Donald Martin Stewart (1824 - 1900)

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About Donald Martin Stewart

Wikipedia Biographical Summary

"Field Marshal Sir Donald Martin Stewart, 1st Baronet, GCB GCSI CIE (1 March 1824 – 26 March 1900) was a British field marshal. He was for five years Commander-in-Chief, India, and afterwards a member of the Council of the Secretary of State for India.

Early life

He was the son of Robert Stewart, and born at Mount Pleasant, near Forres, Moray, Scotland. He was educated at schools at Findhorn, Dufftown and Elgin and at the University of Aberdeen.


Stewart was commissioned into the Bengal Army in 1840, and served in 1854 and 1855 in the frontier expeditions against the Mohmands.

In the Indian rebellion of 1857 Stewart, after a famous ride from Agra to Delhi with dispatches, served on the staff at the siege and capture of Delhi and of Lucknow, and afterwards through the campaign in Rohilkhand (medal and two clasps, and brevetmajor and lieutenant-colonel). For nine years he was assistant and deputy-adjutant-general of the Bengal army, commanded the Bengal brigade in the Abyssinian expedition in 1867 (medal and CB), and became a major-general in 1868. He reorganized the penal settlement of the Andaman Islands, where he was commandant when Lord Mayo, British Viceroy of India, was assassinated (1872), and, after holding the Lahore command, was promoted lieutenant-general in 1877.

In 1878, Stewart commanded the Kandahar field force in the Second Anglo-Afghan War (KCB and thanks of Parliament). For this campaign, Stewart assembled the Kandahar Field Force, some 13,000 men, at Multan in the Punjab. He then advanced through the Bolan Pass to Quetta, and then on to Kandahar. Although this advance was uncontested, his men found it tough going because of the extremes of both terrain and climate. He reached Kandahar on 8 January 1879 to find the Afghan garrison there had fled.

In March 1880, he made a difficult march from Kandahar to Kabul, fighting on the way the battles of Ahmed Khel and Arzu, and held supreme military and civil command in northern Afghanistan. On hearing of the Maiwand disaster, he despatched Sir Frederick Roberts with a division on his celebrated march from Kabul to Kandahar, while he led the rest of the army back to India through the Khyber Pass (medal with clasp, GCB, CIE, baronetcy, and thanks of Parliament). Promoted general in 1881, he was for five years Commander-in-Chief, India, and afterwards a member of the Council of the Secretary of State for India until his death.

Stewart was made GCSI in 1885 and promoted to Field Marshal in 1894. He was Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea from 1895 to 1901.

Stewart died at Algiers, Algeria in 1900, and is buried in Brompton Cemetery in London.


In 1847 he married Davina Marine; they went on to have two sons and three daughters."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'Sir Donald Stewart, 1st Baronet', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 14 March 2013, 10:32 UTC, <,_1st_Baronet&oldid=544060580> [accessed 24 April 2013]

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Field Marshal Sir Donald Martin Stewart, 1st Baronet, GCB GCSI CIE's Timeline

March 1, 1824
March 26, 1900
Age 76