Ezzo, Pfalzgraf am Rhein

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Ezzo - Ehrenfried I Pfalzgraf von Lothringen (von Schwaben)

Nicknames: "Ezzo Palatine", "aka Ehrenfried (Erenfried) (von BONNGAU) von RHEINPFALZ; aka Ezzo of the RHINE; von LOTHRINGEN"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Death: Died in Saalfeld,Mulhausen,Thüringen,Germany
Place of Burial: Brauweiler, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Hermann Eifelgau der Kleine von Bonngau I and Hedwig van Rhein
Husband of Mathilde von Sachsen, Princess of the Holy Roman Empire
Father of Ludolph von Lothringen, Herr zu Waldenburg und Zütphen; Otto II, Duke of Swabia (987-1047); Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia; Herman II von Köln, Archbishop; Adelheid de Lorraine and 8 others
Half brother of Count Adolf I of Keldachgau; Abbess of Nivelles Richenza; Count Hezzelin I of Zulpichgau and Adolf I von Deutz, Graf im Keldachgau

Occupation: Count of the Palatinate, Pfalzgreve, Herenfried, Palatin, Graf, Greve, Greve af Lorraine
Managed by: Peter Cornelis Gerardus Spiering
Last Updated:

About Ezzo - Ehrenfried I Pfalzgraf von Lothringen (von Schwaben)

Other names for Ezzo were Ehrenfried and Ezzo of Palatine.

General Notes:

Ezzo eller var pfalzgreve i Lothringen.

Han stammet fra en greveslekt som bodde i Bonnregionen. Hans far var i det 10. århundre i besittelse av det lothringske Pfalz-grevskapet. Dette sto i forbindelse med Pfalz i Achen.

Ezzo hadde eiendommer i Thüringen og Østfranken og nevnes først som pfalzgreve i dokumenter fra 1020. Han opptråtte på Otto III's side.

Ezzo døde på sin eiendom Saalfeld etter sigende ca. 90 år gammel.

Research Notes:

Ezzo or Ehrenfried (c. 954 - March 21, 1024), count palatine in Lorraine, was the son of a certain Hermann (d. c. 1000), also a count palatine in Lorraine who had possessions in the neighbourhood of Bonn.

Having married Matilda (d. 1025), a daughter of the emperor Otto II, Ezzo came to the front during the reign of his brother-in-law, the emperor Otto III. (983-1002); his power was increased owing to the liberal grant of lands in Thuringia and Franconia which he received with his wife, and some time later his position as count palatine was recognized as an hereditary dignity. Otto's successor, the emperor Henry II, was less friendly towards the powerful count palatine, though there was no serious trouble between them until 1011; but some disturbances in Lorraine quickly compelled the emperor to come to terms, and the assistance of Ezzo was purchased by a gift of lands.

Henceforward the relations between Henry and his vassal appear to have been satisfactory. Very little is known about Ezzo's later life, but we are told that he died at a great age at Saalfeld on the 21st of March 1024. He left three sons, among them being Hermann, who was archbishop of Cologne from 1036 to 1056, and Otto, who was for a short time duke of Swabia; and seven daughters, six of whom became abbesses. Ezzo founded a monastery at Brauweiler near Cologne, the place where his marriage had been celebrated. This was dedicated in 1028 by Piligrim, archbishop of Cologne, and here both Ezzo and his wife were buried. 3

Noted events in his life were:

• He was a Count Palatine.

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Biografi - Biography

Ezzo eller «Ehrenfried» var pfalzgreve i Lothringen.

Han stammet fra en greveslekt som bodde i Bonnregionen. Hans far var i det 10. århundre i besittelse av det lothringske Pfalz-grevskapet. Dette sto i forbindelse med Pfalz i Achen.

Ezzo hadde eiendommer i Thüringen og Østfranken og nevnes først som pfalzgreve i dokumenter fra 1020. Han opptråtte på Otto III's side.

Ezzo døde på sin eiendom Saalfeld etter sigende ca. 90 år gammel. 1

1.

Allgemeine deutsche Biographie. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 36. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 67, 80.

