Françoise de Lorraine (1592 - 1669)

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Birthplace: France - dtr of duc de Mercoeur
Death: Died in Paris, Île-de-France, Frankrike
Managed by: Paul Douglas Van Dillen
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About Françoise de Lorraine

César of Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

On 16 July 1608, at the Château de Fontainebleau, he married Françoise de Lorraine, Duchesse de Mercoeur et de Penthièvre (d. 1669), the wealthy heiress of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur. The couple had three children:

Louis II, duc de Vendôme (1612–1669)

François, duc de Beaufort (1616–1669)

Elisabeth, Mlle de Vendôme (Paris, August 1614 – Paris, 19 May 1664), married in Paris on 11 July 1643 Charles Amédée, Duc de Nemours. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7oise_de_Lorraine_%281592%E2%80%931669%29

Françoise de Lorraine (1592–1669)

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Françoise de Lorraine

Duchess of Mercœur

Duchess of Vendôme

Duchess of Penthièvre

Spouse César de Bourbon

Detail

Issue

Louis, Duke of Vendôme

François, Duke of Beaufort

Élisabeth, Duchess of Nemours

Father Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur

Mother Marie de Luxembourg

Born 1592

France

Died 8 September 1669

Paris, France

Burial Capucins, Paris, France

Françoise de Lorraine (November 1592 – 8 September 1669) was a French noble women and the daughter in law of King Henry IV of France; sometimes known as Françoise de Mercœur, she was the niece of Louise of Lorraine, wife of the previous king, Henry III of France. Through her daughter, Françoise was a great great great grandfather of Louis XV of France, and thus an ancestor of Prince Henri the Count of Paris, Orléanist pretender to the French throne, are among the male line descendants and heirs of Philippe. He is also an ancestor of Juan Carlos I of Spain, of Albert II, King of the Belgians, of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, a pretender to the Italian throne.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Issue
   * 3 References and notes
   * 4 See also

[edit] Biography

Françoise was the youngest of two children she was born in November 1592 with the exact date unknown; her only sibling born Philippe Louis de Lorraine died in 1590 aged one year old; as such from her birth to the Duke and Duchess of Mercœur, she was an heiress to one of the largest private fortunes of her age. Her marriage was sealed when she was just a child thanks to her father;

During the reign of Henry III, her father had put himself at the head of the League in Brittany, and had himself proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church in the province in 1588. Invoking the hereditary rights of his wife, who was a descendant of the Dukes of Brittany, he endeavoured to make himself independent in that province, and organized a government at Nantes, calling his son "prince and duke of Brittany".

Élisabeth, her only daughter, c.1652

With the aid of the Spaniards he defeated the Duke of Montpensier, whom Henry IV of France had sent against him, at Craon in 1592. The king marched against Mercœur in person, and received his submission at Angers on 20 March 1598.

The French and Spanish then signed the Peace of Vervins on 2 May 1598 when Françoise was 6; part of the treaty was that the young Françoise would be engaged to the illegitimate child of Henry IV, the Duke of Vendôme and the Mercœur fortune would then be absorbed into the House of Bourbon . Vendôme was the eldest child of the King and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. As he was illegitimate, he was unable to inherit the throne.[1]

The marriage ceremony took place at the Palace of Fontainebleau on 16 July 1609. The bride was 17; the groom was just 14. The couple had three children overall and were the paternal grand parents of the famous débauché general, le Grand Vendôme.

As Françoise was the to the Duchess of Mercœur and Penthièvre since 1602 at the time of her fathers death, as part of the marriage contract these lands automatically revert to César.

Her husband died in 1665 a disgraced man having been involved in the Fronde and been accused of trying to poison the all powerful Cardinal Richelieu. In the same year she went to Savoy with her grand daughter Marie Jeanne of Savoy for the wedding of of Marie Jeanne to Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy.

The duchies of Mercœur and Penthièvre were thus inherited by her eldest son who married Laura Mancini in 1651, niece of Cardinal Mazarin[2]. Françoise died in Paris in 1669 aged 77. She was buried in Paris.

Other fiefdoms that Françoise owned were the Principality of Martigues, Duchy of Étampes and Lordship of Ancenis.

[edit] Issue

   * Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (1612–1669) married Laura Mancini and had issue;
   * Elisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Vendôme (Paris, August 1614 – Paris, 19 May 1664), married in Paris on 11 July 1643 Charles Amadeus of Savoy, Duke of Nemours and has issue.
   * François de Bourbon, Duke of Beaufort (1616–1669) never married;

[edit] References and notes

  1. ^ Henri IV had had no children with his first wife Margaret of Valois; when in 1600 Henry married Marie de' Medici, she gave birth to six children in quick succession including the future Louis XIII whom César was rasied
  2. ^ César agreed to this due to his part in the Fronde of the nobles
  1. This page was last modified on 29 July 2010 at 23:30.
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Françoise de Lorraine, duchesse de Mercœur's Timeline

1592
September, 1592
France - dtr of duc de Mercoeur
1608
July 16, 1608
Age 15
Palace of Fontainebleau, Paris, France
1612
October, 1612
Age 20
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
1614
August 8, 1614
Age 21
Paris, France
1616
January 5, 1616
Age 23
France - aka duc de Beaufort - son of Cesar
1669
September 8, 1669
Age 77
Paris, Île-de-France, Frankrike