|Birthplace:||Roucy, (Present département de l'Aisne), Champagne Province (Present Picardie), France|
|Death:||Died in Piscataway Township, Middlesex County, Province of East Jersey (Present New Jersey), (Present USA)|
|Occupation:||Carpenter, Magistrate, Planter|
|Managed by:||Ben M. Angel|
About Gedeon "La Plante" Merlet
From the Reid-Mellott family tree:
Birth Feb 1624 Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France [2, 3, 5, 8]
(Ben notes: Roucy, more or less his accepted birth city, is located in Picardy at: 49°22'14.69"N, 3°48'52.58"E)
Arrival New Jersey, USA 
Died Feb 1683 Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, USA 
Person ID P3281738676 Mellott - Eastman Family Tree
Last Modified 20 May 2009
Father Josias Marles,
b. 1598, Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France ,
d. 20 Feb 1655, Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France
Mother Jeanne Robb,
b. 1602, Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France ,
d. 19 Sep 1660, Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France
Married 1618 Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France
Family ID F48 Group Sheet
b. 1622, Limbourg, Liege, Belgium ,
d. 25 Aug 1681, Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, USA
Married 21 Aug 1644 Walloon Church, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands [3, 5]
1. Josias Merlette,
b. 17 Sep 1645, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands ,
d. 1715, Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States
2. Marie Merlet,
b. 11 Sep 1646, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands ,
d. 1662, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
3. Eseschias Paul Merlet,
b. 16 Jul 1648, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands ,
d. 1662, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
4. Esechias Merlet,
b. 26 Jul 1648, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands ,
d. 1662, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
5. Paul Paulus Merlet,
b. 14 Sep 1653, Mannheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany ,
d. 1699, Quebec, Canada
6. Abraham Merlette,
b. 26 Jan 1656, Long Island, Kings, New York, USA ,
d. 1 Jun 1714, Pisacataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, USA
7. Jean Pierre Mellott,
b. 18 Apr 1658, Mannheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany ,
d. 13 Jan 1702, Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, USA
8. Anne Merlet,
b. 1666, Staten Island, Richmond, New York, USA ,
d. 25 Aug 1681, Hellsgate, , New York, USA
Gideon Mellott, born 1620 in Roucy, Picardy/Champagne, France; died February 1682/83 in New Jersey. He married Marie "Marjin" Martin August 21, 1644 in Waloon Church Leyden, Holland. Marie "Marjin" Martin.
Notes for Gideon Mellott: Gideon Merlitt or Mellott arrived in New Amsterdam on 12 October 1662 on the ship the Church Pumerland, or "De Purmerlander Kerck", with Captain Benjamin Barentsz in command. The passenger lists "Gideon Merlitt, wife and four children ages, 15, 8, 6 and 4 years old. Gideon brought along a nephew but the brother's and nephew's name is not known. This was copied from the Holland Society of New York's Yearbook of 1902, page 22.
This French Hugenot family had fled to Holland earlier because of religious persecution. Their ancestors had held high government positions in France.
Gideon was a constable at Dover Staten Island New Amsterdam in 1671. In 1674 he was a magistrate under Governor Colve. In 1683 he was on the list of early settlers in Piscataway and Woodbridge, New Jersey.
Children of Gideon Mellott and Marie Martin are:
1. John Peterson Mellott, born April 18, 1658 in Manheim, Germany; died 1704 in Middlesex County, New Jersey; married Marie Bellmain.
2. Paul Mellott.
3. Josias Mellott.
Gideon Merlet (also written Marles and Marlet), the son of Josias Merlet and Jeanne Robb, is believed to have been born in about 1625 at Roussy in Champagne Province, France. As a young man, Gideon fled the religious persecution that was taking place in France, and moved to Leiden in the Province of Zuid Holland in the Netherlands.
