Francesco de' Medici (1541 - 1587) MP

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Nicknames: "-Grand Duke Of Tuscany /Francesco/", "Francesco-grand Duke Of /Tuscany/", "Francis I of Italy"
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Death: Died in Florence, Italy
Cause of death: Poisoned / Murdered
Occupation: Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (25 March 1541 – 17 October 1587); Grand Duke from 1576, *Florence 25.3.1541, +Florence 19.10.1587, bur San Lorenzo, Florence, Grand Duke of Tucany
Managed by: Jesper Blaabjerg Holm
Last Updated:

About Francesco de' Medici

Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana1

M, #112038, b. 25 March 1541, d. 19 October 1587

Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana was born on 25 March 1541. He was the son of Cosimo I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Eleanora de Toledo. He married, firstly, Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich, daughter of Ferdinand I von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna Jagellon, on 18 December 1565 at Florence, Italy.3,2 He died on 19 October 1587 at age 46, murdered.

    Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana succeeded to the title of Granduca di Toscana in 1574.

Children of Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich

Eleonora de Medici+ b. 28 Feb 1567, d. 19 Sep 1611 (4)

Marie de Medici+ b. 26 Apr 1573, d. 3 Jul 1642 (5)

Forrás:

http://thepeerage.com/p11204.htm#i112038

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Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (25 March 1541 – 17 October 1587) was the second Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1574 to 1587.

Biography

Born in Florence, he was the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo, and served as regent for his father starting in 1564.

On December 18, 1565, he married Johanna of Austria, youngest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, after among others Princess Elizabeth of Sweden had been considered. By all reports, it was not a happy marriage. Joanna was homesick for her native Austria, and Francesco was neither charming nor faithful. Joanna died at the age of thirty in 1578.

Soon after the Grand Duchess Joanna had died, Francesco went on to marry his Venetian mistress, Bianca Cappello, after aptly disposing of her husband, a Florentine bureaucrat. Because of the quick remarriage and similar occurrences among the Medici (Francesco's younger brother Pietro had reportedly killed his wife), rumors spread up that Francesco and Bianca had conspired to poison Johanna. Francesco reportedly built and decorated Villa Medicea di Pratolino for Bianca. She was, however, not always popular among Florentines. They had no children, but Francesco adopted her daughter by first marriage Pellegrina (1564- ?) and her son Antonio (August 29, 1576 - May 2, 1621), who was first adopted as newborn child by Bianca Cappello with the intention to present him to Francesco as "own child" by means of changeling.

Like his father, Francesco was often despotic, but while Cosimo had known how to maintain Florentine independence, Francesco acted more like a vassal of his father-in-law, the emperor, and subsequent Holy Roman Emperors. He continued the heavy taxation of his subjects in order to pay large sums to the empire.

He had an amateur's interest in manufacturing and sciences. He founded porcelain and stoneware manufacture, but these did not thrive until after his death. He continued his father's patronage of the arts, supporting artists and building the Medici Theater as well as founding the Accademia della Crusca. He was also passionately interested in chemistry and alchemy and spent many hours in his private laboratory/curio collection, the Studiolo in the Palazzo Vecchio, which held his collections of natural item and stones and allowed him to dabble in amateur chemistry and alchemical schemes.

Francesco and Bianca died on the same day, possibly poisoned, or as many historians believe, from malarial fever. However, recent forensic evidence uncovered by Italian scientists supports the theory that he and his wife were poisoned [1]. Francesco was succeeded by his younger brother, Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

There is a famous portrait of Francesco as a child by Agnolo Bronzino, which hangs in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

Francesco's marriage to Bianca and the couple's death was exploited by Thomas Middleton for his tragedy Women Beware Women (published 1657).

Francesco and Johanna had seven children:

Eleonora (March 1, 1566 – September 9, 1611), who married Vincenzo I Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (1582-1612).

Romola (November 20, 1568 – December 2, 1568)

Anna (December 31, 1569 – February 19, 1584)

Isabella (September 30, 1571 – August 8, 1572)

Lucrezia (November 7, 1572 – August 14, 1574)

Maria (1573 – 1642), who became Queen of France by her marriage to Henri IV in 1600.

Filippo (May 20, 1577 – March 29, 1582)

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco_I_de%27_Medici

Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

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Francesco I de' Medici

Grand Duke of Tuscany

Francesco I de Medici.jpg

Francesco I of Tuscany;

portrait by Agnolo Bronzino.

Reign 21 April, 1574–17 October, 1587

Born March 25, 1541(1541-03-25)

Birthplace Florence

Died October 17, 1587

Predecessor Cosimo I

Successor Ferdinando I

Consort Joanna of Austria (1565-1578)

Bianca Cappello (1578-1587)

Offspring Eleonora, Duchess of Mantua

Romola de' Medici

Anna de' Medici

Isabella de' Medici

Lucrezia de' Medici

Marie, Queen of France

Filippo de' Medici

Royal House House of Medici

Father Cosimo I

Mother Eleonora di Toledo

Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (25 March 1541 – 17 October 1587) was the second Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1574 to 1587.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Biography
         o 1.1 Marriage to Joanna of Austria
         o 1.2 Bianca Cappello
   * 2 Children
   * 3 Descendants
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 References
   * 6 External links

[edit] Biography

Francesco I of Tuscany as a young boy; painting by Bronzino

Born in Florence, he was the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo, and served as regent for his father starting in 1564.

[edit] Marriage to Joanna of Austria

On December 18, 1565, he married Joanna of Austria, youngest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, after among others Princess Elizabeth of Sweden had been considered. By all reports, it was not a happy marriage. Joanna was homesick for her native Austria, and Francesco was neither charming nor faithful. Joanna died at the age of thirty one in 1578.

[edit] Bianca Cappello

Soon after the Grand Duchess Joanna had died, Francesco went on to marry his Venetian mistress, Bianca Cappello, after aptly disposing of her husband, a Florentine bureaucrat. Because of the quick remarriage and similar occurrences among the Medici (Francesco's younger brother Pietro had reportedly killed his wife), rumors spread up that Francesco and Bianca had conspired to poison Johanna. Francesco reportedly built and decorated Villa Medicea di Pratolino for Bianca. She was, however, not always popular among Florentines. They had no children, but Francesco adopted her daughter by first marriage Pellegrina (1564- ?) and her son Antonio (August 29, 1576 - May 2, 1621), who was first adopted as newborn child by Bianca Cappello with the intention to present him to Francesco as "own child" by means of changeling.

Like his father, Francesco was often despotic, but while Cosimo had known how to maintain Florentine independence, Francesco acted more like a vassal of his father-in-law, the emperor, and subsequent Holy Roman Emperors. He continued the heavy taxation of his subjects in order to pay large sums to the empire.

He had an amateur's interest in manufacturing and sciences. He founded porcelain and stoneware manufacture, but these did not thrive until after his death. He continued his father's patronage of the arts, supporting artists and building the Medici Theater as well as founding the Accademia della Crusca. He was also passionately interested in chemistry and alchemy and spent many hours in his private laboratory/curio collection, the Studiolo in the Palazzo Vecchio, which held his collections of natural item and stones and allowed him to dabble in amateur chemistry and alchemical schemes.

Francesco and Bianca died on the same day, possibly poisoned, or as many historians believe, from malarial fever. However, recent forensic evidence uncovered by Italian scientists supports the theory that he and his wife were poisoned.[1] Francesco was succeeded by his younger brother, Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

There is a famous portrait of Francesco as a child by Agnolo Bronzino, which hangs in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

Francesco's marriage to Bianca and the couple's death was exploited by Thomas Middleton for his tragedy Women Beware Women (published 1657).

[edit] Children

Francesco and Johanna had seven children:

   * Eleonora (March 1, 1566 – September 9, 1611), who married Vincenzo I Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (1582-1612).
   * Romola (November 20, 1568 – December 2, 1568)
   * Anna (December 31, 1569 – February 19, 1584)
   * Isabella (September 30, 1571 – August 8, 1572)
   * Lucrezia (November 7, 1572 – August 14, 1574)
   * Marie (1573 – 1642), who became Queen of France by her marriage to Henri IV in 1600.
   * Filippo (May 20, 1577 – March 29, 1582)

[edit] Descendants

Descendents of Francesco I de' Medici, Grand duke of Tuscany, in three generations

Francesco I de' Medici

Grand duke of Tuscany Daughter:

Marie de' Medici

Queen of France Granddaughter:

Henrietta Maria of France

Queen of England Great-Grandson:

Charles II of England

King of England, Ireland and Scotland

References

  1. ^ Francesco Mari; Aldo Polettini, Donatella Lippi, Elisabetta Bertol (2006). "The mysterious death of Francesco I de' Medici and Bianca Cappello: an arsenic murder?". BMJ 333 (23-30 June 2006): 1299–1301. doi:10.1136/bmj.38996.682234.AE. PMID 17185715. 
   * Hibbert, Christopher (1979). The Rise and Fall of the House of Medici. Penguin Books. pp. 269–281. 

[edit] External links

   * "The Medici Archive Project", from The Medici Archive Project
   * "Medici Family History"
   * "Toledo-de' Medici, Leonor de (Eleonora)", from The Medici Archive Project
   * "Osorio Pimentel, María", from The Medici Archive Project
   * "Ancestors of Leonora Alvarez de Toledo", from Foundation for Medieval Genealogy

This page was last modified on 5 June 2010 at 07:25

--------------------

Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (25 March 1541 – 17 October 1587) was the second Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1574 to 1587.

Born in Florence, he was the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo, and served as regent for his father starting in 1564.

