Aiwareiks I the Goth Balþings (of the Visigoths), Wisugutane þiudans (c.415 - c.484) MP

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Nicknames: "King Eurico I of the /Visigoths/"
Birthplace: Tolosa (Present Toulouse), Visigoth-occupied Narbonensis, Septem Provinciae (Present France), Roman Empire
Death: Died in Arelate (Present Arles), Narbonensis (present southern France), Kingdom of the Visigoths
Cause of death: One of the few Visigoth kings to die of natural causes.
Occupation: Rey de los Visigodos, Roi des Wisigoths (467), Empereur d'Hispanie (475), Roi, des Wisigoths, King of WEST GOTHS, Rei dos Visigodos, roi des Wisigoths, empereur d'Espagne, Roi des Wisigoths (466-484), emperor of Spain, aka Euric [Baux]
Managed by: Nancy Sawalich
Last Updated:

About Aiwareiks I the Goth Balþings (of the Visigoths), Wisugutane þiudans

Relationships:

Parents:

  • Father: Theoderic I, King of the Visigoths
  • Mother: Daughter of Alaric I, King of the Visigoths.

Known siblings:

  • 1. Repudiated wife of Huneric of the Vandals (m. in 429, repudiated with nose and ears mutilated in 442)
  • 2. Thorismund (murdered 453 by Theoderic II and Frederic), King of the Visigoths (451-453)
  • 3. Theoderic II (murdered 466 by Euric), King of the Visigoths (453-466)
  • 4. Frederic or Frederico (fl. 451-454), led Visigoths in Spain in 454.
  • 5. Euric (b. after 435, d. December 484), King of the Visigoths (466-484)
  • 6. Retimiris or Ricimer
  • 7. Himneris
  • 8. Unspecified number of other sisters.

Spouse:

  • Ragnahild, daughter of an unknown king

Children:

  • 1. Alaric II,
  • 2. Unknown sister, married Ricimer, Magister Militum, Patricius, and power behind the throne of the remnants of the Western Roman Empire (d. 18 August 472, four years before Odoacer toppled the Empire).

---

Basic information:

Birth: after 435, according to FMG. Probably at Toulouse, considering that the Romans attacked the city as the Visigoth capital four years later.

Baptism: Unknown. (He was an Arian Christian.)

Marriage: Before 458 (date of Alaric II's birth) to Ragnahild, the daughter of an unspecified king, according to FMG.

Death: December 484 in Arles (Arelate, part of the Visigoth kingdom for over a decade). He was one of the only Visigoth kings to die of natural causes.

Burial: Unknown.

Occupation: King of the Visigoths (475-484), in Spanish: Rey de los Visigodos.

Alternate names: Evaric, Erwig, Eurico in Spanish and Portuguese.

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Toulouse Kings (covering birth family):

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/TOULOUSE.htm#EuricA

THEODERIC [Theoderid], son of --- (-killed in battle near Troyes summer 451).

  • According to Grote[53], King Theoderic I was the son of King Walia but Wolfram says that nothing is known about the earlier life of Theoderic[54].
  • He was elected to succeed in 418 as THEODERIC I King of the Visigoths. Iordanes names "Theoderidum" as successor of "Vallia rex Gothorum" but does not specify any relationship between the two[55].
  • He completed the transfer of Visigothic activity from Spain to France based on Toulouse[56]. In 422, the Visigoths marched against the Vandals in Spain but deserted their Roman allies who suffered a serious defeat[57]. The Visigoths became more aggressive in their raids against Roman towns in Gaul, besieging Arles several times between 425 and 430, and Narbonne in 437. The Romans counter-attacked Toulouse in 439, although their leader Litorius was killed[58].
  • The Visigoths fought for the Romans against the Suevi in Spain in 446, but made an alliance with the latter in 449, confirmed by the marriage of Theoderic’s daughter to the Suevi king[59].
  • King Theoderic marched with his two eldest sons into Champagne in summer 451 against Attila the Hun. He was killed in the battle of the Catalaunian fields in which the combined Roman/Visigothic forces defeated the Huns[60]. Iordanes records that he was killed "in campis statim Catalaunicisis"[61]. Gregory of Tours records that Theoderic King of the Goths was killed in battle against Attila in support of his allies the Franks[62]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Theuderedus” reigned for 33 years[63].

[64]m --- of the Visigoths, daughter of ALARIC I King of the Visigoths & his wife ---.