Gideon was later married in the Walloon Church at Leiden to a woman named Marguerite Martijn on 21 August 1644. According to their marriage record, Gideon had arrived at Leiden from Gouda in the Netherlands during the month of December 1643, while Marguerite had come from the Limburg region in the southeast part of Holland and northeast Belgium. Gideon was a carpenter by trade.
In about 1650, Gideon and Marguerite left Leiden and moved to the City of Mannheim in the Palatinate of Germany (now the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany), where they remained for nearly 12 years.
Gideon, his wife, Marguerite, four sons aged 15, 8, 6, and 4, Gideon's uncle, Philip Merlet, and his wife's cousin, Jeanne Martijn, later emigrated to America, arriving in the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam (now New York City, New York) on 12 October 1662 aboard the ship "De Purmerlander Kerck."
Shortly thereafter, on 19 March 1663, Gideon, along with a number of other emigrants, petitioned the government for "grants of land and seed grain, with provisions for six months." Gideon subsequently received a grant of land on Staten Island, and it is there that he and his family settled.
In 1671, Gideon was appointed Constable of Staten Island by Governor Francis Lovelace, and in 1674, he was appointed a magistrate by Governor Coive. Sometime later, Gideon and Marguerite appear to have moved to Piscataway in the Province of East Jersey (now within Middlesex County, New Jersey), where they resided for the remainder of their lives.
(Ben notes: I believe that the move from Staten Island was probably for the safety of Gedeon and his family. Gedeon took on the position of Constable under English Governor Francis Lovelace. During Governor Lovelace's trip to Boston to organize a postal route between the two colonies, the Dutch under Admiral Cornelis Evertsen the Youngest - nicknamed "Little Cornelis the Devil" because of his temper - retook New Amsterdam. Governor Lovelace was imprisoned in the Tower of London by the Duke of York for failing to defend his colony. I speculate that when Gedeon accepted the position of Magistrate under Dutch Governor Captain Anthony Colve in what was apparently the last month of Dutch occupation, he made it quite easy for the returning English to think of him as a collaborator with the enemy. He likely left with Captain Colve for New Jersey, where Colve was accepted by the English proprietors John Berkeley and George Carteret as their governor, despite his former service to the Dutch.)
Marguerite is believed to have died at Piscataway on 25 August 1681, while Gideon died there during the month of February 1682/83.
The variation in the spelling of the surname MARLET (MARLE, MERLE) may stem from the inconsistency in transcribing and pronouncing the surname MARLET in a time and place (New York 1662-1700) where French and Dutch-speaking immigrants were still being assimilated by the English-speaking majority.
New York before 1664 was Dutch-speaking Nieuw Amsterdam, and the French-speaking Calvinists or Huguenots who accompanied the Dutch to the New World began to have their names spelled many different ways, but usually dictated by the English-speaking clerks who spelled names as they heard them. The British pronunciation of pall-mall ("pell-mell") and Derby ("Darby) can suggest how the name of Merlet (originally Marle or a diminutive or Merle or its diminutive) came to be pronounced "MAR-LETT" by the English-speaking neighbors of Gedeon Merlet or Marlett of Staten Island and New Jersey.
The connection between the two names MARLE and MERLE, and later Marlett, Marlatt, and Mellott, can be traced back to French language and custom. For example, the arms of the MARLOT family of Champagne show three "MERLETTES" (martlets). Thus the merlette was the symbol in battle for the family named Marlot.
The French suffixes frequently changed to suggest a certain branch of the family. Both names may have been used interchangeably, but the English would definitely have prounced the spelling Merlet as MAR-LETT. I believe this is why so many of Gedeon's descendants maintained that spelling.
John Peter, evidently, dropped the "r" and was frequently referred to as John Peterson Melot, Mellat, or Mallat. Theodore's 1694 baptismal record shows the spelling MELOT, which became Mellott among his son John Mellott's descendants, mainly in Pennsylvania. Theodore himself signed his name MALOT, whereas most of his second wife's (Catherine de la Chaumette or Delashmutt) children carried on the Malott spelling.
