Francis B. Bushnell, Sr (c.1580 - 1646) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Thatcham, Berkshire, England
Death: Died in Guilford, New Haven, Connecticut
Occupation: Artisan
Managed by: Thomas Shirley
Last Updated:

About Francis B. Bushnell, Sr

I. William BUSHNELL, Sr - b 1434; m Joan ???; Ch were: 1. William BUSHNELL- b abt 1466 (see below)

II. William BUSHNELL, Jr - b abt 1466; Ch were: 1. John BUSHNELL- B ABT 1492 (see below)

III. John BUSHNELL - b abt 1492; Ch were: 1. Nicholas B BUSHNELL - b 1524 (see below)

IV. Nicholas B BUSHNELL - b 1524 Tilehurst, Becks, Eng; d 19 Jan 1591/92; m 1549 to Elizabeth ??? - b 1528; Ch were: 1. Francis BUSHNELL I - b 1550 (see below)

V. Francis BUSHNELL I - b 1550 Thatcham, Berkshire, Eng; d 15 Aug 1625 Thatcham, Berkshire, Eng; Ch were: 1. Francis BUSHNELL II - b 1580 (see below)

VI. Francis BUSHNELL II - b 1580 Thatcham, Berkshire, Eng; d 1646 Guilford, CT; m Ferris QUENELL - bapt 17 Apr 1587 Horsham, Sussex, Eng; d 10 Mar 1627/28 Horsham, Eng; Ch were: 1. Edmond BUSHNELL - b 27 Apr 1606 2. Francis BUSHNELL III - 8 Jan 1608/09; m Grace WELLS NORTON 3. Lt William BUSHNELL - B 3 Feb 1609/10 (see below) 4. Ruth BUSHNELL - b 1612 5. Stephen BUSHNELL - b abt 1613 6. John BUSHNELL - b 1615 7. Thomas BUSHNELL - b 1617 8. Richard BUSHNELL - b abt 1618; d abt 1660; m Mary MARVIN; Ch were: A. Joseph b 2 May 1651; B. Richard Jr b 10 Sep 1652; C. Mary b Jan 1654/55; D. Mercy/Maria b Mar 1656/57 9. Mary BUSHNELL - b abt 1618 10. Rebecca BUSHNELL - b 1621 11. Sarah BUSHNELL - b abt 1625 12. Elizabeth BUSHNELL - b 8 Mar 1627/28 NOTES: FROM: OUR EARLY EMIGRANT ANCESTORS, Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co, 1962 - Licenses to Go Beyond the Seas - pages 47-49

"Theis pties heereunder mentioned are to be transported to New England, imbarqued in the "Planter", Nicholas Trarice, Master, bound thither. They have brought certificates from the Justices of Peace and Minister of the parish that they are conformable to the orders of ye Church of England, and are no subsidy men; they have taken the oath of supremacie and allegeance, die and ano prede."---------On this list are Francis Bushnell, age 26 (this would be son Francis Bushnell III); Maria (Mary) Bushnell also 26; and Martha Bushnell, age 1.

FROM: THE PLANTERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH - 1620 - 1640, by Charles Edward Banks

page 140 - PLANTER of London, Nicholas Trerice, Master. She sailed from London about April 10 (1635) and arrived at Boston June 7, following

page 143 - The following passengers certified from St. Albans, Hertz: Francis Bushnell, age 26, carpenter from Berkshire (settled in Salem, MA); Mrs. Mary Bushnell, age 26; Martha Bushnell, age 1; William Lea, age 16; Mary Smith, age 18.

FROM: TOPOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF 2885 ENGLISH EMIGRANTS TO NEW ENGLAND 1620 - 1650

page 6 - 32 emigrants from 15 Parishes in Berkshire - Francis Bushnell from Thatcham Parish on "PLANTER" to Boston, Mass.; Salem, Mass.; Norwalk, Conn.