King Theoderic I had more than nine children, although it is not known whether these were by his wife or by concubines:

1. daughter (-after 442).

  • She was sent back to her father at the time of the 442 revolt with her nose and ears mutilated[65].
  • m ([429] or after[66], repudiated 442) as his first wife, HUNERIC, son of GENSERIC King of the Vandals.

2. THORISMUND (-murdered 453).

  • Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[67]. Herimannus names "Torismod filius Theodorus rex Gothorum" when recording that he succeeded his father[68].
  • He was elected to succeed his father in 451 as THORISMUND King of the Visigoths. Iordanes records that he also fought "in campis statim Catalaunicisis" and succeeded after the death of his father in the same battle[69].
  • He made war on the Alans at Orléans and marched again on Arles[70].
  • The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Thorismo Rex Gothorum” was killed by “Theuderico et Frederico fratribus” in 453[71]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Thurismodus” reigned for three years[72].

3. THEODERIC (-murdered 466).

  • Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[73]. Herimannus names "Theodericus frater Torismodo regi Gothorum" when recording that he succeeded his brother[74].
  • He was elected to succeed after murdering his brother in 453 as THEODERIC II King of the Visigoths. The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Thorismo Rex Gothorum” was killed by “Theuderico et Frederico fratribus” in 453 and that Theoderic succeeded to the throne[75]. Iordanes records that "Thederidus germanus eius" succeeded after the death of Thorismund but does not specify that he was responsible for his brother's death[76].
  • He invaded Spain in 454 in support of Emperor Avitus and inflicted a resounding defeat on the Suevi in 456[77]. The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Teudericus” entered Spain, defeated “Ricciarium Suevorum regem” in battle “Asturica apud Urbicum fluvium”, and pursued him into “Portucale” where he killed Requiario and captured “Bracarum”[78].
  • He returned to Toulouse in Mar 457 but left a Visigoth contingent which advanced through Betica, eventually taking partial control of Seville[79].
  • The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Teudericus” returned to Gaul after leaving Portugal and was killed “ab Eurico…fratre”[80]. Iordanes records that his brother Euric was suspected of involvement in the death of Theoderic[81]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Theudoricus” reigned for seven, otherwise thirteen, years[82].

4. FRIDERIC [Federico].

  • Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[83].
  • The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Thorismo Rex Gothorum” was killed by “Theuderico et Frederico fratribus” in 453[84]. He shared power jointly with his brother King Theoderic II[85].
  • He led a military incursion into Spain in 454[86].

5. EURIC ([after 435]-Arles [Dec] 484).

  • Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[87].
  • He was elected to succeed in 466 as EURIC King of the Visigoths after murdering his brother King Theoderic II.

6. RETEMERIS [Ricimer].

  • Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[88].

7. HIMNERITH.

  • Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[89].

8. daughter.

  • Isidor's Historia Gothorum, Wandalorum, Sueborum records that "Recciarius Reccilani filius" married "Theuderedi regis Gothorum filia"[90]. The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Rechiarius” married “Theodoris Regis filia” in 449[91]. Her marriage was arranged to confirm her father's alliance with the Suevi in Spain.
  • m (Toulouse 449[92]) REQUIARIO King of the Suevi in Spain, son of REQUILA King of the Suevi (-456).

9. other daughters[93].

References:

  • [54] Wolfram (1998), pp. 174-5.
  • [55] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 103.
  • [56] García-Guijarro (2002), p. 11.
  • [57] Wolfram (1998), p. 175.
  • [58] Wolfram (1998), pp. 175-6.
  • [59] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.
  • [60] Wolfram (1998), p. 178.
  • [61] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 113.
  • [62] Gregory of Tours, II.7, p. 118.
  • [63] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.
  • [64] Wolfram (1998), p. 174.
  • [65] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.
  • [66] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.
  • [67] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.
  • [68] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 449, MHG SS V, p. 83.
  • [69] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 113.
  • [70] Wolfram (1998), p. 178.
  • [71] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 368.
  • [72] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.
  • [73] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.
  • [74] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 452, MHG SS V, p. 83.
  • [75] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 368.
  • [76] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 113.
  • [77] Wolfram (1998), p. 179.
  • [78] Chronicon Albeldense 21, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1134A.
  • [79] García-Guijarro (2002), p. 15.
  • [80] Chronicon Albeldense 21, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1134A.
  • [81] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 118.
  • [82] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.
  • [83] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.
  • [84] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 368.
  • [85] Wolfram (1998), p. 202.
  • [86] Wolfram (1998), p. 178.
  • [87] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.
  • [88] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.
  • [89] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.
  • [90] Isidori Historia Gothorum, Wandalorum, Sueborum 486, MGH Auct. ant. XI, p. 301.
  • [91] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 365.
  • [92] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.
  • [93] King Theoderic I had a "wealth of daughters" according to Wolfram (1998), p. 177.

