Ezra "the Scribe"

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Ezra "the Scribe" .

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About Ezra "the Scribe"

  • Esdras (en hébreu : עזרא - Ezra) est un prêtre et scribe juif qui a mené environ 5000 exilés Judéens de Babylone à Jérusalem en 459 av. J.-C. Il a reconstitué la communauté juive dispersée sur le fondement de la Torah et avec un accent sur la loi. Selon la Bible hébraïque, il a résolu la menace identitaire que posent les mariages mixtes entre Juifs et étrangers et a apporté une lecture précise de la Torah. Esdras est grandement respecté dans la tradition juive. Sa connaissance de la Torah est considérée comme ayant été égale à celle de Moïse. Comme Moïse, Hénoch et David, Esdras a reçu le titre honorifique de scribe et est appelé Esdras le Scribe (en hébreu : עזרא הסופר - Ezra HaSofer) dans la tradition juive. Il est aujourd'hui, chez les juifs, le symbole des courants anti-diaspora.
  • Ezra (Hebrew: עזרא, Ezra fl. 480–440 BC), also called Ezra the Scribe (Hebrew: עזרא הסופר, Ezra ha-Sofer) and Ezra the Priest in the Book of Ezra. According to the Hebrew Bible he returned from the Babylonian exile and reintroduced the Torah in Jerusalem (Ezra 7-10 and Neh 8). According to First Esdras, a non-canonical Greek translation of the Book of Ezra, he was also a high priest. His name may be an abbreviation of Azaryahu, "God-helps". In the Greek Septuagint the name is rendered Esdras (Greek: Ἔσδρας), from which Latin: Esdras. The Book of Ezra describes how he led a group of Judean exiles living in Babylon to their home city of Jerusalem (Ezra 8.2-14) where he enforced observance of the Torah and cleansed the community of mixed marriages. Ezra, known as "Ezra the scribe" in Chazalic literature, is a highly respected figure in Judaism.
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