Field Marshal Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby GCB, GCMG, GCVO

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Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, Esq

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Southwell, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
Death: Died in London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
Cause of death: cerebral aneurysm
Place of Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Hynman Allenby and Catherine Anne Allenby
Husband of Lady Adelaide, Viscountess Allenby of Megiddo, D.G.St.J
Father of Lt. Horace Michael Hynman Allenby, MC
Brother of Capt Frederick Claude Hynman Allenby, CBE, RN

Occupation: FIELD MARSHAL, soldier
Managed by: Michael Lawrence Rhodes
Last Updated:

About Field Marshal Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby GCB, GCMG, GCVO

Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, was the son of Hynman Allenby and Catherine Cane. He was born April 23, 1861 in Southwell, Nottinghamshire, England and died May 14, 1936, from a cerebral aneurysm on May 14, 1936. He was cremated after death, and his ashes interred at Westminster Abbey.

Edmund Allenby married Adelaide Mabel Chapman, daughter of Horace Edward Chapman and Adelaide Maria Fletcher. They had one son, Horace, who died in 1917 in France, during World War I.

After attending college in Hertfordshire for two years, he gained admittance to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Berkshire, England. Upon graduation, he served with distinction with various units of the British Army, in several conflicts, rising to the rank of Field Marshal. He was created 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo, and of Felixstowe, co. Suffolk [U.K.] on October 7, 1919. A list of his other honors is included below.

Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby GCB, GCMG, GCVO (23 April 1861–14 May 1936) was a British soldier and administrator most famous for his role during the First World War, in which he led the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in the conquest of Palestine and Syria in 1917 and 1918. He served as High Commissioner of Egypt and Sudan from 1918 to 1925.

Allenby, nicknamed the "Bloody Bull", was characterized by Archibald Wavell, a British field marshal during the Second World War who had served under Allenby, as an intelligent, caring man and a consummate professional soldier. T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), whose efforts with the Arab Revolt were greatly aided by Allenby, thought similarly of him: "(He was) physically large and confident, and morally so great that the comprehension of our littleness came slow to him". Allenby was arguably one of the most successful British commanders of the war, utilising strategies he developed from his experiences in the Boer War and on the Western Front towards his Palestinian Campaigns of 1917–18. His management of the Battle of Megiddo in particular, with its brilliant use of aeroplanes, infantry, and mobile cavalry, is considered by many to be a precursor to the Blitzkrieg tactics so widely employed by Germany during the Second World War.

After retiring from the British Army in 1925, he became a noted speaker, traveling and lecturing on military warfare. He spoke at Carnegie Hall in New York in 1928. He became a rector at Edinburgh University. He was an avid fisherman, traveling even to Patagonia to go salmon fishing, hearing that the salmon there rivaled the salmon from River Tay.

Honors and titles received

British

  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (GCMG) – 17 December 1917
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Military Division (GCB) – 5 November 1918[43] (KCB: 18 February 1915;[44] CB: 26 June 1902
  • Viscount Allenby of Meggido and of Felixstowe in the County of Suffolk – 18 October 1919
  • Knight of Justice of the Venerable Order of St. John (KJStJ) – 19 June 1925[47] (Knight of Grace: 21 December 1917)
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) – 4 June 1934

Others

  • Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour of France – 18 March 1915
  • Belgian Croix de Guerre – 11 March 1918
  • Grand Cross of the Order of the White Eagle with Swords of the Kingdom of Serbia – 10 September 1918
  • Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer of the Kingdom of Greece – 10 October 1918
  • Croix de Guerre of France – 11 March 1919
  • Army Distinguished Service Medal of the United States – 12 July 1919
  • Grand Officer of the Military Order of Savoy of the Kingdom of Italy – 21 August 1919
  • Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Romania of the Kingdom of Romania – 20 September 1919
  • Order of Wen-Hu, 1st Class of the Republic of China – 17 February 1920
  • Order of the Renaissance, 1st Class with Brilliants of the Kingdom of Hejaz – 5 March 1920
  • Order of Michael the Brave, 1st Class of the Kingdom of Romania – 7 May 1920
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun of the Empire of Japan – 21 January 1921
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers of the Empire of Japan – 20 January 1922
  • Grand Cross (Mil.) of the Order of Leopold of the Kingdom of Belgium – 23 March 1935 (Grand Officer: 26 July 1917)

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Field Marshal Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby GCB, GCMG, GCVO's Timeline

1861
April 23, 1861
Southwell, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
1896
December 30, 1896
Age 35
1898
January 11, 1898
Age 36
Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
1936
May 14, 1936
Age 75
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
May 19, 1936
Age 75
London, England
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