Fulk FitzWarin, lord of Whittingdon and Alderbury

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Fulk FitzWarin, I

Also Known As: "Guarine de Meer / Fulk", "Fulko", "Fulco", "Foulques", "/Fitzwarin/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bramley, Shropshire, England
Death: Died in Alveston, Gloucestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Warin "the Bold" de Metz and Melette (Maud) Peverell, Heiress of Whittington
Husband of Eva FitzWarin
Father of Warin FitzWarin; Fulk II "Brunin" FitzWarin, Lord of Whittington and Alveston; Ralph Fitz Warin; Richard Fitzwarin; William Fitzwarin and 2 others
Brother of Roger de Metz and William de Metz

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About Fulk FitzWarin, lord of Whittingdon and Alderbury

Fulk I FitzWarin (d.1170/1), a supporter of King Henry II (1154-1189), of Whittington in Shropshire and Alveston in Gloucestershire, son of the "shadowy or mythical" Warin of Metz, Lorraine.[2] Fulk I (d.1170/1) was rewarded by King Henry II (1154-1189) for his support of his mother Empress Matilda in her civil war with King Stephen (1135-1154) and conferred to him in 1153 the royal manor of Alveston in Gloucestershire and in 1149 the manor of Whadborough in Leicestershire. Fulk II held those properties after the death of his father in 1171.[7]

One of the most prominent legends concerning Whittington Castle regards the Marian Chalice, thought by some to be the Holy Grail. According to this legend, Sir Fulk FitzWarin, the great grandson of Payne Peveril and one in the line of guardians of the Grail and King Arthur. A story from the 13th century states that the Grail was kept in a private chapel of the castle when Sir Foulke was there. The coat of arms of Fulk FitzWarin is hung above the castle archway

http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id50.html

Whittington Castle and the families of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Peverel, Maminot, Powys and Fitz Warin (ISBN 1-899376-80-1) 

http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-FITZ-WAR-1130.html

FITZ WARIN , lords of Whittington and Alderbury ( Salop ) and Alveston (Gloucs.) . The lands in Shropshire were an area of dispute between the English and the Welsh until the conquest of Wales by Edward I . In the latter part of the 12th cent. , ‘English’ Maelor was in the hands of Roger de Powis and his brother Jonas but the area around Whittington was held by FULK FITZWARIN I (d. 1156 ) and FULK II (d. 1197 ). FULK III (d. 1256? ) regained possession of Whittington in 1204 after having been outlawed. Fulk aided Llywelyn the Great against the English in 1217 , but made peace with the government of Henry III by Feb. 1218 . Whittington was captured by Llywelyn at the start of 1223 and in 1226 Henry III met the lord of Gwynedd at Shrewsbury to discuss the trouble caused by Fulk Fitz Warin and other border barons . The enmity between Llywelyn and Fulk Fitz Warin resulted in plans, c. 1227 , for the marriage of Angharad , daughter of Madog ap Gruffydd (q.v.) , to the son of Fulk , but the wedding did not take place — it is unknown if Llywelyn 's opposition caused the scheme to fail. [At the battle of Lewes , 14 May 1264 , FULK IV was drowned while escaping from the field; afterwards] Simon de Montfort sought the aid of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd and one of the means of doing this was to grant to Llywelyn , on 22 June 1265 , the service of the lord of Whittington ; by the terms of the treaty of Montgomery , 29 Sept. 1267 , this land passed to the Welsh . FULK V ( 1251 - 1315 ), active in the wars against the Welsh at the end of the 13th cent. , was ordered to aid Bere castle , near Towyn, Mer. , in 1294 , and numerous demands were made upon him to find men from Shropshire for the king 's service. He was in conflict with Llywelyn ap Gruffydd in 1277 about lands in Bauseley, Mont. , and before 25 Feb. in this year he m. Margaret , daughter of Gruffydd ap Wenwynwyn (q.v.) by Hawise , daughter of John Lestrange (see the article on that family); Fulk d. 1315 ; his widow d. on 11 May 1336 . [The direct male line came to an end in 1420 , when the last of eleven successive Fulk s died.] A WILLIAM FITZ , who may have been related to the lords of Whittington , was active in Welsh affairs in 1277 when he witnessed an agreement between Pain de Chaworth and Rhys ap Maredudd (q.v. in Appendix) , and was present at the surrender of Gruffydd and Cynan , sons of Maredudd ab Owain , Llywelyn their nephew, and Rhys ap Rhys Fychan . In the 15th cent , another WILLIAM FITZ , levied men in Wales to attack and capture Whittington castle ; [he was Sir William Bourchier ( 1423 - 1469 ) lord Fitz Warin in right of his wife Thomasine , daughter and heiress of Elizabeth ( Hankerford ) , who was sister and heiress of the FULK XI who d. 1420 ; a grant ( 1450 ) of lands in Whittington by William and his wife appears in Edward Owen , Catalogue of MSS. relating to Wales in the B.M. , iii, 37618.]

