Floris III, count of Holland

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About Floris III, count of Holland

Wikipedia: http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floris_III http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florens_III http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florens_III._(Holland)

Floris III, Count of Holland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Florent III de Hollande.png

Floris III of Holland (1141 – August 1, 1190), Count of Holland from 1157 to 1190. He was a son of Dirk VI and Sophie of Luxemburg, heiress of Bentheim.

[edit] Life

On September 28, 1162 he married Ada, sister of king William I of Scotland, also known as William the Lion. The county of Holland adopted from him the rampant lion in the coat of arms and the name of William.

Floris III was a loyal vassal to Frederick I Barbarossa. He accompanied the emperor on two expeditions to Italy in 1158 and 1176-1178. Frederick thanked him by making Floris part of the imperial nobility.

The emperor gave Floris the toll right of Geervliet, the most important toll station in Holland at that time. This was actually the legalisation of an existing situation, because the counts of Holland had charged tolls illegally since the start of the 11th century.

Many farmers came to Holland to turn the swamps into agricultural lands. Dikes and dams were build and the border between Holland and the bishopric of Utrecht had to be determined. There was a dispute between Floris and the bishop of Utrecht about a new dam in the Rhine at Zwammerdam in 1165, which had to be settled by emperor Frederick. The brother of Floris, Baldwin became bishop of Utrecht in 1178.

War broke out between Flanders and Holland. Count Philip of Flanders wanted to have Zeeland. Floris was captured in Brugge and had to accept Flemish overlordship in Zeeland as ransom in 1167.

During his reign Floris III had troubles with West Friesland and a war with Philip count of Flanders concerning their respective rights in West Zeeland, in which he was beaten. In 1170 a great flood caused immense devastation in the north and helped to form the Zuider Zee.

In 1189 Floris accompanied Frederick Barbarossa upon the third Crusade, of which he was a distinguished leader. He died in 1190 at Antioch of pestilence and was buried there.

Two sons of Floris III became Count of Holland: Dirk VII in 1190 and William I in 1203.

[edit] Family and children

Coats of Arms of the Counts of Holland.

He married 28 August 1162 Ada of Huntingdon, daughter of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne. Their children were:

  1. Dirk VII, Count of Holland.
  2. William I, Count of Holland.
  3. Floris (d. 1210), bishop of Glasgow.
  4. Baldwin (d. 1204).
  5. Ada (d. after 1205), married 1176 Margrave Otto I of Brandenburg.
  6. Margaret (d. after 1203), married 1182 Count Dietrich IV of Cleves.
  7. Elizabeth
  8. Hedwig
  9. Agnes (d. 1228), Abbess at Rijnsburg.

Preceded by

Dirk VI Count of Holland

1157-1190 Succeeded by

Dirk VII

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Floris III (Haarlem, rond 1140 – Tyrus (Antiochië), 1 augustus 1190) was van 1157 tot 1190 graaf van Holland.

Hij was een zoon van graaf Dirk VI van Holland en Sophia van Rheineck. In 1157 volgde hij zijn vader op als graaf van Holland. Hij huwde op 28 september 1162 met Ada van Schotland, de zuster van de Schotse koning Malcolm IV. Samen kregen ze 10 kinderen, 5 zonen en 5 dochters:

   * Dirk, die zijn vader als Dirk VII zou opvolgen
   * Willem, die het graafschap van Ada, de dochter van Dirk VII zou afnemen
   * Hendrik
   * Floris, die bisschop van Glasgow werd
   * Boudewijn
   * Ada, die zou trouwen met Otto I van Brandenburg
   * Sophia
   * Margaretha, die later zou huwen met Diederik V van Kleef
   * Elisabeth, (jong gestorven)
   * Agnes, die abdis werd in Rijnsburg.

Floris III was een trouwe bondgenoot van de Duitse keizer Frederik Barbarossa. In 1158 en van 1176 tot 1178 stond hij de keizer persoonlijk terzijde bij diens strijd in Italië.

De graven van Holland, Gelre en Kleef namen gezamenlijk aan de Derde Kruistocht deel. Keizer Frederik Barbarossa verdronk toen hij een rivier wilde oversteken en graaf Floris III stierf niet lang na hem, op 1 augustus 1190, van uitputting in Antiochië. Andere bronnen wijten zijn dood aan de gevolgen van de pestepidemie die in Antiochië heerste op dat moment. Hij werd begraven in de Petruskerk van Antiochië.

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Floris III, count of Holland's Timeline

1135
1135
's Gravenhage, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
1161
1161
Age 26
1162
August 28, 1162
Age 27
1163
1163
Age 28
Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
1165
1165
Age 30
Gravenhage, Zuid Holland, Netherlands
1168
1168
Age 33
'S-Gravenhage, Zuid Holland, Netherlands
1169
1169
Age 34
Netherlands
1169
Age 34
Gravenhage, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
1171
1171
Age 36
Gravenhage, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
1173
1173
Age 38
Gravenhage, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands