About Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon
Major Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon GCSI GCMG GCIE GBE PC (12 September 1866 – 12 August 1941) was a British Liberal politician and administrator who served as Governor General of Canada, the 13th since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 32nd.
Freeman-Thomas was born in England and educated at Eton College and then the University of Cambridge before serving for 15 years in the Sussex Artillery. He then entered the diplomatic and political fields, acting as aide-de-camp to his father-in-law when the latter was Governor of Victoria, and in 1900 was elected to the British House of Commons. He thereafter occupied a variety of government posts, including secretary to the British prime minister and Lord-in-Waiting to King George V. From 1913 on, Freeman-Thomas held viceregal offices throughout the British Empire, starting with the governorship of Bombay and then the governorship of Madras, before he was in 1926 appointed as Canadian governor general by the King, on the recommendation of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Stanley Baldwin, to replace the Viscount Byng of Vimy as viceroy, and he occupied the post until succeeded by the Earl of Bessborough in 1931. Freeman-Thomas was immediately thereafter appointed as Governor General and Viceroy of India by the King, on the advice of British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald, to replace the Lord Irwin, and he served in the post until succeeded by the Marquess of Linlithgow in 1936.
After the end of his viceregal tenure, Freeman-Thomas was installed as the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and was elevated in the peerage as the Marquess of Willingdon. After representing the UK at a number of organisations and celebrations, Freeman-Thomas died in 1941 at his home in London, and his ashes were interred in Westminster Abbey.