Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin & Ava

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About Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin & Ava,_1st_Marquess_of_Dufferin_and_Ava

Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava KP GCB GCSI GCMG GCIE PC (21 June 1826 – 12 February 1902) was a British public servant and prominent member of Victorian society. In his youth he was a popular figure in the court of Queen Victoria, and became well known to the public after publishing a best-selling account of his travels in the North Atlantic.

He is now best known as one of the most successful diplomats of his time. His long career in public service began as a commissioner to Syria in 1860, where his skillful diplomacy maintained British interests while preventing France from instituting a client state in Lebanon. After his success in Syria, Dufferin served in the Government of the United Kingdom as the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Under-Secretary of State for War. In 1872 he became the third Governor General of Canada, bolstering imperial ties in the early years of the Dominion, and in 1884 he reached the pinnacle of his diplomatic career as eighth Viceroy of India.

Following his retirement from the diplomatic service in 1896, his final years were marred by personal tragedy and a misguided attempt to secure his family's financial position. His eldest son was killed in the Second Boer War and another son badly wounded. He was chairman of a mining firm that went bankrupt after swindling people, although he was ignorant of the matter. His biographer Davenport-Hines says he was "imaginative, sympathetic, warm-hearted, and gloriously versatile." He was an effective leader in Lebanon, Canada and India, averted war with Russia, and annexed Burma. He was careless of money but charming and gay in high society in three continents.

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Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin & Ava's Timeline

June 21, 1826
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
October 23, 1862
Age 36
Age 36
Age 36
March 16, 1866
Age 39
Clandeboye House, Belfast, Antrim, Ireland
Age 42
Age 43
Age 46
February 26, 1875
Age 48
February 12, 1902
Age 75
Clandeboye, Ireland