Ezekiel Richardson (Immigrant)

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Ezekiel Richardson

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Westmill, Hertfordshire, England
Death: Died in Woburn, Middlesex, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Woburn, , Middlesex Co, Mass
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Richardson, lll, of Standon and Katherine Richardson
Husband of Goodwife Susannah Brooks
Father of Phoebe Baldwin; Theophilus Richardson; Capt. Josiah Richardson, Sr.; John Richardson; Jonathan Richardson and 3 others
Brother of Elizabeth Jane Wymant (Richardson); Samuel Richardson, of Woburn; James Richardson; Thomas Richardson, of Woburn; John Richardson and 1 other
Half brother of Sarah Bacon

Occupation: Planter, A founder of Charlestown, MA
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Ezekiel Richardson (Immigrant)

Ezekiel and Susanna probably came in the fleet of Winthrop in 1630. The Winthrop Fleet consisted of eleven ships sailing from Yarmouth, Isle of Wright to Salem. Some sailed April 8, arriving June 13, 1630 and the followng days, the others to sail in May, arriving in July. The total count of passengers is believed to be about seven hundred, and presumed to have included the following people. Financing was by the Mass. Bay Company.

The ships were the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, the Mayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.

Sailed April 8 1630: Ambrose, Arbella, Hopewell, Talbot,

Sailed May 1630: Charles, Jewel, Mayflower, Success, Trial, Whale, William and Francis

Winthrop wrote to his wife just before they set sail that there were seven hundred passengers. Six months after their arrival, Thomas Dudley wrote to Bridget Fiennes, Countess of Lincoln and mother of Lady Arbella and Charles Fiennes, that over two hundred passengers had died between their landing April 30 and the following December, 1630. That letter traveled via the Lyon April 1, 1631 and reached England four week later.

They belonged to the church of Boston, and were dismissed with others 1 Oct 1632 to establish a church at Charlestown. Ezekiel was freemand 18 May 1631; by the Court appointed 1633 constable, and by the people representative 1635, with many of his townsmen united in remonstrance against the Act of the government towards Wheelwright, in 1637, and, his heart failing him, in Nov expressed his contrition and had his name crossed over. In 1640, when a selectman, he favored settlement at Woburn.

Ezekiel and Susannah “became members of the church gathered in Charlestown, Aug. 27, 1630, which afterwards became the First Church in Boston; and both were dismissed from it, with thirty three others, Oct. 14, 1632, to form the present First Church in Charlestown, which was gathered on the second day of November following. He was admitted a freeman of the colony, May 18, 1631, which was in consequence of his church membership.