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Toulouse Kings (covering married life):

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/TOULOUSE.htm#_Toc225040395

EURIC 466-484, ALARIC II 484-507, GESALIC 507-511, AMALRIC 507-531


EURIC, son of THEODERIC I King of the Visigoths & his [wife/concubine] --- ([after 435]-Arles [Dec] 484).

  • Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[94].
  • He was elected to succeed in 466 as EURIC King of the Visigoths. Wolfram refers to the gift to his mother in [466/67] of a bowl inscribed with verses by Sidonius which refer to her son, and speculates that King Euric was about 26 years old when he assumed power[95]. Iordanes records that Euric was suspected of involvement in the death of Theoderic[96].
  • He expanded Visigoth controlled territory to the north and south of the Pyrenees, achieving substantial control over the Iberian Peninsula with the exception of Galicia[97]. The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Euricus” devastated “Lusitaniam” and captured “Pampilonam et Cæsaraugustam”, and also was the first to promulgate laws for the Goths[98].
  • Iordanes records that Euric captured Auvergne[99]. Emperor Anthemius conceded Auvergne to King Euric in 475, in return for Provence which the Visigoths had captured two years earlier but which was recaptured by Euric in 476[100].
  • King Euric proclaimed the Visigothic monarchy as an independent state in south-western France in 476, after the deposition of Emperor Romulus "Augustulus", last Roman Emperor, by the Ostrogoths[101]. Wolfram suggests that the Visigothic kingdom did not de jure separate itself from the empire[102], although it is not clear what "empire" remained after the overthrow of the last Roman emperor. He made peace with Odovacar, the Ostrogoth King of Italy, agreeing the Alps as the border between the two kingdoms[103].
  • The Franks attacked Visigothic territory in south-west France in the 490s, particularly Saintes and Bordeaux, which probably encouraged Visigothic emigration to Spain[104]. According to Gregory of Tours, Euric King of the Goths crossed from Spain and persecuted Christians in Gaul[105], although this statement appears inconsistent with Visigothic expansion being in the other direction during Euric's reign.
  • During the reign of King Euric, Visigothic legal statutes, known as codex Euricianus, were first committed to writing.
  • He died a natural death, unlike all his predecessors. The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Euricus” reigned for 26 years and died “Arelate” under Emperor Zeno[106]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Euricus” reigned for 15, otherwise 17, years[107].

m (before [458]) RAGNAHILD, daughter of King ---.

  • Sidonius names "reginæ Ragnahildæ" in a letter which also refers to her young son[108].

King Euric and [his wife] had one son:

1. ALARIC ([458]-killed in battle Poitiers late summer 507).

  • Iordanes names "Eurichus…filius Alarichus" when recording his succession after the death of his father[109]. He was elected to succeed his father at Toulouse 28 Dec 484 as ALARIC II King of the Visigoths.
  • The main body of Visigoths entered Spain during his reign, largely resulting from military pressure from the Franks in the north[110].
  • King Alaric II formed an alliance with the Ostrogoths and sent military help in 490 in support of Theodoric in his struggle with Odovacar King of Italy[111]. The alliance was later confirmed by King Alaric's marriage to King Theodoric's daughter.
  • Faced with continuing Frankish military expansion, King Alaric met Clovis King of the Franks in 502 on an island in the Loire near Amboise and agreed the River Loire as the frontier separating the two kingdoms[112].
  • He was responsible for compiling the Breviary Lex Romana Visigothorum, a Roman law-book, and supported a catholic church council at Agde in 506[113].
  • He was defeated and killed by Clovis King of the Franks at the campus Vogladensis[114], probably Voulan, near Poitiers, athough this is popularly known as the battle of Vouillé[115], which marked the end of Visigothic authority over the territory around Toulouse. The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Alaricus” was killed by “Huduildus rex Francorum apud Pictavem” after reigning for 23 years[116]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Alaricus” reigned for 23 years[117].
  • m ([494][118]) THEODEGOTHA [Thiudigotho] the Ostrogoth, illegitimate daughter of THEODORIC I King of the Ostrogoths in Italy & his concubine ---. Iordanes names "unam…Thiudigoto et aliam Ostrogotho" as the two daughters of Theodoric born "ex concubina…in Moesia" before his marriage to Audofledis, specifying that they came to Italy and were married "unam Alarico Vesegotharum et aliam Sigismundo Burgundzonorum"[119]. Procopius records that “regi Visigothorum Alarico” married "Theoderici…Theudichusam virginem filiam"[120].
  • Mistress (1): ---. The name of King Alaric's mistress is not known.

