Frigg / Frigida / Frea / Friege / Jord
|Nicknames:||"Frigg", "Frigga", "Friege", "Freya", "Frea", "Frigida", "Gadwallsdotter", "Gadwalldóttir"|
|Death:||Died in Schleswig (now Northern Germany)|
|Occupation:||giantess, Queen of the Swedes, aka Frea, Queen of Asgard, Queen God in Norse mythology; ruler of Asgard, Germanic Love Goddess|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Frigg / Frigida / Frea / Friege / Jord
once or twice - Father of Friege was marked following
Name: Frea (Frigg) Cadwalladr
Father: Cadwalladr (Cadvan)
1 Odin King of the Swedes
Father Frithuwald (Bor)
Mother Beltsa of Asgard
Children Skjöld King of the Danes
- Note many more children are listed on ancestry.com, however I am going by the webite above, which seems more reliable, better sourced and more informative in general.
Frigg (219-) [Pedigree]
Daughter of Cadwalladr
REF RC. First wife of Odin.
b. c. 219
Married Odin (215-)
Children: [listed under entry for Odin
1. "Royalty for Commoners",
Roderick W. Stuart, 1992, 2nd edition.
This book lists all of the known ancestors of John of Gaunt,
which amounts to most of the Medieval royalty of Europe. Also
see the following article: "A Mediaeval Miscellany:
Commentaries on Roderick W. Stuart's Royalty for Commoners,"
The American Genealogist 69 (April 1994)
«Frigg» har flere betydninger.
Frigg var i den norrøne mytologien Odins andre og mest fornemme kone og gudinne for ekteskap, barnefødsler, hjem og familie. Bildet viser Frigg som spinner skyene, malt av John Charles Dollman (1851-1934)Frigg (Frigga) er i norrøn mytologi Odins kone. Hun er datter av Fjòrgyn.
Sammen med Odin får hun sønnen Balder, som blir drept når Loke lurer Hod til å skyte en misteltein på ham etter at Loke får nyss om at mistelteinen er den eneste skapningen på jorda som kan skade Balder. Frigg får veldig skyldfølelse etter denne hendelsen, siden hun ikke ba mistelteinen om å love å aldri skade Balder.
Frigg var svært vakker og den mektigste av gudinnene. Hun er kjærlighets- og skjebnegudinnen. Hun kjenner menneskers skjebne like godt som Odin selv. Hun er også gudinne over ekteskapet. Hun har sin egen hall, Fensalir («Vannhallen»). Hun blandes ofte sammen med Frøya.
Hennes sendebud er åsynjen Gna (Gnå), som rir over himmelen på hesten Hofvarpnir. Andre åsynjer Frigg knyttes til er Hlin, som verner alle mennesker som Frigg ønsker å gi beskyttelse, og Fulla, som bærer Friggs eske, passer hennes sko, og kjenner alle hennes hemmeligheter.
I Snorres Ynglingesaga blir Frigg kjent for bl.a. å ha vært utro mot Odin, med hans brødre Vilje og Ve, en gang Odin var på reise så lenge at de trodde han var død.
De tre stjernene i Orions belte (stjerner) i stjernebildet Orion ble i norrøn mytologi kalt "Friggs rokk".
[rediger] Eksterne lenker
Esoterisk portrett av Frigg
Oppslagsordet «Frigg» i Salmonsens konversationsleksikon (dansk leksikon fra 1915-1930)
Oppslagsordet «Frigg» i Nordisk familjebok (svensk leksikon fra 1908)
Commons: Frigg – bilder, video eller lyd
In Norse mythology, Skaði (anglicised as Skadi, pronounced /ˈskɑːði/ SKAA-dhee) or sometimes referred to as Öndurgud or Öndurdis ("Snowshoe Goddess") is a giantess, daughter of Thjazi, wife of the god Njörðr and stepmother of Freyr and Freyja.
