General Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey

Is your surname Grey?

Research the Grey family

General Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Howick, Northumberland, UK
Death: Died in Howick, Northumberland, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Grey, 1st Baronet Grey of Howick and Hannah Wood
Husband of Elizabeth Grey
Father of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey; Henry George Grey; Lt Col William Grey; Sir George Grey, 1st Baronet, KCB; Rt Rev. Edward Grey, Bishop of Hereford and 3 others
Brother of Henry GREY, 2nd bt. and Thomas GREY

Managed by: William Graney
Last Updated:

About Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Grey,_1st_Earl_Grey

Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey, KB PC (23 October 1729 – 14 November 1807) was one of the most important British generals of the 18th century. He was the fourth son of Sir Henry Grey, 1st Baronet, of Howick in Northumberland.

Charles received a commission as an ensign in 1748. By December 1752 he was serving as a lieutenant in the 6th Regiment of Foot. Subsequently, he raised a company of men on his own and joined the 20th Regiment, in which James Wolfe served as lieutenant colonel. In 1757, while with Wolfe's regiment, he participated in the unsuccessful attack on Rochefort.

Seven Years' War:

Further information: Great Britain in the Seven Years War

In the Seven Years' War, he served as adjutant in the staff of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick and on August 1, 1759 was wounded at Minden. On October 14, 1760 he commanded a Light Company at the Battle of Campen, where he was again wounded. One year later, as Lt. Colonel of the 98th Foot, he participated in the Capture of Belle Île, off the coast of Brittany. Next, he served at the Battle of Havana in 1762. Later, he was on the staff of Wilhelm, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe during the Spanish invasion of Portugal (1762). In 1763 he retired on half-pay, but in 1772 he received a promotion to Colonel and served as aide-de-camp to King George III.

American War of Independence:

During the American War of Independence he was one of the more successful army leaders. He was rapidly promoted, becoming a Major General in 1777. He earned the nickname "No-flint Grey" after the Paoli Massacre nighttime attack of 1777, before which he had collected flints from the muskets of his troops before they engaged the American revolutionaries using bayonets, thus maintaining the element of surprise. Immediately thereafter, he commanded the 3d Brigade at the Battle of Germantown.

In 1778 he led raids at New Bedford on September 5-6, destroying nearly all the shipping and burning twenty shops and twenty-two houses in the town, and Martha's Vineyard, where between September 10 and 15, the British carried off all the sheep, swine, cattle and oxen that they could find with promise of payment in New York. Grey then used the same tactic as he had at Paoli in the Baylor Massacre. He was recalled to England and became a knight of the Order of the Bath and a lieutenant general. He later was appointed commander-in-chief of the British troops in America, but hostilities ended before he could take command.

French Revolutionary Wars:

At the outset of the war with Revolutionary France, in 1793, Sir Charles Grey was appointed commander of the West Indian expedition. First, however, he went to Ostend to participate in the relief of Nieuwpoort, Belgium. In early 1794, he and Admiral Sir John Jervis led a British force to capture Martinique. The campaign lasted about six weeks with the British capturing Fort Royal and Fort Saint Louis on March 22, and Fort Bourbon two days later. The British then occupied Martinique until the Treaty of Amiens returned the island to the French in 1802.

In late 1794 he returned to England. From 1798 to 1799 he served as Commander of the Southern District, retiring in 1799. In acknowledgment of his service, he was raised in January 1801 to the peerage as Baron Grey of Howick. In 1806, he was created Earl Grey and Viscount Howick. He died the next year, at the age of 78.

In 1762, Grey married Elizabeth Grey (1744–1822), the daughter of George Grey of Southwick (1713–1746), their sons were:

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, British statesman and prime minister after whom Earl Grey tea is named.

Hon. George Grey (1767–1828), whose daughter Hannah Jean married Sir Henry Thompson, 3rd Baronet

Hon. William Grey (1777–1817)

Hon. Edward Grey (1782–1837)

He was also an ancestor of Prime Ministers Anthony Eden and Alec Douglas-Home, and of Eliza Courtney and Diana, Princess of Wales.

http://www.thepeerage.com/p3459.htm

view all 11

General Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey's Timeline

1729
October 23, 1729
Howick, Northumberland, UK
1762
June 8, 1762
Age 32
Southwick, County Durham, England
1764
March 13, 1764
Age 34
Falloden, Northumberland, England
March 13, 1764
Age 34
1766
October 25, 1766
Age 37
1767
October 10, 1767
Age 37
1777
October 20, 1777
Age 47
1782
March 25, 1782
Age 52
1807
November 14, 1807
Age 78
Howick, Northumberland, England
????