Fernando II de Castilla y León, rey de León (1137 - 1188) MP

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Nicknames: "Fernando II de Borgoña", "King Fernando II of Leon", "King Of Leon /Fernando Ii/", "Rei de León"
Death: Died in Benavente, Castille and Leon, Spain
Occupation: Rey de León y Galicia (1157-1188), Râegent de Castille, KING OF LEON, King of Leon and Gilicia, Rei de Leao, roi de Léon et Galice, King, King of León and Galicia, Roi, de Léon, King of Leon, Rey de Leon, Rey de León, Rey
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Fernando II de Castilla y León, rey de León

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_II_of_Le%C3%B3n

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_II_de_Le%C3%B3n

Rey de Leon, hijo y sucesor de Alfonso VII el Emperador y de doña Berenguela, hija de Ramón Berenger, conde de Barcelona, España (1157-1188). Su padre repartió sus estados entre sus hijos, y dejó Castilla a Sancho III, y León, a Fernando. Éste tuvo aspiraciones absorbentes sobre los territorios de su hermano, pero no pudo lograrlas. Muerto Sancho y asolada Castilla durante la menoría de edad de Alfonso VIII por las discordias civiles, patrocinadas por las dos poderosas familias Castro y Lara, intervino en los asuntos castellanos, más bien por cuenta propia que en defensa de de los intereses de su sobrino; mas tampoco pudo conseguir sus propósitos, y su conducta fue causa de que se mantuviese el estado de guerra entre León y Castilla hasta 1180. Luchó contra los musulmanes en el sur, impulsando la reconquista de Extremadura, se apoderó de Yelves y Alcántara, y aunque tomó Cáceres en el 1184, fue por poco tiempo. También combatió con su suegro, Alfonso Enríquez, rey de Portugal, a quien, luego de ser vencido y hecho prisionero, devolvió la libertad sin condiciones. Murió en Benavente, cuando regresaba de una peregrinación a Santiago de Compostela. Creador de la orden de Santiago de Compostela. -------------------- Family By Urraca, married, around 1165, Ferdinand had his son and successor:

Alfonso IX. Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Theresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having:

Ferdinand (1178-1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro, daughter of Lópe Díaz de Haro, who he married in May 1187, having:

García (1182-1184) Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father. Sancho (1186-1220), lord of Fines

[edit] References Szabolcs de Vajay, "From Alfonso VIII to Alfonso X" in Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, 1989, pp. 366-417.

-------------------- Ferdinand II (1137 – 22 January 1188) was King of León and Galicia from 1157 to his death.

-------------------- Ferdinand II (b. 1137 in Toledo, Castile, d. January 22, 1188) was the son of Alfonso VII of Castile and León and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona, and king of León from 1157 to his death. His father divided his kingdom upon his death, with Ferdinand receiving Leon and Galicia and Sancho receiving Castile.

His reign of thirty years was one of strife marked by no signal success or reverse. He had to contend with his unruly nobles, several of whom he put to death. During the minority of his nephew, Alfonso VIII of Castile, he endeavoured to impose himself on the kingdom as regent. On the west he was in more or less constant strife with the Kingdom of Portugal, which had separated from León in 1139. His relations with the Portuguese House of Burgundy must have suffered by his repudiation of his wife Urraca, daughter of King Afonso I of Portugal. Though he took the King of Portugal prisoner in 1169, he made no political use of his success. He extended his dominions southward in Extremadura at the expense of the Moors.

Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty. He was succeeded by his only son, Alfonso IX. -------------------- Ferdinand II (b. 1137 in Toledo, Castile, d. January 22, 1188) was the son of Alfonso VII of Castile and León and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona, and king of León from 1157 to his death. His father divided his kingdom upon his death, with Ferdinand receiving León and Sancho receiving Castile.