In Norse mythology, Skaði (anglicised as Skadi, pronounced /ˈskɑːði/ SKAA-dhee) or sometimes referred to as Öndurgud or Öndurdis ("Snowshoe Goddess") is a giantess, daughter of Thjazi, wife of the god Njörðr and stepmother of Freyr and Freyja.
Frigg er Odins hustru i den nordiske mytologi. Hendes navn betyder "Den der elsker".
Hun er en meget klog kvinde, der tit råder Odin i hans vanskelige beslutninger. Hun er mor til Balder, ejer hesten Hovvarpner og bor i huset Fensale (der betyder sump-salene). Frigg har to tjenere: Fulla, der er hendes tjenestepige og Gna, som er hendes sendebud. Frigg er datter af Fjorgyn. Man ved ikke hvem Fjorgyn var, men hans navn betyder "Jorden".
Da Balder døde på trods af at alle levende væsener (undtagen misteltenen, der dræbte ham) havde lovet Frigg ikke at såre ham, får hun fremtvunget af Hel, at hvis alle levende væsener vil græde over Balders død, vil han få lov at vende tilbage fra Hel.
Og alle levende væsener græder, undtagen en. Da Frigg spørger Loke, der har forklædt sig, så hun ikke genkender ham, om han vil græde for Balder svarer han nej! - og Balder må derfor blive i Hel til Ragnarok.
Frigg er gudinde for bl.a. ægteskabet. Hun blev tilbedt i forbindelse med fødsler og hvis mødre havde brug for beskyttelse af deres børn, specielt drenge, der drog i krig. Herudover stod hun som beskytter og hjælper ved traditionelt kvindearbejde, som vævning, syning, madlavning o.l. I mange forbindelser smelter Frigg og Freja næsten sammen, de var måske oprindelig samme gud. Men Frigg står for den ægteskabelige og moderlige kærlighed, mens Freja står for den sensuelle kærlighed og frugtbarhed.
Selvom Frigg er gud for ægteskabet boede hun ikke sammen med sin mand og hun muntrede sig med Odins brødre Vile og Ve, når Odin var på rejser. Odin selv var nu heller ikke særlig trofast, han var kendt som en rigtig skørtejæger. Frigg blev gift med Odin i forbindelse med afslutningen på krigen mod vanerne, måske var hun vane ligesom Freja.
Född omkring 219 Asagård, Mindre Asien
1. Prince Wecta Kent b: 353
2. Prince Baeldaeg Wessex b: 355
3. Prince Casere East- Anglia b: 357
4. Prince Seaxneat Essex b: 358
5. Prince Waegdaeg Deira b: 360
6. Prince Wihtlaeg Mercia b: 362
Frigg van Asaland, geb. 219 te Asgard, Scandinavië.
Ben M. Angel notes: I believe that Frigga was Freya's mother in at least one Norse-Saxon tradition, and at the very least, they were by no means the same person/goddess. Was this the product of a merge-gone-wrong?
Reference to them being two different personalities:
Frigg (or Frigga) is a major goddess in Norse paganism, a subset of Germanic paganism. She is said to be the wife of Odin, and is the "foremost among the goddesses". Frigg appears primarily in Norse mythological stories as a wife and a mother. She is also described as having the power of prophecy yet she does not reveal what she knows. Frigg is described as the only one other than Odin who is permitted to sit on his high seat Hlidskjalf and look out over the universe. The English term Friday derives from the Anglo-Saxon name for Frigg, Frigga.
Frigg's children are Baldr and Höðr, her stepchildren are Thor, Hermóðr, Heimdall, Tyr, Vidar, Váli, and Skjoldr. Frigg's companion is Eir, a goddess associated with medical skills. Frigg's attendants are Hlín, Gná, and Fulla.
In the Poetic Edda poem Lokasenna 26, Frigg is said to be Fjörgyns mær ("Fjörgynn's maiden"). The problem is that in Old Norse mær means both "daughter" and "wife", so it is not fully clear if Fjörgynn is Frigg's father or another name for her husband Odin, but Snorri Sturluson interprets the line as meaning Frigg is Fjörgynn's daughter (Skáldskaparmál 27), and most modern translators of the Poetic Edda follow Snorri. The original meaning[dubious – discuss] of fjörgynn was the earth, cf. feminine version Fjorgyn, a byname for Jörð, the earth.
Bild:Frigg spinner molnen. Målning av John Charles Dollman
Name: Frigg OF THE BRITONS
Given Name: Frigg
Surname: of the Britons
Sex: F 1 2
Father: Cadwalladr OF THE BRITONS
Marriage 1 Odin (Wotan) OF ASGARD b: 215
Skjold OF HLEITHRA b: 237
Beldig OF SCANDINAVIA
Wecta OF KENT
Wihtlaeg OF MERCIA
Casere OF EAST ANGLIA
Njord OF THE SWEDES
Abbrev: Stuart (1992)
Title: Royalty for Commoners
Author: Stuart, R. W.
Publication: Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2nd. Ed. 1992 (firstEd. 1988).
Page: p. 230 (Line 324)
Title: The prose Edda, tales from norse mythology.
Author: Sturlasson, Snorri (Translation and introduction by A. G. Brodeur)
Publication: Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1916 (republ. 2006)
Page: p. 7
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Lóriði is the son of Thor and Sif and forefather of Norse rulers, according to the prologue of the Prose Edda. Loridi does not appear in any other instance of Norse mythology.
One should note that the author of the Prose Edda Snorri Sturluson was a christian and he used the prologue to explain how the norse pagans came to believe what they did. The prologue allowed Snorri the framework to assert that he was a christian before going on to relate the potentially heretical pagan tales of the norse gods in the Gylfaginning. Snorri posits the theory that many of the heroes from ancient city of Troy came to Scandanavia and were revered as gods and demigods.
For these reasons Lóriði should not be considered the son of the mythical Thor. Lóriði is not an actual part of the ancient norse myths.
-Near the earth's centre was made that goodliest of homes and haunts that ever have been, which is called Troy, even that which we call Turkland. This abode was much more gloriously made than others, and fashioned with more skill of craftsmanship in manifold wise, both in luxury and in the wealth which was there in abundance. There were twelve kingdoms and one High King, and many sovereignties belonged to each kingdom; in the stronghold were twelve chieftains. These chieftains were in every manly part greatly above other men that have ever been in the world. One king among them was called Múnón or Mennón; and he was wedded to the daughter of the High King Priam, her who was called Tróán; they had a child named Trór, whom we call Thor. He was fostered in Thrace by a certain war-duke called Lóríkus; but when he was ten winters old he took unto him the weapons of his father. He was as goodly to look upon, when he came among other men, as the ivory that is inlaid in oak; his hair was fairer than gold. When he was twelve winters old he had his full measure of strength; then he lifted clear of the earth ten bear-skins all at one time; and then he slew Duke Lóríkus, his foster-father, and with him his wife Lórá, or Glórá, and took into his own hands the realm of Thrace, which we call Thrúdheim. Then he went forth far and wide over the lands, and sought out every quarter of the earth, overcoming alone all berserks and giants, and one dragon, greatest of all dragons, and many beasts. In the northern half of his kingdom he found the prophetess that is called Síbil, whom we call Sif, and wedded her. The lineage of Sif I cannot tell; she was fairest of all women, and her hair was like gold. Their son was Lóridi, who resembled his father; his son was Einridi, his son Vingethor, his son Vingener, his son Móda, his son Magi, his son Seskef, his son Bedvig, his son Athra (whom we call Annarr), his son Ítermann, his son Heremód, his son Skjaldun (whom we call Skjöld), his son Bjáf (whom we call Bjárr), his son Ját, his son Gudólfr, his son Finn, his son Fríallaf (whom we call Fridleifr); his son was he who is named Vóden, whom we call Odin: he was a man far-famed for wisdom and every accomplishment. His wife was Frígídá, whom we call Frigg.
Frigg ("den kärliga") var i nordisk mytologi härskarinnan i Asgård. Maka till Oden, dotter till Fjorgyn och möjligen Fjorgynn, moder till Balder, Hermod och Höder.
.Mycket tyder på att Frigg och Freja emmanerat ur en gemensam germansk gudinna. Hos de kontinentala germanerna kallas hon Frea och Frejas make kallas i vissa källor för Od. Att Friggs identitet förblir dunkel vid sidan om Frejas förstärker misstankarna om att det kan röra sig om lokala versioner av samma gudinna. Jämfört med Freja har dock Frigg associerats mer med äktenskap och moderskap och mindre med extatiska utsvävningar och fruktbarhet. Detta kommer till uttryck i berättelsen om Balder där hon framträder som en beskyddande moder. Som äktenskapets beskyddare var hennes roll dock inte okomplicerad: Hon levde inte tillsammans med sin make utan hade en egen boning: Fensalarna ("sumpsalarna"). Hennes äktenskap förhindrade heller inte att hon hade utomäktenskapliga förbindelser med Odens bröder Vile och Ve under makens bortavaro.
Frigg är den främsta och visaste av asynjorna. Hon har vetskap om alla människors öden, men yppar inget frivilligt. Om man åkallar Frigg i någon fråga kan det vara svårt att veta vad man kan få för svar.
Hennes tjänstekvinna heter Fulla. Hon bär Friggs skrin och vårdar hennes skodon, och hon är helt invigd i det Frigg gör. Hennes andra tjänstekvinna är Gna som är hennes budbärare. Gna äger hästen Hofvarpner som inte bara springer på jorden utan även genom luften och på vatten. Likt Freja har Frigg en falkhamn.
Frigg gifte sig med Oden i samband med vanakriget, vilket antyder att hon skulle vara en av vanerna.
Lin eller Hlin är antingen ett annat namn på Frigg eller på en asynja i tjänst hos henne. Lin sägs beskydda människor. Möjligen var Frigg även identisk med Saga.
Somliga anser att fredag är döpt efter Frigg.
Landet øst for Tanakvisl (Tanakvísl) i Asia ble kalt Asaland (Ásaland) eller Asaheim (Ásaheimur), og hovedborgen i
landet ble kalt Asgard (Ásgarð). Dette lå på østre bredd av grenseelven Tanais utløp, hvor byen Asov ligger idag.
BIOGRAPHY: also called Friia, in Norse mythology, the wife of Odin and mother of Balder. She was a promoter of marriage and of fertility. In Icelandic stories, she tried to save her son's life but failed. Some myths depict her as the weeping and loving mother, while others stress her loose morals. Frigg was known also to other Germanic peoples, as Frija (in German) and Frea; her name survives in English in the word Friday.
Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
'Frigg (sometimes anglicized as Frigga) is a major goddess in Norse paganism, a subset of Germanic paganism. She is said to be the wife of Odin, and is the "foremost among the goddesses" and the queen of Asgard. Frigg appears primarily in Norse mythological stories as a wife and a mother. She is also described as having the power of prophecy yet she does not reveal what she knows. Frigg is described as the only one other than Odin who is permitted to sit on his high seat Hlidskjalf and look out over the universe. The English term Friday derives from the Anglo-Saxon name for Frigg, Frige.'
Frigg Ånarsdatter of Lethra 1
- It is also known by the name of
- Briga Ånarsdatter Lethra 1 ,
- Briga Ånarsdatter of Hleithra 1 ,
- Briga Ånarsdatter von Lejre 1 ,
- Friga Ånarsdatter von Lejre 1 ,
- Friga Ånarsdatter of Hleithra 1 ,
- Friga Ånarsdatter of Lethra 1 ,
- Frea Ånarsdatter of Lethra 1 ,
- Frea Ånarsdatter of Hleithra 1 ,
- Frea von Ånarsdatter Lejre 1 ,
- Frigg Ånarsdatter von Lejre 1 and
- Frigg Ånarsdatter of Hleithra 1 .