2. daughter. m RICIMER, son of --- (-472).

  • Iordanes records that Euric "cum Ricemere genero suo" invaded Rome[136]. He was magister militum, and defeated Emperor Avitus in 456.

References:

  • [94] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.
  • [95] Wolfram, H. (1998) History Of The Goths (Berkeley, California), p. 203.
  • [96] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 118.
  • [97] Atkinson, W. C. (1960) A History of Spain and Portugal (Penguin 1973) p. 37.
  • [98] Chronicon Albeldense 22, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1134A.
  • [99] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 119.
  • [100] Wood, I. (1994) The Merovingian Kingdoms (Longman), p. 18.
  • [101] Payne, S. G. (1973) A History of Spain and Portugal, Volume 1 - Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century (University of Wisconsin Press), in the Library of Iberian Resources Online, consulted at http://libro.uca.edu/payne1/spainport1.htm (15 Dec 2002), Chapter 1, p. 9.
  • [102] Wolfram (1998), p. 204.
  • [103] Wolfram (1998), p. 309.
  • [104] García-Guijarro Ramos, L. 'Las invasions bárbaras en Hispania y la creación del Reino Visigodo', Álvarez Palenzuela, V. Á. (coord.) (2002) Historia de España de la Edad Media (Barcelona), p. 18.
  • [105] Gregory of Tours, II.25, p. 138.
  • [106] Chronicon Albeldense 22, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1134A.
  • [107] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.
  • [108] Sidonius Apollinarius Epistulæ VIII, MGH Auct. Ant. VIII, p. 60.
  • [109] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 122.
  • [110] Payne (1973), Chapter 1, p. 9.
  • [111] Wolfram (1998), p. 309.
  • [112] Gregory of Tours, II.35, p. 150 (undated), and García-Guijarro (2002), p. 19, Wolfram (1998), p. 192.
  • [113] Wolfram (1998), pp. 196-7 and 200-1, cited in Wood (1994), p. 47.
  • [114] Gregory of Tours, II.37, pp. 153-4.
  • [115] Wood (1994), p. 46.
  • [116] Chronicon Albeldense 23, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1134A.
  • [117] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.
  • [118] Wolfram (1998), p. 203.
  • [119] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 131.
  • [120] Dindorf, W. (ed.) (1833) Procopius, Vol. II, Corpus Scriptorum Historiæ Byzantinæ (Bonn), De Bello Gothico I.12, p. 65.
  • [136] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 119.

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Desde Wikipedia, Eurico:

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurico

Eurico (c. 440 – 484) fue rey de los visigodos (después de asesinar a su hermano Teodorico II) desde 466 al 484.

Biografía

Era hijo de Teodorico I y le sucedería a su muerte, su hijo Alarico II. Se casó con Ragnagilda, una supuesta hija de Meroveo, rey de los francos.

El reinado de Eurico coincidió con la disolución del Imperio Romano de Occidente, al ser destronado el último emperador Rómulo Augústulo en 476. Los visigodos habían firmado un foedus con Roma en el 418, en virtud del cual se habían convertido en federados del Imperio y se les había permitido asentarse en el sur de las Galias. Este rey no reconoció a Odoacro, rey de los hérulos e independizó definitivamente el reino visigodo y abolió la dependencia anterior.

Se apoderó de diversos territorios de las Galias e Hispania. Guerreó en las Galias contra los francos y sajones. Fue su reino, en su tiempo, el más poderoso e influyente de Europa. Su corte residía en Tolosa (Toulose), aunque nominalmente en Arlés. Pero fue sobre todo Tolosa la ciudad que tuvo la categoría de lo que ahora consideramos como capital del reino. La historiografía española lo menciona como Reino de Tolosa y abarcaba una gran extensión de la península Ibérica (salvo la región de Galicia, controlada por los suevos), y gran parte de la Galia al oeste del Rin y al sur del Loira.