   ... 
   “His name often occurs on the Charlestown records.  He was, in 1633, appointed by the General Court a constable, then an office of much responsibility.  In the following years, he was appointed by the town on several important committees.  He was one of the first board of selectmen in Charlestown, chosen Feb. 10, 1634-5; also in 1637, 1638, 1639.  He was a deputy or representative of that town in the General Court, chosen Sept. 2, 1634, and also the following year, 1635.  In 1637, a lot of land was granted to him on ‘Misticke Side,’ or Malden; also to each of his brothers, of whom more in the sequel. 
   “He was a follower of Ann Hutchinson and John Wheelwright in the Antinomian Controversy of 1637, as were most of the members of the Boston church, and was one of the eighty or more persons who signed the Remonstrance in Mr. Wheelwright’s favor, presented to the General Court on the ninth of March in that year.  At the session of the General Court held in November following, he and several others desired that their names might be erased from that paper, which the Court had judged to be of seditious tendency.  Thus acknowledging his fault, he was exempted from the censure inflicted by the Court; in other words, he was not disarmed, as were nearly all of the Remonstrance.  It is creditable to his memory that he was willing to abandon an enterprise in which he had conscientiously, but unwisely, embarked. 
   “In May, 1640, the town of Charlestown petitioned the General Court for an enlargement of her territory. The petition was granted, and addition made to her territory of two miles square, soon after increased to four miles square. On the 15th of May, Ezekiel Richardson, Edward Johnson, Edward Convers, and some others were sent to explore this grant and to determine its bounds. The original design was to make a village within the bounds of Charlestown and dependent on it. But as early as the 5th of November, 1640, the church of Charlestown chose seven men, Edward Convers, Edward Johnson, Ezekiel Richardson, John Mousall, Thomas Graves, Samuel Richardson, and Thomas Richardson, as commissioners or agents, for the erection of a new church and town, upon the land thus granted, to be entirely distinct and separate from Charlestown. A beginning was made in the erection of houses.   Log houses, doubtless during the year 1641, at and near the center of the new town, which at its incorporation, in September, 1642, received the name of Woburn, from Woburn in Herefordshire, England, where was an ancient abbey, founded in 1145, and where was the palatial residence of the noble family of Russells, dukes of Bedford, long known as the friends of liberty. The church in Woburn was solemnly constituted Aug. 14, 1642, O.S., answering to Aug. 24, N. S. Seven persons were embodied in a church state, viz.: John Mousall, Edward Convers, Edward Johnson, William Learned, Ezekiel Richardson, Samuel Richardson, and Thomas Richardson. These persons stood forth, one by one, and declared their religious faith and christian experience. These seven men were the ‘seven pillars,’ Prov. ix. 1; they were the nucleus of the new church, and theirs was the responsible duty of deciding what other members should be admitted. It was also their duty to lay out the new town to be formed in connection with this church, and make all needful arrangements for this purpose. The fact that the three Richardson brothers were appointed on so important a service is conclusive proof of their general excellence of character and of the confidence reposed in their wisdom and integrity. The first settlers of Woburn, 1642, could not have exceeded thirty heads of families.  Thirty two men subscribed the ‘Town Orders,’ agreed on by the commissioners at their first meeting, in Charlestown, for the settlement of Woburn, Dec. 18, 1640; but several more became inhabitants of the new town. 
   “Ezekiel Richardson and his two brothers, after their removal to Woburn, lived near each other, on the same street, which, from its having been their residence and that of many of their posterity, has been known from time immemorial as ‘Richardson's Row.’  It was in the present town of Winchester, a little north and east of the village; the ‘Row’ now constituting a part of Washington Street.  He himself lived half a mile north of the present village of Winchester; a locality, until April 30, 1850, included in the town of Woburn.  The descendants these three brothers, bearing the name of Richardson, long have been and still are more numerous than persons of any other name in Woburn, and among them have been found some of the most useful and valued members of the church and citizens of the place.  [Statement of Rev. Samuel Sewall, of Burlington, in his History of Woburn, p. 71] At the first election of town officers in Woburn, April 13, 1644, Ezekiel Richardson was chosen a selectman, and continued to be chosen to that responsible office in 1645, 1646, and 1647.  Edward Convers,  John Mousall these were deacons of the church till their death and Ezekiel Richardson were appointed "’o end small causes under twenty shillings,’ at Woburn;  and so continued till death. 
   “Edward Convers, Ezekiel Richardson, Capt. Cooke, and Edward Goffe, with Mr. Stileman, were appointed a committee to lay out a road from Cambridge to Woburn. Ezekiel Richardson, one of the founders of Woburn, died in that town Oct. 21, 1647.  From the fact that all his children were at this time under the age of twenty one, it is inferred that his age at his decease did not exceed forty five. His will is dated 20th day of the fifth month, 1647; equivalent to July  20, 1647.  It was proved June 1, 1648, and is on file in the Suffolk Probate Office, Boston.”

Will: I Ezekiel Richardson of Woburn, being in perfect memoir, do make this my last will and testament as followeth, imprimis. I make my wife Susanna and my eldest son Theophilus joint Executors. Item. I give and bequeath to Josias my son thirty pounds to be paid in money, cattle, or corn, when he shall accomplish one and twenty years of age. Item. I give unto James my son thirty pounds to be paid in money, cattle, or corn, when he shall accomplish one and twenty years of age. Item. I give unto Phebe my daughter thirty pounds to be paid in money, cattle, or corn, when she shall accomplish twenty years of age, or within six months after the day of her marriage, which cometh first. I say all these several legacies to be paid in money cattle or corn at the discretion of the Executors and overseers.

In case any of these three die before they do accomplish the said age mentioned then the said legacy shall be equally divided to them which shall survive. In case my son Theophilus die before he shall accomplish one and twenty years of age then his portion shall be equally divided to my other children which shall survive. Item. I do freely forgive and discharge whatsoever accounts and demands have been between my Brother Samuel Richardson and myself. Item. I give unto my brother Thomas Richardson his son Thomas ten shillings to be paid within one year after my decease. Item. I make for overseers to this my will Edward Converse and John Mousall of Woburn; in case either of them die before the accomplishment of this my will the survivor with the consent of Thomas Carter Pastor of the church of Woburn shall have power to choose an other overseer in his place. Item. I give unto the overseers for and in consideration of their care and pains thirty shillings apiece. Item. all my debts and funeral [expenses] being discharged I give and bequeath all the rest of my estate to my executors, provided that my wife may peaceably enjoy her habitation in the house so long as she shall live.

