Francis Gabriel Holland
|Birthplace:||London, Greater London, United Kingdom|
|Death:||Died in James City, Virginia, United States|
Son of John Philemon Holland; John Holland and Mary Mollenax
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Francis Gabriel Holland
Gabriel Francis Holland was christened 15 February 1596 at Westminster, St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, England.
He was the 9th child of John de Holland and Mary Mollenax and grandchild of Henry and Hyllary (Barwarde) de Holland of Lancashire, England. He is descended from Edward I, King of England, and Philip II, King of France.
His first marriage was to a Rebecca George. It is claimed that George Holland who was found later in Accomack County, Virginia, was Gabriel's son by Rebecca George
Secondly, Gabriel was married to Mary Pinke, the widow of William Pinke, alias William Jonas [perhaps Pinke was her maiden name.] Gabriel's wife Mary was confirmed in the Virginia land records.
Gabriel Holland was on the ship Supply which sailed from Bristol, England on September 18, 1620 to Jamestown, Virginia. The Supply sailed three weeks later than that of her sister ship the Mayflower, however, the Supply maintained her course and landed on February 8, 1621 at Berkeley , Virginia. Gabriel's brother Richard was also aboard.
[*Berkeley Hundred was a land grant in 1618 of the Virginia Company of London to Sir William Throckmorton, Sir George Yeardley, George Thorpe, Richard Berkeley, and John Smyth (1567–1641) of Nibley. Smyth was also the historian of the Berkeley group, collecting over 60 documents relating to the settlement of Virginia between 1613 and 1634 which have survived to modern times.
Berkeley Hundred in the Virginia Colony comprised about eight thousand acres (32 km²) on the north bank of the James River near Herring Creek in an area then known as Charles Cittie (sic). It was named for one of the original founders, Richard Berkeley, a member of the Berkeley family of Gloucestershire, England. In 1619, Berkeley Hundred was the site of America's first Thanksgiving Day. It later became known as Berkeley Plantation.
In 1619, the ship Margaret of Bristol, England sailed for Virginia under Captain John Woodleefe (Woodliffe) and brought thirty-eight settlers to the new Town and Hundred of Berkeley. The proprietors instructed the settlers of "the day of our ships arrival . . . shall be yearly and perpetually kept as a day of Thanksgiving." The Margaret landed her passengers at Berkeley Hundred on December 4, 1619. The settlers did indeed celebrate a day of "Thanksgiving", establishing the tradition a year and 17 days before the Pilgrims arrived aboard the Mayflower at Plymouth, Massachusetts to establish their Thanksgiving Day in 1620.
When the massacre took place on March 22, nine people were brutally slain at Berkeley during coordinated attacks at settlements along the James River. For several years thereafter, the plantation at Berkeley Hundred lay abandoned, until William Tucker and others got possession of it in 1636, and it became the property of John Bland, a merchant of London. By this time, the area had become part of Charles City Shire in 1634, later renamed Charles City County.]
The Mayor of Bristol, England, Thomas Parker, gave his certificate for sailing, 56 persons, including Gabriel and Richard Holland. "This is to certify that in the good ship called the "Supply" this present XXVIII day of September, 1620, were shipped from our port of Bristol for plantation in Virginia at the charge of Richard Berkeley, George Thorpe, William Tracy and John Smythe under the conduct of the said William Tracy appointed Captayne and governor over them this 56 persons whose names ensue who forthwith proceeded in their voyage accordingly: Gabriel Holland, Richard Holland & c., etc."
Gabriel Holland had not been in the colony long before it became obvious that the Indians were posing a constant life-threat. Even from the first days of Captain John Smith, they had been rebellious against white settlers. The Indian Emperor Powhatan was dead; his brother had been displaced by Opencancanough, a powerful, strong-willed Indian. Opencancanough strongly professed his friendship for the English, yet all the while, was craftily plotting his strategy to forever drive the invading Europeans from Indian lands.
Perhaps the long droughtful winter made the idea of an attack propitious. At eight o'clock on the morning of March 12, 1622, Good Friday, the redmen launched their full-scale attack of the peninsula.
From Henrico Hampton Roads (near Richmond to the southern tip of James City Island) the Indians attacked the white settlers. Some had even arranged to be overnight guests in the settlers' households while others borrowed boats so that the settlers would be cut off from flight by water. Opencancanough's intent was clear – kill all white settlers. Suddenly, without warning, men, women and children were killed in the fields or at home.
Of the twelve hundred settlers in the Virginia Colony, close to four hundred were killed that Good Friday morning. Richard Holland was killed by the Indians in the massacre at Berkeley Hundred.
Thomas Holland was also reported as having been massacred by savages at Captain Berkeley's plantation, which attack commenced at Falling Creek, some 66 miles from James City. Opencancanough had dealt a cruel blow. Of more than four thousand settlers who sent to Virginia from England during the years 1619 to 1624, less than twelve hundred survived.
Disease was another invader for the settlers. Too, more than five hundred persons died in an epidemic during the winter of 1622-23. Ships arriving from Europe often rough more ill persons than well ones, and periodically introduced new illnesses to the settlements.
How ever, complete annihilation of the whites failed, and the colonists struck back. A series of attacks were launched against the Indians. The objective was to defeat them in battle whenever possible and, when they fled from battle, destroy their villages and crops. Without corn, the Indians would face starvation. Thus, ultimately the weakened warriors were forced to withdraw from the area of the white mens' settlements.
Subsequent records prove that Gabriel was a resident in Virginia at College Land (University of Henrico) on the north side of the James River from the falls down to Henrico, about 14 miles from Richmond at the time of the attacks.
The Virginia Genealogical Record shows that Gabriel Holland was a resident of Virginia from 1623-1634. Journal of the House of Burgess—Gabriel Holland, Burgess 1623-1624. In 1624 he was seated at Shirley Hundred.
Virginians planted tobacco, using it as money to trade for English goods. In this respect, the London Company acted as Gabriel Holland's Agent . . . paying accounts, etc. In 1629 he acted as a yeoman of James City in administering the estate of Ann Beoute. A yeoman was one who belonged to a class of English freeeholders below the gentry.
An active member of his community, in 1625 Gabriel Holland signed a petition (along with 30 men) to send a man to England to petition king Charles I that every male who was 16 years or older and who had been in Virginia one year, should be required to pay 4 lbs. Of merchantable tobacco by or before October 31st. It was decided that Burgess Gabriel Holland (his expenses to be paid for by the king) would go and present the petition to King Charles I.
However, the King's quarrel with Parliament grew more bitter as he refused to convene. Therefore, it was not possible for the King to hear the petition of Virginia's House of Burgesses, so Gabriel returned to America, embarking February 16th, 1623 to Virginia on the ship John and Frances.
It was not until 1629 that the King agreed to hear the petition. Thus, Gabriel Holland again returned to England to present the document. In 1635 he was still handling Virginia colony business when he returned on the ship Assurance along with Robert Holland and William Holland. In 1635, Gabriel was recorded as being 35 years old.
While Gabriel was away in England, is wife Mary Holland purchased land adjoining 100 acres which she had received from her deceased husband William Jonas. "Mary Holland, 12 acres, August 14, 1624, wife of Gabriel Holland of the Island of James City, yeoman, lately in the occupation of William Pinke, alias William Jonas (deceased), her former husband, who, at his death gave her his devident of 100 acres of which said 12 acres is a part adjoining Nathaniel Hut and Thomas Passmore. Free Rent: 3 pence. Measured by William Claybourne. John Southerne, Gent. Of James City, 24 acres in the Island of James City, 1 November 1627; 12 acres thereof being a neck bounded on the east with a marsh parting this farm land of John Johnson, west n a marsh called Tuckeres Hole, north on the black river and south on the highway leading to black point; 12 acres lying near adj. To the former, south on land of Mary Holland, the wife of Gabriel Holland, north on land of John Johnson, east on a march and west coming neare to land of Thomas Passmore: to be accounted part of the first devdt of 50 acres due for trans. of William Soane who came in the George in 1621." "John Radish and Bradwell, 16 acres James City Island, 20 May 1637, 12 acres abutting east upon land formerly in possession of Mary Holland, west upon the bounds and limits there determined, south unto the highway running close to Goose Hill marsh."
Gabriel may have died about 1660, for in 1663 his son John Holland removed to Nansemond County, Virginia to establish the Holland Family Seat for generations to come.
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Francis Gabriel Holland Born May 18, 1596 in St Martin in the Fields, London, Englandmap Son of John Philemon Holland and Mary Mollenax Molyneaux Brother of Gabriell Francis Holland Husband of Mary Jonas Jonas (Pinke) Holland — married [date unknown] [location unknown] Husband of Elissabeth Clark — married 1623 in James City, Virginia, United Statesmap Husband of Rebecca George — married 1627 in London, Middlesex, , Englandmap Father of John Holland, George Holland, Anthony Holland, Richard Holland, Job Holland, George Holland, Daniel Holland and William Holland Died 1660 in James City, Virginia, United Statesmap Profile managers: Kelly Sinclair private message [send private message] and Jeff Pringle private message [send private message] Last modified 21 May 2014.
Francis Gabriel Holland's Timeline
May 18, 1596
London, Greater London, United Kingdom
Birth of Francis Gabriel Holland was before 15 Feb 1595/96 in London, England.
London, Middlesex, England
James City, Virginia, United States
Herring Creek, Anne Arundel, Maryland
James City, Virginia, United States