Fue un rey que demostró un gran talento político. Publicó un cuerpo legal de derecho visigodo, el Codex Euricianus o Código de Eurico. También fue un fanático arriano.

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From the English Wikipedia page on Euric:

Euric, also known as Evaric, Erwig, or Eurico in Spanish and Portuguese (c. 415–484), was the younger brother of Theodoric II and ruled as king of the Visigoths, with his capital at Toulouse, from 466 until his death in 484.

He inherited a large portion of the Visigothic possessions in the Aquitaine region of Gaul, an area that had been under Visigothic control since 415. Over the decades the Visigoths had gradually expanded their holdings at the expense of the weak Roman government, advancing well into Hispania in the process.

Upon becoming king, Euric defeated several other Visigothic kings and chieftains in a series of civil wars and soon became the first ruler of a truly unified Visigothic nation. Taking advantage of the Romans' problems, he extended Visigothic power in Hispania, driving the Suevi into the northwest of Iberia. By the time the Western Roman Empire ended in 476 he controlled nearly the entire Iberian peninsula.

In 470 Euric defeated an attempted invasion of Gaul by the Celtic magnate Riothamus and expanded his kingdom even further north, possibly as far as the Somme River, the March of Frankish territory.

Previous Visigothic kings had officially ruled only as legates of the Roman Emperor but Euric was the first to declare his complete independence from the puppet emperors. In 475 he forced the western emperor Julius Nepos to recognize his full independence in exchange for the return of the Provence region of Gaul. The Roman citizens of Hispania then pledged their allegiance to Euric, recognizing him as their king. In the same year Clermont(-Ferrand) surrendered to him after a long siege, and its bishop, Sidonius Apollinaris, sued for peace. He divided the Western Roman Empire with Odoacer.

Euric was one of the more learned of the great Visigothic kings and was the first German to formally codify his people's laws. The Code of Euric of 471 codified the traditional laws that had been entrusted to the memory of designated specialists who had learned each article by heart.

At Euric's death in 484 the Kingdom of the Visigoths encompassed all of Iberia except for the region of Galicia (ruled by the Suebi) and more than two-thirds of modern France. Edward Gibbon, in Chapter 38 of the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, remarks:

The fortune of nations has often depended on accidents; and France may ascribe her greatness to the premature death of the Gothic king, at a time when his son Alaric was a helpless infant, and his adversary Clovis an ambitious and valiant youth. -------------------- Roi des Wisigoths (467) & Empereur d'Espagne (475) -

Koning der Wisigothen (467) & Keizer van Spanje (475) -

King of the Visigoths (467) & Emperor of Spain (475) -------------------- 7º REI VISIGODO da Espanha, reinando entre os anos de 466 e 484 -------------------- Eurico (För att 420-484) Var kung över visigoterna ( Efter att ha dödat sin bror Theoderik II) Från 466 till 484. Son till Theoderik I och efterträddes av sin son Alarik II. Ragnaxilda gifte sig med en dotter som kallas Merovius, Kung av FF.

Eurico regeringstid sammanföll med upplösning av Romerska riket West, som avsatt den siste kejsaren Romulus Augustus i 476. Den Visigoterna hade undertecknat ett foedus med Rom i 418Under vilka riket blev federala och låt det sätta sig i de södra Gallien. Denna kung independizou aboliu den visigotiske rike och den tidigare enheten.

Han tog olika territorier Gallien och Hispania. Guerreou i Gallien mot FF och Saxarna. Hans rike var vid denna tid den mest mäktiga och inflytelserika i Europa. Dess domstol bosatta i Tolosa (Toulouse ), även om nominellt Arles. Men det var mest Tolosa den stad som hade den kategori vi nu se hur kapital riket. Spanska historieskrivning nämner hur Konungariket Tolosa och omfattade ett stort område i Iberiska halvön ( Utom regionen Galiza, Kontrollerat av Suevos) , och mycket av Gallien väster om Rhin och söder om Loire.

Han var en kung som uppvisade stor politisk skicklighet. Han publicerade ett lagstadgat organ Visigotisk lagDen Codex Euricianus eller Eurico kod. Han var också en fläkt Arian.

-------------------- Eurico (c. 420-484). Foi rei dos visigodos (depois de assassinar o seu irmão Teodorico II), entre 466 e 484.