Source: In Leyden, Holland, in the Records of the Church of Leide, exist the following records for Gedeon Merlette/Merlet/Marlet.
"Received into the membership of the Church of Leide, Decemeber, 1643, Merlette, Gedeon, "surnomme La Plante" (nicknamed La Plante), according to the records of the Church of Ter Gouda".
"Received as member of the Church of Leide December, 1651, Merlet, Gedeon, and Marguerite his wife, according to the records of Paris."
"Baptized in the Church of Mannheim the 7th of February, 1656, Merlette, Abraham, son of Gedeon and Marguerite Martin."
"Baptized in the Church of Mannheim (The French Huguenot Church) May 2, 1658 Merlet, Jean Pierre, son of Gedeon and Marguerite Martin."
"Member of the Church of Leide, Merlet, Gedeon, and his wife, part of the record of March 15, 1664."
[Please note: Although Gedeon and Marguerite (Martin) Merlet had emigrated to New Amsterdam in 1662, while it was still in the control of the Dutch, they evidently were still considered members of the Church at Leyden, Holland.]
!Betrothal: Wallon Church of Leyden, Holland, Betrothalbook N, p. 114: "Aenget. de Augusti 1644. Gedeon Merleth, timmerman, jongman van de Rousy, wonende op de Santestraet, vergesz. met Philip Merleth, sijn oom, wonende mede aldaer. Margriet Martijn, jongedr. van Limborch, wonende op de Langegraft, vergesz. met Jenne Martijn, haer nicht, wonende mede aldaer."
Translation is as follows:
Entered August 6, 1644. Gedeon Merlet, a carpenter from Rousy, dwelling in "Sand Street", accompanied by Phillipe Merlet, his uncle, also living there with Marguerite Martijn (Martin) from Limbourg, accompanied by Jenne Jeanne) Martijn, her cousin, also living there.
Gedeon Merlet and Maguerite Martijn (Martin) were married in the Walloon Church of Leyden on August 21, 1644. There are baptismal reccords there for their children on these dates:
"September 17, 1645: Josias (Josue), son of Gedeon Merlette. The witnesses were Claude Marcy, Jean Martijn, Jeanne Martijn, and Clasinne Tertelim."
"November 11, 1646: Marie, daughter of Gedeon Merlette. Witnesses were Daniel Fromavesijn, Francois Charret, Jacquemine du Lon, and Catherine de la Tour."
"July 26, 1648: Esechias, son of Gedeon Merlette and Marguerite Martin. Witnesses were Paul Merlette, Augustin Goftin, Marie Cordies."
After living in Leyden from about 1643 until the 1650's, Gedeon, Marguerite and the first three children moved to Mannheim, in the German Palatinate, an area known as a haven for French Huguenots at that time.
There two more sons were born and baptized, namely Abraham and Jean Pierre MERLET, MERLETTE, MARLETTE or MARLET.
From the records of the French Huguenot Church of Mannheim, Germany:
"On February 7, 1656, was baptized in the Church of Mannheim, Merlette, Abraham, son of Gedeon and Marguerite Martin."
"On May 2, 1658 was baptized in the Church of Mannheim, Merlet, Jean Pierre, son of Gedeon and Marguerite Martin."
Evidently the family returned to Holland between 1658 and 1662. They resumed their membership at the Walloon Church of Leyden.
Gedeon and his uncle Philippe had been listed there in June 1643 as having come from Gouda. This uncle may be the same person as the "Phillipe Merlet, born at "Crum", widower of Magdalena Gilbert," who married at Amsterdam on 12 October, 1647, "Jannete Pau, born at Sedan, a widow."
If "Rousy" is Roucy in Champagne, it is interesting to note that there is a very old town called "Craon" not far away.
When I was in Paris in 1988, I visited the French National Archives.
In the section for documents concerning "fugitifs religionnaires" or those who were
persecuted for their religious beliefs, I opened an old file containing a letter to the Count of Roucy and it was written about 1599. The letter discussed the Count's Calvinist religious beliefs and basically was a warning
that prior to the Edict of Nantes, his estates would have been confiscated, but since the Edict, they would not be taken from him.