    

In witness whereof I have set to my hand. Ezekiel richardson.

In presence of these

   Thomas Carter, scribe. 
   Edward Convers. 
   John Mousall. 

Testified under oath of the said Edward Converse and John Mousall that the above written is the last will and testament of Ezekiel Richardson and that he was of a disposing mind at the making the same. Taken 1 (4) 1648 before the court and myself.

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Born: 1604 - "based on estimated date of marriage and chronology of siblings"(TGMB)

Proof to parents: Ezekiel's baptism record is not found with his siblings in the English records. His status as their sibling lies in his will and the wills of his siblings and real estate transactions with them.

Immigration: In 1630, with Winthrop's Fleet. Wife Susanna and probably oldest child, Phebe, came in that fleet. Phebe was among the earliest baptisms in New England, recorded in Boston, June 03, 1632.

Residences: Charlestown 1630 > Woburn 1640

Spouse: Susanna, likely married in England just a few years before their migration. Surname of Bradford, used by many people, not proven. She survived Ezekiel and married, second, Henry Brooks on March 21, 1651, age estimated 41. She died September 15, 1681, in Woburn, aged estimated 71 years.

Freeman: Was admitted to freeman status May 18, 1631.

Died: October 21, 1647, Woburn, Middlesex Co, Mass. Age approximately 43. Children aged from 4-15 years old.

"1630.. Ezekiel and Susannah (Bradford) Richardson arrive in the first substantial immigration of the Puritans in Winthrop's Fleet.

1632.. Phebe Richardson, Ezekiel and Susannah's first born child is born. She is the tenth child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Actually, the June, 1632 date is the date of her baptism. Some genealogies list her place of birth as "possibly England". I think it more likely she was born on American soil sometime after the Winthrop Fleet arrived and then baptized in 1632.

1640.. The three Richardson brothers, with others, are commissioned by Governor John Winthrop to establish a colony at Woburn, Massachusetts.

1640.. The Richardson brothers build homes close together so that the road passing by becomes known as Richardson's Row. The Richardson brothers are large landholders in the Woburn area. The area of Richardson's Row is in what is now Winchester, Massachusetts.

1647.. Ezekiel Richardson dies in Woburn. He must have been a relatively young man, probably under 45, per estimate of Vinton. His oldest child, Phebe, had been baptized only 15 years earlier. His widow, left with seven children, remarried Henry Brooks four years later, in 1651.

A quote from one of the many biographies of the Richardson brothers says, "Ezekiel, Samuel, and Thomas Richardson, brothers, were the emigrant ancestors of a family remarkable for their numbers, their widely scattered homes, their virtue, and their intelligence. At least nine of their descendants bearing their name have been deacons in the church they assisted to organize... (and) a large number have been officers of churches elsewhere - in Winchester, and, far and wide, in the United States..... In the secular professions, also, many of this familiar old Woburn name have been found, and some of them have achieved a high and most honorable position. Old Woburn has, from the beginning, been largely indebted to the successive generations of this excellent family." The Three Richardsons, The Winchester Record, Vol II, No. 2, March, 1886, Pg 199."

- The Richardson Brothers of Woburn, Mass

Copyright 1996, 1997 Norris Taylor

"On November 5, 1640 a committee of seven was appointed by Charlestown to determine the boundary lines of the new settlement. The seven men who received this grant to undertake the settlement of Charlestown Village, as it was to be called, were Captain Edward Johnson, Thomas Richardson, Samuel Richardson, Ezekiel Richardson, Thomas Graves, Edward Converse and John Mousall. These men were required to build houses for habitation within two years. They also were entrusted with the power to grant lands to other persons willing to build and live within the newly formed Village. The grant further stated that it was the duty of these men to select newcomers who would work as a unit to improve the land, lay out the streets and maintain a civil and religious society."

"The first organizational Town Meeting was held and the first town officers were chosen on April 13, 1644. Selectmen were: Edward Johnson, Edward Converse, John Mousall, William Learned, Ezekiel Richardson, Samuel Richardson and James Thompson. William Learned was also selected as Constable."

"Ezekiel Richardson, one of the original founders died on October 21, 1647."