His reign of thirty years was one of strife marked by no signal success or reverse. He had to contend with his unruly nobles, several of whom he put to death. During the minority of his nephew, Alfonso VIII of Castile, he endeavoured to impose himself on the kingdom as regent. On the west he was in more or less constant strife with the Kingdom of Portugal, which had separated from León in 1139. His relations to the Portuguese House of Burgundy must have suffered by his repudiation of his wife Urraca, daughter of King Afonso I of Portugal. Though he took the King of Portugal prisoner in 1169, he made no political use of his success. He extended his dominions southward in Extremadura at the expense of the Moors. Ferdinand, who died in 1188, left the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty. He was succeeded by his only son, Alfonso IX. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_II_of_Le%C3%B3n -------------------- History: Ferdinand II (of León) (1137-88), king of León (1157-88). He was the second son of Alfonso II, king of Castile, who was also king of León as Alfonso VII. Ferdinand was noted both for his intermittent wars with Castile and Portugal and for his reorganization, about 1170, of the military Order of Saint James of the Sword (Santiago de la Espada) to participate in the campaign to drive the Moors from Spain.

History: Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2002. © 1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. -------------------- Ferdinand II of León From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferdinand II (b. 1137 in Toledo, Castile, d. January 22, 1188) was the son of Alfonso VII of Castile and León and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona, and king of León from 1157 to his death. His father divided his kingdom upon his death, with Ferdinand receiving Leon and Galicia and Sancho receiving Castile and Toledo. His reign of thirty years was one of strife marked by no signal success or reverse. He had to contend with his unruly nobles, several of whom he put to death. During the minority of his nephew, Alfonso VIII of Castile, he endeavoured to impose himself on the kingdom as regent. On the west he was in more or less constant strife with the Kingdom of Portugal, which had separated from León in 1139. His relations with the Portuguese House of Burgundy must have suffered by his repudiation of his wife Urraca, daughter of King Afonso I of Portugal. Though he took the King of Portugal prisoner in 1169, he made no political use of his success. He extended his dominions southward in Extremadura at the expense of the Moors. Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty. By Urraca, Ferdinand had his son and successor: Alfonso IX. Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Theresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having: Ferdinand (1178-1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro, daughter of Lópe Díaz de Haro, who he married in May 1187, having: García (1182-1184) Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father. Sancho (1186-1220), lord of Fines

-------------------- Ferdinand II of León From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search


Ferdinand, from the Tumbo A cartulary of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.Ferdinand II (1137 – 22 January 1188) was King of León and Galicia from 1157 to his death.

Born in Toledo, Castile, he was the son of King Alfonso VII of Castile and León and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona. At his father's death, he received the León and Galicia, while his brother Sancho received Castile and Toledo.[1] Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty.

He spent most of his first year as king in a dispute with his powerful nobles and an invasion by his brother Sancho III.[2] In 1158 the two brother met at Sahagun, and peacefully solved the heritage matters. However, Sancho died in the same year, being succeeded by his child son Alfonso VIII, while Ferdinand occupied parts of Castile.[3] The boundary troubles with Castile restarted in 1164: he then met at Soria with the Lara family, who represented Alfonso VIII, and a truce was established, allowing him to move against the Muslim Almoravids who still held much of southern Spain, and to capture the cities of Alcántara and Alburquerque. In the same year, Ferdinand defeated King Afonso I of Portugal, who, in 1163, had occupied Salamanca in retaliation for the repopulation of the area ordered by the King of León.

In 1165 he married Urraca, daughter of Afonso of Portugal. However, strife with Portugal was not put to an end by this move. In 1168 Afonso again felt menaced by Ferdinand II's repopulation of the area of Ciudad Rodrigo: he then attacked Galicia, occupying Tui and the territory of Xinzo de Limia, former fiefs of his mother. However, as his troops were also besieging the Muslim citadel of Badajoz, Ferdinand II was able to push the Portuguese out of Galicia and to rush to Badajoz. When Afonso saw the Leonese arrive tried to flee, but he was disabled by a broken leg caused by a fall from his horse, and made prisoner at one the city's gate. Afonso was obliged to surrender as his ransom almost all the conquests he had made in Galicia in the previous year. In the peace signed at Pontevedra the following year, Ferdinand got back twenty five castle, and the cities of Cáceres, Badajoz, Trujillo, Santa Cruz and Montánchez, previously lost by León. When in the same years the Almoravids laid siege to the Portuguese city of Santarém, Ferdinand II came to help his father-in-law, and helped to free the city from the menace.