Era filho de Teodorico I e sucedeu-lhe o seu filho Alarico II.

O reinado de Eurico coincidiu com a queda do Império Romano do Ocidente, quando o último imperador, Rómulo Augústulo, foi destronado em 476 pelo ostrogodo Odoacro. Em virtude do tratado de federação (foedus) firmado com Roma em 418, os Visigodos eram um povo admitido a viver no seio do Império, concretamente no sul das Gálias. Eurico denunciou o foedus e declarou o seu reino independente de Roma.

Casou-se com Ragnagilda, aparentemente filha de Meroveu, rei dos Francos.

Apoderou-se de muitos territórios nas Gálias e na Hispânia. Combateu os Saxões e os Francos, e fez do reino visigodo o mais influente e poderoso da sua época. Apesar de a corte se ter nominalmente deslocado para Arles, permanecia em Toulouse. Alguns historiadores chamam ao reino dos Visigodos o Reino de Toulouse, uma entidade que acabou por se estender desde a margem sul do rio Loire até à foz do Tejo.

Demonstrando grande capacidade política, mandou registar, metodicamente, os antigos costumes e práticas jurídicas dos Visigodos no Código de Eurico (Codex Euricianus), que vigoraram até que o rei Recesvinto os fundiu com o direito romano. Eurico foi também um ariano fanático.

in: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. <http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurico>

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Euric, also known as Evaric, Erwig, or Eurico in Spanish and Portuguese (c. 415–484), Son of Theodoric I and the younger brother of Theodoric II and ruled as king of the Visigoths, with his capital at Toulouse, from 466 until his death in 484.

He inherited a large portion of the Visigothic possessions in the Aquitaine region of Gaul, an area that had been under Visigothic control since 415. Over the decades the Visigoths had gradually expanded their holdings at the expense of the weak Roman government, advancing well into Hispania in the process.

Upon becoming king, Euric defeated several other Visigothic kings and chieftains in a series of civil wars and soon became the first ruler of a truly unified Visigothic nation. Taking advantage of the Romans' problems, he extended Visigothic power in Hispania, driving the Suevi into the northwest of Iberia. By the time the Western Roman Empire ended in 476 he controlled nearly the entire Iberian peninsula.

In 470 Euric defeated an attempted invasion of Gaul by the British king Riothamus and expanded his kingdom even further north, possibly as far as the Somme River, the March of Frankish territory.

Previous Visigothic kings had officially ruled only as legates of the Roman Emperor but Euric was the first to declare his complete independence from the puppet emperors. In 475 he forced the western emperor Julius Nepos to recognize his full independence in exchange for the return of the Provence region of Gaul. The Roman citizens of Hispania then pledged their allegiance to Euric, recognizing him as their king. In the same year Clermont(-Ferrand) surrendered to him after a long siege, and its bishop, Sidonius Apollinaris, sued for peace. He divided the Western Roman Empire with Odoacer. Illustration of Euricat Biblioteca Nacional de España

Euric was one of the more learned of the great Visigothic kings and was the first German to formally codify his people's laws. The Code of Euric of 471 codified the traditional laws that had been entrusted to the memory of designated specialists who had learned each article by heart.

At Euric's death in 484 the Kingdom of the Visigoths encompassed all of Iberia except for the region of Galicia (ruled by the Suebi) and more than two-thirds of modern France. Edward Gibbon, in Chapter 38 of the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, remarks:

The fortune of nations has often depended on accidents; and France may ascribe her greatness to the premature death of the Gothic king, at a time when his son by his wife Ragnachildis, Alaric II was a helpless infant, and his adversary Clovis an ambitious and valiant youth.

in: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euric> -------------------- http://gw.geneanet.org/nobily?lang=fr;pz=elisabeth+therese+marie+helene;nz=de+belgique;ocz=0;p=euric;n=de+wisigothie

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Eurico I, Rey de los Visigodos's Timeline

415
415
Tolosa (Present Toulouse), Visigoth-occupied Narbonensis, Septem Provinciae (Present France), Roman Empire
445
445
Age 30
Spain
446
446
Age 31
458
458
Age 43
Probably Toulouse, Aquitanica, Septem Provinciae (within present France), Roman Empire
484
July, 484
Age 69
Arelate (Present Arles), Narbonensis (present southern France), Kingdom of the Visigoths
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