A warning tone was evident. It was this Count, of the family de la Rochefoucauld, who held the chateau at Roucy, in Champagne, France, during the lifetime of Josue Marle or Merle and Jeanne Robbe, the parents of Gedeon Merlet. A local historian told me that the Counts of Roucy were Calvinists (Huguenots), and it is perhaps for this reason that the Marle/Merle family was living in Roucy in the late 1500's.
The Edict of Nantes was revoked by Louis the Fourteenth on __________, but many Huguenots had already left France for the Netherlands, for the Palatinate in Germany, and for New Amsterdam, where a much greater tolerance than in Louis XIV's France prevailed for the Calvinist religious beliefs of the Huguenots.
From SHIP PASSENGER LISTS: NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY (1600-1825), edited and indexed by Carl Boyer, 3rd (Self-Published: Newhall, CA, 1978), p. 130.
"October 12, 1662. In De Purmerlander Kerck Gedeon Merlitt, wife and four children, 15, 8, 6, and 4 years old."
[The four sons were Josue or Josias; Poulus or Paul; Jean Pierre or John Peter; Abraham.]
[Note that Gedeon's children Maria and Eseschias Merlet had died before the family emigrated from Holland in 1662. One more child, Anne Merlet was born after arriving in New Amsterdam.]
Source: NY ABSTRACTS OF WILLS: LIBER 19 B, p. 427.
"Chirurgeon's report about the death of Mary Marshall and Anne Marlett, New York, August 25, 1681. These are to certify that I, being requested by John Collier, Coroner, to view and search the dead bodies of Mary Marshall and Ann Marlett, doe declare that after strict search and enquiry, I find no other accident to have occasioned their sudden death, but being overset in a canoe and thus drowned.
Return of Coroner's Jury that they were accidentally drowned. Action in New York, this 25 August, 1681. John Lawrence, Jr., Paul Richards, Henry Filkin."
Ann Marlett and her friend Mary Marshall drowned while trying to ride a canoe in Hellsgate, in New York's East River.
The following is an address made by C. L. Marlatt on Oct. 27, 1935 on behalf of the Huguenot Memorial Association on the occasion of the 250th Anniversary of the Edict of Nantes. The address took place at the Memorial Church of the Huguenots at Huguenot Park, Staten Island, New York.
"Two additional Huguenot immigrants have recently been honored by having their names recorded in this edifice, namely Gedeon Merlet and his youngest son, Abraham. Gedeon Merlet was one of many Huguenots who found freedom from religious persecution in Holland during the first half of the 17th century. Under the promise of lands and aid in getting started in the New World, he with some 29 other refugees came over to the New Netherlands in October 1662, on the ship "Purmerland Church". With him were his wife Marguerite Martin and four minor sons, namely Joshua, born 1647; Paul, born 1654; John, born 1656; and Abraham, born 1658.
Early in the year following his arrival, 1663, Gedeon Merlet, with six other Huguenot immigrants, joined in a petition to the Director General and the Council of New Netherlands for grants of suitable land, provision for
temporary subsistence, and seed grain so that, as they stated, "the supplicants may exert their industry and zeal without obstruction in the cultivation of the land, not only for their personal benefit, but also for the welfare and good of the whole country. They also promised ultimately to fully repay the Council for such advances.
This petition, the original of which is now on file in the state archives at Albany, was approved, and in the instance of Gedeon Merlet resulted in the assignment of land to himself and his sons in Staten Island, much of it in the vicinity and possibly covering the site of this church edifice. Here he lived the balance of his life, and his children grew to manhood."
The fragments of the history of this period which have come down to us, in addition to records of land purchase and and transfers, indicate that Gedeon Merlet, during the first British occupancy of New Netherlands, was
appointed by Governor Francis Lovelace as a constable in Staten Island (April 20, 1671). A little later, under the very brief re-occupancy of the Colony by the Dutch, he was appointed by Governor Colve as a magistrate (February 14, 1674).
