About Flavius Basiliscus Augustus
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Reign 9 January 475 – August 476
Full name Flavius Basiliscus
Died winter 476–477
Place of death Cappadocia
Predecessor Zeno, deposed
Successor Zeno, restored
Wife Aelia Zenonis
Offspring Marcus, Caesar and later joint Augustus
Royal House House of Leo
Flavius Basiliscus (d. 476/477) was an Eastern Roman Emperor of the House of Leo, who ruled briefly (9 January 475–August 476), when Emperor Zeno had been forced out of Constantinople by a revolt.
Basiliscus was the brother of Empress Aelia Verina, the wife of Emperor Leo I (457–474). His relationship with the emperor allowed him to pursue a military career that, after minor initial successes, ended in 468, when he led the disastrous Byzantine invasion of Vandal Africa, in one of the largest military operations of Late Antiquity.
Origins and early career
Likely of Balkan origin, Basiliscus was the brother of Aelia Verina, wife of Leo I. It has been argued that Basiliscus was uncle to the chieftain of the Heruli, Odoacer. This link is based on the interpretation of a fragment by John of Antioch (209.1), which states that Odoacer and Armatus, Basiliscus' nephew, were brothers. However, not all scholars accept this interpretation, since sources do not say anything about the foreign origin of Basiliscus. It is known that Basiliscus had a wife, Zenonis, and at least one son, Marcus.
Basiliscus' military career ...
Fall and death
In August 476, Zeno besieged Constantinople. The Senate opened the gates of the city to the Isaurian, allowing the deposed emperor to resume the throne. Basiliscus fled to sanctuary in a church, but he was betrayed by Acacius and surrendered himself and his family after extracting a solemn promise from Zeno not to shed their blood. Basiliscus, his wife Aelia Zenonis and his son Marcus were sent to a fortress in Cappadocia, where Zeno had them enclosed in a dry cistern, to die from exposure.
Forrás / Source:
Augusztus végén Zénó harc nélkül vonult be Konstantinápolyba. Basiliscus és családja egy templomban keresett menedéket, és csak akkor voltak hajlandóak előjönni, amikor Zénó megígérte, hogy nem ontja vérüket. Ez így is történt: a bitorlót, feleségét és fiát a kappadókiai Limnae-be száműzték, és halálra éheztették.