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Lothrangian Count Palatine

http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Ezzo

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Ezzo (c. 955 – 21 March 1034), sometimes called Erenfried, Count Palatine of Lotharingia of the Ezzonen dynasty, was the son of Herman I.

Having married Matilda of Germany (died 1025), a daughter of Emperor Otto II and Theophanu, Ezzo became prominent during the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Otto III. His power was increased due to the liberal grant of lands in Thuringia and Franconia which his wife received out of Ottonian possessions. Candidate to the imperial throne at the death of Otto III, he received huge territories (Kaiserswerth, Duisburg, and Saalfeld) for renouncing to the throne, making him the most powerful man in the empire after the emperor. Otto's successor, Emperor Henry II, was less friendly towards the powerful count, although there was no serious trouble between them until 1011. Some disturbances in Lotharingia quickly forced the emperor to come to terms, and Ezzo's assistance was purchased with additional imperial fiefs.

After this, the relations between Henry and his vassal appear to have been satisfactory. Very little is known about Ezzo's later life, but we are told that he died at a great age at Saalfeld on 21 March 1034.

Ezzo founded Brauweiler Abbey near Cologne, the place where his marriage had been celebrated. It was dedicated in 1028 by Piligrim, archbishop of Cologne. Ezzo and his wife were buried at Brauweiler.

[edit]Children

He and Mathilda left three sons and seven daughters:

Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.

Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.

Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.

Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.

Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.

Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).

Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.

Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.

Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.

Ida (died 1060), Abbess of Cologne and Gandersheim Abbey (founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

[edit]Sources

Kimpen, E., ‘Ezzonen und Hezeliniden in der rheinischen Pfalzgrafschaft’, Mitteilungen des Österreichischen Instituts für Geschichtsforschung. XII. Erg.-Band. (Innsbruck 1933) S.1-91.

Lewald, Ursula, 'Die Ezzonen. Das Schicksal eines rheinischen Fürstengeschlechts', Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter 43 (1979) S.120-168

Steinbach, F., ‘Die Ezzonen. Ein Versuch territorialpolitischen Zusammenschlusses der fränkischen Rheinlande’, Collectanea Franz Steinbach. Aufsätze und Abhandlungen zur Verfassungs-, Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, geschichtlichen Landeskunde und Kulturraumforschung, ed. F. Petri en G. Droege (Bonn 1967) S.64-81.

Van Droogenbroeck, F.J., ‘Paltsgraaf Herman II (†1085) en de stichting van de abdij van Affligem (28 juni 1062)’, Jaarboek voor Middeleeuwse Geschiedenis 2 (Hilversum 1999) S.38-95.

Van Droogenbroeck, F.J., ‘De betekenis van paltsgraaf Herman II (1064-1085) voor het graafschap Brabant’, Eigen Schoon en De Brabander 87 (Brussels 2004) S.1-166.

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 147-21, 147A-21, 147-22

The Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III and Queen Phillippa by George Andrews Moriarty

Preceded by

Hermann I Count Palatine of Lotharingia

1015–1034 Succeeded by

Otto I

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Ezzo (circa 955 – 21 March 1034), sometimes called Erenfried, Count Palatine of Lotharingia of the Ezzonen dynasty, was the son of Herman I.

Having married Matilda of Saxony (died 1025), a daughter of Emperor Otto II and Theophanu, Ezzo became prominent during the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Otto III. His power was increased due to the liberal grant of lands in Thuringia and Franconia which his wife received out of Ottonian possessions. Candidate to the imperial throne at the death of Otto III, he received huge territories (Kaiserswerth, Duisburg, and Saalfeld) for renouncing to the throne, making him the most powerful man in the empire after the emperor. Otto's successor, Emperor Henry II, was less friendly towards the powerful count, although there was no serious trouble between them until 1011. Some disturbances in Lotharingia quickly forced the emperor to come to terms, and Ezzo's assistance was purchased with additional imperial fiefs.

After this, the relations between Henry and his vassal appear to have been satisfactory. Very little is known about Ezzo's later life, but we are told that he died at a great age at Saalfeld on 21 March 1034.

Ezzo founded the Brauweiler Abbey near Cologne, the place where his marriage had been celebrated. It was dedicated in 1028 by Piligrim, archbishop of Cologne. Ezzo and his wife were buried at Brauweiler

He and Mathilda left three sons and seven daughters:

Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.

Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.

Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.

Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.

Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.

Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).

Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.

Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.

Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.

Ida (died 1060), Abbess in Cologne and Gandersheim (Abbey founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

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http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezzo_%28Lothringen%29

Ezzo (Lothringen)

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Erenfrid (genannt: Ezzo) (* um 955 in Lothringen; † 21. Mai 1034 in Saalfeld/Thüringen) war Pfalzgraf von Lothringen. Für ihn finden sich auch die verkleinernden Schreibweisen "Ezelin", "Hezelin", "Hezelo" bzw. "Hezilo". Seine Nachfahren heißen Ezzonen.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

[Anzeigen]

   * 1 Leben
   * 2 Nachkommen
   * 3 Literatur
   * 4 Weblinks

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Die Eltern von Ezzo waren Pfalzgraf Hermann I. von Lothringen († 996) und Heylwig/Heilwig von Dillingen. Ezzo heiratete Mathilde (um 979–1025), die Tochter des Kaisers Otto II..

Um eine standesgemäße Versorgung der Kaisertochter zu sichern, erhielt Ezzo zahlreiche Grafschaften und Vogteien, unter anderem den Auelgau oder die Waldenburg im Sauerland, aber auch die Reichsdomäne Saalfeld und den Orlagau, zu dem damals auch die Gebiete südwestlich von Saalfeld bis zum Gebirgskamm gehörten.

Er kontrollierte die großen Fernwege, z.B. mit Hilfe der Tomburg bei Rheinbach (ab 1000) und des Siegburger Michaelsberges. Damit begann ein Machtkampf mit dem Erzbistum Köln.

1024 gründeten die Eheleute das Benediktinerkloster Brauweiler, in dem beide auch beigesetzt sind.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

Aus der Ehe mit Mathilde sind zehn Kinder hervorgegangen:

   * Hermann II. (995–1056), Erzbischof von Köln von 1035 bis 1056.
   * Richeza (um 994–1063), 1013 verheiratet mit Mieszko II. Lambert, König von Polen († 1034).
   * Ludolf von Brauweiler und Waldenburg (um 998–1031).
   * Otto (um 998–1047), Pfalzgraf von Lothringen 1035–1045 und Herzog von Schwaben zwischen 1045 und 1047.
   * Adelheid, Stiftsdame, möglicherweise Äbtissin von Nijvel (Nivelles).
   * Ida, Äbtissin von Maria im Capitol in Köln und von Stift Gandersheim.
   * Theophanu, Äbtissin von Stift Essen und Stift Gerresheim.
   * Heylwig/Heilwig, Äbtissin von Neuss, Vilich und Dietkirchen (gegenüber Vilich auf der anderen Rheinseite)
   * Sophia/Sophie († vor 1031)
   * Mathilde, Äbtissin von Dietkirchen und Vilich.

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Theodor Henner: Ezzo. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 6. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, S. 465 f.
   * Ezzo (Lothringen). In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL).

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * Ezzo bei genealogie-mittelalter

Vorgänger Amt Nachfolger

Hermann I. Pfalzgraf von Lothringen

1015–1034 Otto

Normdaten: PND: 124283209 – weitere Informationen

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 8. September 2009 um 20:28 Uhr geändert.

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Ezzo (circa 955 – 21 March 1034), sometimes called Erenfried, Count Palatine of Lotharingia of the Ezzonen dynasty, was the son of Herman I.

Having married Matilda of Saxony (died 1025), a daughter of Emperor Otto II and Theophanu, Ezzo became prominent during the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Otto III. His power was increased due to the liberal grant of lands in Thuringia and Franconia which his wife received out of Ottonian possessions. Candidate to the imperial throne at the death of Otto III, he received huge territories (Kaiserswerth, Duisburg, and Saalfeld) for renouncing to the throne, making him the most powerful man in the empire after the emperor. Otto's successor, Emperor Henry II, was less friendly towards the powerful count, although there was no serious trouble between them until 1011. Some disturbances in Lotharingia quickly forced the emperor to come to terms, and Ezzo's assistance was purchased with additional imperial fiefs.