We have no record of his death, which must have occurred prior to 1683, as indicated by the inheritance and division of his land.
Gedeon's youngest son, Abraham, through whom my family is descended, married about 1677 Christence Billieu, daughter of Pierre Billieu - a Huguenot immigrant of 1661 and prominent in the early settlement of Staten Island. Two children came from this union, viz., Margaret, baptized March 31, 1678 and Abraham, May 16, 1680.
We have little information as to Abraham, the youngest son of Gedeon, except that he was for a period collector for the southern part of Staten Island.
The name of Merlet very soon lost its French pronunciation and spelling, changing to Marlet, Marlett and Marlatt, with many other spellings.
From this beginning the Marlatt family has multiplied and spread widely in the United States and Canada. Mention may appropriately be made here of a descendant of Gedeon Merlet who made a long and earnest attempt to trace and recover the records of the family, namely Mrs. Jane Marlett Taft, wife of the late Chief Justice of the Vermont, Russell S. Taft. Unfortunately she did not live to complete her work, but her manuscript is now in my possession, and if not utilized and published, will be filed for permanent record in the Library of Congress in Washington, to be available for future students."
[Mr. C. L. Marlatt, who delivered the above address, referred to his ancestor, Abraham Merlet as "the youngest child" of Gedeon's family. Perhaps in 1935 the baptismal certificate of Jean Pierre Merlet had not yet been found at the French Huguenot of Mannheim, in the Palatinate region of Germany. The baptismal record of Jean Pierre Merlet (born 1658) indicates he was born after Abraham Merlet (born 1656).
Source: NY Colonial Manuscripts, Vol. 10, Part 2, p. 49. Translation from Dutch.
19 March, 1663: "To the Hon. Director General and Council of New Netherlands.
Show with due reverence and respect to your Honorable Worships, Nicollas Dupuij, Gedeon Merlet, Arnold Dutroij, Jacques Cossart, Louijs Laakman, Jacob Kolf, and Jean Le Cancelier, that the supplicants while in Holland, by the advice of some gentlemen there as well as by the reading of the printed New Netherland conditions were urged and moved to betake themselves with their whole families to these regions, in the hope that your Hon. Worships agreeable to the aforesaid New Netherland conditions would come to their assistance.
The supplicants address themselves therefore to your Hon. Worships with the humble request that you may please to assigne and grant them suitable lands and also to furnish them with seed grain and necessary provisions for six months, in order that they, the supplicants, may exert their industry and zeal without obstruction in the cultivation of the land, not only for their personal benefit, but also for the welfare and the good of the whole country, expecting to behave and conduct themselves in such manner that they will hereafter be able to make good and repay with thanks all that has thus far been advanced to them and what they may expect from your Honors' usual benevolence.
This doing they remain
Your Hon. Worships' servants,
Nicolas du puis
gedeon merlet (with paraph)
Arnoult du toict [Note: a relative of Philippe du Trieux]
Jean Le concilie"
[Gedeon Merlet's request was granted. See section above.]
Source: NEW YORK (COLONY) CALENDAR OF COUNCIL MINUTES 1668-1783,
Compiled by Berthold Fernow. (Harbor Hill Books, Harrison, N. Y., 1987).
p. 13: Apr. 26, 1671 "Gideon Marlette called before the council."
p. 37: Mar. 20, 1684 "Order granting the petition of Josias and Paulus Marlitt for a survey and division of their inherited land part of which has been sold to Paulus Richards."
[This indicates that Gedeon Merlet had died prior to Mar. 20, 1684, because his two oldest sons had inherited his land.]
Source: DOCUMENTARIES RELATING TO COLONIAL HISTORY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
p. 681: Feb. 1674 "Whereas inhabitants of Staten Island have requested of me that an addition be made to the present number of their Magistrates, which I for reasons granted and allowed them; therefore from the nominations made by them, I have elected as Magistrates
and the inhabitants of the aforesaid Island, and all others whom such in any wise concerns are ordered and commanded to acknowledge them as such.