Also in 1170, Ferdinand created the military-religious Order of Santiago de Compostela, with the task to protect the pilgrim travelling to the tomb of the apostle James in the cathedral of Compostela. The order had its seat first in Cáceres and then in Uclés.

In 1175 pope Alexander VII considered Ferdinand II and Urraca of Portugal as third grade relatives, and forced them to divide. The King remarried to Teresa Nuñez de Lara, daughter of count Nuño de Lara. In 1178 war against Castile broke out. Ferdinand surprised his nephew Alfonso VIII, occupied Castrojeriz and Dueñas. The war was settled in 1180 with the peace of Tordesillas. In the same year his wife Teresa died while bearing their second son.

In 1184, after a series of failed attempts, the Almoravid caliph Yusuf ibn Tashfin invaded Portugal with an army recruited in Northern Africa and, in May, besieged Afonso I in Santarém; the Portuguese were helped by the arrival of the armies sent by the archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, in June, and by Ferdinand II in July.

In 1185 Ferdinand married for the third time to Urraca López de Haro (daughter of Lope Díaz, lord of Biscay, Nájera and Haro]), who was his mistress since 1180. Urraca tried in vain to have Alfonso IX, first son of Ferdinand II, declared illegitimate, to favour her son Sancho.

Ferdinand II died in 1188 at Benavente, while returning from a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. He was buried in the cathedral of Compostela.

Contents [hide] 1 Family 2 Notes 3 References 4 Further Reading 5 External links


[edit] Family Ferdinand married Urraca around 1165, they had one son:

Alfonso IX.[4] Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Teresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having:[citation needed]

Ferdinand (1178-1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro,[5] daughter of Lope Díaz I de Haro, who he married in May 1187, having:

García (1182-1184) Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father. Sancho (1186-1220), lord of Fines -------------------- Ferdinand II (b. 1137 in Toledo, Castile, d. January 22, 1188) was King of León from 1157 to his death. He was the son of King Alfonso VII of Castile and León and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona. His father divided his kingdoms upon his death, with Ferdinand receiving León and Galicia, and another son, Sancho, receiving Castile and Toledo.

His reign of thirty years was one of strife marked by no signal success or reverse. He had to contend with his unruly nobles, several of whom he put to death. During the minority of his nephew, Alfonso VIII of Castile, he endeavoured to impose himself on the kingdom as regent. On the west he was in more or less constant strife with the Kingdom of Portugal, which had separated from León in 1139. His relations with the Portuguese House of Burgundy must have suffered by his repudiation of his wife Urraca, daughter of King Afonso I of Portugal. Though he took the King of Portugal prisoner in 1169, he made no political use of his success. He extended his dominions southward in Extremadura at the expense of the Moors.

Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty.

By Urraca, married, around 1165, Ferdinand had his son and successor:

Alfonso IX. Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Theresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having:

Ferdinand (1178-1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro, daughter of Lópe Díaz de Haro, who he married in May 1187, having:

García (1182-1184) Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father. Sancho (1186-1220), lord of Fines -------------------- Fernando II nació el año de 1137, en Toledo. Fue rey de León de 1157 a 1188. Casó con doña Urraca de Portugal (hija de Alfonso I de Portugal y Matilde de Saboya [ver Casa de Saboya], y nieta de Enrique de Borgoña y Teresa de Castilla -hija de Alfonso VI-), en Coimbra, el mes de mayo de 1165 (este matrimonio fue anulado en 1175). En segundas nupcias casó con Teresa (hija del conde Fernando de Trava de Trastamara, antes del 7-X-1178). En terceras nupcias casó con Urraca López de Haro, que murió después de 1226, y era hija del conde Lope Díaz de Haro y Aldonza Ruiz. Fernando II murió el 22-I-1188, en Benavente, Zamora. Tuvo por hijos a Alfonso XI (hijo de Urraca de Portugal), Fernando, Sancho (casó con Teresa Díaz de Haro) y García Fernández. -------------------- ID: I120252 Name: Ferdinand II Alfonsez Leon 1 Sex: M Birth: ABT 1137 in Of, CASTILE, Spain Death: 21 JAN 1186/87 in Leon, Spain Change Date: 14 JAN 2004

