Garsea I Ennecones, rey de Pamplona (c.810 - 882) MP

‹ Back to Ennecones surname

Is your surname Ennecones?

Research the Ennecones family

García I Íñiguez, rey de Pamplona's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Related Projects

Nicknames: "Gartzia Eneko Iruñeko errege"
Death: Died in Lekunberri, Navarre, Spain
Cause of death: killed by Arabs
Occupation: Rey de Pamplona, Rei de Pamplona, King of Pamplona, (sub- or co-)king of a part of Pamplona in the late 9th century. (The Basque ruling dynasty (Jiménez)., Príncipe de Navarra, Bisnieto del Duque Jimeno de Pamplona., Rey de Pamplona 852, Konge
Managed by: Miguel Rodriguez y Gorman
Last Updated:

About Garsea I Ennecones, rey de Pamplona

García Íñiguez de Pamplona De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

García I Íñiguez, (c. 805 - † 870). Rey de Pamplona. Fue regente desde 842.

Hijo de Íñigo Arista, rey de Pamplona, García fue educado en Córdoba. Llevó la dirección de las campañas militares durante los últimos años de vida de su padre.

En mayo de 843 ayudó a Musa II en su insurrección contra el emir de Córdoba; el resultado fue el ataque de Abd al-Rahman II de Córdoba a las tierras de Pamplona, que terminó el mes siguiente con una rotunda victoria del emir sobre García Íñiguez y Musa.

En 859 fue apresado por una expedición normanda. Liberado tras pagar un rescate, Navarra abandonó las antiguas alianzas con los Banu Qasi y se acercó al reino de Asturias. García se alió con el rey asturiano Ordoño I y juntos obtuvieron un importante triunfo ante los musulmanes en la batalla de Abelda (859). Esta victoria cristiana motivó la quiebra del poder de los Banu Qasi y la consiguiente reacción cordobesa.

Su hijo Fortún Garcés fue hecho prisionero por los musulmanes en 860 y estuvo retenido en Córdoba más de 20 años. Entre los años 870 (muerte de García Iñiguez) y 880 (regreso de Fortún Garcés I), parece que gobernó como Regente en Pamplona García Jiménez, hijo de Jimena García (dinastía Jimena).

Durante su reinado se dieron los primeros pasos para favorecer el paso de peregrinos que acudían a Compostela, poniendo las primeras piedras del futuro "Camino de Santiago".

Casado en primeras nupcias en 858 con Oria (Leodegundis), hija de Musà ibn Musà Ibn Fortún. En segundas nupcias con Urraca Giménez, Condesa de Aragón (852-870).

Hijos:

Fortún Garcés I, Rey de Pamplona, casado con Oria (Aúrea). Sancho Garcés de Pamplona. Jimena de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso III "el Magno" (ANCESTRO). Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Aznar II Galíndez (ANCESTRO). Velasquita Garcés.

-------------------- García Íñiguez of Pamplona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia García Íñiguez, sometimes García I, II, or III (Arabic: قرسية بن ونقه البشكنشي‎, Garsiya ibn Wannaqo al Baškuniši) was king of Pamplona from 851/2 to his death in 882. He was educated in Córdoba, as a guest at the court of the Emir of Córdoba. He was the son of Íñigo Arista, the first king of their dynasty. When his father was stricken by paralysis in 842, he became regent of the kingdom (or perhaps co-regent with his uncle Fortún Íñiguez). He and his kinsman Mūsā ibn Mūsā ibn Fortún of the Banu Qasi rebelled against the Cordoban emir in 843. This rebellion was put down by Emir Abd-ar-Rahman II, who attacked the Kingdom of Pamplona, defeating García badly and killing Fortún. At his father's death in 851/2, he succeeded to the crown. Following the death of Íñigo Arista, the Banu Qasi leader Mūsā ibn Mūsā pursued a policy of closer allegiance with Muhammad I of Córdoba, leaving García to look to Christian Asturias for an ally. In 859, Mūsā ibn Mūsā allowed a contingent of Vikings to pass through his lands and attack Navarre, resulting in the capture García, who was forced to pay at least 70,000 gold dinars in ransom. Later the same year, Mūsā ibn Mūsā attacked the Pamplonese city of Albelda. García and his new friend Ordoño I of Asturias together dealt Mūsā a crushing blow, killing, it is said, 10,000 of his magnates in the Battle of Albelda. This, in turn, provoked a Muslim response and the next year, 860, saw García's son and heir Fortún captured and imprisoned by the Moors. He languished in Córdoba for the next 20 years. In 870, García formed an alliance with the Muslim rebel Amrūs ibn Amr ibn Amrūs, who had killed Garcia's nephew Mūsā ibn Galindo of Huesca, and the next year was apparently in a new alliance with the sons of Mūsā ibn Mūsā, now in rebellion against Córdoba. García I favoured the pilgrims who travelled to Santiago de Compostela, and attempted to guarantee peace for that traffic. García's death has been subject to scholarly dispute, a result of a paucity of records from the last years of his reign. The lack of subsequent mention of him after 870 led to the suggestion that he died in that year, and as his heir was in the hands of his enemies, it was argued that García Jiménez then governed the kingdom as regent. García's son, Fortún Garcés, is then made to succeed upon his released in 880. There is, however, no evidence for such a regency, and Sanchéz Albornoz has cited evidence that García was still living at the time of his son's return. Thus it is likely that Balparda was reporting accurate tradition when he suggested García and ally Umar ibn Hafsun, fought a battle at Aybar against the troops of Emir of Córdoba in 882, García dying there (although the age provided him, 84 years, is clearly exaggerated). The identity of García's wife or wives is poorly documented, and has been subject to much speculation. An undated confirmation of an earlier lost charter refers to King García and Queen Urraca Mayor, and this is thought by some to refer to García Íñiguez and an otherwise unknown wife. Based on her name alone, it has been suggested that she was of the Banu Qasi, but other historians have given her different parentage, or even a different king as husband. Likewise, royal princess Leodegundia Ordoñez of Asturias, daughter of Ordoño I of Asturias, is known to have married a ruler of Pamplona, and García Íñiguez is one of those speculated to have been this prince. García Íñiguez had following children: Fortún Garcés, the future king. Sancho Garcés, whose only known child, Aznar Sánchez, married a daughter of king Fortún Garcés and by her had queens Toda Aznárez, wife of king Sancho Garcés I, and Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés. Onneca Garcés, wife of Aznar Galíndez II. Velasquita Garcés, married to Mutarrīf ibn Mūsā ibn Qasi, Wali of Huesca, son of Mūsā ibn Mūsā. (perhaps) Jimena, wife of Alfonso III of León (assignment of her parentage based on political, chronological and onomastic arguments). -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_%C3%8D%C3%B1iguez_of_Pamplona -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_Jim%C3%A9nez_of_Pamplona

