 10, 1913