VII. Lt. William BUSHNELL - bapt 3 Feb 1609/10 Horsham, Sussex, Eng; d 12 Dec 1683 Saybrook, New London Co, CT; m 1643 at Saybrook to Rebecca CHAPMAN - b aft 1616 Eng; d 14 May 1703 at Saybrook; Ch were: 1. Deacon Joshua BUSHNELL - b 6 May 1644 Saybrook, CT; d Mar 1709/10; m 5 May 1682 at Norwalk, Fairfield Co, CT to Mary SEYMOUR - b Sep 1658; dau of Thomas SEYMOUR & Hannah MARVIN; Ch were: A. Thankful b 3 Jan 1685/86; B. Capt Joshua Jr - b 8 Nov 1690; d 1778; m Lydia LYNDE, Margaret CHAPMAN, Elizabeth HAWLEY; C. Hannah - b 16 Nov 1693; m 18 Feb 1712/13 to Joseph NETTLETON 2. Samuel BUSHNELL - b Sep 1645 3. Rebecca BUSHNELL - b 5 Oct 1646 4. William BUSHNELL - 15 Feb 1648/49 5. Francis BUSHNELL - b 6 Jan 1649/50 (see below) 6. Stephen BUSHNELL - b 4 Jan 1652/53 (twin) 7. Thomas BUSHNELL - b 4 Jan 1652/53 (twin) 8. Judith BUSHNELL - b Jan 1654/55 NOTES: FROM: BUSHNELL FAMILY GENEALOGY, Compiled by George Eleazer Bushnell, Nashville, TN, 1945

William Bushnell, it is inferred, came to New England with his brothers Francis & Richard, and for a few years resided at Salem, MA and probably removed to Guilford, CT before their father's death, all coming together. He was a carpenter and soon removed to Saybrook, CT where his services were much needed.

According to family tradition he built the first meeting house in Saybrook abt 1646, and by record, he built the second. The records also show that he received 6s for mending the drum that called the people to worship and to town meetings, and 10s - 6d for making pikes for the soldiers.

On 12 Sep 1652, Daniel Sledd of London, ENG, executor of the estate of his father, William Sledd, deceased, authorized his Uncle John Leigh of Ipswich, MA to collect a debt from William Bushnell of Guilford in New England, sadler, for goods bought of his father; this debt was still claimed on 5 Oct 1666 when Peter Blanchford of New London was empowered to make the collection, William being then of Saybrook. He was also mentioned in the will of Bozone Allen of Boston, MA.

In 1659/60 he was collector of the town rate, and on 3 Oct 1661 was appointed Ensign of the train band (militia), and served in that capacity during the Indian wars. In 1663 he took the inventory of the estate of Joseph Clark and on 4 July 1665, Robert Chapman, William Post, Francis Bushnell, Robert Lay, William Bushnell & Abram Post, representing the inhabitants of Saybrook, entered into an agreement with the Mohigan Indians, whereby additional lands were acquired by the town, and the former grants confirmed (vide).

On 3 Nov 1669, he sold two acres of his pasture to Abraham Post for a home lot, and on 12 May 1670 was appointed Deputy to the General Court. In 1673 he was a leather sealer; 1675 lister; 1677 townsman; and 1681 lister to rate all taxable lands, on 12 May 1679 he was appointed Lt. of the train band, & on 22 of the same month was one of four to draw up a plea.

On 4 Sep 1672, Thomas Adgate who had married his brother Richard's widow, sold a tract of land in Saybrook to "brother William Bushnell", and in Aug 1683, he testified to the nunc. will of Sussannah Waddams and 2 months later died on 12 Nov 1683. By the will of Uncas, Sachem of the Mohigans, dated 19 Apr 1684, 1500 acres of land was devised to him.

The inventory of his estate was presented to the New London Court on 24 Nov 1683 and adm. was granted to his eldest sons Joshua & Samuel until the next tern of court in Sep when William Dudley was appointed. At that time a dist. was ordered to the children & all of his daughters were named by their marriage names, except Lydia Seward. On 4 May 1698, in another record concerning his estate, the names of his sons Joshua, Samuel, William & Thomas were given & on 2 June 1710, Robert Chapman & John Clark were called upon to pass judgement on the value of a 1500 acre tract of land in Hebron, by Samuel Bushnell, only surviving adm. of the estate of his father, Lt. William Bushnell of Saybrook, dec'd naming the surviving heirs as Samuel, William, Thomas, Daniel, Rebecca Hand, Judith Seward, Abigail Seward & Lydia Seward.

VIII. Francis BUSHNELL - b 6 Jan 1649/50 Saybrook, CT; d Oct 1697 Danbury, CT; m 12 Oct 1675 at Norwalk, CT to Hannah SEYMOUR - b 12 Dec 1654 at Norwalk, CT; d abt 1723; dau of Thomas SEYMOUR & Hannah MARVIN; Ch were: 1. Hannah BUSHNELL - b 22 Aug 1676 (see below) 2. Mary BUSHNELL - b 21 Dec 1679; m John TAYLOR - b 1673 at Norwalk, Fairfield, CT; d abt 1743 3. Abigail BUSHNELL - b abt 1680; m Rev Seth Shove 4. Lydia BUSHNELL - b 1681; d 23 Aut 1786; m John FITCH - b 29 Sep 1677; d abt 1760 5. Mercy BUSHNELL - b 1687; d 9 Nov 1767; m 3 Jan 1711/12 Maj John BOSTWICK of New Milford, CT; Other spouse was James LOCKWOOD of Norwalk, CT 6. Rebecca BUSHNELL - d aft 1712 7. Judith BUSHNELL - d aft 1712 NOTES: Francis BUSHNELL & Hannah SEYMOUR were first cousins

IX. Hannah BUSHNELL - b 22 Aug 1676 at Norwalk, CT; d abt 1723 at Danbury, CT; m abt 1696 to Lt. Samuel KNAPP

Additional Ancestry


William Busshenell, b. 1466 John Bushenell, b. 1492 Nicholas Bushnell, b. 1524 Francis I. Bushnell, b. 1550 Francis B. Bushnell, b. 1580 William Bushnell, b. 3 Feb 1610 William Bushnell Jr., b. 15 Feb 1648 William Bushnell III, b. 3 Apr 1680 Gideon Bushnell, b. 1720 Gideon Bushnell Jr., b. 1 Nov 1756 Campbell Bushnell, b. 17 Jun 1792 William Henry Bushnell, b. 8 Jun 1823 Campbell William Bushnell, b. 19 Jun 1856 Blanche Ida Bushnell Evans, b. 29 Dec. 1899


The Story

The Bushnell Signet Ring By Campbell William Bushnell Circa 1928

The ring is composed of iron or steel consisting of a tablet in which is countersunk the family crest or motto. The crest or coat of arms, is a winged dragon (wyvern) hovering over a crown. This family crest is much more ancient in itself than the motto underneath which dates about the time of the battle of Ivry, 1590.


The family tradition is that the Le Bourchenelles were the protectors and standard bearers of the kingdom of Navarre, and as such, one of my ancestors had charge of the standard of Henry, King of Navarre, at the battle of Ivry. The king, riding back after the defeat of the enemy, saw a standard flying, but apparently the knight had left it unprotected and unguarded. His temper flashed like fire, but when he reached the standard, his attitude changed to admiring pity, for the standard bearer, surrounded by a circle of dead foes, and driven the flag pike into the ground, fallen beside it his mailed hand supporting the flag in an upright position, where upon the king said, "Loyal a mort." The knight's epitaph, uttered by the kind of Navarre, became from that time the family motto. So we know that the knight's ring was made shortly after 1590.


As a result of the religious wars in France and the Huguenot persecution, the Le Bourchenelles emigrated to England, where the name became Anglicanized into Bushnell, the E having the sound of the French e'. The Bushnells gained certain prominence in military affairs in England, and one of the ancestors became an admiral of the British navy and an Artic explorer. The British admiralty chats show an island in the Artic named in honor of this ancestor, but the name is "Bushnall" Because of the sound of the French e', I presume.