Done Fort William Hendrick, 14 Feb., 1674.
Gov. Gen. Orders."
Source: NY COLLECTION MANUSCRIPTS, Vol. II.
p. 686 Feb. 14, 1674 "Gideon Marlet, Magistrate of Staten Island under Gov. Colve."
Source: CALENDAR OF LAND PAPERS, NEW YORK STATE, Vol. I.
p. 69 Mar. 31, 1675 Survey of 256 acres of land on the south side of Staten Island laid out for Gedeon Marlett.
p. 65 Oct. 18, 1675 Survey of 250 acres of land on the south side of Staten Island laid out for Gedeon Marlett and his sons, by James Cortelyou.
p. 66 Nov. 1, 1675 Patent of land to Gedeon Marlett and his two sons, Joshua and Paulus, of 243 acres of land on the south side of Staten Island, also 30 acres of salt meadow lying at the mouth of Fresh Kill.
Source: CALENDAR OF NEW YORK (COLONY) COUNCIL MINUTES 1668-1783, compiled by
Berthold Fernow. (Harbor Hill Books, Harrison, N. Y., 1987). p. 98 Jul. 26, 1694
Confirmatory patent was granted to Abram Marlett.
Source: Robert Barnes, Maryland Marriages 1634-1777 (Genealogical Publishing Company: Baltimore, 1975) and Archives of Maryland, Vol. LIV (?),
Somerset County Records, p. 671.
28 May 1667 - John MARLETT married Hannah MANLOVE in Somerset County, MD.
[Was this a relative of Gedeon MARLETT?]
Source: Research of Thomas O. HORTON, deceased.
Sources 1.[S3585957191] Ancestry Family Trees, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Trees.
2.[S3765297643] Millennium File, Heritage Consulting, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003.Original data - Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA).
Birth date: 1622
3.[S3586460411] U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.Original data - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was deriv), Source number: 2584.009; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: ..
Birth date: 1624
Birth place: Fr
Marriage date: 1644
Marriage place: Hl
4.[S3765366354] New York Genealogical Records, 1675-1920, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.Original data - For individual sources please see the source information listed with each record. Many of the source documents are available in the Genealogical Research Library colle).
5.[S3586460411] U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.Original data - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was deriv), Source number: 3355.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: CB1..
Birth date: 1620
Birth place: Fr
Marriage date: 1644
Marriage place: Ho
6.[S3604674810] Family Data Collection - Deaths, Edmund West, comp., (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.).
Death date: 1683
Death place: C, Piscataway, NJ, USA
7.[S3586684882] Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s, Gale Research, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Filby, P. William, ed.. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2006.Original data: Filby, P. William, ed.. Passe), Place: New Jersey; Year: ; Page Number: 558..
Arrival place: New Jersey
8.[S3586558487] Family Data Collection - Births, Edmund West, comp., (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.).
Birth date: February 1623
Birth place: Roucy, Champagne, France
Gedeon La Plante Merlet (Josias14 Merle)(1268) was born Roussy, Champagne, France ca 1624. Gedeon died ca 1683 Middlesex, New Jersey, at age unknown.
He married Margariet Martin 21 August 1644 Walloon Church, Leiden, Holland. Margariet was born ca 1622 Limbourg, Belgium. Margariet died Piscataway, Middlesex, NJ, at age unknown. Gideon was a carpenter by trade. As he and his wfie were Huguenots, and persecution was high in France and Germany, they fled to Holland. The couple and their four sons are listed on the second passenger list of the ship "De Permerlander Kerck". There were 29 passengers aboard when the ship landed in New Holland on 12 October 1662.
On April 20, 1671 he was appointed Constable of Staten Island, and on February 14, 1674 he was appointed Magistrate.
Gedeon La Plante Merlet and Margariet Martin had the following child:
child + 827 i. Abraham12 Marlatt was born 6 Jan 1656.