- She is the daughter of Pontus called the Night 1 .
- It is perhaps the daughter of Anar Lethra the Elder 1 .
- She married Odin of Asgard , the son of Frithuwald of Asgar and Beltsa of Asgard 1 .
List of known children:
- + 1. Baeldaeg (from Odin of Asgard )
- + 2. WECT (from Odin of Asgard )
- + 3. Casere (from Odin of Asgard )
- + 4. Seaxneat (from Odin of Asgard )
- + 5. Waegdaeg (from Odin of Asgard )
- + 6. Wihtlaeg (from Odin of Asgard )
- 7. Winta (from Odin of Asgard )
- 8. Saemingr of Norway (from Odin of Asgard )
- 9. Yngvi king of Sweden (from Odin of Asgard )
- + 10. Skjold Odinsson of Lethra (237 -) (from Odin of Asgard )
In Norse mythology, Frigg (Eddas) or Frigga (Gesta Danorum) was said to be "foremost among the goddesses," the wife of Odin, queen of the Æsir, and goddess of the sky. One of the Ásynjur, she is a goddess of marriage, motherhood, fertility, love, household management, and domestic arts. Her primary functions in the Norse mythological stories are as wife and mother, but these are not her only functions. She has the power of prophecy although she does not tell what she knows , and is the only one other than Odin who is permitted to sit on his high seat Hlidskjalf and look out over the universe. She also participates in the Wild Hunt (Asgardreid) along with her husband. Frigg's children are Baldr, Hö?r and, in an English source, Wecta; her stepchildren are Hermó?r, Heimdall, Tyr, Vidar, Váli, and Skjoldr. Thor is either her brother or a stepson. Frigg's companion is Eir, the gods' doctor and goddess of healing. Frigg's attendants are Hlín (a goddess of protection), Gná (a messenger goddess), and Fulla (a fertility goddess). It is unclear whether Frigg's companions and attendants are simply different aspects of Frigg herself (cf. avatar). According to the poem Lokasenna Frigg is the daughter of Fjorgyn (masculine version of "Earth," cf. feminine version of "Earth," Thor's mother), her mother is not identified in the stories that have survived.
As "Fricka" -- Arthur Rackham's illustration to the Die Walküre opera by Richard Wagner The Orion constellation was known as "Frigg's Distaff" (Friggerock). Some have pointed out that the constellation is on the celestial equator and have suggested that the stars rotating in the night sky may have been associated with Frigg's spinning wheel. She is said to have woven or spun the clouds. Frigg's name means "love" or "beloved one" (Proto-Germanic *frijj?, cf. Sanskrit priy? "dear woman") and was known among many northern European cultures with slight name variations over time: e.g. Frea in southern Germany, Frija or Friia in Old High German, Friggja in Sweden, Fr?g (genitive Fr?ge) in Old English, and Frika in Wagner's operas. Modern English translations have sometimes altered Frigg to Frigga. It has been suggested that "Frau Holle" of German folklore is a survival of Frigg.
Frigg's hall in Asgard is Fensalir, which means "Marsh Halls."  This may mean that marshy or boggy land was considered especially sacred to her but nothing definitive is known. The goddess Saga, who was described as drinking with Odin from golden cups in her hall "Sunken Benches," may be Frigg by a different name.
Symbols associated with Frigg: Keys Distaff Drop spindle (spinning wheel) Mistletoe
Frigg's grass. Frigg was very much the goddess of married women. She helped women give birth to children, and Scandinavians used the plant Lady's Bedstraw (Galium verum) as a sedative, they called it Frigg's grass).