Father: Alfonso VII "Pierre-Raimund" CASTILE & LEON b: 1105 in Castilla, Spain Mother: Berenguela Raimundo De BARCELONA b: 1108 in BARCELONA, BARCELONA, Spain

Marriage 1 Urraca Affonsez Princess PORTUGAL b: 1151 in Of, Coimbra, Coimbra, PORTUGAL Married: 1160 in Leon, Spain 1 Children

Alfonso IX Fernandez Leon b: 1166 in Zamora, Leon, Spain

Sources: Title: GEDCOM File : 842428.ged Note: ABBR GEDCOM File : 842428.ged Text: 8 AUG 2000

—— 

-------------------- Ferdinand II (b. 1137 in Toledo, Castile, d. January 22, 1188) was King of León from 1157 to his death. He was the son of King Alfonso VII of Castile and León and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona. His father divided his kingdoms upon his death, with Ferdinand receiving León and Galicia, and another son, Sancho, receiving Castile and Toledo.

His reign of thirty years was one of strife marked by no signal success or reverse. He had to contend with his unruly nobles, several of whom he put to death. During the minority of his nephew, Alfonso VIII of Castile, he endeavoured to impose himself on the kingdom as regent. On the west he was in more or less constant strife with the Kingdom of Portugal, which had separated from León in 1139. His relations with the Portuguese House of Burgundy must have suffered by his repudiation of his wife Urraca, daughter of King Afonso I of Portugal. Though he took the King of Portugal prisoner in 1169, he made no political use of his success. He extended his dominions southward in Extremadura at the expense of the Moors.

Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty.

By Urraca, married, around 1165, Ferdinand had his son and successor:

Alfonso IX. Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Theresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having:

Ferdinand (1178-1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro, daughter of Lópe Díaz de Haro, who he married in May 1187, having:

García (1182-1184) Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father. Sancho (1186-1220), lord of Fines -------------------- Ferdinand created the mulitaz-rebgiories Order of Santiago de Compostela, with the task to protect the pilgrims traveling to the tomb of the Apostle James in the Cathedral of Compostela -------------------- Ferdinand II (1137 – 22 January 1188) was King of León and Galicia from 1157 to his death.

Born in Toledo, Castile, he was the son of King Alfonso VII of León and Castile and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona. At his father's death, he received the León and Galicia, while his brother Sancho received Castile and Toledo.[1] Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty.

He spent most of his first year as king in a dispute with his powerful nobles and an invasion by his brother Sancho III.[2] In 1158 the two brother met at Sahagun, and peacefully solved the heritage matters. However, Sancho died in the same year, being succeeded by his child son Alfonso VIII, while Ferdinand occupied parts of Castile.[3] The boundary troubles with Castile restarted in 1164: he then met at Soria with the Lara family, who represented Alfonso VIII, and a truce was established, allowing him to move against the Muslim Almoravids who still held much of southern Spain, and to capture the cities of Alcántara and Alburquerque. In the same year, Ferdinand defeated King Afonso I of Portugal, who, in 1163, had occupied Salamanca in retaliation for the repopulation of the area ordered by the King of León.

In 1165 he married Urraca, daughter of Afonso of Portugal. However, strife with Portugal was not put to an end by this move. In 1168 Afonso again felt menaced by Ferdinand II's repopulation of the area of Ciudad Rodrigo: he then attacked Galicia, occupying Tui and the territory of Xinzo de Limia, former fiefs of his mother. However, as his troops were also besieging the Muslim citadel of Badajoz, Ferdinand II was able to push the Portuguese out of Galicia and to rush to Badajoz. When Afonso saw the Leonese arrive tried to flee, but he was disabled by a broken leg caused by a fall from his horse, and made prisoner at one the city's gate. Afonso was obliged to surrender as his ransom almost all the conquests he had made in Galicia in the previous year. In the peace signed at Pontevedra the following year, Ferdinand got back twenty five castle, and the cities of Cáceres, Badajoz, Trujillo, Santa Cruz and Montánchez, previously lost by León. When in the same years the Almoravids laid siege to the Portuguese city of Santarém, Ferdinand II came to help his father-in-law, and helped to free the city from the menace.

Also in 1170, Ferdinand created the military-religious Order of Santiago de Compostela, with the task to protect the pilgrim travelling to the tomb of the apostle James in the cathedral of Compostela. The order had its seat first in Cáceres and then in Uclés.

In 1175 Pope Alexander III annulled Ferdinand II and Urraca of Portugal's marriage due to consanguinuity. The King remarried to Teresa Nuñez de Lara, daughter of count Nuño de Lara. In 1178 war against Castile broke out. Ferdinand surprised his nephew Alfonso VIII, occupied Castrojeriz and Dueñas. The war was settled in 1180 with the peace of Tordesillas. In the same year his wife Teresa died while bearing their second son.

In 1184, after a series of failed attempts, the Almohad caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf invaded Portugal with an army recruited in Northern Africa and, in May, besieged Afonso I in Santarém; the Portuguese were helped by the arrival of the armies sent by the archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, in June, and by Ferdinand II in July.

In 1185 Ferdinand married for the third time to Urraca López de Haro (daughter of Lope Díaz, lord of Biscay, Nájera and Haro), who was his mistress since 1180. Urraca tried in vain to have Alfonso IX, first son of Ferdinand II, declared illegitimate, to favour her son Sancho.

Ferdinand II died in 1188 at Benavente, while returning from a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. He was buried in the cathedral of Compostela.

Contents [hide] 1 Family 2 Notes 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External links


[edit] Family Ferdinand married Urraca around 1165, they had one son:

Alfonso IX.[4] Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Teresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having:[citation needed]

Ferdinand (1178-1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro,[5] daughter of Lope Díaz I de Haro, who he married in May 1187, having:

García (1182-1184) Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father. Sancho (1186-1220), lord of Fines [edit] Notes ^ Busk, M. M., The history of Spain and Portugal from B.C. 1000 to A.D. 1814, (Baldwin and Cradock, 1833), 31. ^ The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol.9, Ed. Thomas Spencer Baynes, (Henry G. Allen and Company, 1888), 80. ^ Busk, 32 ^ Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066-1399, (Heritage Books, 1996), 47. ^ Medieval Iberia: an encyclopedia, Ed. E. Michael Gerlis and Samuel G. Armistead, (Taylor & Francis, 2003), 329. [edit] References Busk, M. M., The history of Spain and Portugal from B.C. 1000 to A.D. 1814, Baldwin and Cradock, 1833. Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066-1399, Heritage Books, 1996. Medieval Iberia: an encyclopedia, Ed. E. Michael Gerlis and Samuel G. Armistead, Taylor & Francis, 2003. [edit] Further reading Szabolcs de Vajay, "From Alfonso VIII to Alfonso X" in Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, 1989, pp. 366-417.

-------------------- Son of the Emperor Alfonso VII, King of Leon and Queen Berengaria of Barcelona, his paternal grandparents were Count Raymond of Burgundy and Queen Urraca de León I, being the maternal grandparents of Barcelona Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona, and Countess his wife Dulce de Provence. They were his brothers, among others, Sancho III of Castile and Sancha of Castile and Barcelona, who married Sancho VI the Wise, King of Navarre. He was brother of Sancha de Castilla and Poland, who married Alfonso II the Chaste, king of Aragon. --------------------

Ferdinand II (of León) (1137-88), king of León (1157-88). He was the second son of Alfonso II, king of Castile, who was also king of León as Alfonso VII. Ferdinand was noted both for his intermittent wars with Castile and Portugal and for his reorganization, about 1170, of the military Order of Saint James of the Sword (Santiago de la Espada) to participate in the campaign to drive the Moors from Spain.

