Ferdinando de' Medici (1549 - 1609)

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Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Death: Died in Florence, Italy
Occupation: Grand Duke of Tuscany (1587-1609), Cardinal
Managed by: Carole (Erickson) Pomeroy, Vol. Curator
Last Updated:

About Ferdinando de' Medici

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinando_I_de%27_Medici,_Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany

Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (30 July 1549 – 17 February 1609) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1587 to 1609, having succeeded his older brother Francesco I.

Biography

Ferdinando was the fifth son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo, the daughter of Don Pedro Alvarez de Toledo, the Spanish viceroy of Naples. He was created a Cardinal in 1562 at the age of 14 and succeeded his brother Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1587 at the age of 38. He had already proved an able administrator in Rome. He founded the Villa Medici in Rome and acquired many works of art, which he then brought back to Florence with him.

He retained the office of Cardinal after he became Grand Duke, until he married Christine of Lorraine in 1589 [1]. Until the advent of Pope Urban VIII, Cardinals were not obliged to become ordained clerics, even though most were ordained in the Holy Orders of Deacon, Priest, or Bishop. Thus, the title and power associated with the title became greatly coveted.

When he died in 1609, he left four sons, of whom the oldest, Cosimo, inherited the throne at the age of 19. Ferdinando's daughter, Claudia (1604–1648) married Federico Ubaldo, Duke of Urbino, whilst another daughter was Maria Maddalena de' Medici.

Reign

In many ways, Ferdinando was the opposite of his brother who preceded him. Approachable and generous, he set out to rule mildly. He re-established the justice system and was genuinely concerned about the welfare of his subjects. During his reign, Tuscany revived and regained the independence his brother had given up.

Ferdinando fostered commerce and gained great wealth through the Medici banks, which were established in all the major cities of Europe. He enacted an edict of tolerance for Jews and heretics[1], and Livorno became a haven for Spanish Jews, expelled from Iberia in 1492, as well as other persecuted foreigners. He established the Medici Oriental Press (Typographia Medicea), which published numerous books in the Arabic script.

He improved the harbor Cosimo had built and diverted part of the flow of the Arno River into a canal called the Naviglio, which aided commerce between Florence and Pisa. He fostered an irrigation project in the Val di Chiana, which allowed the flatlands around Pisa and Fucecchio and in the Val di Nievole to be cultivated.

His foreign policy attempted to free Tuscany from Spanish domination. After the assassination of Henry III of France in 1589, he supported Henry IV of France in his struggles against the Catholic League. Ferdinando lent Henry money and encouraged him to convert to Catholicism, which he eventually did. Ferdinando also used his influence with the Pope to get him to accept Henry's conversion.

Henry showed no appreciation for these favors, and Ferdinando let the relationship cool, maintaining his cherished independence. He supported Philip III of Spain in his campaign in Algeria and the Holy Roman Emperor in his against the Turks. For these undertakings, he found it necessary to raise taxes on his subjects. He finally obtained the formal investiture of Siena, which his father had conquered.

Ferdinando also strengthened the Tuscan fleet, and it saw victories against pirates on the Barbary coast in 1607, and against a superior Turkish fleet the following year.

He also dreamed of a small African empire, and then considered the possibility of a colony in Brasil[2]. Ferdinando organised an expedition in 1608 under the command of Captain Thornton to northern Brasil and the Amazon river in order to create a colony.

He was succeeded by his eldest son, who reigned as Cosimo II.

Issue

Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1590–1621); married Maria Maddalena of Austria and had issue;

Eleonora de' Medici (1591–1617) died unmarried

Catherine de' Medici (1593–1629); married Ferdinando Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, later Governor of Siena;

Francesco de' Medici (1594–1614) died unmarried;

Carlo de' Medici (1595–1666) died unmarried;

Filippino de' Medici (1598–1602) died unmarried;

Lorenzo de' Medici (1599–1648) died unmarried;

Maria Maddalena de' Medici (1600–1633) died unmarried;

Claudia de' Medici (1604–1648); married (1) Federico della Rovere and had issue; (2) Leopold V, Archduke of Austria and had issue.

