Flavius Richomeres (c.335 - 393) MP

public profile

Flavius Richomeres, Consul of Rome 384's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Nicknames: "Richemir", "Ricomir", "Lething", "Richomer (Ricomer) des FRANCS RIPUAIRES", "Flavius Richomeres (Consul); (de THEROUANNE)", "King of the FRANKS (LOMBARDY)"
Birthplace: Probably Germania II (Toxandria, Present Belgium), Galliae, Roman Empire
Death: Died in Probably Dalmatia, Illyricum (present Balkans), Roman Empire
Cause of death: Murdered
Occupation: Chief of the Sicambrian Franks c50-114, Comes, Magister Militum, Consul, , Consul of Rome
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Flavius Richomeres

A Frank in the 4th century who became a Supreme Commander in the Eastern Empire. Fought against the Romans and the Goths. Founded Brandenburg.

Flavius Richomeres was a Frank who lived in the late 4th century. He took service in the Roman army and made a career as comes, magister militum, and consul. He was married to Ascyla, with whom he had a son Theudemeres, who became king of the Franks. He was uncle of the general Arbogastes. Around the years 377/378, Richomeres was Comes domesticorum of Emperor Gratian and was transferred from Gaul to Thracia, where he was involved in the Gothic wars of Emperor Valens. At Adrianopole he tried to persuade Valens to wait on Gratian for support. When the Gothic leader Fritigern demanded hostages to secure peace from the Romans he volunteered and departed the Roman camp to bring the other hostages safely to Fritigern, but before he arrived some divisions of the two armies got out of control and engaged, starting the famous Battle of Adrianople.

French Wikipedia

From the French Wikipedia article on Richomer (général franc):

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richomer_(g%C3%A9n%C3%A9ral_franc)

Richomer (Flavius Richomeres pour les Romains), mort en 393, est un officier franc au service de l'Empire romain. Il a été comte des domestiques, magister militum (maître de la milice) et consul de Rome en 384.

Selon Eugen Ewig (de l’Institut historique allemand et de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres), il pourrait être fils de Teutomer, qui a été un officier franc au service de l'empereur Julien l'Apostat1. Karl Ferdinand Werner suit cet avis [2], mais Christian Settipani est plus réservé, arguant qu'il est difficile de conclure tant que le peuple d'origine de Teutomer restera inconnu [3].

En 378, l'empereur Gratien l'envoie en Orient à la tête de troupes pour aider le co-empereur Valens à combattre les Goths, mais les Romains sont défaits à la bataille d'Andrinople le 9 août 378. Alors que Valens est tué au cours de la bataille, Richomer survit à la déroute et reste en Orient où il seconde Théodose Ier, le nouveau césar nommé en Orient. De nouveau contingents francs et romains, commandés par Bauto et son neveu Arbogast, le rejoignent et lui permettent de redresser la situation. Théodose le nomme maître de la milice pour l'Orient en 383 et consul de Rome en 384 [4],[5].

Il ne se consacre pas seulement à sa carrière militaire, mais s'intéresse aux arts et aux lettres et correspond avec le rhéteur Libanios et le théologien Saint Augustin [6],[7].

En 388, Théodose l'envoie en Occident combattre l'usurpateur Magnus Maximus qui est battu à la Save, se rend à Aquilée et est exécuté. Après l'assassinat de Valentinien II (15 mai 392), un des co-empereurs, Arbogast place Eugène sur le trône et Théodose charge Richomer de les combattre, mais ce dernier meurt peu après, laissant à Stilicon, général vandale, le soin de défaire Eugène et Arbogast à la bataille de la Rivière Froide, le 6 septembre 394 [8],[3].

Postérité

Il avait épousé une Ascylla, qui avait donné naissance à Théodomir, futur roi des Francs [9],[10],[11] et peut-être ancêtre des Mérovingiens selon le témoignage tardif (vers 660 soit deux siècles et demi après) de la Chronique de Frédégaire. L'existence d'un Ricimer (ou Richomer), patrice romain de 457 à 472 à conduit Helmut Castritius (de) à proposer une fille de Richomer, mariée à Wallia roi des Wisigoh et grand mère du patrice Ricimer [12],[13].

---

In English:

Richomer (Flavius Richomeres among the Romans), who died in 393, was a Frankish officer in the service of the Roman Empire. He was a Comes Domesticorum (Head of the Domestici or Imperial Bodyguard), Magister Militum (Master of the Militia) and Consul of Rome in 384.