The ring came to America shortly after the Pilgrim emigration in 1620, and the family settled in Saybrook, Connecticut. The ring is handed whenever possible, by the dying father to his eldest son shortly before life departs; but the family tradition has been taught the child through his entire life and he is urged to live worthy of his ancestry.


My grandfather was Campbell Bushnell. My Father saw his Grandfather, Gideon Bushnell, give the ring to Campbell Bushnell; and my father William Henry Bushnell gave it to me in March, 1889 and it has been in my possession ever since.


The ring shows that it was probably made by an armorer, but the die sinking was evidently the work of a finished artist. The ring itself was apparently made separately from the tablet as the two are riveted together.


The ring was worn on the signet finger of the left hand and it the only genuine knight's ring I have ever seen with the exception of one owned by the Hope family of England. In our family there were several other signet rings bearing the crest, some of them quite valuable' but there is no question but that I have the original ring and that it is a very rare heirloom.


The Bushnell Armorial Achievement The ring carries a Griffin, which is consistent with Bushnell Armorial Achievement

The Griffin sets forth the property of a valorous soldier whose magnanimity is such that he will dare all dangers, and even death itself, rather than become captive.

The Ring says "Loyal a Mort" and the Coat of Arms Motto is "Mes droits ou la mort". Family members say that when King Henry of Navarre found our dead hero, the motto was changed, to show that he was "Loyal in Death".


Fact or Fantasy Family histories come to us with some of each. This is a fine and very old treasure, which was handed down from somewhere. But, I fear the story is at least partially untrue. The Battle of Ivry was in France in 1590. This does not match any the Bushnells.

Francis I. Bushnell, died in 1625


His sons: Francis, came to the new world in 1635 Ralph, born in 1578 which would make him 12 in 1590 Nicholas, died in Thatchem England


His Brothers are: Roger, died in 1623 Richard, died in 1639 John, died in 1631 Thomas, died in Thatchem England William, died in 1610

Huguenots did go to France to join in this war, but I haven't found proof the Bushnell family was involved. I am looking for other wars where this could have happened.


The purpose of a signet ring is to make a wax imprint next to the signature, to prove the signature was authentic. I am looking for documents where this ring was used. --------------------

  • 1. Francis Bushnell, b. Thatcham, co. Berks, prob. rem. abt. or after 1600 to Horsham, co. Sussex, where he m. and where all his children were born, and in 1639, emigrated to America, settling in Guilford, Conn., where he d. in 1646.

Only a few facts are known concerning his residence in Horsham, aside from records of baptisms, marriages, and burials, which relate to his family, but these seem to indicate a continuous residence there up to the times of their emigrations.

It would appear that he was an artisan, perhaps a painter and decorator, for in 1610/11, "Frauncis Bushnell" we paid vs. (five shillings) for "cullering the funt" (of the church or altar); (From transcript of the Horsham Church Register for the Sussex Record Society, Vol. 21, 1915), also his sons were artisans, for his son Francis was a millwright, his son William a carpenter, and his son John a glazier and later a barber, while his eldest son Edmund was evidently an artisan as well as a farmer (vide).

If, as has been stated they were Independents in their religious beliefs, they at least subscribed to the Church at Horsham, for by a seating list of this church dated 1626, William, Henry, John, and Mathew Grombridge had the first "Seate" for which they "paid vs. a peece" and in the "fift Seate" was John Bushnell "who hath paid xs" In the "sixt Seate" is placed Edmond Bushnell -- and William Bushnell who have paid for their "roome xjs," -- "and a Seate under the new gallery stayers for Pharis Bushnell, the wife of Frauncis Bushnell, to belong to him and his heirs for ever." In 1626/7 he was a church warden, and on 25 Mar. 1636 and 29 Sep. 1637, "Fra Bushnell" made donations for the "reparation of St. Pauls in London." (Transcript of the Horsham Church Register for the Sussex Society Record, Vol. 21, 1915). It is not probable that this family emigrated because of religious persecutions.