After this, the relations between Henry and his vassal appear to have been satisfactory. Very little is known about Ezzo's later life, but we are told that he died at a great age at Saalfeld on 21 March 1034.

Ezzo founded the Brauweiler Abbey near Cologne, the place where his marriage had been celebrated. It was dedicated in 1028 by Piligrim, archbishop of Cologne. Ezzo and his wife were buried at Brauweiler

He and Mathilda left three sons and seven daughters:

Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.

Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.

Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.

Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.

Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.

Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).

Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.

Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.

Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.

Ida (died 1060), Abbess in Cologne and Gandersheim (Abbey founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony). -------------------- Ezzo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ezzo (circa 955 – 21 March 1034), sometimes called Erenfried, Count Palatine of Lotharingia of the Ezzonen dynasty, was the son of Herman I.

Having married Matilda of Saxony (died 1025), a daughter of Emperor Otto II and Theophanu, Ezzo became prominent during the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Otto III. His power was increased due to the liberal grant of lands in Thuringia and Franconia which his wife received out of Ottonian possessions. Candidate to the imperial throne at the death of Otto III, he received huge territories (Kaiserswerth, Duisburg, and Saalfeld) for renouncing to the throne, making him the most powerful man in the empire after the emperor. Otto's successor, Emperor Henry II, was less friendly towards the powerful count, although there was no serious trouble between them until 1011. Some disturbances in Lotharingia quickly forced the emperor to come to terms, and Ezzo's assistance was purchased with additional imperial fiefs.

After this, the relations between Henry and his vassal appear to have been satisfactory. Very little is known about Ezzo's later life, but we are told that he died at a great age at Saalfeld on 21 March 1034.

Ezzo founded the Brauweiler Abbey near Cologne, the place where his marriage had been celebrated. It was dedicated in 1028 by Piligrim, archbishop of Cologne. Ezzo and his wife were buried at Brauweiler.

[edit]Children

He and Mathilda left three sons and seven daughters:

Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.

Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.

Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.

Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.

Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.

Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).

Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.

Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.

Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.

Ida (died 1060), Abbess in Cologne and Gandersheim (Abbey founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

[edit]Sources

Kimpen, E., ‘Ezzonen und Hezeliniden in der rheinischen Pfalzgrafschaft’, Mitteilungen des Österreichischen Instituts für Geschichtsforschung. XII. Erg.-Band. (Innsbruck 1933) S.1-91.

Lewald, Ursula, 'Die Ezzonen. Das Schicksal eines rheinischen Fürstengeschlechts', Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter 43 (1979) S.120-168

Steinbach, F., ‘Die Ezzonen. Ein Versuch territorialpolitischen Zusammenschlusses der fränkischen Rheinlande’, Collectanea Franz Steinbach. Aufsätze und Abhandlungen zur Verfassungs-, Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, geschichtlichen Landeskunde und Kulturraumforschung, ed. F. Petri en G. Droege (Bonn 1967) S.64-81.

Van Droogenbroeck, F.J., ‘Paltsgraaf Herman II (†1085) en de stichting van de abdij van Affligem (28 juni 1062)’, Jaarboek voor Middeleeuwse Geschiedenis 2 (Hilversum 1999) S.38-95.

Van Droogenbroeck, F.J., ‘De betekenis van paltsgraaf Herman II (1064-1085) voor het graafschap Brabant’, Eigen Schoon en De Brabander 87 (Brussels 2004) S.1-166.

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 147-21, 147A-21, 147-22

The Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III and Queen Phillippa by George Andrews Moriarty -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezzo,_Count_Palatine_of_Lotharingia

view all 22

Ezzo, Pfalzgraf am Rhein's Timeline

955
955
Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
985
985
Age 30
Zutphen, Germany
987
987
Age 32
Herzogtum Schwaben (present Bavaria), Heiliges Römisches Reich (present Germany)
995
995
Age 40
Lorraine, France
996
996
Age 41
Koln, Germany
1000
1000
Age 45
France
1000
Age 45
Lorraine, Germany
1003
1003
Age 48
Lorraine, Germany
1005
1005
Age 50
Lorraine, Germany
1006
1006
Age 51
Lorraine, Germany