García Jiménez of Pamplona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

García Jiménez or García II was (sub- or co-)king of a part of Pamplona in the late 9th century.

The Basque ruling dynasty (Jiménez) was apparently in control of a part of what would become the kingdom of Navarre distinct from that held by the descendants of Iñigo Arista. García presumably succeeded his father during the lifetime of García Íñiguez, and is listed by the Códice de Roda as being of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona.

By a popular reconstruction, when King García I supposedly died in 870 while his son and heir Fortún Garcés was imprisoned in Córdoba, García Jiménez is said to have become uncontested regent of the kingdom until he was killed at Aybar (882) in a battle against the Emir of Córdoba. However, there is evidence that García Íñiguez was still living at the time of his son's return in 880, and it may well have been that monarch who was killed in 882. In fact, there is no documentary evidence of García Jiménez playing any role in the government of the greater kingdom.

García Jiménez married firstly to Oneca, "Rebel of Sangüesa" with whom he had the following issue:

   * Íñigo, called 'king' in the Roda Codex, perhaps his father's successor.
   * Sancha, married as her first husband Íñigo Fortúnez, son of king Fortún of Pamplona, and remarried Galindo Aznárez II, Count of Aragon.

García Jiménez married secondly Dadildis de Pallars, sister of count Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, with whom he had the following issue:

   * Sancho, later sole king of Pamplona.
   * Jimeno, king in succession to Sancho.

Preceded by

perhaps

Jimeno Co- or Sub-king in Pamplona Succeeded by

perhaps

Íñigo Garcés

[edit] References

   * Lacarra de Miguel, José María. "Textos navarros del Códice de Roda". Estudios de Edad Media de la Corona de Aragon. 1:194-283 (1945).
   * Pérez de Urbel, Justo. "Lo viejo y lo nuevo sobre el origin del Reino de Pamplona". Al-Andalus. 19:1-42 (1954).
   * Sánchez Albernoz, Claudio. "Problemas de la historia Navarra del siglo IX". Princípe de Viana, 20:5-62 (1959).

This page was last modified on 27 June 2010 at 03:28. -------------------- García Jiménez or García II was (sub- or co-)king of a part of Pamplona in the late 9th century.

The Basque ruling dynasty (Jiménez) was apparently in control of a part of what would become the kingdom of Navarre distinct from that held by the descendants of Iñigo Arista. García presumably succeeded his father during the lifetime of García Íñiguez, and is listed by the Códice de Roda as being of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona.

By a popular reconstruction, when King García I supposedly died in 870 while his son and heir Fortún Garcés was imprisoned in Córdoba, García Jiménez is said to have become uncontested regent of the kingdom until he was killed at Aybar (882) in a battle against the Emir of Córdoba. However, there is evidence that García Íñiguez was still living at the time of his son's return in 880, and it may well have been that monarch who was killed in 882. In fact, there is no documentary evidence of García Jiménez playing any role in the government of the greater kingdom.

