Franz Karl, Erzherzog von Österreich

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Franz Karl, Erzherzog von Österreich's Geni Profile

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Franz Karl Joseph von Österreich (Habsburg-Lothringen), Erzherzog

Birthplace: Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)
Death: Died in Wien, Österreich-Ungarn
Place of Burial: Wien, Österreich-Ungarn
Immediate Family:

Son of Franz II, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches and Maria Theresia von Neapel-Sizilien, Kaiserin von Österreich
Husband of Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Archduchess of Austria
Father of Kaiser Franz Josef I, Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary; Ferdinand Maximilian von Österreich - Maximiliano I, Emperador de México; Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria; Marie Anna Karolina Pia von Österreich-Habsburg, Erzherzogin; Stillborn Son von Österreich, Erzherzog and 2 others
Brother of Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria; Ferdinand I, Kaiser von Österreich (Emperor of Austria); Erzherzogin Marie Karoline von Österreich; Caroline Ludovika Leopoldine von Habsburg-Lorraine, Erzherzogin; Maria Leopoldina Habsburg-Lothringen and 6 others
Half brother of Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria

Occupation: Archduke of Austria, renounced his succession rights 1848
Managed by: Noah Gregory Tutak
Last Updated:

About Franz Karl, Erzherzog von Österreich

Golden Fleece - Knights: Austrian Branch


Francis was a son of Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792), daughter of Charles III of Spain. Francis was born in Florence, the capital of Tuscany, where his father reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. Though he had a happy childhood surrounded by his many siblings,[2] his family knew Francis was likely to be a future Emperor (his uncle Joseph had no surviving issue from either of his two marriages), and so in 1784 the young Archduke was sent to the Imperial Court in Vienna to educate and prepare him for his future role.[3]

Emperor Joseph II himself took charge of Francis's development. His disciplinarian regime was a stark contrast to the indulgent Florentine Court of Leopold. The Emperor wrote that Francis was "stunted in growth", "backward in bodily dexterity and deportment", and "neither more nor less than a spoiled mother's child". Joseph concluded that "…the manner in which he was treated for upwards of sixteen years could not but have confirmed him in the delusion that the preservation of his own person was the only thing of importance."[3]

Joseph's martinet method of improving the young Francis were "fear and unpleasantness".[4] The young Archduke was isolated, the reasoning being that this would make him more self-sufficient as it was felt by Joseph that Francis "fail[ed] to lead himself, to do his own thinking". Nonetheless, Francis greatly admired his uncle, if rather feared him. To complete his training, Francis was sent to join an army regiment in Hungary and he settled easily into the routine of military life.[5]

After the death of Joseph II in 1790, Francis's father became Emperor. He had an early taste of power while acting as Leopold's deputy in Vienna while the incoming Emperor traversed the Empire attempting to win back those alienated by his brother's policies.[6] The strain told on Leopold and by the winter of 1791, he became ill. He gradually worsened throughout early 1792; on the afternoon of 1 March Leopold died, at the relatively young age of 44. Francis, just past his 24th birthday, was now Emperor, much sooner than he had expected.


From his first wife Elisabeth of Württemberg, one daughter, and his second wife Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, eight daughters and four sons:

Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria 18 February 1790 24 June 1791 (aged 1) died in childhood, no issue

Archduchess Marie-Louise 12 December 1791 17 December 1847 (aged 56) married first Napoleon Bonaparte, had issue, married second Adam, Count of Neippberg, had issue, married third to Charles, Count of Bombelles, no issue

Emperor Ferdinand I 19 April 1793 29 June 1875 (aged 82) married Maria Anna, Princess of Sardinia, no issue

Archduchess Marie Caroline 8 June 1794 16 March 1795 (aged 0) died in childhood, no issue

Archduchess Caroline Ludovika 22 December 1795 30 June 1797 (aged 1) died in childhood, no issue

Archduchess Maria Leopoldina 22 January 1797 11 December 1826 (aged 29) married Pedro I of Brazil, had issue

Archduchess Maria Clementina 1 March 1798 3 September 1881 (aged 83) married her maternal uncle Prince Leopoldo of the Two Sicilies, had issue

Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold 9 April 1799 30 June 1807 (aged 8) died some weeks after his mother in childhood, no issue

Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria 8 April 1801 22 May 1832 (aged 31) married Crown Prince (later King) Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, no issue

Archduke Franz Karl of Austria 17 December 1802 8 March 1878 (aged 75) married Princess Sophie of Bavaria; issue included Franz Joseph I of Austria and Maximilian I of Mexico.

Archduchess Maria Anna 8 June 1804 28 December 1858 (aged 54) died unmarried

Archduke Johann Nepomuk 30 August 1805 19 February 1809 (aged 3) died in childhood, no issue

Archduchess Amalie Theresa 6 April 1807 9 April 1807 (aged 0) died in childhood, no issue

view all 11

Franz Karl, Erzherzog von Österreich's Timeline

December 7, 1802
Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)
November 4, 1824
Age 21
Wien, Österreich-Ungarn
August 18, 1830
Age 27
Wien, Österreich
July 6, 1832
Age 29
Wien, Österreich
July 30, 1833
Age 30
Wien, Österreich
October 27, 1835
Age 32
Wien, Österreich
October 24, 1840
Age 37
May 15, 1842
Age 39
Wien, Österreich
March 8, 1878
Age 75
Wien, Österreich-Ungarn