Francis Nichols, Jr.

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Francis Nichols, Jr.

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Abbott's Langley, Hertfordshire, England
Death: Died in Paris, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Francis Nichols, of Ampthill and Margaret Margery Nichols
Brother of Edward Nicolls; William Nicolls; Bruce Frescheville; Governor Richard Nichols and Nichols

Managed by: <private> Thompson (Hightower)
Last Updated:

About Francis Nichols, Jr.

Francis Nichols, son of Francis and Margaret Bruce, of Ampthill

Francis Nichols, the son of Margaret Bruce and Francis Nichols of Ampthill, was baptized on September 12, 1620 in the parish of Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire. There are records for three of his siblings being baptized there as well.

He was of "tender yeares" in 1624, enrolled at Oxford in 1639, alive in 1652 and died in Europe (possibly in Paris) before 1672.

"Francis Nicolls" of Abbots Langley, matriculated at Christ College, Oxford, 6 Dec 1639.

See the profile of Sgt. Francis Nichols of Sedgeberrow, Worcestershire and Stratfield, Connecticut for a discussion of how the two Francis Nichols have been confused. They may be related, but one is the son of John and Joan of Sedgeberrow and the other is the son of Francis and Margaret (Bruce) of Ampthill.

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Here is what is on the profile of Sgt. Francis Nichols of Sedgeberrow, Worcestershire and Stratfield, Connecticut:

While the couple (Francis Nichols and Margaret Bruce) did have a son named Francis, he was baptized in 1620, of "tender yeares" in 1624, enrolled at Oxford in 1639, alive in 1652 and died in Europe before 1672. He and Sgt Francis Nichols were NOT one and the same man.

To take it a step at a time:

I. Parish registers for Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, ENG., show the marriage of Francis Nicolls to Margaret Bruce on 28 Aug 1609.

However, by 1609, Sgt. Francis Nichols of Stratford, CT, probably had five kids of his own.

II. Three of Francis and Margaret's children were baptized in the same parish: a daughter, Bruce, 27 Oct 1611; Edward, 1 Jan 1614/15; and a son, Francis, 12 Sep 1620. Their two other sons, Richard and William, apparently were baptized elsewhere (original records apparently do not exist today or have not yet been found).

However, Sgt. Francis' youngest son, Caleb, was born about 1618-20.

III. The will of Francis Nicolls, Esq., was written 2 Sep. 1624 and proved 10 Nov 1624 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury by his widow Margaret and by Thomas, Lord Bruce, who were named executors and charged to care for the children "for their yeares are tender."

However, by 1624, Sgt. Francis Nichols' own children may have been of "tender yeares," but he certainly wasn't.

IV. Francis and Richard Nicolls, sons of Francis Nicolls of Abbots Langley, matriculated at Christ College, Oxford, 6 Dec 1639.

However, in 1639, the Connecticut General Court appointed Sgt. Francis Nichols to train the men of Stratford and exercise them in military discipline.

V. The will of widow Margaret Nicolls of Ampthill, county Bedford, was made 26 Jun 1651 and proved 22 Apr 1652 (same court as above). Her son Francis was designated residuary legatee.

However, by 1652, Sgt. Francis Nichols of Stratford, CT, was dead.

VI. The "Biography of Colonel Richard Nicolls . . ." (Edward H. Nicol, 1884) mentions Richard's will, written 1 May 1672 and proved 3 June 1672. In this will, Richard asks that a memorial be erected at Ampthill and inscribed with the names of his parents, his brother William and himself, "expressing alsoe that the rest of my Brothers Edward and Francis dyed, the first at the Hague, the other at Paris, not enduring to live under the Tyranny of the late Usurpers . . . ." In addition to the biography cited, several current Nichols researchers have visited England and report to have seen this will with their own eyes.

However, Sgt. Francis Nichols died on this side of the pond, possibly in Southold, Long Island, NY, where he'd lived with his second wife Anne Wines.

VII. Almost 70 years ago, Donald Lines Jacobus, the author of the "History and Genealogy of the Families of Old Fairfield," said of Sgt. Francis: "It should hardly be necessary to refute the foolish assertion that he was brother of Gov. Richard Nicolls of New York, though he may have been related to that family."

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The source in the citation below has been refuted in subsequent genealogical research, including by Donald Lines Jacobu (see above)

Page 5 - Francis Nichols was born about 1595 in England: died 1650 at Stratford, Conn. He was the son of Francis Nichols of Ampthill, Bedford County, England, and his wife, Margaret Bruce. He waws a brother of Col. Richard Nichols, Governor of New York in 1664, who returned to England and never married.