Bibliography:

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ; The Complete Peerage , 1910–40 v, 1926 ; J. Goronwy Edwards , Calendar of Ancient Correspondence concerning Wales , 1935 , 1935 , Littere Wallie , 1940 , 1940 ; R. W. Eyton , Antiquities of Shropshire , 1854–60 ; A History of Wales Author:

Ivor John Sanders, M.A., (1911-91), Aberystwyth

[The ‘ Romance of Foulques Fitz Warin ,’ extant in prose in a single French manuscript of c. 1320 which reflects a lost metrical romance of the late 13th cent. , is described in the D.N.B. article cited above. Much of it is pure story-telling, of marvellous adventures in France , Brittany , Ireland , the Orkneys , Scandinavia , and North Africa . But large parts of it have a historical basis, however obscured by conflating Fulk II and Fulk III into a single personage (‘ Fouke le Brun ’), with consequent anachronisms such as describing king John 's daughter Joan (wife of Llywelyn the Great ) as Henry II 's daughter. The romancer's acquaintance with the history and topography of North Wales and the March , and with Welsh personages like Owain Gwynedd , Iorwerth Drwyndwn and his son Llywelyn , Owain Cyfeiliog , Gwenwynwyn , is quite detailed, and his statement that Llywelyn the Great and Fulk (this would be Fulk III ) and prince John were lads together at the English court is by no means incredible — the scuffle between Fulk and young John over a game of chess, e.g., is quite in John 's character. No Welsh version of the romance has as yet come to light, but Welsh familiarity, if not with the romance itself then at least with the oral tradition which underlay it, is attested by the fairly frequent references to ‘ Syr Ffwg ’ or ‘ Ffwg ap Gwarin ’ in the poets, e.g. Gruffudd ap Maredudd (in his awdl to Owain Lawgoch , Poetry of the Red Book of Hergest , p. 107, lines 24-5), Iolo Goch , Guto'r Glyn , Dafydd Nanmor , Tudur Aled (consult the indexes to the modern edns. of their poetry), and Wiliam Llyn (ed. Morrice , p. 53, line 73). It must however be added that these poets never refer to the content of the romance; ‘ Syr Ffwg ’ is to them merely a type among others, of knightly prowess, and probably the exigencies of cynghanedd alone account for clichés like ‘Ffwg a'i ffon’ — ‘Fulk and his staff,’ i.e. probably his spear-shaft, or possibly his cudgel (referring in that case to the incident on p. 339 of the Rolls Series ed. of the romance.)

A curious variant of the story — indeed, a matter which occurs not at all in the ‘Romance’ itself — appears in a ‘moral parable’ printed by Isaac Foulkes in his Cymru Fu , p. 84. Here, the hero is called ‘ Fulk of Glamorgan ,’ is sheriff of Cardiff , and lives in Cardiff castle . If we deleted the comma between ‘Ffwg’ and ‘Morgannwg’ on p. 17 of T. Parry 's ed. of the Dafydd ap Gwilym corpus (in a set of englynion to Ifor Hael , q.v.) , we might see in the words a reference to this ‘ Fulk of Glamorgan .’ That ‘ Fulk of Glamorgan ’ was Fulk Fitz Warin is clear from the fact that the Cymru Fu anecdote speaks of his combats with Saracens .

Bibliography:

The Romance of Foulques Fitz Warin ; Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ; Th. M. Chotzen , Recherches sur la poésie de Dafydd ap Gwilym, barde gallois du XIVe siècle , Amsterdam, 1928 , 100, 104, 106, 140. Author:

Emeritus Professor Robert Thomas Jenkins, C.B.E., D.Litt., Ll.D., F.S.A., (1881-1969), Bangor

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Fulk FitzWarin, lord of Whittingdon and Alderbury's Timeline

1110
1110
Bramley, Shropshire, England
1130
1130
Age 20
1138
1138
Age 28
Whittington, Shropshire, England
1139
1139
Age 29
Whittington, Shropshire, England
1142
1142
Age 32
1145
1145
Age 35
Whittington, Shropshire, England
1148
1148
Age 38
Whittington, Shropshire, England
1150
1150
Age 40
Whittington, Shropshire, England
1155
1155
Age 45
Whittington, Shropshire, England
1170
1170
Age 60
Alveston, Gloucestershire, England