Francisco de Melo, 1° conde de Assumar

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Francisco de Melo, 1º conde de Assumar

Birthplace: Estremoz, Évora, Portugal
Death: Died in Madrid, Community of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of Constantino de Bragança, 7º vice-rei da Índia and Maria de Melo
Husband of Antonia de Vilhena
Father of María Teresa de Villena Condesa de Assumar; Gaspar Constantino de Mello, II marqués de Villescas, Conde de Asumar and Brites Polonia de Villena

Managed by: George J. Homs
Last Updated:

About Francisco de Melo, 1° conde de Assumar ;

Dom Francisco de Melo (1597 – 18 December 1651) was a Portuguese nobleman and general.


Melo was born in Estremoz, Portugal.

He was marquis of the Portuguese Tor de Laguna, count of Assumar, and, from 1641 to 1644, interim governor of the Southern Netherlands.

When Francisco de Melo came to the Southern Netherlands, he already had an impressive political career. From 1632 to 1636 he had been Spanish ambassador to the Republic of Genoa. In 1638 he was appointed viceroy of Sicily, and two years later he was ambassador in Vienna.

Above all, Francisco de Melo will be remembered for the historical defeat at the battle of Rocroi in 1643. In later years this defeat has been regarded as one of the key steps in the decline of the Spanish empire. Don Francisco's victory at the Battle of Honnecourt one year earlier, has been almost completely forgotten.

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