Ferdinando I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana ▼1

M, #112054, b. 30 July 1549, d. 17 February 1609

Last Edited=15 May 2009

Ferdinando I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana was born on 30 July 1549. ▼3 He was the son of Cosimo I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Eleanora de Toledo. He married Christine de Lorraine, daughter of Charles III, Duc de Lorraine and Claude de Valois, Princesse de France, on 3 May 1589. ▼2

He died on 17 February 1609 at age 59. ▼2

    Ferdinando I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana succeeded to the title of Granduca di Toscana in 1587. ▼4

Children of Ferdinando I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Christine de Lorraine

-1. Cosimo II de Medici, Granduca di Toscana+ b. 1590, d. 1621

-2. Claudia de Medici, Principessa di Toscana+ ▼1 b. 1604, d. 1648

Source / Forrás:

http://thepeerage.com/p11206.htm#i112054

--------------------

Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (30 July 1549 – 17 February 1609) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1587 to 1609, having succeeded his older brother Francesco I.

Ferdinando was the fifth son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo, the daughter of Don Pedro Alvarez de Toledo, the Spanish viceroy of Naples. He was created a Cardinal in 1562 at the age of 14 and succeeded his brother Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1587 at the age of 38. He had already proved an able administrator in Rome. He founded the Villa Medici in Rome and acquired many works of art, which he then brought back to Florence with him.

Ferdinando I de' Medici, Cardinal (from 1562 to 1589).

He retained the office of Cardinal after he became Grand Duke, until he married Christine of Lorraine in 1589 [1]. Until the advent of Pope Urban VIII, Cardinals were not obliged to become ordained clerics, even though most were ordained in the Holy Orders of Deacon, Priest, or Bishop. Thus, the title and power associated with the title became greatly coveted.

When he died in 1609, he left four sons, of whom the oldest, Cosimo, inherited the throne at the age of 19. Ferdinando's daughter, Claudia (1604–1648) married Federico Ubaldo, Duke of Urbino, whilst another daughter was Maria Maddalena de' Medici.

[edit]Reign

In many ways, Ferdinando was the opposite of his brother who preceded him. Approachable and generous, he set out to rule mildly. He re-established the justice system and was genuinely concerned about the welfare of his subjects. During his reign, Tuscany revived and regained the independence his brother had given up.

Evangelium Sanctum Domini Nostri Jesu Christi in Arabic, 1590, with Arabic types of Robert Granjon, Typographia Medicea, Rome.

Ferdinando fostered commerce and gained great wealth through the Medici banks, which were established in all the major cities of Europe. He enacted an edict of tolerance for Jews and heretics[1], and Livorno became a haven for Spanish Jews, expelled from Iberia in 1492, as well as other persecuted foreigners. He established the Medici Oriental Press (Typographia Medicea), which published numerous books in the Arabic script.

He improved the harbor Cosimo had built and diverted part of the flow of the Arno River into a canal called the Naviglio, which aided commerce between Florence and Pisa. He fostered an irrigation project in the Val di Chiana, which allowed the flatlands around Pisa and Fucecchio and in the Val di Nievole to be cultivated.

His foreign policy attempted to free Tuscany from Spanish domination. After the assassination of Henry III of France in 1589, he supported Henry IV of France in his struggles against the Catholic League. Ferdinando lent Henry money and encouraged him to convert to Catholicism, which he eventually did. Ferdinando also used his influence with the Pope to get him to accept Henry's conversion.

Henry showed no appreciation for these favors, and Ferdinando let the relationship cool, maintaining his cherished independence. He supported Philip III of Spain in his campaign in Algeria and the Holy Roman Emperor in his against the Turks. For these undertakings, he found it necessary to raise taxes on his subjects. He finally obtained the formal investiture of Siena, which his father had conquered.

Ferdinando also strengthened the Tuscan fleet, and it saw victories against pirates on the Barbary coast in 1607, and against a superior Turkish fleet the following year.

He also dreamed of a small African empire, and then considered the possibility of a colony in Brasil[2]. Ferdinando organised an expedition in 1608 under the command of Captain Thornton to northern Brasil and the Amazon river in order to create a colony.

He was succeeded by his eldest son, who reigned as Cosimo II.

[edit] -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinando_I_de%27_Medici,_Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinando_I_de%27_Medici,_Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany

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Ferdinando I de' Medici, granduca di Toscana (Granduke)'s Timeline

1549
July 30, 1549
Florence, Italy
1589
May 2, 1589
Age 39
1590
May 12, 1590
Age 40
Florence
1593
May 2, 1593
Age 43
1595
March 19, 1595
Age 45
1600
June 29, 1600
Age 50
1604
June 4, 1604
Age 54
Florence, Italy
1605
1605
Age 55
Florence, Italy
1609
February 17, 1609
Age 59
Florence, Italy
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