About François-Xavier-Joseph Droz
François-Xavier-Joseph Droz was a French writer on ethics, political science and political economy.
Joseph Droz had had only one ambition: to build a universal system of moral philosophy, applicable to both the individual and society.
François-Xavier- Joseph Droz , born in Besançon on 31 October 1773 and died in Paris on 9 November 1850, was a French historian and moral philosopher.
Born to a father treasurer of France and the king's attorney in the office of Finance of the Franche-Comte, he studied law, which led him to Paris, then in full revolutionary turmoil. In 1792 , he enlisted in the 12 th battalion of the Doubs and serves for four years in the Army of the Rhine . Between 1796 and 1803 , he was professor of eloquence at the Warsaw School of Besançon. He then returned to Paris, where it binds with Ducis and Cabanis , who encouraged him to write. In 1805 he published an epistolary novel, Lina , who is welcomed by Sainte-Beuve but it prohibits later reprinted in his works when they are met by 1826 . Unable to live by his pen, he finds a job in the administration of indirect taxes, called "combined administration of rights," which then serves as a place of refuge for many writers. He then worked in several journals and has published three essays, Essay on the art of being happy , In Praise of Montaigne and of moral philosophy . This latter work is crowned by the price Montyon and him to be elected to the French Academy , against Lamartine , in 1824 .
A short while quatrain in the salons: +"You called Droz? Yes, it's a beautiful genius. +Its title, what is it? The secret of being happy . +Wonderful secret, but the Academy +The secret of being read would it not be better one ? "
In 1832 , the publication of two new tests, Applications of morality in politics and political economy, or Principles of the science of wealth , opened the doors of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences . In 1839 , he began to publish his major work, for which he collected materials for twenty-five years. In the history of the reign of Louis XVI during the years when you could prevent or lead the French Revolution , he regrets the excesses of the Revolution and try to learn from for future generations. Late in his life, he approaches the religious doctrines delivered in honor of the Restoration and published two books of Christian philosophy. For much of his life, Joseph Droz had had only one ambition: to build a universal system of moral philosophy, applicable to both the individual and society. A new economic and political organization could not be conceived without according him the appearance of a new man, more aware of his duties as conscious of their rights. "I want, he said, to prove to those who judge me harshly than a deist can match or exceed in practice duties to men. I wanted to become perfect, for the honor of my belief 2 . "Although not available today, his essay on the art of being happy and political economy were often reprinted and popular author in his day for his efforts to practice the virtues which he proclaimed the benefits.
- Essay on public speaking (1799)
- Laws relating to industrial progress, or Observations on the master, the regulations, privileges and prohibitions (1801)
- Lina, or the children of the Minister Albert (3 volumes, 1805)
- Essay on the art of happiness (1806) Online text
- Praise Montaigne (1812)
- Studies in the fine arts (1815)
- Memoirs of Jacques Fauvel (4 volumes, 1822). Novel written in collaboration with Louis-Benoît Picard .
- Of moral philosophy, or different systems on the science of life (1823). Montyon Prize in 1824.
- Applications of morality in politics (1825)
- Works (3 volumes, 1826-1829)
- Political economy, or Principles of the science of wealth (1829) Online text
- History of the reign of Louis XVI during the years when you could prevent or lead the French Revolution (3 volumes, 1839-1842)
- Addition to the "Dictionary of the French Academy" (1842). Work composed under the direction of Joseph Droz.
- Thoughts on Christianity, evidence of its truth (1842-1844)
- Confessions of a Christian philosopher (1848)
François-Xavier-Joseph Droz's Timeline
October 31, 1773
Besançon, Franche-Comté, France
November 9, 1850
Paris, Île-de-France, France