García Jiménez married firstly to Oneca, "Rebel of Sangüesa" with whom he had the following issue:

   * Íñigo, called 'king' in the Roda Codex, perhaps his father's successor.
   * Sancha, married as her first husband Íñigo Fortúnez, son of king Fortún of Pamplona, and remarried Galindo Aznárez II, Count of Aragon.

García Jiménez married secondly Dadildis de Pallars, sister of count Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, with whom he had the following issue:

   * Sancho, later sole king of Pamplona.
   * Jimeno, king in succession to Sancho.

-------------------- http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_I_Gal%C3%ADndez

García I Galíndez «el Malo» (?-833), conde de Aragón (820- 833).

Hijo de Galindo Belascotenes, se casó con Matrona, hija de Aznar I Galíndez conde de Aragón. Mató a su cuñado Centulfo y repudió a Matrona para casarse con Nunila de Pamplona, hija de Iñigo Arista rey de Pamplona, con la que tuvo un hijo, Galindo Garcés. Según la tradición, la causa fue que Centulfo y su hermano Galindo I Aznárez le gastaron una broma encerrándolo en una casa la noche de San Juan.

Iñigo Arista le proporcionó un pequeño ejército con el que depuso a Aznar I Galíndez y tomó el gobierno del condado de Aragón (820).

El 824, apoyó a Iñigo contra una expedición franca en Navarra ordenada por Luis el Piadoso y comandada por los condes Elbe y Aznar. Con la ayuda de Musa ibn Fortún, de la familia de los Banu Qasi, los francos fueron derrotados.

Según algunas fuentes, en el 833 dejó el gobierno del condado a su hijo Galindo Garcés. -------------------- REI DE NAVARRA, Espanha -------------------- García Íñiguez, sometimes García I, II, or III (Arabic: قرسية بن ونّقه البشكنشي‎, Garsiya ibn Wannaqo al Baškuniši) was king of Pamplona from 851/2 to his death in 882. He was educated in Córdoba, as a guest at the court of the Emir of Córdoba. He was the son of Íñigo Arista, the first king of their dynasty. When his father was stricken by paralysis in 842, he became regent of the kingdom (or perhaps co-regent with his uncle Fortún Íñiguez). He and his kinsman Mūsā ibn Mūsā ibn Fortún of the Banu Qasi rebelled against the Cordoban emir in 843. This rebellion was put down by Emir Abd-ar-Rahman II, who attacked the Kingdom of Pamplona, defeating García badly and killing Fortún. At his father's death in 851/2, he succeeded to the crown.

The identity of García's wife or wives is poorly documented, and has been subject to much speculation. An undated confirmation of an earlier lost charter refers to King García and Queen Urraca Mayor, and this is thought by some to refer to García Íñiguez and an otherwise unknown wife. Based on her name alone, it has been suggested that she was of the Banu Qasi, but other historians have given her different parentage, or even a different king as husband. Likewise, royal princess Leodegundia Ordoñez of Asturias, daughter of Ordoño I of Asturias, is known to have married a ruler of Pamplona, and García Íñiguez is one of those speculated to have been this prince.

García Íñiguez had following children:

   * Fortún Garcés, the future king.
   * Sancho Garcés, whose only known child, Aznar Sánchez, married a daughter of king Fortún Garcés and by her had queens Toda Aznárez, wife of king Sancho Garcés I, and Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés.
   * Onneca Garcés, wife of Aznar Galíndez II.
   * Velasquita Garcés, married to Mutarrīf ibn Mūsā ibn Qasi, Wali of Huesca, son of Mūsā ibn Mūsā.
   * (perhaps) Jimena, wife of Alfonso III of León (assignment of her parentage based on political, chronological and onomastic arguments).

[edit] Sources

   * Barrau-Dihigo, Lucien. Les origines du royaume de Navarre d'apres une théorie récente. Revue Hispanique. 7: 141-222 (1900).
   * Cañada Juste, Alberto. "Los Banu Qasi (714-924)". Princípe de Viana 41:5-95 (1980).
   * Lacarra de Miguel, José María. "Textos navarros del Códice de Roda". Estudios de Edad Media de la Corona de Aragon. 1:194-283 (1945).
   * Lévi-Provençal, Évariste. "Du nouveau sur le Royaume de Pampelune au IXe Siècle". Bulletin Hispanique. 55:5-22 (1953).
   * Lévi-Provençal, Évariste and Emilio García Gómez. "Textos inéditos del Muqtabis de Ibn Hayyan sobre los orígines del Reino de Pamplona". Al-Andalus. 19:295-315 (1954).
   * Mello Vaz de São Payo, Luiz. "A Ascendência de D. Afonso Henriques". Raízes & Memórias 6:23-57 (1990).

--------------------

  • Rey de Pamplona

-------------------- Leo: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.), Reference: II 53.