History: Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2002. © 1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. -------------------- Fernan Arias de Saavedra, Señor de esta casa y estados en 1070, Rico-hombre y valido del Rey D. García de Galicia , á quien por envidia de su privanza, valor y acierto mató el Conde don Rodrigo Froyaz de Trastamara en el Palacio Real y se pasó á Francia, originándose de esto grandes bandos y guerras que abrieron camino al Rey D. Sancho para prender á su hermano y apoderarse del Reino: Fernan entró á suceder á sus padres por haber muerto los moros á su hermano mayor Oduar Arias de Saavedra en una batalla, y casó con doña Teresa Mendez Sorred de Sotomayor.

(DICCIONARIO HISTÓRICO, GENEALÓGICO Y HERÁLDICO DE LAS FAMILIAS ILUSTRES DE LA MONARQUÍA ESPAÑOLA. - TOMO II http://books.google.com.uy/books)

--------------------

Fernan Arias de Saavedra, fué Señor de esta casa; sus estados y los de Arias y toda la tierra de Limia en 1147, y fundó el castillo de Batícela en 1164, siendo Rico-hombre de D. Alonso VII, su Alcaide de Compostela y su Capitan general de toda la gente de Galicia, siguiéndole la de Limia en la conquista de Almería; tambien fué Ricohombre de D. Fernando II de Leon y se halló en la batalla de Badajoz y prision del Rey D. Alonso Enriquez I de Portugal; fué casado con doña Teresa Bermudez de Trava, Fernan Arias de Saavedra, fué Señor de esta casa; sus estados y los de Arias y toda la tierra de Limia en 1147, y fundó el castillo de Batícela en 1164, siendo Rico-hombre de D. Alonso VII, su Alcaide de Compostela y su Capitan general de toda la gente de Galicia, siguiéndole la de Limia en la conquista de Almería; tambien fué Ricohombre de D. Fernando II de Leon y se halló en la batalla de Badajoz y prision del Rey D. Alonso Enriquez I de Portugal; fué casado con doña Teresa Bermudez de Trava, hija del Conde de Trastamara D. Bermudo Perez de Trava y de la Señora infanta doña Teresa Enriquez, su esposa, hermana del Rey Lusitano D. Enrique , por cuyo casamiento se pacificó la casa de Trava y la de Saavedra en sus enemistades.

(DICCIONARIO HISTÓRICO, GENEALÓGICO Y HERÁLDICO DE LAS FAMILIAS ILUSTRES DE LA MONARQUÍA ESPAÑOLA. - TOMO II http://books.google.com.uy/books) -------------------- Born in Toledo, Castile, he was the son of King Alfonso VII of León and Castile and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona. At his father's death, he received the León and Galicia, while his brother Sancho received Castile and Toledo.[1] Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty.

He spent most of his first year as king in a dispute with his powerful nobles and an invasion by his brother Sancho III.[2] In 1158 the two brother met at Sahagun, and peacefully solved the heritage matters. However, Sancho died in the same year, being succeeded by his child son Alfonso VIII, while Ferdinand occupied parts of Castile.[3] The boundary troubles with Castile restarted in 1164: he then met at Soria with the Lara family, who represented Alfonso VIII, and a truce was established, allowing him to move against the Muslim Almoravids who still held much of southern Spain, and to capture the cities of Alcántara and Alburquerque. In the same year, Ferdinand defeated King Afonso I of Portugal, who, in 1163, had occupied Salamanca in retaliation for the repopulation of the area ordered by the King of León.