[edit]Marriage to Joanna of Austria

On December 18, 1565, he married Joanna of Austria, youngest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, after among others Princess Elizabeth of Sweden had been considered. By all reports, it was not a happy marriage. Joanna was homesick for her native Austria, and Francesco was neither charming nor faithful. Joanna died at the age of thirty one in 1578.

Soon after the Grand Duchess Joanna had died, Francesco went on to marry his Venetian mistress, Bianca Cappello, after aptly disposing of her husband, a Florentine bureaucrat. Because of the quick remarriage and similar occurrences among the Medici (Francesco's younger brother Pietro had reportedly killed his wife), rumors spread up that Francesco and Bianca had conspired to poison Johanna. Francesco reportedly built and decorated Villa Medicea di Pratolino for Bianca. She was, however, not always popular among Florentines. They had no children, but Francesco adopted her daughter by first marriage Pellegrina (1564- ?) and her son Antonio (August 29, 1576 - May 2, 1621), who was first adopted as newborn child by Bianca Cappello with the intention to present him to Francesco as "own child" by means of changeling.

Like his father, Francesco was often despotic, but while Cosimo had known how to maintain Florentine independence, Francesco acted more like a vassal of his father-in-law, the emperor, and subsequent Holy Roman Emperors. He continued the heavy taxation of his subjects in order to pay large sums to the empire.

He had an amateur's interest in manufacturing and sciences. He founded porcelain and stoneware manufacture, but these did not thrive until after his death. He continued his father's patronage of the arts, supporting artists and building the Medici Theater as well as founding the Accademia della Crusca. He was also passionately interested in chemistry and alchemy and spent many hours in his private laboratory/curio collection, the Studiolo in the Palazzo Vecchio, which held his collections of natural item and stones and allowed him to dabble in amateur chemistry and alchemical schemes.

Francesco and Bianca died on the same day, possibly poisoned, or as many historians believe, from malarial fever. However, recent forensic evidence uncovered by Italian scientists supports the theory that he and his wife were poisoned.[1] Francesco was succeeded by his younger brother, Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

There is a famous portrait of Francesco as a child by Agnolo Bronzino, which hangs in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

Francesco's marriage to Bianca and the couple's death was exploited by Thomas Middleton for his tragedy Women Beware Women (published 1657). -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco_I_de%27_Medici,_Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco_I_de%27_Medici,_Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany -------------------- Portrait of Francesco de' Medici by Agnolo Bronzino, 15512

Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana1 M, #112038, b. 25 March 1541, d. 19 October 1587

Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana|b. 25 Mar 1541\nd. 19 Oct 1587|p11204.htm#i112038|Cosimo I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana|b. 12 Jun 1519\nd. 21 Apr 1574|p313.htm#i3128|Eleanora de Toledo|b. 1522\nd. 17 Dec 1562|p320.htm#i3198|Giovanni de Medici|b. 6 Apr 1498\nd. 30 Nov 1526|p322.htm#i3219|Mary Salviati|b. 17 Jul 1499\nd. 12 Dec 1543|p322.htm#i3220|Peter A. de Toledo, Marques de Villa-Franca|d. c 1552|p320.htm#i3199|Maria O. Pimental||p323.htm#i3222|

Last Edited=15 Jan 2010

Francesco de' Medici by Agnolo Bronzino, 15512 Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana was born on 25 March 1541. He was the son of Cosimo I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Eleanora de Toledo. He married, firstly, Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich, daughter of Ferdinand I von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna Jagellon, on 18 December 1565 at Florence, Italy.3,2 He married, secondly, Bianca Capello, daughter of Bartolomeo Capello and Pellegrina Morosini, on 5 June 1578 at Florence, Italy.4 He died on 19 October 1587 at age 46, murdered.

    Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana succeeded to the title of Granduca di Toscana in 1574.

Children of Francesco I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Joanna Erzherzogin von Österreich 1.Eleonora de Medici+5 b. 28 Feb 1567, d. 19 Sep 1611 2.Marie de Medici+6 b. 26 Apr 1573, d. 3 Jul 1642 Citations 1.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 252. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family. 2.[S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia. 3.[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 71. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession. 4.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family." 5.[S102] Roglo Geneweb Website, online <http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo?lang=en>. Hereinafter cited as Roglo Geneweb Website. 6.[S45] Marcellus Donald R. von Redlich, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, volume I (1941; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002), page 58. Hereinafter cited as Pedigrees of Emperor Charlemagne, I.

view all 12

Francesco I de' Medici, granduca di Toscana's Timeline

1541
March 25, 1541
Florence, Italy
1565
December 18, 1565
Age 24
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
1567
February 28, 1567
Age 25
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
1568
November 20, 1568
Age 27
1569
December 31, 1569
Age 28
December 31, 1569
Age 28
1572
November 7, 1572
Age 31
1575
April 26, 1575
Age 34
Florence, Firenze, Italy
1577
May 20, 1577
Age 36
1579
June 10, 1579
Age 38
Florence, Italy