The story of Gideon Mellott must start in the province of
Champagne in France. The spelling of his last name would go through many changes as he traveled from France to Holland, to Mannheim, Germany, back to Holland and finally to Niew Amsterdam in the year 1662, always in search of religious freedom. The Marlot family of Champagne have a coat of arms with three "Merlettes" (martlets or Old French for blackbirds). One legend has it that the three Merlettes were placed on the family coat of arms to commemorate the night that the blackbirds sang. It seems that some family members were serving in the French army and on the night
just before one of their many battles with the English the French soldiers heard the blackbirds sing. This was quite uncharacteristic of these birds and the French soldiers took it as a sign and the next day they gained the victory.Thus the merlette was the symbol in battle of the family named Marlot. Along the way English speaking clerks would hear the name Merlette, spell it the way it sounded, and gradually the spelling in the in the new world evolved into Malot or Mellott for some branches of the family. Gideon Merlitt's home was in Rousy or Roucy in the French Province of Champagne. In Paris the French National Archives have a section for documents concerning religious fugitives (fugitifs religionnaires).
In these files exists a letter to the Count of Roucy written about 1599. The letter discusses the count's Calvinistic religious beliefs. It goes on to point out that prior to the issue of The Edict of Nantes, in 1598, the Count's estates would have been confiscated for heresy. A warning tone was evident. It was this Count of the family de la Rochefoucauld who held the chateau during the lifetime of Josue or Josias Merlit and Jeanne Robbe the parents of Gedon Merlit. Enforcement of the Edict of Nantes was sporadic and uncertain at best until it's repeal, in 1685 by King Louis XIV, when persecution of Protestants began in earnest. Seeing that they were in danger many of the Hugenots scattered to Holland, to the Rheinish Palatinate in Germany and some to colonies in North America, where religious tolerance was greater.
The carpenter Gideon migrated to Holland and in December
1643 the record of the Church of Leyden shows that a Gedeon Merlette was received into membership. Reference was made to records from the Church of Ter Gouda back in France in the transfer of membership. Gideon had the nickname of "La Plante". The next big step in Gideon's life was his marriage. The Wallon Church of Leyden, Holland has a marriage book record of Gedeon Merlet a carpenter from Rousey, dwelling in "Sand Street" in Leyden, accompanied by Phillipe Merlet his uncle also living there.
With Marguerite Martjin (Martin) from Limbourg was Jenne (Jeanne) Martjin, her cousin, also living there. This record was dated 06 Aug 1644. On 21 Aug 1644 the actual marriage ceremony took place. In the Wallon Church of Leyden are found the following Baptismal records:
17 Sep 1645: Josias (Josue), son of Gedeon Merlette. The
baptism was witnessed by Claude Marcy, Jean Martjin and Classine Tertelim.
11 Nov 1646: Marie daughter of Gedeon Merlette. Witnesses to the baptism were Daniel Fromavesijn, Francois Charret, Jacquemine du Lon, and Catherine de La Tour
26 Jul 1648: Esechias, son of Gedeon Merlette and Marguerite Martin. Witnesses to the Baptism were Paul Merlette, Augustin Goftin and Marie Cordies.
In December 1651 Gedeon Merlet and his wife Marguerite were received into the Church at Leyden and reference was made to the records of Paris.
The best estimate is that Gideon lived in Leyden from about
1643 until the 1650's when he moved to Mannheim, Germany. This was another refuge for the Calvinistic Hugenot expatriates from France at the time. Two of Gideon's sons were born in Mannheim, namely Abraham and Jean Pierre.
On 07 Feb 1656 the Church at Mannheim, Germany recorded the baptism of Abraham Merlette son of Gedeon and Marguerite Martin.
On 02 May 1658 the Church at Mannheim, Germany recorded the baptism of Jean Pierre Merlet son of Gedeon and Marguerite Martin.