FIRST GENERATION IN AMERICA

  • 1. Francis, b. abt. 1580, d. Guilford, Ct. abt. 1646,

m. 1st, at Horsham, 13 May 1605, Ferris Quenell, bapt, Horsham, 17 Apr. 1587, d. in childbirth and bur. there with her dau. Elizabeth, 10 Mar. 1627/8, dau. of Henry and Beatrix (Carter) Quenell, who m. at Horsham, 30 Jan. 1585/6, and gr-dau. of Henry, and gt-grdau. of Henry Quenell. He m. 2nd, at Horsham, 2 June 1629, Joan Kinward, who d. Horsham and was bur. there, 21 June 1631 (R-1).

It is asserted by some American writers that he m. Rebecca Holmes (R-2), but no record has been produced, nor has any record been brought to my attention, where his name is associated with the name Rebecca, though diligent search has been made. It is certain that there were no ch. by such a m. even if it was a fact.

Francis Bushnell, b. Thatcham, co. Berks, Eng. abt. 1560, first appears of record at Horsham, co. Sussex, Eng. on the date of his 1st mar. and for twenty-seven years, he or his children are mentioned in the Church Register, after which the name disappears for some forty years. All the Bushnell records during this period pertain to him, his children, or his grand-children, with the exception of two entries which we have failed to identify, viz: Peter Bushnell, "a childe," bur. 21 Feb. 1622/3, and, Mary, "wid." bur. 22 Feb. 1624/5.

In 1635, his five living sons left their native shore bound for America, and four years later he followed with his two dau's, Sarah and Rebecca in the company of Rev. Henry Whitfield, aboard the St. John. After they had been at sea about ten days, the company formulated a covenant, sometimes called the "Guilford Covenant" or "The Plantation Covenant," upon which his name appears third, while that of the Rev. John Hoadley, who married his daughter Sarah, appears ninth. The company landed at Fair Haven, Connecticut between the 10th and 15th of July 1639 and two months later the deed was signed for their new settlement at Menunkatuck, purchased of the Quinipiac Indians, which they named Guilforde after the shire town in Surrey from which some of the emigrants came (R-7).

He does not seem to have been very active in the affairs of the colony, although his home lot of about three and one-half acres, on the N.E. corner of the roads now known as Fair and Broad Streets, was one of the choice locations. When his son Francis, Jr., came to Guilford, he acquired the lot next north of the northwest corner lot, on Fair Street while the Rev. John Hoadley had a lot on the south side of Broad Street between Fair and River Streets.

Here he resided until his death in 1646, and his will, attested to by Mr. Henry Whitfield, the first minister and William Leete, the first Governor, at a session of the Plantation Court, held 13 Oct. 1646, was the first document of its kind to be probated there (R-8). Both Mr. Whitfield and Mr. Leete as well as the Rev. John Hoadley, were "Pillars" of the First Church of Guilford.

No evidence has been presented that he had either a brother, a wife, or any other relative in America, other than his five sons and two daughters (R-9).

-- From the Bushnell Family Genealogy compiled by George Eleazer Bushnell, revised and maintained by Irving E. Bushnell Jr. at http://www.bushnellfam.com

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Francis Bushnell, Sr's Timeline

1580
1580
Thatcham, Berkshire, England
1585
1585
Age 5
Thatchem,Berks.,England
1585
Age 5
1585
Age 5
Thatchem, Berks., England
1585
Age 5
Thatchem,Berkshire,,England
1585
Age 5
Thatchem, Berks., England
1585
Age 5
Thatchem, Berks., England
1605
May 13, 1605
Age 25
Horsham, Sussex, England
1606
April 27, 1606
Age 26
Horsham, West Sussex, England
1609
January 8, 1609
Age 29
Horsham, West Sussex, England