According to Eugen Ewig (German historic Institute and Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres), he could be the son of Teutomer, who was a Frankish officer in the service of Emperor Julian the Apostate [1]. Karl Ferdinand Werner agrees with this opinion [2], but Christian Settipani is more reserved, deducing that it is difficult to conclude as long as the tribal origin of Teutomer remains unknown [3].

In 378, Emperor Gratien sends him East at the head of an army to help Co-empereur Valens fight the Goths, but the Romans are defeated at the Battle of Andrinople on 9 August 378. While Valens is killed in the battle, Richomer survived the rout and remained in the East, where he was second to Theodosius I, the new Caesar of the East. Again at the head of a Frankish and Roman army, he is ordered to march against his nephew Arbogast (possibly son of Bauto) to quell his rebellion. Theodosius names him Master of the Militia for the East in 383, and then Consul of Rome in 384 [4],[5].

He not only pursued a military career, but was very interested in the arts and letters, and corresponded with the rhetorician Libanios and the theologian St. Augustine [6],[7].

In 388, Theodosius sent him to the West to fight the usurper Magnus Maximus, and he defeats him at the Battle of the Save (River), and forces his surrender at Aquilea, after which he executes him. After the assassination of one of the co-Emperors Valentinien II (15 May 392), Arbogast places Eugenius on the throne and Theodosius sends Richomer to fight them, but he dies shortly after his departure, leaving it to Stilichko, the Vandal general, to defeat Eugenius and Arbogast at the Battle of Frigidus (present Slovenia) on 6 September 394 [8],[3].

Posterity

He had married Ascylla, who gave birth to Théodomir, future king of the Franks [9],[10],[11] and possibly an ancestor of the Merovingian dynasty, according to the later source, the Chonicle of Fredegaire (written about 660, 2-1/2 centuries later). The existence of a Ricimer (or Richomer), a Roman patrician in 457-472, led Helmut Castritius (Germany) to proposed that a daughter of Richomer had married Wallia, King of the Visigoths and grandmother of the Patrician Ricimer [12],[13].

---

Notes et références

  • 1.↑ Eugen Ewig, Spätantikes und fränkishes Gallien, 1976-1979 (Werner 1984, p. 297).
  • 2.↑ Werner 1984, p. 296-297.
  • 3.↑ Settipani 1996, p. 28
  • 4.↑ Werner 1984, p. 297-298.
  • 5.↑ Rouche 1996, p. 73.
  • 6.↑ Riché et Périn 1996, p. 288, notice « Richomer ».
  • 7.↑ Werner 1984, p. 298-299.
  • 8.↑ Werner 1984, p. 299-300.
  • 9.↑ Grégoire de Tours, Histoire des Francs, Livre 2, chapitre 9.
  • 10.↑ Kurth 1896, p. 152.
  • 11.↑ Rouche 1996, p. 83.
  • 12.↑ Helmut Castritius, « Zur Sozialgeschichte der Heermeister des Westreichs nach der Mitte des 5. Jh.: Flavius Valila qui et Theodovius », dans Ancient Society, vol. 3, 1972, p. 233–243.
  • 13.↑ Settipani 1996, p. 32

Sources primaires

  • Ammien Marcellin, Histoire de Rome, livre XXXI.
  • Grégoire de Tours, Histoires, livre II.

Sources secondaires

  • Godefroid Kurth, Clovis, le fondateur, Éditions Tallandier, 1896 (réimpr. 2000) (ISBN 2-235-02266-9).
  • Karl Ferdinand Werner, Les Origines, avant l'an mil, Livre de Poche, coll. « *Histoire de France (sous la direction de Jean Favier) », 1984 (réimpr. 1992) (ISBN 2-253-06203-0) [détail des éditions].
  • Pierre Riché et Patrick Périn, Dictionnaire des Francs - Les temps Mérovingiens, Bartillat, 1996, 370 p. (ISBN 2-84-100008-7).
  • Christian Settipani, « Clovis, un roi sans ancêtre ? », dans Gé-Magazine, no 153, octobre 1996 .
  • Michel Rouche, Clovis, Éditions Fayard, 1996 (ISBN 2-213-59632-8).