In 1651 Gedeon Marlet and his wife were recorded as members of the Church at Leyden, Holland. Their membership was still there and would remain so until they sailed for New Amsterdam in the new world. In fact a listing of their names on 15 Mar 1664 makes no account of the fact that they had already emigrated to the Dutch Colony of New Amsterdam in 1662.
A return to Holland between 1658 and 1662 was their last
European adventure before embarking for the new world. They resumed their membership in the Wallon Church where in 1643 Gideon and his uncle Philippe had been listed as coming from Gouda in France. This Uncle's name appears as Phillipe Merlit widower of Magdalena Gilbert, who married in Amsterdam on 12 Oct 1647 Jeanette Pau who was born at Sedan, France and was herself a widow. Before Gideon left Holland in 1662 two of his children had died, namely Maria and Esechias.
Gideon Merlitt or mellott arrived in New Amsterdam on 12 Oct 1662 on the ship the Church Pumerland, or "De Purmerlander Kerck," with Captain Benjamin Barentsz in command. The passenger lists "Gideon Merlitt, wife and four children,15,8,6,and 4 years old. The four sons were Josue or Josias, Poulis or Paul, Jean Pierre or John Peter and Abraham. Gideon brought along a nephew who was his brothers son but the brother's son or nephew's name is not known.
This was copied from the Holland Society of New York's Yearbook of 1902 page 22. This French Hugenot family had fled to Holland earlier because of religious persecution. Their ancestors had held high government positions in France.
After Gideon and Marguerite's arrival in New Amsterdam another child Anne Merlit was born. A sad story is recorded by a Coroners jury report of 25 August 1681 in New York. Mary Marshall and Anne Merlitt were determined to have drowned after being overset in a canoe. This occurred while trying to ride a canoe in Hellsgate, in New York's East River. The source is: NY Abstracts of Wills: LIBER 19B, p. 427.
On 19 Mar 1663, according to NY Manuscripts, Vol. 10, Part 2, P. 49,(Translated from the Dutch) after arrival in New Amsterda, Gideon as well as six other settlers petitioned the Director General of The Council of New Netherlands for grants of suitable land, provision for temporaty subsistence, and seed grain so that the supplicants may exert their industry and zeal without obstruction in the cultivation of the land not only for their personal benefit but for the welfare and good of the whole country.They also promised to repay the council for such advances. The petition is now on file at the New York State Archives in Albany. It was approved and Gideon Merlet were assigned land on Staten Island.
The Calendar of Land Papers, New York State, Vol. 1 P.69 for 31 Mar 1675 records a survey of 256 acres of land on the south side of Staten Island layed out for Gideon Marlett. Page 65 of the above document records: On 18 Oct 1675 a survey of 250 acres for Gideon Marlett and his sons was made by James Cortelyou. Page 66 of the above document records:
On 01 Nov 1675 a Patent of Land to Gideon Marlett and his two sons, Joshua and Paulus, of 243 acres on the south side of Staten Island, also 30 acres of salt meadow lying at the mouth of Fresh Kill.
Gideon was appointed constable at Dover, Staten Island, New Amsterdam on 20 Apr 1671 during the first British occupation under Governor Francis Lovelace.
On 14 Feb 1674 he was appointed Magistrate during a brief
Dutch re-occupation of the territory under Governor Colve.
In 1683 he was on the list of early settlers in Piscataway
and Woodbridge, New Jersey.
On the Walloon Church in Leiden, from:
De Waalse kerk: The baroque tower of the St. Catherine's Hospital (S. Chatarynen Gasthuys, according to a map of Leiden from 1650) chapel on the Breestraat (De Breedstraet, according to the same map) was added in 1739 to a chapel that dates originally from as early as 1276. Although it is now the church of the French Reformed (called Walloons or Huguenots), in the 17th century the German Reformed and the English Reformed congregations used this chapel, which also continued to serve the hospital. The English Reformed church was composed of merchants, scholars, and soldiers garrisoned in Leiden as part of the hundreds of English troops fighting with the Dutch against Spain.