Stories about Frigg
The Death of Baldr The most famous story about Frigg has her in the role of mother. Frigg especially loved her son Baldr, and with a mother's concern she set about trying to protect him after he had a prophetic dream of his own death. She had everything in the world promise not to harm him, but did not extract a promise from mistletoe. The gods soon made a game of throwing things at Baldr and watching them bounce off without hurting him. In Snorri Sturluson's version of the story, Baldr's brother Hö?r is blind and can't join in on the fun. Loki made a dart out of mistletoe and put it into Hö?r's hand, offering to guide his aim so he can participate in the game of throwing things at Baldr. Rather than bouncing off, the dart kills Baldr.
Even though Frigg must have known that Baldr was doomed, both through one of Baldr's prophetic dreams and her own foreknowlege, she tries to alter his fate. Even after he dies she doesn't give up and tries to arrange to have him ransomed from the underworld. According to some versions of the story, mistletoe became sacred to Frigg as a result of its failure to give Frigg its oath.
 The Winnilers and the Vandals In this story, Frigg is shown in the role of wife, but one who knows how to get her own way even though her husband thinks he is in charge. The Winnilers and the Vandals were two warring tribes. Odin favored the Vandals, while Frigg favored the Winnilers. After a heated discussion, Odin swore that he would grant victory to the first tribe he saw the next morning upon awakening-- knowing full well that the bed was arranged so that the Vandals were on his side. While he slept, Frigg told the Winniler women to comb their hair over their faces to look like long beards so they would look like men and turned the bed so the Winniler women would be on Odin's side. When he woke up, Odin was surprised to see the disguised women first and asked who these long bearded men were, which was where the tribe got its new name, the Langobards. Odin kept his oath and granted victory to the Winnilers (now known as the Lombards), and eventually saw the wisdom of Frigg's choice.
Vili and Ve In this story, Frigg has the role of sacred queen much like the role of queens during certain periods in ancient Egypt, where the king was king by virtue of being the queen's husband. As the story goes, Odin went wandering for a very long time without coming back. Finally, everyone assumed he was dead or otherwise never going to return. After quite some time had passed, Frigg "married" Odin's two brothers, Vili and Ve, who ruled in Odin's place. Eventually, Odin came back to rule and Frigg returned to his side as his wife.
Connection between Frigg and Freyja Frigg is the highest goddess of the Æsir, while Freyja is the highest goddess of the Vanir. Many arguments have been made both for and against the idea that Frigg and Freyja are really the same goddess, avatars of one another.  Some arguments are based on linguistic analysis, others on the fact that Freyja wasn't known in southern Germany, only in the north, and in some places the two goddesses were considered to be the same, while in others they were considered to be different.  There are clearly many similarities between the two: both had flying cloaks of falcon feathers and engaged in shape-shifting, Frigg was married to Odin while Freyja was married to Ó?r, both had special necklaces, both had a personification of the Earth as a parent, both were called upon for assistance in childbirth, etc. On the other hand, they sometimes appear at the same time in the same text. There is also an argument that Frigg and Freyja are part of a triad of goddesses (together with either Hnoss or I?unn) associated with the different ages of womankind. The areas of influence of Frigg and Freyja don't quite match up with the areas of influence often seen in other goddess triads. This may mean that the argument isn't a good one, or it may tell us something interesting about northern European culture as compared to Celtic and southern European culture.
Finally, there is an argument is that Frigg and Freyja are similar goddesses from different pantheons who were first conflated into each other and then later seen as separate goddesses again. (See also Frige.) This is consistent with the theological treatment of some Greek, Roman, and Egyptian deities in the late classical period.
Frigg in place names The name of a lost farm in the parish of Hegra was written "af Fryggiosætre" around 1435. This seem to be Norse Friggjarsetr, where the first element is the genitive case of Frigg (and the last element is setr 'homestead, farm'). If that is the case, then this is the only name in Norway containing Frigg.
Maidservants Frigg had 11 maidservants: Fulla, Hlín, Gná, Lofn, Sjöfn, Syn, Gefjon, Snotra, Eir, Vár, and Vör, who helped the goddess in her role as goddess of marriage and justice. They are sometimes considered to be various aspects of Frigg herself rather than distinct beings. Other times 12 maidservants are listed.