English Wikipedia

From the English Wikipedia article on Richomeres:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richomeres (English)

Flavius Richomeres (Richomer) was a Frank who lived in the late 4th century. He took service in the Roman army and made a career as comes, magister militum, and consul. He was married with Ascyla and they had a son Theudemeres, who became king of the Franks. He was uncle of the general Arbogastes.

Around the years 377 - 378 Richomeres was Comes Domesticorum of Emperor Gratian and was transferred from Gaul to Thracia, where he was involved in the Gothic wars of Emperor Valens.

At Adrianopole he tried to persuade Valens to wait on Gratian for support. When the Gothic leader Fritigern demanded hostages to secure peace from the Romans he volunteered and departed the Roman camp to bring the other hostages safely to Fritigern, but before he arrived some divisions of the two armies got out of control and engaged, starting the famous Battle of Adrianople. Richomeres ended up at a battlefield in complete chaos but he saved himself by withdrawing and survived. However the Roman army of Valens was largely destroyed and many officers fell including Emperor Valens.

Around 383 he was general in the east (magister militum per orientum) and became consul in 384.

In 388 Theodosius I sent him together with his nephew Arbogastes and Promotus and Timasius against Magnus Maximus, who was defeated.

From the year 388 he served as supreme commander in the Eastern Empire (comes et magister utriusque militiae) until his death in 393.

Richomeres was interested in literature and was acquainted with rhetoricians as Libanius and Augustinus. He introduced the rhetorician Eugenius to his nephew Arbogastes.

A few years later Arbogastes seized power in the West Roman Empire. After the death of Valentinian II Arbogastes promoted Eugenius to be his Emperor, while he himself remained the leader and generalissimo.

In 393 Theodosius I organised a campaign against Arbogastes and Richomeres was asked to lead the cavalry against his nephew. On the way from the East to the West he died before the battle took place. Arbogastes lost the battle and committed suicide with his own sword.

-------------------- aka Flavius ​​Richomeres (Consul), (de THEROUANNE), konge af frankerne (Lombardiet)

Poss. HM George I s 31-oldefar.

Poss. HRE Ferdinand I s 26-oldefar.

Poss. Agnes Harris '33-oldefar.

---

Kone / partner:       Ascyla (Ascilla) 
 Barn:       Theodemer des FRANCS RIPUAIRES

---

Mulig Child:       Ildegond af Lombards 
 Alternative Father of Mulig Child:       Aldeoch de LOMBARDIE

---

 Hans (evt.) Børnebørn:       Blesinde (de COLOGNE) de THEROUANNE   ,   Adalbert (Alberico) (Duke), i MOSEL   ,   Clovis (Chlodion) bredstaterne af COLOGNE   ,   Chlodwig de cologne   ,   Ildegonde af frankerne 

--

Fra http://fabpedigree.com/s012/f367013.htm

-------------------- Titres: Chef Franc de Toxandrie http://gw.geneanet.org/nobily?lang=fr;pz=elisabeth+therese+marie+helene;nz=de+belgique;ocz=0;p=richimir;n=de+toxandrie -------------------- A Frank in the 4th century who became a Supreme Commander in the Eastern Empire. Fought against the Romans and the Goths. Founded Brandenburg.

Flavius Richomeres was a Frank who lived in the late 4th century. He took service in the Roman army and made a career as comes, magister militum, and consul. He was married to Ascyla, with whom he had a son Theudemeres, who became king of the Franks. He was uncle of the general Arbogastes. Around the years 377/378, Richomeres was Comes domesticorum of Emperor Gratian and was transferred from Gaul to Thracia, where he was involved in the Gothic wars of Emperor Valens. At Adrianopole he tried to persuade Valens to wait on Gratian for support. When the Gothic leader Fritigern demanded hostages to secure peace from the Romans he volunteered and departed the Roman camp to bring the other hostages safely to Fritigern, but before he arrived some divisions of the two armies got out of control and engaged, starting the famous Battle of Adrianople.

view all 14

Flavius Richomeres, Consul of Rome 384's Timeline

335
335
Probably Germania II (Toxandria, Present Belgium), Galliae, Roman Empire
348
348
Age 13
Europe
373
373
Age 38
374
374
Age 39
Maritime Charente,Saintonge,,France
375
375
Age 40
Lombardy, Italy
393
393
Age 58
Probably Dalmatia, Illyricum (present Balkans), Roman Empire
1994
September 28, 1994
Age 58
1996
January 5, 1996
Age 58
January 26, 1996
Age 58
????