Page 6 - The manuscript records of Rev. George Huntington Nichols of Hoosic Falls, NY state that Francis Nichols seems to have come to New England, landing at Boston, in 1635, with his three sons. Francis Nichols located temporarily at Watertown, Mass., afterwards at Wethersfield, Conn., and finally settled permanently at Stratford with his sons Isaac and Caleb in the Spring of 1639, and became a man of prominence. Frances Nichols appears in Statford, Conn. in 1639, among the first settlers. He was apparently a widower when he came. Francis Nichols also owned property in Southold on Long Island. Source: The ancestors and descendants of Humphrey Nichols of Newark, New Jersey Lakehurst, N.J. : Published 1917 - Pages 5-6 http://0-persi.heritagequestonline.com.alpha1.suffolk.lib.ny.us/hqoweb/library/do/books/results/image?urn=urn:proquest:US;glhbooks;Genealogy-glh232969099;19;-1;&polarity=&scale=

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  • Americana, American Historical Magazine, Volume 15
  • https://books.google.com/books?id=jgM7AQAAIAAJ&lpg=PA88&ots=jgJD5tnKnQ&dq=Mary%20Waldron%20Nichols&pg=PA88#v=onepage&q=Mary%20Waldron%20Nichols&f=false
  • Pg.87
  • I. Robert Nichols, of London, the first of the direct line to whom
  • Pg.88
  • it has been possible to trace, was the owner of a mansion in London, and of extensive estates in different parts of the kingdom. He died in 1648, and his will, which mentions three sons and his grandson, Robert, was proved June 20, of that year. He married Elizabeth or Isabel — — — .
  • II. Thomas Nichols, eldest son of Robert Nichols, married Elizabeth Popplewell, and died in 1561, leaving real estate in various parishes in London, Tottenhall Court, and other places, to his sons. Besides family legacies, he bequeathed on hundred pounds each to the four hospitals in London, and made gifts to numerous other charities.
  • III. Antony Nichols, son of Thomas Nichols, married Mary Waldron, of Say, Somerset county. On the monument of his daughter Elizabeth, he is mentioned as living in Paddington, now a part of London.
  • IV. Francis Nichols, son of Antony and Mary (Waldron) Nichols, married Margaret, daughter of Sir George Bruce, of Carnock, who was a son of Robert Bruce. Edward Bruce, father of Robert Bruce, was born in 1565, son of Sir Robert Bruce. He was the son of Sir David Bruce, who was born in 1497; the line traces backward through Sir David Bruce; Sir David Bruce; Sir Robert Bruce; Sir Edward Bruce; Robert Bruce, of Clackmanan, son of King Roger Bruce, of Scotland, who was born in 1334. In 1613 the custody of the Great Park at Ampthill in Bedfordshire was granted to Sir George Bruce, Margaret (Bruce) Nichols' father, the honor of Ampthill being vested in the Crown. Under this arrangement the Nichols family for many years leased Great Park from the Bruces, and lived at the Great Lodge or Capital Mansion. Francis Nichols is called in the pedigree of 1628, of the Middle Temple, one of the Squires of the Bath. He was buried at Anpthill, about forty miles from London. The will of his wife Margaret was dated April 20, 1651; William Nichols, dean of Chester, and her "ancient servant," Thomas Greene, alias Hodson, were executors; she bequeathed all to her son Francis. The will of Sir William Craford, Knight, of the Beckerings Park, Bedfordshire, dated February 24, 1634, proved May 28, 1636, and filed in the Prerogative Court, Canterbury, England, bequeaths "To Margaret Bruce, wife of Francis Nicholls, 50 pounds. Francis Nicholls, Esq., now in the Indies, 150 pounds." The children of Francis and Margaret (Bruce) Nichols were: 1. Edward, born before 1600: held military office under the Royalist regime; he was forced to flee the county under the Commonwealth and never returned; died in Paris. 2. Francis, mentioned below. 3. Bruce, a daughter, married John Frecheville (baron), of Stavely, Derby, and died in 1629. 4. Richard, governor of New York in 1664, returned to England in 1667. 5. William, died young.
  • Pg.89
  • (ACCORDING TO OTHER REFERENCES THIS SGT. FRANCIS NICHOLS IS NOT THE SON OF MARGARET (BRUCE) & FRANCIS NICHOLS)
  • V. Sergeant Francis (2) Nicholls, son of Francis (1) Nichols, (or Nicholls) Sr., and Margaret Bruce, his wife, was born in England before 1600. He emigrated in 1635, and was among the first settlers of Stratford, Connecticut, where he was living as early as 1639. He had military training, and was a member of the Horse Guards in London prior to his coming to America. In 1639 he was chosen to train and exercise the men of Stratford in military discipline. Francis Nicholls subsequently removed to Westchester County, New York. He was also an extensive land owner in Southold, Long Island, where he married Anna, daughter of Deacon Barnabas Wines. His estate was distributed among his children be his death, in 1650.
  • .... etc.

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  • Genealogical and Family History of the State of Connecticut ..., Volume 2, Part 2 By William Richard Cutter
  • https://books.google.com/books?id=w-8nAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA1168
  • https://archive.org/details/genealogicalfami002cutt
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogicalfami002cutt#page/1168/mode/1up
  • (I) Robert Nichols, of London, married Elizabeth or Isabel —— . He died 1548. His three sons and his grandson Robert, son of Thomas, are mentioned in his will which was dated and proved June 20, 1548. He left a mansion in London, and large landed property. Children : Thomas, mentioned below ; John : Thomas, the younger.
  • (II) Thomas, eldest son of Robert Nichols, married Elizabeth Popplewell. He died 1561. His will was dated October 11, 1558. and proved January 31, 1561. He left real estate in various parishes in London, Tottenhall Court, and other places, to his sons. Besides family legacies, he bequeathed one hundred pounds each to the four hospitals in London, as well as remembering other charities. Children : Robert ; Antony, mentioned below ; Richard ; John.
  • (III) Antony, son of Thomas Nichols, married Mary Waldron, of Sav, Somerset county. On the monument of his daughter Elizabeth, he is mentioned as living in Paddington, now a part of London. Children : Francis, mentioned below ; Antony, William, Elizabeth.
  • (IV) Francis, son of Antony Nichols, married Margaret, daughter of Sir George Bruce, of Carnock, who was son of Robert Bruce. Edward Bruce, father of Robert, was born 1565, son of Sir Robert Bruce. He was son of Sir David Bruce, born 1497. Sir David Bruce was son of Sir David Bruce, who was son of Sir Robert Bruce, born 1393. Sir Robert Bruce was son of Sir Edward Bruce. His father, Robert Bruce, of Clackmanan, born 1367, was son of King Robert Bruce, who was born 1334. In 1613 the custody of the Great Park at Ampthill in Bedfordshire was granted to Sir George Bruce. Margaret's father, the honor of Ampthill being vested in the Crown. Under this arrangement the Nichols family for many years leased the Great Ampthill Park under the Bruces, and lived at the Great Lodge or Capitol Mansion, as it was called then. It is occupied now by Lady Ampthill, one of the late Queen Victoria's ladies-in-waiting, and it is called by the villagers "The Park House." Francis Nichols is called in the pedigree of 1628, of the Middle Temple, one of the Squires of the Bath. He was buried at Ampthill, about forty miles from London. The will of his wife Margaret was dated April 20, 1651, and William Nichols, dean of Chester, and her "ancient servant," Thomas Green, alias Hodson, were executors, and she left everything to her son Francis. In a will found on file in the prerogative court, Canterbury, England, there is a legacy to Francis and his wife. It is the will of Sir William Craford, Knight of Beckerings Park, Bedfordshire, dated February 24, 1634, and proved May 28, 1636: "To Margaret Bruce, wife of Francis Nicholls, 50 pounds. Francis Nicholls, Esq., now in the Indies. 150 pounds." Children: 1. Edward, born before 1600, held military office in the Royalist cause, and was compelled to flee the country, and never returned : died in Paris. 2. Francis, born before 1600, mentioned below. 3. Bruce, a daughter, married John Frecheville (baron), of Stavely, Derby, died in 1629. 4. Richard, was governor of New York in 1664, and returned to England in 1667. 5. William, died young.
  • (ACCORDING TO OTHER REFERENCES THIS SGT. FRANCIS NICHOLS IS NOT THE SON OF MARGARET (BRUCE) & FRANCIS NICHOLS)
  • (V) Francis (2), son of Francis (1) Nichols, was born in England before 1600. He was the immigrant ancestor, and was among the first seventeen settlers and founders of Stratford, Connecticut, where he was living as early as 1639. He had a military training
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogicalfami002cutt#page/1169/mode/1up
  • and belonged to the Horse Guards of London, it is believed. He was brother of Colonel Richard Nichols, the first English governor. In 1639 he was chosen by the general court to train and exercise the men of Stratford in military discipline. He owned land in Southold, Long Island. He lived at Stratford but a short time, and finally settled in Westchester county, New York. No mention is made in the records of his wife when he came to Stratford, so he was very likely a widower. He married (second) in 1645, Anna, daughter of Deacon Barnabas Wines, of Southold, Long Island, by whom he had a daughter. He died in 1650. His estate was distributed among his children before his death. His widow married (second) John Elton, a wealthy planter of Southold; (third) Captain John Tooker, of Setauket, Long Island ; (fourth) Colonel John Youngs, son of Rev. John Youngs, the first minister at Southold. Children, born in England : John ; Isaac ; Caleb, mentioned below ; daughter, married Richard Mills. Child by second wife : Anna, married Christopher Youngs Jr., nephew of her step-father.
  • .... etc.

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  • (Francis Nichols, Sgt. WAS NOT THE SON OF MARGARET (BRUCE) & FRANCIS NICHOLS)
  • Francis Nichols
  • M, #14575
  • Father Anthony Nichols, Esq.
  • Mother Mary Waldron
  • Francis Nichols was born at of Middle Temple and Ampthill Court. He married Margaret Bruce, daughter of Sir George Bruce and Euphame Primrose.
  • Family Margaret Bruce d. 1652
  • Children
    • Francis Nichols, Sgt.+ b. 1595, d. 16 Jan 1650
    • Richard Nichols, 1st English Colonial Governor of New York b. c 1624, d. 1672
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p485.htm#i14575

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Francis Nichols, Jr.'s Timeline

1620
September 12, 1620
Hertfordshire, England
1672
1672
Age 51
Paris, France