References and footnotes 1. ^ Sturluson, Snorri. Prose Edda, Gylfaginning. 2. ^ Sturluson, Snorri. Prose Edda, Skáldskaparmál. "She will tell no fortunes, yet well she knows the fates of men." 3. ^ Schön, Ebbe. (2004). Asa-Tors hammare, Gudar och jättar i tro och tradition. Fält & Hässler, Värnamo. p. 228. 4. ^ Krupp, E. C. (Jan. 1996). The thread of time. Sky and Telescope. 91(1), 60. 5. ^ Claims of a connection between Frau Holle and Frigg can be traced back at least to Jacob Grimm. However, some recent scholarship suggests that the linguistic evidence connecting Frau Holle with Frigg is based on a mistaken translation from Latin. Smith, John B. (Aug. 2004). Perchta the Belly-Slitter and Her Kin: A View of Some Traditional Threatening Figures, Threats and Punishments. Folklore. 115(2), 167, 169. 6. ^ Simek, Rudolf (1993). Dictionary of Northern Mythology, page 81. Trans. Angela Hall. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer. 7. ^ Simek, pages 93-94. Also: Lindow, John (2001). Norse Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs, pages 128-130. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 8. ^ Schön, Ebbe. (2004). Asa-Tors hammare, Gudar och jättar i tro och tradition. Fält & Hässler, Värnamo. p. 228. 9. ^ Davidson, Hilda Ellis. (1998). Roles of the Northern Goddess, page 10. London: Routlege. Also: Grundy, Stephen, Freyja and Frigg, pages 56-67; Nasstrom, Brit-Mari. Freyja, a goddess with many names, pages 68-77. Billington, Sandra & Green, Miranda (Eds.) (1996). The Concept of the Goddess. London: Routlege. 10. ^ Welsh, Lynda. (2001). Goddess of the North, page 75. York Beach: Weiser Books.
1. Title: Fighting Kings of Wessex Abbrev: Fighting Kings of Wessex Author: G.P. Baker Publication: Combined Books Date: 1996 Place: Conshohocken, Pennsylvania Date: 25 Dec 2006 2. Title: University of Hull Genealogical Database Abbrev: University of Hull Author: Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science Repository: Media: Electronic Date: 1996 Note: http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/ Date: 1 Jan 2008 Date: 1 Jan 2008
-------------------- Frejya, the Goddess of Love, Fertility, Battle, and Death was the daughter of Njörð, the Sea God and a woman of Vanaland.1,2
She was also from Asgard, Asia or East Europe as was Odin.
She preferred the splendour of her own apparel to the divine honours of her husband [Saxo Grammaticus ("Saxo the Learned") Saxo's The Danish History, Books I-IX (New York: Norroena Society, 1905), Book 1].
She was credited with the evil act of teaching witchcraft to the Aesir (a tribe of gods). She was a promoter of marriage and of fertility. She was the wife of Odin and mother of Balder. Also called Friia [Encyclopædia Britannica].
Also called Frigg of Norse Myth [Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners: The Complete Lineage of John of Gaunt, Son of Edward III, Kings of England, and Queen Philippa (.: ., 3rd Ed., 1998), 324-62].
She outlived her brother, Yngvi-Frey, and thus alone remained of the gods (priests, really), and she became on this account so celebrated that all women of distinction were called by her name, whence they now have the title Frue; so that every woman is called frue, or mistress over her property, and the wife is called the house-frue.
She was a priestess of the sacrifices, and first taught the Asaland people the magic art, as it was in use and fashion among the Vanaland people [Circa 1225 A.D. Snorri Sturluson, Heimskringla, or The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway (London: Norroena Society, 1907), The Ynglinga Saga]. -------------------- Children: - Wooden (Odin) of Nordic Mythology - - Wihtlaeg King of Britain (Angel) - - Skjold King (legendary) of the Danes - - Casere King of East Anglia (myth)
Frigg / Jord's Timeline