- A Chronological History of Woburn, Massachusetts

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Ezekiel Richardson

Winthrop's Fleet Passenger (1630)

Founder of Charlestown Church (1632)

and Town of Woburn, Massachusetts (1640)

Researchers: Barbara, Joyce, Kathy, Norris, Terry


Source: The Great Migration Begins – Immigrations to New England, 1620-1633, Vol III P-W, Robert Charles Anderson, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, 1995

Church membership: “Ezekiel Richardson and his wife” admitted to Boston Church as members #80 and #81, which would be in the winter of 1630/1 (BCHR 13); on 14 October 1632 “Ezechiell Richardson and Susan his wife” were dismissed to participate in the organization of Charlestown church (BChR 16); on 2 November 1632 “Ezek:” and “Susan Richeson” were admitted to Charlestown church as founding members (ChChR 7)

Offices: Deputy for Charlestown to General Court, 2 September 1635 (MBCR 1:156). Petit jury, 19 September 1637 (MBCR 1:203). Charlestown member of colony committee on valuation of livestock, 13 May 1640 (MBCR 1:285) Commissioner for small causes at Woburn, 10 May 1643 (MBCR 2:35). Committee to lay out highway between Cambridge and Woburn, 10 May 1643 (MBCR 2:36).

Charlestown selectman, 10 February 1634/5, 12 February 1637/8 (ChTR 13,34). Constable, 3 April 1633 (MBCR 1:104). Committee to lay out lots, 9 January 1633/4, 23 November 1635 (ChTR 10, 17). Committee to lay out highways, 10 February 1737/8, 20 December 1638 (ChTR 12,39, 40). Committee to regulate wages, 28 November 1636 (ChTR 23). Committee on stinting the common, 17 February 1636/7 (ChTR 25).

Estate: In 1635, Ezekiel Richardson surrendered back to the town five acres of land Mystic Side (ChTR 14). In the same year he was granted five shares of hay ground, which was increased to six shares (CrTR 19, 20).

On 24 October 1636 the town of Charlestown “agreed to allow Ezek(ie)ll Richeson 2 acres of ground besides the two due to him, to make & keep two sufficient gates for the highway between Mr. Mayhew’s & New Towne, & the highway to have 6 pole in breadth” (ChTR 23). On 3 March 1636/7 “Goodman Ezek(ie)ll Richeson had a ½ a cow’s grass appointed by Tho(mas) Squire” (ChTR 26).

Ezekiel Richardson had five acres of land Mystic Side in 1637, and also four and three-quarter cow commons (ChTR 27, 33). On 23 April 1638 he had Mystic Side allotments of 35, 85 and 5 acres (ChTR 36). On 30 December 1638 he had 6 ½ cow commons in the stinted common (ChTR 42).

In the 1638 Charlestown Book of Possessions “Ezechell Richardson” held thirteen parcels of land; three acre homestead in High Field; one acre meadow at north end of aforesaid three acres; one half acre meadow in High Field, one acre meadow on northeast side of Gibbon’s Field (which “he bought of William Nash to whom at first if fell by lot”); one acre arable land in East Field; two acres meadow bounded to the south on Cambridge Field and to the north on Gibbon’s Field and to the north by Gibbon’s River (later annotation: “sold to Thomas Brigdon”); six acres meadow in Mystic Field; five acres woodland in Mystic Field; thirty-five acres woodland in Mystic Field; three acres meadow “lying to the northward of Mount Prospect”) ninety acres of land in Water Field; six and a half milch cow commons (four and three quarters granted to him, one and a quarter bought of William Nash, and a half bought of George Whitehand); and four acres arable land in Line Field (ChBOP 3-4).

In his will, dated 20 July 1647 and proved 1 June 1648, “Ezekiell Richardson of Woebourne” appointed “my wife Susanna and my eldest son Theophilus joint executors”; and bequeathed to “Josias my son 30 pounds at twenty-one years of age; to “James my son 30 pounds” at twenty-one years of age; to “Phebe my daughter 30 pounds” at “twenty years of age or within six months after the day of her marriage”’ if any of these three should die before they come of age, the legacies be shared among the survivors; in case “my son Theophilus die before he shall accomplish one and twenty years of age, then his portion shall be equally divided to my other children”; discharged demands against “my brother Samuell Richardson”; to “my brother Thomas Richardson, his son Thomas, 10 s.” overseers Edward Converse and John Mousall of Woburn, if either of these die, then the survivor with the consent of Thomas Carter, pastor of the church in Woburn, to choose a replacement overseer; 30s to each overseer; residue to my executors, “provided that my wife may peacably enjoy her habitation in the house so long as she shall live” (SPR Case #72).

The inventory of the estate of Ezekiell Richardson was taken 18 November 1647 and totalled 190 pounds 6s, 6d, with no real estate included (SPR Case #72).

On 6 March 1649/50 Edward Converse confirmed to the heirs of Ezekiel Richardson an earlier sale of twelve acres of meadow & upland in Woburn (MLR 2:71). On 27 March 1651 Samuel Richeson of Woburn “having formerly sold unto Ezekill Richeson my brother (who is since deceased) forty acres of arable & meadow land” in Woburn, confirms the same to “my sister Susanna Brooke (who was the wife of my deceased brother Ezekill Richeson (MLR 2:72). On 23 March 1654/5 “Susanna Richeson now Brookes formerly the wife of Ezek: Richeson” confirmed a sale made eight years earlier by “Ezekill Richardson & Susanna Richardson my wife” to Thomas Moulton and John Greenland of thirty-five acres of land in Woburn (MLR 2:36). On 13 December 1659 “Henry Brookes & Susanna Brookes of Woburn,”in accordance with an award of the court, deeded to Theophilus Richardson the right and title they had in “the moiety or half part of the housing & land of Ezekiell Richardson of Woburn aforesaid, by executorship or otherwise” (MLR 2:154).

Associations: Samuel Richardson and Thomas Richardson, brothers of Ezekiel, arrived in New England by 1635; Francis Wyman and John Wyman sons of Ezekiel Richardson’s sister, Elizabeth, also came to New England (Sarah Hildreth Anc 25-27).

Comments: “Ezech(ie)ll Richeson” was admitted as an inhabitant of Charlestown in 1630 (ChTR 5) and appeared in the lists of inhabitants of 9 January 1633/4 and January 1635/6 (ChTr 10,15)

Bibliographic Note: In 1876, John Adams Vinton published a comprehensive genealogy of the descendants of the three Richardson brothers (The Richardson Memorial, Comprising a Full History and Genealogy of the Posterity of the three brothers, Ezekiel, Samuel, and Thomas Richardson (Portland, Maine, 1876). In 1903, Walter Kendall Watkins published the data on the English origin of the Richardson’s (NEHGR 57:298-300), and this material was incorporated in Walter Goodwin Davis’s treatment of the family (Sarah Hildreth Anc 25-31)

 

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RICHARDSON. Ezekiel Richardson, apparently the eldest of the three brothers of this name engaged in the settlement of Woburn, was born in England; came with his wife, Susanna, to Charlestown, probably in the fleet with Winthrop, in 1630. Both joined the church which was gathered there in 1630, and which afterwards became the First Church in Boston; and both were dismissed from it, 11 Oct. 1632, with others, in order to form the present First Church in Charlestown, which was gathered in November following. He was Representative of Charlestown in General Court, 1635; Selectman, in 1640; and one of the seven Commissioners appointed

Town Records. * Savage's Geneal. Diet. Wob. Reo. of Births, Deaths, etc. «Rev. Lucius B. Paige. «Bec. of Town, Vol. I., p. 12*. 'T. K., Vol. III., p. 93; Rec. of Births, etc., etc.

that year by the church of Charlestown to effect the settlement of Woburn. Of the church of Woburn, he was one of the original members. By his wife, Susanna, he had: (1) Phebe, baptized in Boston, 3 June, 1632, and married, 1 Nov. 1649, to Henry Baldwin. (2) Thcophilus. (3) Josiah. (4) John, who died at Woburn, 7 Jan. 1642-3. (5) Jonathan; died young. (6) James. (7) Ruth, born at Woburn, 23 Aug. and died 7 Sept. 1643. Ezekiel Richardson died 21 Oct. 1647.

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Ezekiel Richardson (Immigrant)'s Timeline

1591
July 6, 1591
Westmill, Hertfordshire, England
July 6, 1591
Westmill, Hertfordshire, England
July 6, 1591
Westmill, Hertfordshire, Eng
July 6, 1591
Westmill, Hertfordshire, England
1606
September 24, 1606
Westmill, Hertfordshire, England
1606
Westmill, Hertfordshire, England
1630
1630
Age 24
1630
Age 24
1630
Age 24
1630
Age 24
Charlestown, MA