In 1165 he married Urraca, daughter of Afonso of Portugal. However, strife with Portugal was not put to an end by this move. In 1168 Afonso again felt menaced by Ferdinand II's repopulation of the area of Ciudad Rodrigo: he then attacked Galicia, occupying Tui and the territory of Xinzo de Limia, former fiefs of his mother. However, as his troops were also besieging the Muslim citadel of Badajoz, Ferdinand II was able to push the Portuguese out of Galicia and to rush to Badajoz. When Afonso saw the Leonese arrive tried to flee, but he was disabled by a broken leg caused by a fall from his horse, and made prisoner at one the city's gates. Afonso was obliged to surrender as his ransom almost all the conquests he had made in Galicia in the previous year. In the peace signed at Pontevedra the following year, Ferdinand got back twenty five castles, and the cities of Cáceres, Badajoz, Trujillo, Santa Cruz and Montánchez, previously lost by León. When in the same years the Almoravids laid siege to the Portuguese city of Santarém, Ferdinand II came to help his father-in-law, and helped to free the city from the menace.

Also in 1170, Ferdinand created the military-religious Order of Santiago de Compostela, with the task to protect the pilgrim travelling to the tomb of the apostle James in the cathedral of Compostela. The order had its seat first in Cáceres and then in Uclés.

In 1175 Pope Alexander III annulled Ferdinand II and Urraca of Portugal's marriage due to consanguinuity. The King remarried to Teresa Nuñez de Lara, daughter of count Nuño de Lara. In 1178 war against Castile broke out. Ferdinand surprised his nephew Alfonso VIII, occupied Castrojeriz and Dueñas. The war was settled in 1180 with the peace of Tordesillas. In the same year his wife Teresa died while bearing their second son.

In 1184, after a series of failed attempts, the Almohad caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf invaded Portugal with an army recruited in Northern Africa and, in May, besieged Afonso I in Santarém; the Portuguese were helped by the arrival of the armies sent by the archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, in June, and by Ferdinand II in July.

In 1185 Ferdinand married for the third time to Urraca López de Haro (daughter of Lope Díaz, lord of Biscay, Nájera and Haro), who was his mistress since 1180. Urraca tried in vain to have Alfonso IX, first son of Ferdinand II, declared illegitimate, to favour her son Sancho.

Ferdinand II died in 1188 at Benavente, while returning from a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. He was buried in the cathedral of Compostela. Sepulcher of Ferdinand II in the Royal Pantheon of the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Contents [hide]

   * 1 Family
   * 2 Notes
   * 3 References
   * 4 Further reading
   * 5 External links

[edit] Family

Ferdinand married Urraca around 1165, they had one son:

   * Alfonso IX.[4]

Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Teresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having:[citation needed]

   * Ferdinand (1178–1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage
   * child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother

He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro,[5] daughter of Lope Díaz I de Haro, who he married in May 1187, having:

   * García (1182–1184)
   * Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father.
   * Sancho (1186–1220), lord of Fines

--------------------

Fernando II, Rey de León was born between 1128 and 1149. He was the son of Alfonso VII, Rey de Castilla and Berengaria de Provence.1 He married, firstly, Urraca de Portugal, daughter of Afonso I de Bourgogne, Rei de Portugal and Matilda di Savoia, in 1165.1 He and Urraca de Portugal were divorced in 1175.1 He married, secondly, Theresa de Lara, daughter of Nuño Perez de Lara, in 1176.1 He died on 21 January 1188.
    Fernando II, Rey de León succeeded to the title of Rey Fernando II de León in 1157.1

Child of Fernando II, Rey de León and Theresa de Lara

   * Sancho de Castilla, Lord of Aquilar del Campo1 d. 1217

Child of Fernando II, Rey de León and Urraca de Portugal

   * Alfonso IX, Rey de Castilla y León+1 b. 15 Aug 1171, d. 24 Sep 1230

http://thepeerage.com/p11333.htm#i113324

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_II_of_Le%C3%B3n -------------------- See http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/25067072/person/12806777516

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Fernando II, rey de León's Timeline

1137
1137
1157
1157
- 1188
Age 20
King of Leon
1157
Age 20
King of leon
1157
Age 20
King of leon
1157
Age 20
King of leon
1165
June 1165
Age 28
Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
1171
August 15, 1171
Age 34
Zamora, Castille and Leon, Spain
1172
1172
Age 35
Of, Leon, Leon, Spain
1178
1178
Age 41
1180
February 6, 1180
Age 43