Gazi Husrev-beg (1480 - 1541)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Serres, Central Macedonia, Greece
Death: Died in Montenegro
Managed by: Jadra... away
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About Gazi Husrev-beg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gazi_Husrev-beg

Gazi Husrev-beg (1480.-1541.), bošnjački beg u Osmanskom carstvu u prvoj polovini 16. vijeka. Bio je sposoban vojni strateg i smatra se najznačajnijim namjesnikom osmanske Bosne. Rođen je u Serezu u Grčkoj. Otac mu je bio Bošnjak iz Trebinja, dok mu je majka bila Seldžuka kćerka sultana Bajazida II.


Gazi Husrev-beg je ratovao protiv Mlečana, Mađara i ostatka Bosanskog kraljevstva koje se bunilo protiv Osmanlijskog carstva. Za manje od tri godine osvojio je Knin, Skradin i Ostrovicu. Nakon ratnih uspjeha, Gazi Husrev-beg je odlukom carskog divana imenovan bosanskim sandžak-begom.


Pod vodstvom Gazi Husrev-bega, Osmanska vojska je brzo napredovala u ratovanju. Gazi Husrev-beg je također osvojio utvrđene gradove Greben, Sokol, Jezero, Vinac, Vrbaški Grad, Livač, Karmatin, Bočac, Udbinu, Vranu, Modruč i Požegu.


Osim vojnih uspjeha, Gazi Husrev-beg je imao ogroman uticaj na razvoj Bosne, naročito grada Sarajeva. Obnovio je Carevu džamiju i izgradio čuvenu Gazi Husrev-begovu džamiju, biblioteku, medresu, sahat-kulu, bolnicu i mnoge druge poznate zgrade.


Gazi Husrev-beg je izgubio život u bici u Crnoj Gori 1541. godine. Njegovo tijelo je prenešeno u Sarajevo i sahranjeno u haremu njegove džamije. Iznad vrata na turbetu piše: "Neka svaki dan milost Božija i blagoslov na njeg pada."


Gazi Husrev-beg (Ottoman- 'غازى خسرو بیگ' Ghāzī Khuṣrow Beg; Modern Turkish: Gazi Hüsrev Bey) (1480–1541) was a Bosniak bey in the Ottoman Empire during the first half of the 16th century. He was an effective military strategist, and the greatest donor and builder of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.


[edit] Biography


He was born in Serres, Greece, to a Bosniak father (convert from Trebinje region)[1] and a Turkish mother, who was the daughter of the Sultan. Thus, Gazi Husrev-Beg was Sultan Beyazid II's grandson. A brilliant strategist and politician, in 1521 he became the governor of the Ottoman province of Bosnia.


Immediately from Bosnia he launched a number of military campaigns against the Empire's enemies in the region, who at that time were basically Venice, Hungary, and the remnants of the Bosnian kingdom. In less than 3 years, Gazi Husrev-Beg conquered the fortresses of Knin, Skradin, and Ostrovica. With such results, he was appointed the governor of the Ottoman province of Bosnia on September 15, 1521, becoming one of Sultan Suleiman I's most trusted men.


What followed was a relentless campaign of conquering. With Gazi Husrev-Beg at the helm, the Ottoman army quickly made major gains in the region. The last Bosnian capital of Jajce is conquered in 1525, as is the important city of Banja Luka in the Krajina region. The fortified towns of Greben, Sokol, Jezero, Vinac, Vrbaški Grad, Livač, Kamatin, Bočac, Udbina, Vrana, Modruč, and Požega all fell at the hands of Gazi-Husrev Beg.


Just as important as his military contributions, Gazi Husrev-Beg made a tremendous domestic impact on Bosnia. If Isa-Beg Isaković founded Sarajevo, it was Gazi Husrev-Beg who made it what it is today. He was responsible for the construction of the famous Gazi Husrev-beg's Mosque, the Tsar's Mosque, and numerous other mosques throughout the city. He also constructed the city's first library, medresa, school of Sufi philosophy, and clock tower (Sahat Kula), along with numerous other important cultural structures. Gazi Husrev-beg also founded the vakuf, which was active until the 20th century.[2]


Gazi Husrev-beg and his forces were struggling against a power vacuum in Montenegro after the death of his ally Skanderbeg Crnojević in 1528. in 1541 during an uprising of nobility in Montenegro, he set out to protect the Muslim Crnojevićs and the local populace. After fighting many battles and maintaining order in the region although ultimately victorious he was killed fighting renegade Christians in a small Montenegrin village Mokro in Drobnjaci, Montenegro. Legend says that he was a big man, so his warriors could not take him back, but to take apart his intestines, and buried them on small hill called The hodža's peak - Hodžina glavica. Because "hodža" means Imam or Muslim priest in Bosnian, its real connection to Gazi Husrev-Beg's place of rest is unclear.


That part of Montenegro, and Montenegrin clan that lives there has a name "Drobnjak" (drob = intestines). His body was taken back to Sarajevo, where it remains to this day in a tomb in the courtyard of his mosque. Above it is written, "May the mercy and generosity of god fall upon him every day".

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Gazi Husrev-beg's Timeline

1480
1480
Serres, Central Macedonia, Greece
1541
1541
Age 61
Montenegro
????
Sarajevo, Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina